Colorado Academic Standards (CAS) for High School Biology

Chromosomes, Genes and DNA
Chromosomes are made up of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), the hereditary material in humans and most of other organisms. Specific sections of the DNA are called genes. Each gene provides the cell with different information. Each chromosome is made up of many genes. There are about about 100000 genes found on human chromosomes. A gene is made up of a particular sequence of DNA bases. This sequence acts as a code for a protein. The production of different proteins determines the trait (inherited characteristic) of an organism. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Vocabulary Sets: 3
DNA technology/genetic engineering
This topic is about biology and Forensic science. Students will learn to identify the structure and function of DNA, RNA and protein. They will also learn to describe the importance of generic information to forensics. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Vocabulary Sets: 3
Food Chains and Food Webs
Biological dynamics of Earth. Relationships within a community: predation, competition, parasitism, mutualism, commensalism. Construct a food chain. Construct a trophic-level pyramid (energy level). Compare and contrast food webs and food chains. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Vocabulary Sets: 2
Genetics and heredity I
How many chromosomes would normally be contained in a gamete? Match each Genetics and heredity term to its definition like Genetic code, Crossing-over, Fertilization, Codon, Dominant allele, Ribosomes, Sex cells, Punnett square, Prophase II. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Vocabulary Sets: 7
Genetics and heredity II
By whom were first described the principles of dominance, segregation, and independent assortment? What did Gregor Mendel discover using the results of his experiments with plant crosses? Match each Genetics and heredity term to its definition like Splindle fibers, Telophase, Trait, Transcription, Mutation, Phenotype. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Vocabulary Sets: 7
Introduction to animals
Classification - the process of grouping items together according to their similarities. Kingdom - large category included in scientific classification system and the taxonomic category above phylum; scientists recognize six kingdoms: animals, plants, fungi, protista, eubacteria, and archaebacteria. Vertebrates - animals that have a backbone; five main groups of vertebrates: fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians and mammals. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Vocabulary Sets: 3
Introduction to cells
All living things are made from one or more cells. The nucleus is the control center of the cell. It houses the nucleolus and genetic material (chromatin) used for directing cell functions. Nuclear pores allow materials to pass in and out of the nucleus. The nuclear envelope is a membrane which surrounds and protects the nucleus. The nucleolus produces ribosomes. Ribosomes are factories that produce proteins needed by the cell. Lysosomes contain chemicals (enzymes) that break down and recycle harmful materials. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Vocabulary Sets: 4
Introduction to plants
Which woody plant structure possesses vascular tissue lenticels? From which part of the seed will the leaves and upper portions of the stem of a plant develop? Match each plants term to its definition like Lactic acid fermentation, ovule, gymnosperm, guard cells, phloem, vascular tissue, root cap. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Vocabulary Sets: 5
Invertebrates
Invertebrates are animals that don't have a backbone. More than 90 percent of all living animal species are invertebrates. Familiar examples of invertebrates include arthropods, mollusks, annelid, and cnidarians. Like vertebrates, most invertebrates reproduce at least partly through sexual reproduction. Read more...iWorksheets: 6Vocabulary Sets: 3
Lab investigations/scientific method
A biologist reported success in breeding a tiger with a lion, producing healthy offspring. Other biologists will accept this report as fact only if other researchers can replicate the experiment. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Meiosis
Meiosis is a process where a single cell divides twice to produce four cells containing half the original amount of genetic information. These cells are our sex cells – sperm in males, eggs in females. Prophase I - a phase of meiosis during which chromosomes thicken and homologous pairs of chromosomes move together. Metaphase I - a phase of meiosis I during which homologous pairs of chromosomes line up in the center of the cell. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Vocabulary Sets: 3
Microorganisms II
Taxonomy is the classification of all known living organisms that shows relationships between different organisms. Pseudopod is false feet; temporary fingerlike projections a one-celled organism, such as an amoeba, uses to move. Protozoa - single-celled, animal-like protist that has the ability to move. Mycelium - a mass of fungal hyphae that absorbs nutrients. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Vocabulary Sets: 5
Mitosis
Structures and functions of living organisms: Cells, Tissues, Organs, and Organ Systems. Differentiate between the processes of mitosis and meiosis. Describe different cell parts and their functions. Read more...iWorksheets: 2Vocabulary Sets: 3
Plant structure and function
Plants are living organisms made up of cells. Plants need sunlight and water to live and grow healthy. Many plants, but not all plants, produce flowers, which make fruit and seeds in order for the plant to reproduce. There are two different types of root systems: A fibrous root system has many roots that grow in many different directions. Plants that have a taproot system have only one large main root growing from the plant’s stem. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Vocabulary Sets: 2
Pond Microlife
Food vacuole - a small sac-like structure in which captured food is digested. Micronucleus - the smaller of the two nuclei present in some protozoa that contains the genetic material and controls cell reproduction. Paramecium - a single-celled protozoan covered with hair-like cilia, found in many freshwater habitats. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Vocabulary Sets: 4
The science of biology
The processes of science include the formulation of scientifically investigable questions, construction of investigations into those questions, the collection of appropriate data, the evaluation of the meaning of those data, and the communication of this evaluation. Scientific knowledge is based on observation and inference; it is important to recognize that these are very different things. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
The Study of Heredity
Heredity refers to the genetic heritage passed down by our biological parents when certain traits are passed from the parents to the children. Traits are characteristics such as height, hair color etc... Heredity is passed through genes in the Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecule. DNA is a molecule that contains the biological instructions that make each species unique. Read more...iWorksheets: 2Vocabulary Sets: 3
Vertebrates I
Vertebrates - animals that have a backbone. The word comes from vertebrae, the bones that make up the spine. Five main groups of vertebrates: fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians and mammals. A few tens of thousands of species have been identified. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Vocabulary Sets: 3
Vertebrates II
A vertebrate is an animal with a spinal cord surrounded by cartilage or bone. The vertebrates are also characterized by a muscular system consisting primarily of bilaterally paired masses and a central nervous system partly enclosed within the backbone. The 7 classes of vertebrates are: Class Aves, Class Reptilia, Class Agnatha, Class Amphibia, Class Mammalia, Class Osteichthyes, Class Chondrichthyes. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Vocabulary Sets: 3

CO.1. Physical Science

1.1. Newton's laws of motion and gravitation describe the relationships among forces acting on and between objects, their masses, and changes in their motion - but have limitations. Students can:

1.1.a. Gather, analyze and interpret data and create graphs regarding position, velocity and acceleration of moving objects
1.1.b. Develop, communicate and justify an evidence-based analysis of the forces acting on an object and the resultant acceleration produced by a net force
Laws of Motion - Set I
Worksheets :4
Laws of Motion - Set II
Worksheets :3
Forces - Set I
Worksheets :4
Forces - Set II
Worksheets :3
Mechanics
Worksheets :3
1.1.e. Identify the limitations of Newton's laws in extreme situations
Laws of Motion - Set I
Worksheets :4
Laws of Motion - Set II
Worksheets :3
Forces - Set I
Worksheets :4
Forces - Set II
Worksheets :3
Momentum and Collisions
Worksheets :3
Properties of Matter
Worksheets :4

1.2. Matter has definite structure that determines characteristic physical and chemical properties. Students can:

1.2.b. Gather, analyze and interpret data on chemical and physical properties of elements such as density, melting point, boiling point, and conductivity
States of Matter
Worksheets :3
Elements - Set I
Worksheets :3
Elements - Set II
Worksheets :3
Heat
Worksheets :3
1.2.c. Use characteristic physical and chemical properties to develop predictions and supporting claims about elements' positions on the periodic table
Elements - Set I
Worksheets :3
Elements - Set II
Worksheets :3
1.2.d. Develop a model that differentiates atoms and molecules, elements and compounds, and pure substances and mixtures

1.3. Matter can change form through chemical or nuclear reactions abiding by the laws of conservation of mass and energy. Students can:

1.3.a. Recognize, analyze, interpret, and balance chemical equations (synthesis, decomposition, combustion, and replacement) or nuclear equations (fusion and fission)
Chemical Equations
Worksheets :3
Chemical Reactions
Worksheets :3
1.3.b. Predict reactants and products for different types of chemical and nuclear reactions
Chemical Equations
Worksheets :3
Chemical Reactions
Worksheets :3

1.4. Atoms bond in different ways to form molecules and compounds that have definite properties. Students can:

1.4.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation supporting the current models of chemical bonding
1.4.b. Gather, analyze, and interpret data on chemical and physical properties of different compounds such as density, melting point, boiling point, pH, and conductivity
1.4.c. Use characteristic physical and chemical properties to develop predictions and supporting claims about compounds' classification as ionic, polar or covalent

1.5. Energy exists in many forms such as mechanical, chemical, electrical, radiant, thermal, and nuclear, that can be quantified and experimentally determined. Students can:

1.5.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation regarding the potential and kinetic nature of mechanical energy
Matter and Energy
Matter is any substance that has mass and takes up space. Energy can be transferred as heat or as work. Energy is a property that matter has. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Kinetics and Equilibrium
Worksheets :3
Chemical Reactions
Worksheets :3
Laws of Motion - Set I
Worksheets :4
Laws of Motion - Set II
Worksheets :3
Work and Energy
Worksheets :4
Momentum and Collisions
Worksheets :3
Heat
Worksheets :3
Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set I
Worksheets :4
Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set II
Worksheets :3
1.5.b. Use appropriate measurements, equations and graphs to gather, analyze, and interpret data on the quantity of energy in a system or an object
1.5.c. Use direct and indirect evidence to develop predictions of the types of energy associated with objects
Matter and Energy
Matter is any substance that has mass and takes up space. Energy can be transferred as heat or as work. Energy is a property that matter has. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Kinetics and Equilibrium
Worksheets :3
Chemical Reactions
Worksheets :3
Laws of Motion - Set I
Worksheets :4
Laws of Motion - Set II
Worksheets :3
Work and Energy
Worksheets :4
Momentum and Collisions
Worksheets :3
Properties of Matter
Worksheets :4
Heat
Worksheets :3
Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set I
Worksheets :4
Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set II
Worksheets :3
1.5.d. Identify different energy forms, and calculate their amounts by measuring their defining characteristics
Matter and Energy
Matter is any substance that has mass and takes up space. Energy can be transferred as heat or as work. Energy is a property that matter has. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Kinetics and Equilibrium
Worksheets :3
Chemical Reactions
Worksheets :3
Nuclear Chemistry
Worksheets :3
Laws of Motion - Set I
Worksheets :4
Laws of Motion - Set II
Worksheets :3
Work and Energy
Worksheets :4
Momentum and Collisions
Worksheets :3
Properties of Matter
Worksheets :4
Heat
Worksheets :3
Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set I
Worksheets :4
Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set II
Worksheets :3

1.6. When energy changes form, it is neither created not destroyed; however, because some is necessarily lost as heat, the amount of energy available to do work decreases. Students can:

1.6.c. Describe energy transformations both quantitatively and qualitatively
States of Matter
Worksheets :3
1.6.d. Differentiate among the characteristics of mechanical and electromagnetic waves that determine their energy
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
Magnetism
Worksheets :3

CO.2. Life Science

2.1. Matter tends to be cycled within an ecosystem, while energy is transformed and eventually exits an ecosystem. Students can:

2.1.a. Analyze how energy flows through trophic levels
Ecology I
Match each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology II
Match each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2
2.1.d. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation showing how ecosystems follow the laws of conservation of matter and energy
Ecology I
Match each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology II
Match each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2
2.1.e. Define and distinguish between matter and energy, and how they are cycled or lost through life processes
Ecology I
Match each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology II
Match each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2
2.1.f. Describe how carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and water cycles work
Ecology I
Match each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology II
Match each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2
2.1.g. Use computer simulations to analyze how energy flows through trophic levels
Ecology I
Match each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology II
Match each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2

2.3. Cellular metabolic activities are carried out by biomolecules produced by organisms. Students can:

2.3.a. Identify biomolecules and their precursors/building blocks
Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
The term nucleic acid is the name for DNA and RNA. They are composed of nucleotides. DNA molecules are double-stranded and RNA molecules are single-stranded. To initiate the process of information transfer, one strand of the double-stranded DNA chain serves as a template for the synthesis of a single strand of RNA that is complementary to the DNA strand. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
2.3.b. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based explanation that biomolecules follow the same rules of chemistry as any other molecule
Cell processes
FreeCellular metabolism is the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms in order to maintain life. Living organisms are unique in that they can extract energy from their environments and use it to carry out activities such as growth, development, and reproduction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7

2.4. The energy for life primarily derives from the interrelated processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Photosynthesis transforms the sun's light energy into the chemical energy of molecular bonds. Cellular respiration allows cells to utilize chemical energy when these bonds are broken. Students can:

2.4.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation the optimal environment for photosynthetic activity
Photosynthesis and respiration
Photosynthesis may be thought of as a chemical reaction in which carbon dioxide from the air and water from the soil plus solar energy combine to produce carbohydrate and oxygen. What is similarity between human skeletal muscles and some bacteria? Match each Photosynthesis ad respiration term to its definition like Glucose, Chloroplast, Organelle, Guard Cells and many more. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
2.4.b. Discuss the interdependence of autotrophic and heterotrophic life forms such as depicting the flow of a carbon atom from the atmosphere, to a leaf, through the food chain, and back to the atmosphere
Ecology I
Match each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology II
Match each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2

2.5. Cells use passive and active transport of substances across membranes to maintain relatively stable intracellular environments. Students can:

2.5.a. Analyze and interpret data to determine the energy requirements and/or rates of substance transport across cell membranes
Cell processes
FreeCellular metabolism is the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms in order to maintain life. Living organisms are unique in that they can extract energy from their environments and use it to carry out activities such as growth, development, and reproduction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
2.5.c. Diagram the cell membrane schematically, and highlight receptor proteins as targets of hormones, neurotransmitters, or drugs that serve as active links between intra and extracellular environments
Cell structure and function
Match each Cell structure term to its definition like DNA, Lysosomes, Mitochondrion, Lipids, Endoplasmic reticulum, Osmosis and many more. What are the organelles that provide the energy to sperm cells? What hemoglobin, insulin, albumin and maltase are composed of? These animal and plant cell worksheets recommended for students of High School Biology. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :5

2.6. Cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems maintain relatively stable internal environments, even in the face of changing external environments. Students can:

2.6.a. Discuss how two or more body systems interact to promote health for the whole organism
Human biology I
Bronchi - large tubules that branch from the trachea to carry air in and out of the lungs. Capillaries - the smallest blood vessels found in very rich networks between arteries and veins; the site where many substances are exchanged. Antibodies - a specific protein produced by B lymphocytes that attaches to an antigen and leads to its removal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology II
Antigen - a molecule that the immune system recognizes as part of the body or foreign to the body. Appendicular skeleton - a part of the skeleton composed of 126 bones found in the flexible regions of the body, including shoulders, hips and limbs. Axial skeleton - the central, anchoring part of the bony skeleton that consists of the skull, backbone (vertebrae) and rib cage. Bile - a chemical produced by the liver and stored temporarily in the gall bladder that is released into the intestines to help in fat digestion. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
2.6.b. Analyze and interpret data on homeostatic mechanisms using direct and indirect evidence to develop and support claims about the effectiveness of feedback loops to maintain homeostasis
Human biology I
Bronchi - large tubules that branch from the trachea to carry air in and out of the lungs. Capillaries - the smallest blood vessels found in very rich networks between arteries and veins; the site where many substances are exchanged. Antibodies - a specific protein produced by B lymphocytes that attaches to an antigen and leads to its removal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology II
Antigen - a molecule that the immune system recognizes as part of the body or foreign to the body. Appendicular skeleton - a part of the skeleton composed of 126 bones found in the flexible regions of the body, including shoulders, hips and limbs. Axial skeleton - the central, anchoring part of the bony skeleton that consists of the skull, backbone (vertebrae) and rib cage. Bile - a chemical produced by the liver and stored temporarily in the gall bladder that is released into the intestines to help in fat digestion. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
2.6.c. Distinguish between causation and correlation in epidemiological data, such as examining scientifically valid evidence regarding disrupted homeostasis in particular diseases
Microorganisms I
Hyphae - threadlike filaments of branching cells that make up the bodies of multicellular fungi. Gymnosperm - group of vascular plants that develop seeds without a protective outer covering; they do not produce flowers or fruit. Flagellum - a tail-like structure found on bacteria and select protists which helps them to move. Volvox - a freshwater, chlorophyll-containing green alga, that occurs in ball-shaped colonies. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :5
2.6.d. Use computer simulations and models of homeostatic mechanisms
Human biology I
Bronchi - large tubules that branch from the trachea to carry air in and out of the lungs. Capillaries - the smallest blood vessels found in very rich networks between arteries and veins; the site where many substances are exchanged. Antibodies - a specific protein produced by B lymphocytes that attaches to an antigen and leads to its removal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology II
Antigen - a molecule that the immune system recognizes as part of the body or foreign to the body. Appendicular skeleton - a part of the skeleton composed of 126 bones found in the flexible regions of the body, including shoulders, hips and limbs. Axial skeleton - the central, anchoring part of the bony skeleton that consists of the skull, backbone (vertebrae) and rib cage. Bile - a chemical produced by the liver and stored temporarily in the gall bladder that is released into the intestines to help in fat digestion. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7

2.7. Physical and behavioral characteristics of an organism are influenced to varying degrees by heritable genes, many of which encode instructions for the production of proteins. Students can:

2.7.a. Analyze and interpret data that genes are expressed portions of DNA.
Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
The term nucleic acid is the name for DNA and RNA. They are composed of nucleotides. DNA molecules are double-stranded and RNA molecules are single-stranded. To initiate the process of information transfer, one strand of the double-stranded DNA chain serves as a template for the synthesis of a single strand of RNA that is complementary to the DNA strand. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
2.7.b. Analyze and interpret data on the processes of DNA replication, transcription, translation, and gene regulation, and show how these processes are the same in all organisms
Cell Reproduction
The process where one cell forms two identical daughter cells. Mitosis is how somatic—or non-reproductive cells—divide. Meiosis is cell division that creates sex cells, like female egg cells or male sperm cells. Meiosis has two cycles of cell division, called Meiosis I and Meiosis II. Read more...iWorksheets :4
Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
The term nucleic acid is the name for DNA and RNA. They are composed of nucleotides. DNA molecules are double-stranded and RNA molecules are single-stranded. To initiate the process of information transfer, one strand of the double-stranded DNA chain serves as a template for the synthesis of a single strand of RNA that is complementary to the DNA strand. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
2.7.d. Evaluate data showing that offspring are not clones of their parents or siblings due to the meiotic processes of independent assortment of chromosomes, crossing over, and mutations
Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
The term nucleic acid is the name for DNA and RNA. They are composed of nucleotides. DNA molecules are double-stranded and RNA molecules are single-stranded. To initiate the process of information transfer, one strand of the double-stranded DNA chain serves as a template for the synthesis of a single strand of RNA that is complementary to the DNA strand. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
2.7.e. Explain using examples how genetic mutations can benefit, harm, or have neutral effects on an organism
Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
The term nucleic acid is the name for DNA and RNA. They are composed of nucleotides. DNA molecules are double-stranded and RNA molecules are single-stranded. To initiate the process of information transfer, one strand of the double-stranded DNA chain serves as a template for the synthesis of a single strand of RNA that is complementary to the DNA strand. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

2.8. Multicellularity makes possible a division of labor at the cellular level through the expression of select genes, but not the entire genome. Students can:

2.8.b. Analyze and interpret data that show most eukaryotic deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) does not actively code for proteins within cells
Cell Reproduction
The process where one cell forms two identical daughter cells. Mitosis is how somatic—or non-reproductive cells—divide. Meiosis is cell division that creates sex cells, like female egg cells or male sperm cells. Meiosis has two cycles of cell division, called Meiosis I and Meiosis II. Read more...iWorksheets :4

2.9. Evolution occurs as the heritable characteristics of populations change across generations and can lead populations to become better adapted to their environment. Students can:

2.9.d. Analyze and interpret data on how evolution can be driven by three key components of natural selection - heritability, genetic variation, and differential survival and reproduction
Evolution and classification
Categorize organisms using a hierarchical classification system based on similarities and differences. Evolutionary theory is a scientific explanation for the unity and diversity of life. Analyze the effects of evolutionary mechanisms, including genetic drift, gene flow, mutation and recombination. Read more...iWorksheets :3

CO.3. Earth Systems Science

3.1. The history of the universe, solar system and Earth can be inferred from evidence left from past events. Students can:

3.1.c. Analyze and interpret data regarding the history of the universe using direct and indirect evidence
3.1.e. Examine, evaluate, question, and ethically use information from a variety of sources and media to investigate the history of the universe, solar system and Earth

3.3. The theory of plate tectonics helps explain geological, physical, and geographical features of Earth. Students can:

3.3.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation about the theory of plate tectonics and how it can be used to understand geological, physical, and geographical features of Earth
3.3.b. Analyze and interpret data on plate tectonics and the geological, physical, and geographical features of Earth
3.3.c. Understand the role plate tectonics has had with respect to long-term global changes in Earth's systems such as continental buildup, glaciations, sea-level fluctuations, and climate change
3.3.d. Investigate and explain how new conceptual interpretations of data and innovative geophysical technologies led to the current theory of plate tectonics

3.4. Climate is the result of energy transfer among interactions of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere, and biosphere. Students can:

3.4.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation that shows climate is a result of energy transfer among the atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere and biosphere
3.4.b. Analyze and interpret data on Earth's climate
3.4.c. Explain how a combination of factors such as Earth's tilt, seasons, geophysical location, proximity to oceans, landmass location, latitude, and elevation determine a location's climate
3.4.d. Identify mechanisms in the past and present that have changed Earth's climate
3.4.e. Analyze the evidence and assumptions regarding climate change
3.4.f. Interpret evidence from weather stations, buoys, satellites, radars, ice and ocean sediment cores, tree rings, cave deposits, native knowledge, and other sources in relation to climate change

3.5. There are costs, benefits, and consequences of exploration, development, and consumption of renewable and nonrenewable resources. Students can:

3.5.b. Evaluate positive and negative impacts on the geosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere in regards to resource use
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

3.6. The interaction of Earth's surface with water, air, gravity, and biological activity causes physical and chemical changes. Students can:

3.6.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation addressing questions regarding the interaction of Earth's surface with water, air, gravity, and biological activity
The Rock Cycle
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
3.6.b. Analyze and interpret data, maps, and models concerning the direct and indirect evidence produced by physical and chemical changes that water, air, gravity, and biological activity create
Maps as Models of the Earth
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Rock Cycle
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
3.6.c. Evaluate negative and positive consequences of physical and chemical changes on the geosphere
The Rock Cycle
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
3.6.d. Use remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS) data to interpret landforms and landform impact on human activity
Maps as Models of the Earth
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

3.7. Natural hazards have local, national and global impacts such as volcanoes, earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, and thunderstorms. Students can:

3.7.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation regarding natural hazards, and explain their potential local and global impacts
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
3.7.b. Analyze and interpret data about natural hazards using direct and indirect evidence
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
3.7.c. Make predictions and draw conclusions about the impact of natural hazards on human activity - locally and globally
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

CO.1. Physical Science

1.1. Newton's laws of motion and gravitation describe the relationships among forces acting on and between objects, their masses, and changes in their motion - but have limitations. Students can:

1.1.a. Gather, analyze and interpret data and create graphs regarding position, velocity and acceleration of moving objects
1.1.b. Develop, communicate and justify an evidence-based analysis of the forces acting on an object and the resultant acceleration produced by a net force
Laws of Motion - Set II
Worksheets :3
Forces - Set I
Worksheets :4
1.1.e. Identify the limitations of Newton's laws in extreme situations
Laws of Motion - Set II
Worksheets :3
Forces - Set I
Worksheets :4

1.5. Energy exists in many forms such as mechanical, chemical, electrical, radiant, thermal, and nuclear, that can be quantified and experimentally determined. Students can:

1.5.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation regarding the potential and kinetic nature of mechanical energy
1.5.c. Use direct and indirect evidence to develop predictions of the types of energy associated with objects
1.5.d. Identify different energy forms, and calculate their amounts by measuring their defining characteristics

1.6. When energy changes form, it is neither created not destroyed; however, because some is necessarily lost as heat, the amount of energy available to do work decreases. Students can:

1.6.d. Differentiate among the characteristics of mechanical and electromagnetic waves that determine their energy
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

CO.3. Earth Systems Science

3.1. The history of the universe, solar system and Earth can be inferred from evidence left from past events. Students can:

3.1.c. Analyze and interpret data regarding the history of the universe using direct and indirect evidence
3.1.e. Examine, evaluate, question, and ethically use information from a variety of sources and media to investigate the history of the universe, solar system and Earth

3.3. The theory of plate tectonics helps explain geological, physical, and geographical features of Earth. Students can:

3.3.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation about the theory of plate tectonics and how it can be used to understand geological, physical, and geographical features of Earth
3.3.b. Analyze and interpret data on plate tectonics and the geological, physical, and geographical features of Earth
3.3.c. Understand the role plate tectonics has had with respect to long-term global changes in Earth's systems such as continental buildup, glaciations, sea-level fluctuations, and climate change
3.3.d. Investigate and explain how new conceptual interpretations of data and innovative geophysical technologies led to the current theory of plate tectonics

3.4. Climate is the result of energy transfer among interactions of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere, and biosphere. Students can:

3.4.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation that shows climate is a result of energy transfer among the atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere and biosphere
3.4.b. Analyze and interpret data on Earth's climate
3.4.c. Explain how a combination of factors such as Earth's tilt, seasons, geophysical location, proximity to oceans, landmass location, latitude, and elevation determine a location's climate
3.4.d. Identify mechanisms in the past and present that have changed Earth's climate
3.4.e. Analyze the evidence and assumptions regarding climate change
3.4.f. Interpret evidence from weather stations, buoys, satellites, radars, ice and ocean sediment cores, tree rings, cave deposits, native knowledge, and other sources in relation to climate change

3.5. There are costs, benefits, and consequences of exploration, development, and consumption of renewable and nonrenewable resources. Students can:

3.5.b. Evaluate positive and negative impacts on the geosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere in regards to resource use
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

3.6. The interaction of Earth's surface with water, air, gravity, and biological activity causes physical and chemical changes. Students can:

3.6.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation addressing questions regarding the interaction of Earth's surface with water, air, gravity, and biological activity
The Rock Cycle
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
3.6.b. Analyze and interpret data, maps, and models concerning the direct and indirect evidence produced by physical and chemical changes that water, air, gravity, and biological activity create
Maps as Models of the Earth
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Rock Cycle
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
3.6.c. Evaluate negative and positive consequences of physical and chemical changes on the geosphere
The Rock Cycle
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
3.6.d. Use remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS) data to interpret landforms and landform impact on human activity
Maps as Models of the Earth
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

3.7. Natural hazards have local, national and global impacts such as volcanoes, earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, and thunderstorms. Students can:

3.7.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation regarding natural hazards, and explain their potential local and global impacts
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
3.7.b. Analyze and interpret data about natural hazards using direct and indirect evidence
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
3.7.c. Make predictions and draw conclusions about the impact of natural hazards on human activity - locally and globally
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

CO.1. Physical Science

1.1. Newton's laws of motion and gravitation describe the relationships among forces acting on and between objects, their masses, and changes in their motion - but have limitations. Students can:

1.1.a. Gather, analyze and interpret data and create graphs regarding position, velocity and acceleration of moving objects
1.1.b. Develop, communicate and justify an evidence-based analysis of the forces acting on an object and the resultant acceleration produced by a net force
Laws of Motion - Set II
Worksheets :3
Forces - Set I
Worksheets :4
1.1.e. Identify the limitations of Newton's laws in extreme situations
Laws of Motion - Set II
Worksheets :3
Forces - Set I
Worksheets :4

1.5. Energy exists in many forms such as mechanical, chemical, electrical, radiant, thermal, and nuclear, that can be quantified and experimentally determined. Students can:

1.5.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation regarding the potential and kinetic nature of mechanical energy
1.5.c. Use direct and indirect evidence to develop predictions of the types of energy associated with objects
1.5.d. Identify different energy forms, and calculate their amounts by measuring their defining characteristics

1.6. When energy changes form, it is neither created not destroyed; however, because some is necessarily lost as heat, the amount of energy available to do work decreases. Students can:

1.6.d. Differentiate among the characteristics of mechanical and electromagnetic waves that determine their energy
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

CO.3. Earth Systems Science

3.1. The history of the universe, solar system and Earth can be inferred from evidence left from past events. Students can:

3.1.c. Analyze and interpret data regarding the history of the universe using direct and indirect evidence
3.1.e. Examine, evaluate, question, and ethically use information from a variety of sources and media to investigate the history of the universe, solar system and Earth

3.3. The theory of plate tectonics helps explain geological, physical, and geographical features of Earth. Students can:

3.3.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation about the theory of plate tectonics and how it can be used to understand geological, physical, and geographical features of Earth
3.3.b. Analyze and interpret data on plate tectonics and the geological, physical, and geographical features of Earth
3.3.c. Understand the role plate tectonics has had with respect to long-term global changes in Earth's systems such as continental buildup, glaciations, sea-level fluctuations, and climate change
3.3.d. Investigate and explain how new conceptual interpretations of data and innovative geophysical technologies led to the current theory of plate tectonics

3.4. Climate is the result of energy transfer among interactions of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere, and biosphere. Students can:

3.4.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation that shows climate is a result of energy transfer among the atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere and biosphere
3.4.b. Analyze and interpret data on Earth's climate
3.4.c. Explain how a combination of factors such as Earth's tilt, seasons, geophysical location, proximity to oceans, landmass location, latitude, and elevation determine a location's climate
3.4.d. Identify mechanisms in the past and present that have changed Earth's climate
3.4.e. Analyze the evidence and assumptions regarding climate change
3.4.f. Interpret evidence from weather stations, buoys, satellites, radars, ice and ocean sediment cores, tree rings, cave deposits, native knowledge, and other sources in relation to climate change

3.5. There are costs, benefits, and consequences of exploration, development, and consumption of renewable and nonrenewable resources. Students can:

3.5.b. Evaluate positive and negative impacts on the geosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere in regards to resource use
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

3.6. The interaction of Earth's surface with water, air, gravity, and biological activity causes physical and chemical changes. Students can:

3.6.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation addressing questions regarding the interaction of Earth's surface with water, air, gravity, and biological activity
The Rock Cycle
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
3.6.b. Analyze and interpret data, maps, and models concerning the direct and indirect evidence produced by physical and chemical changes that water, air, gravity, and biological activity create
Maps as Models of the Earth
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Rock Cycle
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
3.6.c. Evaluate negative and positive consequences of physical and chemical changes on the geosphere
The Rock Cycle
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
3.6.d. Use remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS) data to interpret landforms and landform impact on human activity
Maps as Models of the Earth
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

3.7. Natural hazards have local, national and global impacts such as volcanoes, earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, and thunderstorms. Students can:

3.7.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation regarding natural hazards, and explain their potential local and global impacts
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
3.7.b. Analyze and interpret data about natural hazards using direct and indirect evidence
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
3.7.c. Make predictions and draw conclusions about the impact of natural hazards on human activity - locally and globally
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

CO.1. Physical Science

1.1. Newton's laws of motion and gravitation describe the relationships among forces acting on and between objects, their masses, and changes in their motion - but have limitations. Students can:

1.1.a. Gather, analyze and interpret data and create graphs regarding position, velocity and acceleration of moving objects
1.1.b. Develop, communicate and justify an evidence-based analysis of the forces acting on an object and the resultant acceleration produced by a net force
Laws of Motion - Set II
Worksheets :3
Forces - Set I
Worksheets :4
1.1.e. Identify the limitations of Newton's laws in extreme situations
Laws of Motion - Set II
Worksheets :3
Forces - Set I
Worksheets :4

1.5. Energy exists in many forms such as mechanical, chemical, electrical, radiant, thermal, and nuclear, that can be quantified and experimentally determined. Students can:

1.5.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation regarding the potential and kinetic nature of mechanical energy
1.5.c. Use direct and indirect evidence to develop predictions of the types of energy associated with objects
1.5.d. Identify different energy forms, and calculate their amounts by measuring their defining characteristics

1.6. When energy changes form, it is neither created not destroyed; however, because some is necessarily lost as heat, the amount of energy available to do work decreases. Students can:

1.6.d. Differentiate among the characteristics of mechanical and electromagnetic waves that determine their energy
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

CO.3. Earth Systems Science

3.1. The history of the universe, solar system and Earth can be inferred from evidence left from past events. Students can:

3.1.c. Analyze and interpret data regarding the history of the universe using direct and indirect evidence
3.1.e. Examine, evaluate, question, and ethically use information from a variety of sources and media to investigate the history of the universe, solar system and Earth

3.3. The theory of plate tectonics helps explain geological, physical, and geographical features of Earth. Students can:

3.3.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation about the theory of plate tectonics and how it can be used to understand geological, physical, and geographical features of Earth
3.3.b. Analyze and interpret data on plate tectonics and the geological, physical, and geographical features of Earth
3.3.c. Understand the role plate tectonics has had with respect to long-term global changes in Earth's systems such as continental buildup, glaciations, sea-level fluctuations, and climate change
3.3.d. Investigate and explain how new conceptual interpretations of data and innovative geophysical technologies led to the current theory of plate tectonics

3.4. Climate is the result of energy transfer among interactions of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere, and biosphere. Students can:

3.4.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation that shows climate is a result of energy transfer among the atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere and biosphere
3.4.b. Analyze and interpret data on Earth's climate
3.4.c. Explain how a combination of factors such as Earth's tilt, seasons, geophysical location, proximity to oceans, landmass location, latitude, and elevation determine a location's climate
3.4.d. Identify mechanisms in the past and present that have changed Earth's climate
3.4.e. Analyze the evidence and assumptions regarding climate change
3.4.f. Interpret evidence from weather stations, buoys, satellites, radars, ice and ocean sediment cores, tree rings, cave deposits, native knowledge, and other sources in relation to climate change

3.5. There are costs, benefits, and consequences of exploration, development, and consumption of renewable and nonrenewable resources. Students can:

3.5.b. Evaluate positive and negative impacts on the geosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere in regards to resource use
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

3.6. The interaction of Earth's surface with water, air, gravity, and biological activity causes physical and chemical changes. Students can:

3.6.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation addressing questions regarding the interaction of Earth's surface with water, air, gravity, and biological activity
The Rock Cycle
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
3.6.b. Analyze and interpret data, maps, and models concerning the direct and indirect evidence produced by physical and chemical changes that water, air, gravity, and biological activity create
Maps as Models of the Earth
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Rock Cycle
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
3.6.c. Evaluate negative and positive consequences of physical and chemical changes on the geosphere
The Rock Cycle
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
3.6.d. Use remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS) data to interpret landforms and landform impact on human activity
Maps as Models of the Earth
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

3.7. Natural hazards have local, national and global impacts such as volcanoes, earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, and thunderstorms. Students can:

3.7.a. Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation regarding natural hazards, and explain their potential local and global impacts
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
3.7.b. Analyze and interpret data about natural hazards using direct and indirect evidence
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
3.7.c. Make predictions and draw conclusions about the impact of natural hazards on human activity - locally and globally
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Standards

NewPath Learning resources are fully aligned to US Education Standards. Select a standard below to view correlations to your selected resource:

Alabama Courses of StudyAlaska Content and Performance StandardsArizona's College and Career Ready StandardsArkansas Curriculum FrameworksCalifornia Content StandardsColorado Academic Standards (CAS)Common Core State StandardsConnecticut Core StandardsDelaware Standards and InstructionFlorida StandardsGeorgia Standards of ExcellenceHawaii Content and Performance StandardsIdaho Content StandardsIllinois Learning StandardsIndiana Academic StandardsIowa CoreKansas Academic StandardsKentucky Academic StandardsLouisiana Academic StandardsMaine Learning ResultsMaryland College and Career-Ready StandardsMaryland StandardsMassachusetts Curriculum FrameworksMichigan Academic StandardsMinnesota Academic StandardsMississippi College & Career Readiness StandardsMissouri Learning StandardsMontana Content StandardsNational STEM StandardsNebraska Core Academic Content StandardsNevada Academic Content StandardsNew Hampshire College and Career Ready StandardsNew Jersey Common Core StandardsNew Jersey Student Learning StandardsNew Mexico Content StandardsNew York State Learning Standards and Core CurriculumNext Generation Science Standards (NGSS Comprehensive)North Carolina Standard Course of StudyNorth Dakota Academic Content StandardsOhio Learning StandardsOklahoma Academic StandardsOregon Academic Content StandardsPennsylvania Core and Academic StandardsRhode Island World-Class StandardsSouth Carolina Standards & LearningSouth Dakota Content StandardsTennessee Academic StandardsTexas Assessments of Academic Readiness (STAAR)Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS)U.S. National StandardsUtah Core StandardsVermont Framework of Standards and LearningVirgin Islands Common Core StandardsVirginia Standards of LearningWashington DC Academic StandardsWashington State K–12 Learning Standards and GuidelinesWest Virginia College and Career Readiness StandardsWisconsin Academic StandardsWyoming Content and Performance Standards