**Read the problem carefully:**Understand the given information and what needs to be solved.**Identify the key information:**Determine what facts and numbers are provided in the problem.**Choose the correct operation:**Decide whether addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division should be used to solve the problem.**Solve the problem:**Perform the necessary calculations to find the solution.**Check your answer:**Verify that the solution makes sense in the context of the problem.

**Addition and Subtraction:**Problems involving combining or taking away quantities.**Multiplication and Division:**Problems requiring the use of multiplication or division to solve.**Fraction and Decimals:**Problems dealing with parts of a whole or parts of a set.**Measurement:**Problems related to length, weight, time, and other units of measurement.**Money:**Problems involving calculations with currency and finances.

**Translate into Math:**Convert the information in the problem into mathematical expressions or equations.**Use Visual Aids:**Draw diagrams or use models to help understand the problem.**Look for Keywords:**Identify words that indicate which operation to use (e.g., "sum," "difference," "product," "quotient").**Practice:**Solve various types of word problems to build proficiency and confidence.

Timmy has 5 apples. He gives 2 apples to his friend. How many apples does Timmy have now?

We start with 5 apples and then subtract 2 apples (since he gives them away).

5 - 2 = 3

Timmy has 3 apples left.

Study GuideDecimals/Fractions Activity LessonOrdering Decimals & Fractions Activity LessonPercent Grids Activity LessonFraction & Percent Circles Worksheet/Answer key

Decimals/Fractions Worksheet/Answer key

Decimals/Fractions Worksheet/Answer key

Decimals/Fractions Worksheet/Answer keyDecimals/Fractions Worksheet/Answer keyPercent Grids Vocabulary/Answer keyDecimals/Fractions

Number and Operations (NCTM)

Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers, and number systems.

Develop understanding of fractions as parts of unit wholes, as parts of a collection, as locations on number lines, and as divisions of whole numbers.

Recognize and generate equivalent forms of commonly used fractions, decimals, and percents.

Algebra (NCTM)

Use mathematical models to represent and understand quantitative relationships.

Model problem situations with objects and use representations such as graphs, tables, and equations to draw conclusions.

Grade 4 Curriculum Focal Points (NCTM)

Number and Operations: Developing an understanding of decimals, including the connections between fractions and decimals

Students understand decimal notation as an extension of the base-ten system of writing whole numbers that is useful for representing more numbers, including numbers between 0 and 1, between 1 and 2, and so on. Students relate their understanding of fractions to reading and writing decimals that are greater than or less than 1, identifying equivalent decimals, comparing and ordering decimals, and estimating decimal or fractional amounts in problem solving. They connect equivalent fractions and decimals by comparing models to symbols and locating equivalent symbols on the number line.