A fraction represents a part of a whole or a part of a group. It is written in the form of one number (the numerator) over another number (the denominator), separated by a line. The numerator represents the number of parts we have, and the denominator represents the total number of parts that make up the whole or the group. Fractions are commonly used to represent values that are not whole numbers, such as 1/2, 3/4, 5/8, etc.

**Proper Fraction:**A fraction in which the numerator is less than the denominator, e.g., 1/3, 2/5, etc.**Improper Fraction:**A fraction in which the numerator is greater than or equal to the denominator, e.g., 5/4, 7/3, etc.**Mixed Number:**A whole number combined with a fraction, e.g., 1 1/2, 2 3/4, etc.

Equivalent fractions are different fractions that represent the same value. They have different numerators and denominators, but when simplified, they are equal. For example, 1/2 and 2/4 are equivalent fractions because they both represent the same amount of a whole.

When adding or subtracting fractions, the denominators must be the same. If the denominators are different, you need to find a common denominator before performing the operation. Once the denominators are the same, you can add or subtract the numerators and keep the denominator the same.

When multiplying fractions, you simply multiply the numerators together to get the new numerator and multiply the denominators together to get the new denominator. When dividing fractions, you multiply the first fraction by the reciprocal of the second fraction (flipping the second fraction and then multiplying).

To master fractions, it's important to understand the concept of parts of a whole and the relationship between the numerator and the denominator. Here are some key points to remember and practice:

- Practice identifying the numerator and denominator in different fractions.
- Practice converting between mixed numbers and improper fractions.
- Understand and practice finding equivalent fractions for a given fraction.
- Practice adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing fractions with different denominators.
- Master the skill of simplifying fractions to their lowest terms.

Remember, practice makes perfect! The more you practice working with fractions, the more comfortable and confident you'll become in using them in various mathematical operations.

.Study GuideDecimals/Fractions Activity LessonOrdering Decimals & Fractions Activity LessonPercent Grids Activity LessonFraction & Percent Circles Worksheet/Answer key

Decimals/Fractions Worksheet/Answer key

Decimals/Fractions Worksheet/Answer key

Decimals/Fractions Worksheet/Answer keyDecimals/Fractions Worksheet/Answer keyPercent Grids Vocabulary/Answer keyDecimals/Fractions

Number and Operations (NCTM)

Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers, and number systems.

Develop understanding of fractions as parts of unit wholes, as parts of a collection, as locations on number lines, and as divisions of whole numbers.

Recognize and generate equivalent forms of commonly used fractions, decimals, and percents.

Algebra (NCTM)

Use mathematical models to represent and understand quantitative relationships.

Model problem situations with objects and use representations such as graphs, tables, and equations to draw conclusions.

Grade 4 Curriculum Focal Points (NCTM)

Number and Operations: Developing an understanding of decimals, including the connections between fractions and decimals

Students understand decimal notation as an extension of the base-ten system of writing whole numbers that is useful for representing more numbers, including numbers between 0 and 1, between 1 and 2, and so on. Students relate their understanding of fractions to reading and writing decimals that are greater than or less than 1, identifying equivalent decimals, comparing and ordering decimals, and estimating decimal or fractional amounts in problem solving. They connect equivalent fractions and decimals by comparing models to symbols and locating equivalent symbols on the number line.