Arkansas Curriculum Frameworks for High School Physics

Forces and MotionMotion is the process of an object changing place or position. Position refers to an object's location. The position of an object all depends on how a person is looking at the object and what it us being compared to, which is known as an object's relative position. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Vocabulary Sets: 2
Lab InvestigationsWorksheets: 3
Light and OpticsWorksheets: 4Vocabulary Sets: 3
MechanicsWorksheets: 3
Modern ElectronicsWorksheets: 3
OpticsWorksheets: 3
SoundWorksheets: 3

AR.A. Astronomy

Observational Astronomy

A-ESS1-1AR. Develop a model using observational evidence that accounts for patterns in the diurnal, seasonal, and annual movements of objects on the celestial sphere.
A-ESS1-2AR. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information gathered from observational evidence, maps, and charts to demonstrate an understanding of the ecliptic patterns, magnitudes, and colors of stars, and the dynamic locations of constellations, asterisms, and planets.

Early History of Astronomy

A-ESS2-1AR. Engage in arguments from evidence about how the development of astronomy in the pre-telescopic age laid the groundwork for modern astronomy.
A-ESS2-2AR. Construct explanations of how the telescope impacted the evolution of solar system models from geocentric to heliocentric.

Gravitation

A-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.
A-ESS3-1AR. Use mathematics and computational thinking to demonstrate rotationally dynamic systems and how these structures scale from solar systems to galaxies to bound galactic clusters.
A-ESS3-2AR. Construct an explanation of how gravitational forces are influenced by mass, density, and radius and how these forces impact the evolution of planetary structure, surfaces, atmospheres, and rings.

Formation of the Solar System

A-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth's formation and early history.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3
A-ESS4-1AR. Analyze and interpret data to describe how nebular theory and gravitational collapse result in star and solar system formation with distinct regions characterized by different types of planetary and other bodies.

The Earth-Moon-Sun System

A5-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.
A-ESS5-1AR. Ask questions about relationships among the Earth, Moon, and sun to clarify the patterns of orbital positions that produce lunar phases and eclipses.
A-ESS5-2AR. Plan and carry out investigations to demonstrate how relative orbital positions of the Earth, Moon, and sun influence energy and matter flow into and out of a system to create tides and seasons, orbital angles between Earth, Moon, and sun create these effects.

Electromagnetic Radiation and Matter

A6-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.

Stellar Evolution

A7-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.
A-ESS7-1AR. Construct an explanation of how a star's initial mass uniquely determines the conditions that affect stability and factors that control rates of change over its lifetime.

Cosmology

A-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
A-ESS8-1AR. Construct an argument from evidence that the formation of galactic structures depends on a spherical dark matter halo that surrounds a galaxy and supermassive black holes at the center of the galaxy.

AR.BI. Biology – Integrated

Cycling of Matter and Energy

BI-LS1-5. Use a model to illustrate how photosynthesis transforms light energy into stored chemical energy.
Photosynthesis and respirationPhotosynthesis may be thought of as a chemical reaction in which carbon dioxide from the air and water from the soil plus solar energy combine to produce carbohydrate and oxygen. What is similarity between human skeletal muscles and some bacteria? Match each Photosynthesis ad respiration term to its definition like Glucose, Chloroplast, Organelle, Guard Cells and many more. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
BI-LS1-7. Use a model to illustrate that cellular respiration is a chemical process whereby the bonds of food molecules and oxygen molecules are broken and the bonds in new compounds are formed resulting in a net transfer of energy.
Cell processesFreeCellular metabolism is the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms in order to maintain life. Living organisms are unique in that they can extract energy from their environments and use it to carry out activities such as growth, development, and reproduction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
BI-LS2-3. Construct and revise an explanation based on evidence for the cycling of matter and flow of energy in aerobic and anaerobic conditions.
Cell processesFreeCellular metabolism is the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms in order to maintain life. Living organisms are unique in that they can extract energy from their environments and use it to carry out activities such as growth, development, and reproduction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
Ecology IMatch each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology IIMatch each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2
BI-LS2-4. Use mathematical representations to support claims for the cycling of matter and flow of energy among organisms in an ecosystem.
Ecology IMatch each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology IIMatch each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2
BI-LS2-5. Develop a model to illustrate the role of photosynthesis and cellular respiration in the cycling of carbon among the biosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere.
Ecology IMatch each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology IIMatch each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2
BI-ESS2-6. Develop a quantitative model to describe the cycling of carbon among the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.
Ecology IMatch each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology IIMatch each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2

Structure and Function

BI-LS1-2. Develop and use a model to illustrate the hierarchical organization of interacting systems that provide specific functions within multicellular organisms.
Human biology IBronchi - large tubules that branch from the trachea to carry air in and out of the lungs. Capillaries - the smallest blood vessels found in very rich networks between arteries and veins; the site where many substances are exchanged. Antibodies - a specific protein produced by B lymphocytes that attaches to an antigen and leads to its removal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology IIAntigen - a molecule that the immune system recognizes as part of the body or foreign to the body. Appendicular skeleton - a part of the skeleton composed of 126 bones found in the flexible regions of the body, including shoulders, hips and limbs. Axial skeleton - the central, anchoring part of the bony skeleton that consists of the skull, backbone (vertebrae) and rib cage. Bile - a chemical produced by the liver and stored temporarily in the gall bladder that is released into the intestines to help in fat digestion. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
BI-LS1-3. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that feedback mechanisms maintain homeostasis.
Human biology IBronchi - large tubules that branch from the trachea to carry air in and out of the lungs. Capillaries - the smallest blood vessels found in very rich networks between arteries and veins; the site where many substances are exchanged. Antibodies - a specific protein produced by B lymphocytes that attaches to an antigen and leads to its removal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology IIAntigen - a molecule that the immune system recognizes as part of the body or foreign to the body. Appendicular skeleton - a part of the skeleton composed of 126 bones found in the flexible regions of the body, including shoulders, hips and limbs. Axial skeleton - the central, anchoring part of the bony skeleton that consists of the skull, backbone (vertebrae) and rib cage. Bile - a chemical produced by the liver and stored temporarily in the gall bladder that is released into the intestines to help in fat digestion. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7

Biodiversity and Population Dynamics

BI-LS2-2. Use mathematical representations to support and revise explanations based on evidence about factors affecting biodiversity and populations in ecosystems of different scales.
Vertebrates IIA vertebrate is an animal with a spinal cord surrounded by cartilage or bone. The vertebrates are also characterized by a muscular system consisting primarily of bilaterally paired masses and a central nervous system partly enclosed within the backbone. The 7 classes of vertebrates are: Class Aves, Class Reptilia, Class Agnatha, Class Amphibia, Class Mammalia, Class Osteichthyes, Class Chondrichthyes. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
BI-LS2-6. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning that the complex interactions in ecosystems maintain relatively consistent numbers and types of organisms in stable conditions, but changing conditions may result in a new ecosystem.
Ecology IMatch each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology IIMatch each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2

Genetic Variations in Organisms

BI-LS1-4. Use a model to illustrate the role of cellular division (mitosis) and differentiation in producing and maintaining complex organisms.
Cell ReproductionThe process where one cell forms two identical daughter cells. Mitosis is how somatic—or non-reproductive cells—divide. Meiosis is cell division that creates sex cells, like female egg cells or male sperm cells. Meiosis has two cycles of cell division, called Meiosis I and Meiosis II. Read more...iWorksheets :4
BI-LS3-1. Ask questions to clarify relationships about the role of DNA and chromosomes in coding the instructions for characteristic traits passed from parents to offspring.
Cell ReproductionThe process where one cell forms two identical daughter cells. Mitosis is how somatic—or non-reproductive cells—divide. Meiosis is cell division that creates sex cells, like female egg cells or male sperm cells. Meiosis has two cycles of cell division, called Meiosis I and Meiosis II. Read more...iWorksheets :4
Nucleic acids and protein synthesisThe term nucleic acid is the name for DNA and RNA. They are composed of nucleotides. DNA molecules are double-stranded and RNA molecules are single-stranded. To initiate the process of information transfer, one strand of the double-stranded DNA chain serves as a template for the synthesis of a single strand of RNA that is complementary to the DNA strand. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Genetics and heredity IHow many chromosomes would normally be contained in a gamete? Match each Genetics and heredity term to its definition like Genetic code, Crossing-over, Fertilization, Codon, Dominant allele, Ribosomes, Sex cells, Punnett square, Prophase II. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Genetics and heredity IIBy whom were first described the principles of dominance, segregation, and independent assortment? What did Gregor Mendel discover using the results of his experiments with plant crosses? Match each Genetics and heredity term to its definition like Splindle fibers, Telophase, Trait, Transcription, Mutation, Phenotype. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
BI-LS3-2. Make and defend a claim based on evidence that inheritable genetic variations may result from: (1) new genetic combinations through meiosis, (2) viable errors occurring during replication, and/or (3) mutations caused by environmental factors.
Cell ReproductionThe process where one cell forms two identical daughter cells. Mitosis is how somatic—or non-reproductive cells—divide. Meiosis is cell division that creates sex cells, like female egg cells or male sperm cells. Meiosis has two cycles of cell division, called Meiosis I and Meiosis II. Read more...iWorksheets :4
Nucleic acids and protein synthesisThe term nucleic acid is the name for DNA and RNA. They are composed of nucleotides. DNA molecules are double-stranded and RNA molecules are single-stranded. To initiate the process of information transfer, one strand of the double-stranded DNA chain serves as a template for the synthesis of a single strand of RNA that is complementary to the DNA strand. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Evolution by Natural Selection

BI-LS4-2. Construct an explanation based on evidence that the process of evolution primarily results from four factors: (1) the potential for a species to increase in number, (2) the heritable genetic variation of individuals in a species due to mutation and sexual reproduction, (3) competition for limited resources, and (4) the proliferation of those organisms that are better able to survive and reproduce in the environment.
Evolution and classificationCategorize organisms using a hierarchical classification system based on similarities and differences. Evolutionary theory is a scientific explanation for the unity and diversity of life. Analyze the effects of evolutionary mechanisms, including genetic drift, gene flow, mutation and recombination. Read more...iWorksheets :3
BI-LS4-4. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how natural selection leads to adaptation of populations.
Evolution and classificationCategorize organisms using a hierarchical classification system based on similarities and differences. Evolutionary theory is a scientific explanation for the unity and diversity of life. Analyze the effects of evolutionary mechanisms, including genetic drift, gene flow, mutation and recombination. Read more...iWorksheets :3
BI-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.

Life and Earth’s Systems

BI-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and ErosionWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Human Impacts on Earth’s Systems

BI-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather IIWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals IIWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
BI-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.CI. Chemistry – Integrated

Matter and Chemical Reactions

CI-PS1-1. Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms.
CI-PS1-2. Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.
Chemical EquationsWorksheets :3
Chemical ReactionsWorksheets :6Vocabulary :3
CI-PS1-3. Plan and conduct an investigation to gather evidence to compare the structure of substances at the bulk scale to infer the strength of electrical forces between particles.
CI-PS1-6. Refine the design of a chemical system by specifying a change in conditions that would produce increased amounts of products at equilibrium.
CI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and ErosionWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Nuclear Reactions

CI-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.
CI-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3

Energy Flow

CI-PS1-4. Develop a model to illustrate that the release or absorption of energy from a chemical reaction system depends upon the changes in total bond energy.
CI-PS1-5. Apply scientific principles and evidence to provide an explanation about the effects of changing the temperature or concentration of the reacting particles on the rate at which a reaction occurs.
Chemical ReactionsWorksheets :6Vocabulary :3
CI-PS3-1. Create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one component in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known.
Matter and EnergyMatter is any substance that has mass and takes up space. Energy can be transferred as heat or as work. Energy is a property that matter has. Read more...iWorksheets :3
ThermodynamicsWorksheets :4
CI-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
CI-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
CI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Waves

CI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CI-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
MagnetismWorksheets :3

Forces

CI-PS3-5. Develop and use a model of two objects interacting through electric or magnetic fields to illustrate the forces between objects and the changes in energy of the objects due to the interaction.
MagnetismWorksheets :3
ElectromagnetismThe production of a magnetic field around an electrical current is called electromagnetism. Read more...iWorksheets :3
CI-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

AR.CII. Chemistry II

Structure of Matter

CII1-PS1-1. Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms.
CII-PS1-3AR. Use mathematical representations and computational thinking to support a claim that patterns exist among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CII-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
MagnetismWorksheets :3

Properties of Matter

CII2-PS1-1. Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms.
CII-PS1-3. Plan and conduct an investigation to gather evidence to compare the structure of substances at the bulk scale to infer the strength of electrical forces between particles.
CII-PS2-1AR. Develop and use models to explain the differences between chemical compounds using patterns as a method for identification.
CII-PS2-3AR. Use mathematical representations to quantify matter through the analysis of patterns in chemical compounds.

Reactions

CII-PS1-2. Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.
Chemical EquationsWorksheets :3
Chemical ReactionsWorksheets :6Vocabulary :3
CII-PS3-1AR. Use mathematical representations to analyze the proportion and quantity of particles in solution.
The MoleWorksheets :3
CII-PS3-2AR. Construct an explanation of the relationship between energy and the behavior of particles.
States of MatterThere are Four states of matter observable in everyday life: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. Matter in the solid state has a fixed volume and shape, with component particles (atoms, molecules or ions) close together and fixed into place. Matter in the liquid state has a fixed volume, but has a variable shape that adapts to fit its container. Its particles are close together but move freely. Matter in the gaseous state has both variable volume and shape, adapting both to fit its container. Its particles are neither close together nor fixed in place. Matter in the plasma state has variable volume and shape. Read more...iWorksheets :3
CII-PS3-3AR. Plan and carry out an investigation to predict the outcome of a chemical reaction based on patterns of chemical properties.

Kinetics and Kinetic Molecular Theory

CII-PS1-5. Apply scientific principles and evidence to provide an explanation about the effects of changing the temperature or concentration of the reacting particles on the rate at which a reaction occurs.
Chemical ReactionsWorksheets :6Vocabulary :3
CII-PS4-1AR. Plan and carry out investigations to examine stability and change exhibited by gas particles in a closed system.
States of MatterThere are Four states of matter observable in everyday life: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. Matter in the solid state has a fixed volume and shape, with component particles (atoms, molecules or ions) close together and fixed into place. Matter in the liquid state has a fixed volume, but has a variable shape that adapts to fit its container. Its particles are close together but move freely. Matter in the gaseous state has both variable volume and shape, adapting both to fit its container. Its particles are neither close together nor fixed in place. Matter in the plasma state has variable volume and shape. Read more...iWorksheets :3
ThermodynamicsWorksheets :4
CII-PS4-2AR. Argue from evidence cause and effect relationships of factors influencing behavior of gas particles.
States of MatterThere are Four states of matter observable in everyday life: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. Matter in the solid state has a fixed volume and shape, with component particles (atoms, molecules or ions) close together and fixed into place. Matter in the liquid state has a fixed volume, but has a variable shape that adapts to fit its container. Its particles are close together but move freely. Matter in the gaseous state has both variable volume and shape, adapting both to fit its container. Its particles are neither close together nor fixed in place. Matter in the plasma state has variable volume and shape. Read more...iWorksheets :3
ThermodynamicsWorksheets :4
CII4-ETS1-4. Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.
States of MatterThere are Four states of matter observable in everyday life: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. Matter in the solid state has a fixed volume and shape, with component particles (atoms, molecules or ions) close together and fixed into place. Matter in the liquid state has a fixed volume, but has a variable shape that adapts to fit its container. Its particles are close together but move freely. Matter in the gaseous state has both variable volume and shape, adapting both to fit its container. Its particles are neither close together nor fixed in place. Matter in the plasma state has variable volume and shape. Read more...iWorksheets :3

Thermochemistry

CII-PS1-4. Develop a model to illustrate that the release or absorption of energy from a chemical reaction system depends upon the changes in total bond energy.
CII-PS5-1AR. Analyze and interpret data to explain energy (enthalpy) changes of a reaction.
ThermodynamicsWorksheets :4
CII-PS5-2AR. Plan and conduct an investigation to calculate changes in energy within a system and/or energy flows in and out of a system.
ThermodynamicsWorksheets :4
CII5-ETS1-4. Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.
ThermodynamicsWorksheets :4

Equilibrium

CII-PS1-6. Refine the design of a chemical system by specifying a change in conditions that would produce increased amounts of products at equilibrium.
CII-PS6-1AR. Analyze and interpret data to explain the change in concentration of products and reactants, and the stable state achieved under reversible conditions.
The MoleWorksheets :3
CII6-ETS1-2. Design a solution to a complex real-world problem by breaking it down into smaller, more manageable problems that can be solved through engineering.

Organic Chemistry

CII-PS7-1AR. Obtain and combine information to describe differences between alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes.
Organic ChemistryWorksheets :3

AR.ES. Earth Science

History of Earth

ES-ESS1-5. Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.
ES-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3
ES-ESS2-1. Develop a model to illustrate how Earth’s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features.
Earth's CrustFreeWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES1-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3

Earth’s Systems

ES-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
ES-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and ErosionWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS2-6. Develop a quantitative model to describe the cycling of carbon among the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.
Ecology IMatch each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology IIMatch each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2
ES-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.
ES2-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Human Sustainability

ES-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather IIWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals IIWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among the management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-6. Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The AtmosphereWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES3-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Weather and Climate

ES-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES4-ETS1-3. Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and tradeoffs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.

AR.EVS. Environmental Science

Systems

EVS-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
EVS-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and ErosionWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS2-6. Develop a quantitative model to describe the cycling of carbon among the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.
Ecology IMatch each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology IIMatch each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2
EVS-ESS3-5. Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.
EVS1-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The AtmosphereWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Energy

EVS-PS3-1. Create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one component in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known.
ThermodynamicsWorksheets :4
EVS-PS3-4. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of different temperature are combined within a closed system results in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in the system (second law of thermodynamics).
ThermodynamicsWorksheets :4
EVS-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Sustainability

EVS-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrences of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather IIWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals IIWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among the management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-6. Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The AtmosphereWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-LS4-6. Create or revise a simulation to test a solution to mitigate adverse impacts of human activity on biodiversity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.HAP. Human Anatomy and Physiology

Patterns

HAP-LS1-1AR. Construct an explanation based on evidence obtained from a variety of sources for the pattern of hierarchical organization of each body system:
HAP-LS1-1AR.2. Skeletal System
Human biology IBronchi - large tubules that branch from the trachea to carry air in and out of the lungs. Capillaries - the smallest blood vessels found in very rich networks between arteries and veins; the site where many substances are exchanged. Antibodies - a specific protein produced by B lymphocytes that attaches to an antigen and leads to its removal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology IIAntigen - a molecule that the immune system recognizes as part of the body or foreign to the body. Appendicular skeleton - a part of the skeleton composed of 126 bones found in the flexible regions of the body, including shoulders, hips and limbs. Axial skeleton - the central, anchoring part of the bony skeleton that consists of the skull, backbone (vertebrae) and rib cage. Bile - a chemical produced by the liver and stored temporarily in the gall bladder that is released into the intestines to help in fat digestion. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
HAP-LS1-1AR.3. Muscular System
Human biology IBronchi - large tubules that branch from the trachea to carry air in and out of the lungs. Capillaries - the smallest blood vessels found in very rich networks between arteries and veins; the site where many substances are exchanged. Antibodies - a specific protein produced by B lymphocytes that attaches to an antigen and leads to its removal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology IIAntigen - a molecule that the immune system recognizes as part of the body or foreign to the body. Appendicular skeleton - a part of the skeleton composed of 126 bones found in the flexible regions of the body, including shoulders, hips and limbs. Axial skeleton - the central, anchoring part of the bony skeleton that consists of the skull, backbone (vertebrae) and rib cage. Bile - a chemical produced by the liver and stored temporarily in the gall bladder that is released into the intestines to help in fat digestion. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
HAP-LS1-1AR.4. Respiratory System
Human biology IBronchi - large tubules that branch from the trachea to carry air in and out of the lungs. Capillaries - the smallest blood vessels found in very rich networks between arteries and veins; the site where many substances are exchanged. Antibodies - a specific protein produced by B lymphocytes that attaches to an antigen and leads to its removal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology IIAntigen - a molecule that the immune system recognizes as part of the body or foreign to the body. Appendicular skeleton - a part of the skeleton composed of 126 bones found in the flexible regions of the body, including shoulders, hips and limbs. Axial skeleton - the central, anchoring part of the bony skeleton that consists of the skull, backbone (vertebrae) and rib cage. Bile - a chemical produced by the liver and stored temporarily in the gall bladder that is released into the intestines to help in fat digestion. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
HAP-LS1-1AR.5. Circulatory System
Human biology IBronchi - large tubules that branch from the trachea to carry air in and out of the lungs. Capillaries - the smallest blood vessels found in very rich networks between arteries and veins; the site where many substances are exchanged. Antibodies - a specific protein produced by B lymphocytes that attaches to an antigen and leads to its removal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology IIAntigen - a molecule that the immune system recognizes as part of the body or foreign to the body. Appendicular skeleton - a part of the skeleton composed of 126 bones found in the flexible regions of the body, including shoulders, hips and limbs. Axial skeleton - the central, anchoring part of the bony skeleton that consists of the skull, backbone (vertebrae) and rib cage. Bile - a chemical produced by the liver and stored temporarily in the gall bladder that is released into the intestines to help in fat digestion. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
HAP-LS1-1AR.6. Digestive System
Human biology IBronchi - large tubules that branch from the trachea to carry air in and out of the lungs. Capillaries - the smallest blood vessels found in very rich networks between arteries and veins; the site where many substances are exchanged. Antibodies - a specific protein produced by B lymphocytes that attaches to an antigen and leads to its removal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology IIAntigen - a molecule that the immune system recognizes as part of the body or foreign to the body. Appendicular skeleton - a part of the skeleton composed of 126 bones found in the flexible regions of the body, including shoulders, hips and limbs. Axial skeleton - the central, anchoring part of the bony skeleton that consists of the skull, backbone (vertebrae) and rib cage. Bile - a chemical produced by the liver and stored temporarily in the gall bladder that is released into the intestines to help in fat digestion. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
HAP-LS1-1AR.7. Nervous System
Human biology IBronchi - large tubules that branch from the trachea to carry air in and out of the lungs. Capillaries - the smallest blood vessels found in very rich networks between arteries and veins; the site where many substances are exchanged. Antibodies - a specific protein produced by B lymphocytes that attaches to an antigen and leads to its removal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology IIAntigen - a molecule that the immune system recognizes as part of the body or foreign to the body. Appendicular skeleton - a part of the skeleton composed of 126 bones found in the flexible regions of the body, including shoulders, hips and limbs. Axial skeleton - the central, anchoring part of the bony skeleton that consists of the skull, backbone (vertebrae) and rib cage. Bile - a chemical produced by the liver and stored temporarily in the gall bladder that is released into the intestines to help in fat digestion. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
HAP-LS1-1AR.8. Endocrine System
Human biology IBronchi - large tubules that branch from the trachea to carry air in and out of the lungs. Capillaries - the smallest blood vessels found in very rich networks between arteries and veins; the site where many substances are exchanged. Antibodies - a specific protein produced by B lymphocytes that attaches to an antigen and leads to its removal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology IIAntigen - a molecule that the immune system recognizes as part of the body or foreign to the body. Appendicular skeleton - a part of the skeleton composed of 126 bones found in the flexible regions of the body, including shoulders, hips and limbs. Axial skeleton - the central, anchoring part of the bony skeleton that consists of the skull, backbone (vertebrae) and rib cage. Bile - a chemical produced by the liver and stored temporarily in the gall bladder that is released into the intestines to help in fat digestion. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
HAP-LS1-1AR.11. Reproductive Systems
Human biology IBronchi - large tubules that branch from the trachea to carry air in and out of the lungs. Capillaries - the smallest blood vessels found in very rich networks between arteries and veins; the site where many substances are exchanged. Antibodies - a specific protein produced by B lymphocytes that attaches to an antigen and leads to its removal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology IIAntigen - a molecule that the immune system recognizes as part of the body or foreign to the body. Appendicular skeleton - a part of the skeleton composed of 126 bones found in the flexible regions of the body, including shoulders, hips and limbs. Axial skeleton - the central, anchoring part of the bony skeleton that consists of the skull, backbone (vertebrae) and rib cage. Bile - a chemical produced by the liver and stored temporarily in the gall bladder that is released into the intestines to help in fat digestion. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7

Stability and Change

HAP-LS4-1AR. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that feedback mechanisms maintain homeostasis.
Human biology IBronchi - large tubules that branch from the trachea to carry air in and out of the lungs. Capillaries - the smallest blood vessels found in very rich networks between arteries and veins; the site where many substances are exchanged. Antibodies - a specific protein produced by B lymphocytes that attaches to an antigen and leads to its removal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology IIAntigen - a molecule that the immune system recognizes as part of the body or foreign to the body. Appendicular skeleton - a part of the skeleton composed of 126 bones found in the flexible regions of the body, including shoulders, hips and limbs. Axial skeleton - the central, anchoring part of the bony skeleton that consists of the skull, backbone (vertebrae) and rib cage. Bile - a chemical produced by the liver and stored temporarily in the gall bladder that is released into the intestines to help in fat digestion. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7

Energy and Matter

HAP-LS6-1AR. Construct and revise an explanation based on evidence for the cycling of matter and flow of energy among body systems and their associated processes.
Human biology IBronchi - large tubules that branch from the trachea to carry air in and out of the lungs. Capillaries - the smallest blood vessels found in very rich networks between arteries and veins; the site where many substances are exchanged. Antibodies - a specific protein produced by B lymphocytes that attaches to an antigen and leads to its removal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology IIAntigen - a molecule that the immune system recognizes as part of the body or foreign to the body. Appendicular skeleton - a part of the skeleton composed of 126 bones found in the flexible regions of the body, including shoulders, hips and limbs. Axial skeleton - the central, anchoring part of the bony skeleton that consists of the skull, backbone (vertebrae) and rib cage. Bile - a chemical produced by the liver and stored temporarily in the gall bladder that is released into the intestines to help in fat digestion. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7

Systems and System Models

HAP-LS7-1AR. Develop and use a model to illustrate the interactions between systems that control or affect specific functions within the human body.
Human biology IBronchi - large tubules that branch from the trachea to carry air in and out of the lungs. Capillaries - the smallest blood vessels found in very rich networks between arteries and veins; the site where many substances are exchanged. Antibodies - a specific protein produced by B lymphocytes that attaches to an antigen and leads to its removal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology IIAntigen - a molecule that the immune system recognizes as part of the body or foreign to the body. Appendicular skeleton - a part of the skeleton composed of 126 bones found in the flexible regions of the body, including shoulders, hips and limbs. Axial skeleton - the central, anchoring part of the bony skeleton that consists of the skull, backbone (vertebrae) and rib cage. Bile - a chemical produced by the liver and stored temporarily in the gall bladder that is released into the intestines to help in fat digestion. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7

AR.PSI. Physical Science – Integrated

Elements, Matter, and Interactions

PSI-PS1-1. Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms.
PSI-PS1-2. Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.
Chemical EquationsWorksheets :3
Chemical ReactionsWorksheets :6Vocabulary :3
PSI-PS1-3. Plan and conduct an investigation to gather evidence to compare the structure of substances at the bulk scale to infer the strength of electrical forces between particles.
PSI-PS1-4. Develop a model to illustrate that the release or absorption of energy from a chemical reaction system depends upon the changes in total bond energy.
PSI-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.

Matter in Organisms

PSI-LS1-5. Use a model to illustrate how photosynthesis transforms light energy into stored chemical energy.
Photosynthesis and respirationPhotosynthesis may be thought of as a chemical reaction in which carbon dioxide from the air and water from the soil plus solar energy combine to produce carbohydrate and oxygen. What is similarity between human skeletal muscles and some bacteria? Match each Photosynthesis ad respiration term to its definition like Glucose, Chloroplast, Organelle, Guard Cells and many more. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
PSI-LS1-7. Use a model to illustrate that cellular respiration is a chemical process whereby the bonds of food molecules and oxygen molecules are broken and the bonds in new compounds are formed resulting in a net transfer of energy.
Cell processesFreeCellular metabolism is the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms in order to maintain life. Living organisms are unique in that they can extract energy from their environments and use it to carry out activities such as growth, development, and reproduction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
PSI-LS2-4. Use mathematical representations to support claims for the cycling of matter and flow of energy among organisms in an ecosystem.
Ecology IMatch each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology IIMatch each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2
PSI2-ETS1-2. Design a solution to a complex real-world problem by breaking it down into smaller, more manageable problems that can be solved through engineering.
Cell processesFreeCellular metabolism is the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms in order to maintain life. Living organisms are unique in that they can extract energy from their environments and use it to carry out activities such as growth, development, and reproduction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
Organic ChemistryWorksheets :3

Forces and Motion

PSI-PS2-3. Apply scientific and engineering ideas to design, evaluate, and refine a device that minimizes the force on a macroscopic object during a collision.
PSI-ESS1-5. Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3

Energy

PSI-PS3-1. Create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one component in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known.
HeatWorksheets :3
ThermodynamicsWorksheets :4
PSI-PS3-2. Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects).
States of MatterThere are Four states of matter observable in everyday life: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. Matter in the solid state has a fixed volume and shape, with component particles (atoms, molecules or ions) close together and fixed into place. Matter in the liquid state has a fixed volume, but has a variable shape that adapts to fit its container. Its particles are close together but move freely. Matter in the gaseous state has both variable volume and shape, adapting both to fit its container. Its particles are neither close together nor fixed in place. Matter in the plasma state has variable volume and shape. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Chemical ReactionsWorksheets :6Vocabulary :3
Work and EnergyWorksheets :4
HeatWorksheets :3
PSI-PS3-3. Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form of energy.
ElectromagnetismThe production of a magnetic field around an electrical current is called electromagnetism. Read more...iWorksheets :3
PSI-PS3-4. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of different temperature are combined within a closed system results in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in the system (second law of thermodynamics).
ThermodynamicsWorksheets :4

Waves

PSI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
LightWorksheets :3

Interactions of Humans and the Environment

PSI-ESS2-1. Develop a model to illustrate how Earth’s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features.
PSI-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather IIWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
PSI-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals IIWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
PSI6-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
PSI6-ETS1-4. Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.P. Physics

Motion

P-ESS1-2. Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system.
P-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

Work and Energy

P-PS2-1AR. Develop computational and graphical models to calculate and illustrate the work done and changes in energy in a system.
Work and EnergyWorksheets :4
P-PS2-2AR. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that work done equals energy stored in a conservative system.
Work and EnergyWorksheets :4
P-PS2-3AR. Plan and conduct an investigation to rate the power used in performing work on a system.
Work and EnergyWorksheets :4
P-PS2-4AR. Analyze data to demonstrate the relationship between rotational and linear motion, energy, and momentum.
P-PS2-5AR. Use mathematical representations to support the claim that the change in kinetic energy of a system is equal to the net work performed upon the system.
Work and EnergyWorksheets :4
P2-ETS1-3. Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and trade-offs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.
Work and EnergyWorksheets :4

Heat and Thermodynamics

P-PS3-1. Create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one component in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known.
HeatWorksheets :3
ThermodynamicsWorksheets :4
P-PS3-1AR. Construct an explanation based on evidence of the relationships between heat, temperature, and the Kinetic Molecular Theory.
States of MatterThere are Four states of matter observable in everyday life: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. Matter in the solid state has a fixed volume and shape, with component particles (atoms, molecules or ions) close together and fixed into place. Matter in the liquid state has a fixed volume, but has a variable shape that adapts to fit its container. Its particles are close together but move freely. Matter in the gaseous state has both variable volume and shape, adapting both to fit its container. Its particles are neither close together nor fixed in place. Matter in the plasma state has variable volume and shape. Read more...iWorksheets :3
P-PS3-2AR. Plan and conduct an investigation of the relationships between pressure, volume, temperature, and amount of gas.
States of MatterThere are Four states of matter observable in everyday life: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. Matter in the solid state has a fixed volume and shape, with component particles (atoms, molecules or ions) close together and fixed into place. Matter in the liquid state has a fixed volume, but has a variable shape that adapts to fit its container. Its particles are close together but move freely. Matter in the gaseous state has both variable volume and shape, adapting both to fit its container. Its particles are neither close together nor fixed in place. Matter in the plasma state has variable volume and shape. Read more...iWorksheets :3
ThermodynamicsWorksheets :4
P-PS3-4. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of different temperature are combined within a closed system results in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in the system (second law of thermodynamics).
ThermodynamicsWorksheets :4

Waves, Sound, and Simple Harmonic Motion

P-PS4-2AR. Develop and use models to investigate longitudinal and transverse waves in various media.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Electricity

P-PS3-2. Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects).
ElectromagnetismThe production of a magnetic field around an electrical current is called electromagnetism. Read more...iWorksheets :3
P-PS5-1AR. Use mathematical representations and conduct investigations to provide evidence of the relationships between power, current, voltage, and resistance.
Electric CircuitsWorksheets :4
P-PS5-2AR. Evaluate competing design solutions for construction and use of electrical consumer products.
ElectromagnetismThe production of a magnetic field around an electrical current is called electromagnetism. Read more...iWorksheets :3

AR.RST.9-10. Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects

Craft and Structure

RST.9-10.4. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 9-10 texts and topics.
Chemical ReactionsWorksheets :6Vocabulary :3

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

RST.9-10.7. Translate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text into visual form (e.g., a table or chart) and translate information expressed visually or mathematically (e.g., in an equation) into words.
Chemical ReactionsWorksheets :6Vocabulary :3
ThermodynamicsWorksheets :4

AR.CI. Chemistry – Integrated

Matter and Chemical Reactions

CI-PS1-1. Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms.
Elements - Set IIWorksheets :3
CI-PS1-6. Refine the design of a chemical system by specifying a change in conditions that would produce increased amounts of products at equilibrium.
CI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and ErosionWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Nuclear Reactions

CI-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.
CI-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3

Energy Flow

CI-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
CI-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
CI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Waves

CI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CI-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Forces

CI-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

AR.A. Astronomy

Observational Astronomy

A-ESS1-1AR. Develop a model using observational evidence that accounts for patterns in the diurnal, seasonal, and annual movements of objects on the celestial sphere.
A-ESS1-2AR. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information gathered from observational evidence, maps, and charts to demonstrate an understanding of the ecliptic patterns, magnitudes, and colors of stars, and the dynamic locations of constellations, asterisms, and planets.

Early History of Astronomy

A-ESS2-1AR. Engage in arguments from evidence about how the development of astronomy in the pre-telescopic age laid the groundwork for modern astronomy.
A-ESS2-2AR. Construct explanations of how the telescope impacted the evolution of solar system models from geocentric to heliocentric.

Gravitation

A-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.
A-ESS3-1AR. Use mathematics and computational thinking to demonstrate rotationally dynamic systems and how these structures scale from solar systems to galaxies to bound galactic clusters.
A-ESS3-2AR. Construct an explanation of how gravitational forces are influenced by mass, density, and radius and how these forces impact the evolution of planetary structure, surfaces, atmospheres, and rings.

Formation of the Solar System

A-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth's formation and early history.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3
A-ESS4-1AR. Analyze and interpret data to describe how nebular theory and gravitational collapse result in star and solar system formation with distinct regions characterized by different types of planetary and other bodies.

The Earth-Moon-Sun System

A5-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.
A-ESS5-1AR. Ask questions about relationships among the Earth, Moon, and sun to clarify the patterns of orbital positions that produce lunar phases and eclipses.
A-ESS5-2AR. Plan and carry out investigations to demonstrate how relative orbital positions of the Earth, Moon, and sun influence energy and matter flow into and out of a system to create tides and seasons, orbital angles between Earth, Moon, and sun create these effects.

Electromagnetic Radiation and Matter

A6-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.

Stellar Evolution

A7-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.
A-ESS7-1AR. Construct an explanation of how a star's initial mass uniquely determines the conditions that affect stability and factors that control rates of change over its lifetime.

Cosmology

A-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
A-ESS8-1AR. Construct an argument from evidence that the formation of galactic structures depends on a spherical dark matter halo that surrounds a galaxy and supermassive black holes at the center of the galaxy.

AR.BI. Biology – Integrated

Evolution by Natural Selection

BI-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.

Life and Earth’s Systems

BI-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and ErosionWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Human Impacts on Earth’s Systems

BI-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather IIWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals IIWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
BI-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.CI. Chemistry – Integrated

Matter and Chemical Reactions

CI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and ErosionWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Nuclear Reactions

CI-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.
CI-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3

Energy Flow

CI-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
CI-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
CI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Waves

CI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CI-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Forces

CI-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

AR.CII. Chemistry II

Structure of Matter

CII-PS1-3AR. Use mathematical representations and computational thinking to support a claim that patterns exist among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CII-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

AR.ES. Earth Science

History of Earth

ES-ESS1-5. Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.
ES-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3
ES-ESS2-1. Develop a model to illustrate how Earth’s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features.
Earth's CrustFreeWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES1-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3

Earth’s Systems

ES-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
ES-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and ErosionWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.
ES2-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Human Sustainability

ES-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather IIWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals IIWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among the management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-6. Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The AtmosphereWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES3-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Weather and Climate

ES-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES4-ETS1-3. Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and tradeoffs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.

AR.EVS. Environmental Science

Systems

EVS-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
EVS-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and ErosionWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-5. Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.
EVS1-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The AtmosphereWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Energy

EVS-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Sustainability

EVS-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrences of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather IIWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals IIWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among the management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-6. Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The AtmosphereWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-LS4-6. Create or revise a simulation to test a solution to mitigate adverse impacts of human activity on biodiversity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-7. Create or revise a simulation to test a solution to mitigate adverse impacts of human activity on biodiversity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.PSI. Physical Science – Integrated

Elements, Matter, and Interactions

PSI-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.

Forces and Motion

PSI-ESS1-5. Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3

Energy

PSI-PS3-2. Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects).

Waves

PSI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Interactions of Humans and the Environment

PSI-ESS2-1. Develop a model to illustrate how Earth’s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features.
PSI-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather IIWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
PSI-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals IIWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
PSI6-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
PSI6-ETS1-4. Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.P. Physics

Motion

P-ESS1-2. Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system.
P-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

Work and Energy

P-PS2-4AR. Analyze data to demonstrate the relationship between rotational and linear motion, energy, and momentum.

Waves, Sound, and Simple Harmonic Motion

P-PS4-2AR. Develop and use models to investigate longitudinal and transverse waves in various media.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Electricity

P-PS3-2. Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects).
P-PS5-1AR. Use mathematical representations and conduct investigations to provide evidence of the relationships between power, current, voltage, and resistance.
Electric CircuitsWorksheets :4
P-PS5-2AR. Evaluate competing design solutions for construction and use of electrical consumer products.

AR.CI. Chemistry – Integrated

Matter and Chemical Reactions

CI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and ErosionWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Nuclear Reactions

CI-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.
CI-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3

Energy Flow

CI-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
CI-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
CI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Waves

CI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CI-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Forces

CI-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

AR.A. Astronomy

Observational Astronomy

A-ESS1-1AR. Develop a model using observational evidence that accounts for patterns in the diurnal, seasonal, and annual movements of objects on the celestial sphere.
A-ESS1-2AR. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information gathered from observational evidence, maps, and charts to demonstrate an understanding of the ecliptic patterns, magnitudes, and colors of stars, and the dynamic locations of constellations, asterisms, and planets.

Early History of Astronomy

A-ESS2-1AR. Engage in arguments from evidence about how the development of astronomy in the pre-telescopic age laid the groundwork for modern astronomy.
A-ESS2-2AR. Construct explanations of how the telescope impacted the evolution of solar system models from geocentric to heliocentric.

Gravitation

A-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.
A-ESS3-1AR. Use mathematics and computational thinking to demonstrate rotationally dynamic systems and how these structures scale from solar systems to galaxies to bound galactic clusters.
A-ESS3-2AR. Construct an explanation of how gravitational forces are influenced by mass, density, and radius and how these forces impact the evolution of planetary structure, surfaces, atmospheres, and rings.

Formation of the Solar System

A-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth's formation and early history.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3
A-ESS4-1AR. Analyze and interpret data to describe how nebular theory and gravitational collapse result in star and solar system formation with distinct regions characterized by different types of planetary and other bodies.

The Earth-Moon-Sun System

A5-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.
A-ESS5-1AR. Ask questions about relationships among the Earth, Moon, and sun to clarify the patterns of orbital positions that produce lunar phases and eclipses.
A-ESS5-2AR. Plan and carry out investigations to demonstrate how relative orbital positions of the Earth, Moon, and sun influence energy and matter flow into and out of a system to create tides and seasons, orbital angles between Earth, Moon, and sun create these effects.

Electromagnetic Radiation and Matter

A6-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.

Stellar Evolution

A7-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.
A-ESS7-1AR. Construct an explanation of how a star's initial mass uniquely determines the conditions that affect stability and factors that control rates of change over its lifetime.

Cosmology

A-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
A-ESS8-1AR. Construct an argument from evidence that the formation of galactic structures depends on a spherical dark matter halo that surrounds a galaxy and supermassive black holes at the center of the galaxy.

AR.BI. Biology – Integrated

Evolution by Natural Selection

BI-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.

Life and Earth’s Systems

BI-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and ErosionWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Human Impacts on Earth’s Systems

BI-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather IIWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals IIWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
BI-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.CI. Chemistry – Integrated

Matter and Chemical Reactions

CI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and ErosionWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Nuclear Reactions

CI-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.
CI-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3

Energy Flow

CI-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
CI-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
CI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Waves

CI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CI-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Forces

CI-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

AR.CII. Chemistry II

Structure of Matter

CII-PS1-3AR. Use mathematical representations and computational thinking to support a claim that patterns exist among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CII-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

AR.ES. Earth Science

History of Earth

ES-ESS1-5. Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.
ES-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3
ES-ESS2-1. Develop a model to illustrate how Earth’s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features.
Earth's CrustFreeWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES1-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3

Earth’s Systems

ES-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
ES-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and ErosionWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.
ES2-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Human Sustainability

ES-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather IIWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals IIWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among the management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-6. Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The AtmosphereWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES3-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Weather and Climate

ES-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES4-ETS1-3. Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and tradeoffs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.

AR.EVS. Environmental Science

Systems

EVS-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
EVS-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and ErosionWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-5. Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.
EVS1-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The AtmosphereWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Energy

EVS-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Sustainability

EVS-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrences of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather IIWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals IIWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among the management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-6. Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The AtmosphereWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-7. Create or revise a simulation to test a solution to mitigate adverse impacts of human activity on biodiversity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.PSI. Physical Science – Integrated

Elements, Matter, and Interactions

PSI-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.

Forces and Motion

PSI-ESS1-5. Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3

Energy

PSI-PS3-2. Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects).

Waves

PSI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Interactions of Humans and the Environment

PSI-ESS2-1. Develop a model to illustrate how Earth’s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features.
PSI-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather IIWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
PSI-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals IIWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
PSI6-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
PSI6-ETS1-4. Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.P. Physics

Motion

P-ESS1-2. Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system.
P-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

Work and Energy

P-PS2-4AR. Analyze data to demonstrate the relationship between rotational and linear motion, energy, and momentum.

Waves, Sound, and Simple Harmonic Motion

P-PS4-2AR. Develop and use models to investigate longitudinal and transverse waves in various media.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Electricity

P-PS3-2. Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects).
P-PS5-1AR. Use mathematical representations and conduct investigations to provide evidence of the relationships between power, current, voltage, and resistance.
Electric CircuitsWorksheets :4
P-PS5-2AR. Evaluate competing design solutions for construction and use of electrical consumer products.

AR.RST.11-12. Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects

Craft and Structure

RST.11-12.4. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 11-12 texts and topics.
Chemical ReactionsWorksheets :6Vocabulary :3

AR.CI. Chemistry – Integrated

Matter and Chemical Reactions

CI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and ErosionWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Nuclear Reactions

CI-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.
CI-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3

Energy Flow

CI-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
CI-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
CI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Waves

CI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CI-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Forces

CI-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

AR.A. Astronomy

Observational Astronomy

A-ESS1-1AR. Develop a model using observational evidence that accounts for patterns in the diurnal, seasonal, and annual movements of objects on the celestial sphere.
A-ESS1-2AR. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information gathered from observational evidence, maps, and charts to demonstrate an understanding of the ecliptic patterns, magnitudes, and colors of stars, and the dynamic locations of constellations, asterisms, and planets.

Early History of Astronomy

A-ESS2-1AR. Engage in arguments from evidence about how the development of astronomy in the pre-telescopic age laid the groundwork for modern astronomy.
A-ESS2-2AR. Construct explanations of how the telescope impacted the evolution of solar system models from geocentric to heliocentric.

Gravitation

A-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.
A-ESS3-1AR. Use mathematics and computational thinking to demonstrate rotationally dynamic systems and how these structures scale from solar systems to galaxies to bound galactic clusters.
A-ESS3-2AR. Construct an explanation of how gravitational forces are influenced by mass, density, and radius and how these forces impact the evolution of planetary structure, surfaces, atmospheres, and rings.

Formation of the Solar System

A-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth's formation and early history.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3
A-ESS4-1AR. Analyze and interpret data to describe how nebular theory and gravitational collapse result in star and solar system formation with distinct regions characterized by different types of planetary and other bodies.

The Earth-Moon-Sun System

A5-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.
A-ESS5-1AR. Ask questions about relationships among the Earth, Moon, and sun to clarify the patterns of orbital positions that produce lunar phases and eclipses.
A-ESS5-2AR. Plan and carry out investigations to demonstrate how relative orbital positions of the Earth, Moon, and sun influence energy and matter flow into and out of a system to create tides and seasons, orbital angles between Earth, Moon, and sun create these effects.

Electromagnetic Radiation and Matter

A6-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.

Stellar Evolution

A7-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.
A-ESS7-1AR. Construct an explanation of how a star's initial mass uniquely determines the conditions that affect stability and factors that control rates of change over its lifetime.

Cosmology

A-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
A-ESS8-1AR. Construct an argument from evidence that the formation of galactic structures depends on a spherical dark matter halo that surrounds a galaxy and supermassive black holes at the center of the galaxy.

AR.BI. Biology – Integrated

Evolution by Natural Selection

BI-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.

Life and Earth’s Systems

BI-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and ErosionWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Human Impacts on Earth’s Systems

BI-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather IIWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals IIWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
BI-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.CI. Chemistry – Integrated

Matter and Chemical Reactions

CI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and ErosionWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Nuclear Reactions

CI-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.
CI-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3

Energy Flow

CI-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
CI-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
CI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Waves

CI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CI-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Forces

CI-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

AR.CII. Chemistry II

Structure of Matter

CII-PS1-3AR. Use mathematical representations and computational thinking to support a claim that patterns exist among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CII-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

AR.ES. Earth Science

History of Earth

ES-ESS1-5. Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.
ES-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3
ES-ESS2-1. Develop a model to illustrate how Earth’s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features.
Earth's CrustFreeWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES1-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3

Earth’s Systems

ES-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
ES-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and ErosionWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.
ES2-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Human Sustainability

ES-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather IIWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals IIWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among the management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-6. Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The AtmosphereWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES3-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Weather and Climate

ES-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES4-ETS1-3. Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and tradeoffs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.

AR.EVS. Environmental Science

Systems

EVS-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
EVS-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and ErosionWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-5. Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.
EVS1-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The AtmosphereWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Energy

EVS-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Sustainability

EVS-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrences of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather IIWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals IIWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among the management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-6. Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The AtmosphereWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-7. Create or revise a simulation to test a solution to mitigate adverse impacts of human activity on biodiversity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.PSI. Physical Science – Integrated

Elements, Matter, and Interactions

PSI-PS1-2. Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.
Chemical EquationsWorksheets :3
PSI-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.

Forces and Motion

PSI-ESS1-5. Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3

Energy

PSI-PS3-2. Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects).

Waves

PSI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Interactions of Humans and the Environment

PSI-ESS2-1. Develop a model to illustrate how Earth’s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features.
PSI-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather IIWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
PSI-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals IIWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
PSI6-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
PSI6-ETS1-4. Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.P. Physics

Motion

P-ESS1-2. Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system.
P-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

Work and Energy

P-PS2-4AR. Analyze data to demonstrate the relationship between rotational and linear motion, energy, and momentum.

Waves, Sound, and Simple Harmonic Motion

P-PS4-2AR. Develop and use models to investigate longitudinal and transverse waves in various media.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Electricity

P-PS3-2. Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects).
P-PS5-1AR. Use mathematical representations and conduct investigations to provide evidence of the relationships between power, current, voltage, and resistance.
Electric CircuitsWorksheets :4
P-PS5-2AR. Evaluate competing design solutions for construction and use of electrical consumer products.

AR.CI. Chemistry – Integrated

Matter and Chemical Reactions

CI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and ErosionWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Nuclear Reactions

CI-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.
CI-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
Fossils IWorksheets :4
Fossils IIWorksheets :3

Energy Flow

CI-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
CI-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
CI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
OceansWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Waves

CI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CI-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and WavesVibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Forces

CI-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.
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