North Dakota Academic Content Standards for Seventh Grade English Language Arts

Capitalization
The following categories of words should always be capitalized: The Pronoun "I", First Words of Sentences, Names and Titles of People, Family Relationships, Geographical Names, Parks, Mountains, Areas of the United States, Organizations, Teams, Companies, Schools, Awards, Religions. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Kinds of Sentences
There are four different kinds of sentences: A declarative sentence makes a statement. An exclamatory sentence expresses a strong emotion. An interrogative sentence asks a question. An imperative sentence gives a command. Example: A declarative sentence: My dog is a West Highland white terrier. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Letter Writing
There are two types of letters, friendly letters and business letters. In a friendly letter, there are five parts: the heading, the salutation, the body, the closing, and the signature. In a business letter, there are six parts: the heading, the inside address, the salutation, the body, the closing, and the signature. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Modifiers-Adjectives
What is an Adjective? A word that describes a noun or a pronoun is called an adjective. Modify means to change. Since adjectives change the meanings of nouns and pronouns, adjectives are also called modifiers. In the following sentence, intelligent is a predicate adjective. The word intelligent describes the word sister and follows the predicate, is: My sister is intelligent. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Nouns
What Is a Noun? A noun is the name of a person, place, thing, or idea. A common noun names a class of people, places, things, or ideas. A proper noun, which is always capitalized, names a particular person, place, thing, or idea. A noun showing ownership is called a possessive noun. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Punctuation
What Are Punctuation Marks? Punctuation marks are symbols to help readers understand how to read sentences. Examples: Period-ending marks, abbreviations; Question mark-ending marks; Exclamation point-ending marks; Comma-separating items or words, direct address, dates. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Study Skills
What Are Study Skills? Study Skills are methods and techniques that assist the student in studying more efficiently. Examples: following directions carefully; asking questions; keeping an assignment book; practicing time management skills Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Usage
What Is Usage? The way in which the English language is used is known as usage. To speak and write our language properly, certain rules must be followed. Examples: a and an: Use a before a word that starts with a consonant sound and an before a word that has a vowel sound (a cartoon, an orangutan). Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1

ND.7.RL. Reading Standards for Literature/Fiction

Key Ideas and Details

7.RL.1. Read closely to comprehend text
7.RL.1.a. Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly.
Central Idea/Supporting Details
Identify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.RL.1.b. Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support inferences drawn from the text.
Implied Information
Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Central Idea/Supporting Details
Identify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Thinking Skills
Define, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Drawing Inferences
An inference is a logical conclusion based on the facts written in a text. When you read, you draw inferences or make conclusions based on what you read. The conclusion may not be stated in the text, but from what the writing tells the reader, the reader infers what is meant. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing Conclusions
What is a Conclusion? A conclusion is an educated guess you make when reading, based on the facts and details the author gives in a text. Some information may be implied by the author in the text, but may not be clearly stated. You then have to draw your own conclusions in order to better understand the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Thinking Skills
What are Thinking Skills? Thinking skills are reading tools used to better comprehend the text. Examples: Analysis-separating the text into its parts; Classifying-arranging information into categories; Comparing and Contrasting-finding likenesses and differences between items; Drawing Conclusions-coming to a decision based on the text; Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.RL.1.c. Provide an objective summary.
Summarize
When you summarize you put the main idea of the text into your own words. When you summarize you should focus on the main ideas and important points of the text, keep your summary short. When you summarize you should not include unnecessary details from the text and include the author’s exact words. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.RL.2. Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text.
Narrative Text
What is Narrative Writing? Writing that tells a story is known as narrative writing. A narrative that tells a story based on imagined events is known as a fictional narrative. The characters, setting, and plot make up the elements of a story. Characters-the people involved in the plot of a narrative. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.RL.3. Analyze how particular elements, such as foreshadowing, point of view, plot development, protagonist, antagonist, theme, etc., of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot).
Literary Techniques
Recognize symbolism, alliteration, flashback, and foreshadowing. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Literary Elements
Setting, plot, character, rhythm and rhyme. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea
What is Main Idea? The main idea of a text is what the text is written about. The main idea is the subject or main topic of the text. What is Plot? The author plans out a specific sequence of events in the story from start to finish. This specific plan is known as the PLOT of the story. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Narrative Text
What is Narrative Writing? Writing that tells a story is known as narrative writing. A narrative that tells a story based on imagined events is known as a fictional narrative. The characters, setting, and plot make up the elements of a story. Characters-the people involved in the plot of a narrative. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Craft and Structure

7.RL.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds (e.g., alliteration) on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama. (Figurative language may include simile, metaphor, hyperbole, personification; sounds may include onomatopoeia, rhyme, rhythm)
Literary Techniques
Recognize symbolism, alliteration, flashback, and foreshadowing. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Literary Elements/Poetic Devices
A literary element, or narrative element, or element of literature is a constituent of all works of narrative fiction—a necessary feature of verbal storytelling that can be found in any written or spoken narrative. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Figurative Language
FreeLiteral language uses words exactly according to their conventionally accepted meanings. Figurative use of language is the use of words or phrases that implies a non-literal meaning which does make sense. When authors use figurative language, they use similes, metaphors, hyperbole, onomatopoeia, personification and idioms to make their writing more descriptive. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Vocabulary
What Is Vocabulary? Vocabulary refers to a collection of words. Our English vocabulary developed in a variety of ways: Names of people and places provide some English words. Rudolf Diesel invented an engine that is named after him. The first letters of words, called acronyms, provide new words for our language. Shortened words provide some new English words. The word hamburger provides the shortened word burger. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Reading-Figurative Language
Figurative language is the opposite of literal language. The writer uses techniques like repetition, exaggeration, alliteration, personification, onomatopoeia, similes, and metaphors to create images in the reader's mind. Using a sound, word, or phrase more than once is known as repetition. When a writer intentionally stretches the truth, he/she is using exaggeration. When a writer repeats a consonant sound at the beginning of several words in a row, he/she is using alliteration. Poems are divided into groups of lines called stanzas. Words that end with the same sound are called rhyming words. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.RL.5. Analyze how an author uses an entire text’s (e.g., short story, drama, poem) form or structure to develop ideas.
Reading-Drama
Drama is a genre that uses dialogue to tell a story. The elements of drama are: characters, setting, plot and theme. A list of characters in the play is called the cast. The place and time of the play is known as the setting. The main events in the play make up the plot. The main idea of the play is called the theme. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

7.RL.9. Compare and contrast a fictional portrayal of a time, place, or character and a historical account of the same period as a means of understanding how authors of fiction use or alter history.
Parts of Speech
A part of speech refers to how a word is used in a sentence. Parts of speech include singular, plural, possessive nouns, regular and irregular verbs, and prepositions for example. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1

Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

7.RL.10. By the end of grade 7, read and comprehend grade-level appropriate literature, in a variety of print genres and other media, proficiently and independently, with scaffolding as needed.
Reading Process
What Is the Reading Process? The steps a student follows in reading effectively are called the reading process. The step in the reading process when a student looks over the selection is. Certain genres of literature need to be read more than once. This step in the reading process is called rereading. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

ND.7.RI. Reading Standards for Informational/Nonfiction Text

Key Ideas and Details

7.RI.1. Read closely to comprehend text
7.RI.1.a. Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly. (Textual evidence may include graphs, charts, diagrams, maps, pictures as well as text.)
Central Idea/Supporting Details
Identify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Expository Text
Expository writing explains a topic(s) to the reader. This type of writing may also inform the reader, or compare and contrast different subjects. Example: "How To," or Process Directions: How to Climb a Rock Wall, How to Train for a Marathon. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Reading Graphics
What Is a Graphic? A visual aid that helps the reader understand information more easily is known as a graphic. Examples: Graphs-circle graphs, bar graphs, line graphs, picture graphs, Time lines, Illustrations, Photographs, Charts, Diagrams, Political cartoons, Maps. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Text Features
What are Text Features? The elements of a textbook that are useful in helping to understand the content of the book are called the text features. An effective reader uses the text features to preview the textbook before beginning to read: The title page contains the title of the book, the author, the publisher, and the place where the book was published. The glossary contains the definitions of words from the textbook. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
7.RI.1.b. Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support inferences drawn from the text. (Textual evidence may include graphs, charts, diagrams, maps, pictures as well as text.)
Implied Information
Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Central Idea/Supporting Details
Identify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Thinking Skills
Define, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Drawing Inferences
An inference is a logical conclusion based on the facts written in a text. When you read, you draw inferences or make conclusions based on what you read. The conclusion may not be stated in the text, but from what the writing tells the reader, the reader infers what is meant. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing Conclusions
What is a Conclusion? A conclusion is an educated guess you make when reading, based on the facts and details the author gives in a text. Some information may be implied by the author in the text, but may not be clearly stated. You then have to draw your own conclusions in order to better understand the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Expository Text
Expository writing explains a topic(s) to the reader. This type of writing may also inform the reader, or compare and contrast different subjects. Example: "How To," or Process Directions: How to Climb a Rock Wall, How to Train for a Marathon. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Reading Graphics
What Is a Graphic? A visual aid that helps the reader understand information more easily is known as a graphic. Examples: Graphs-circle graphs, bar graphs, line graphs, picture graphs, Time lines, Illustrations, Photographs, Charts, Diagrams, Political cartoons, Maps. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Text Features
What are Text Features? The elements of a textbook that are useful in helping to understand the content of the book are called the text features. An effective reader uses the text features to preview the textbook before beginning to read: The title page contains the title of the book, the author, the publisher, and the place where the book was published. The glossary contains the definitions of words from the textbook. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Thinking Skills
What are Thinking Skills? Thinking skills are reading tools used to better comprehend the text. Examples: Analysis-separating the text into its parts; Classifying-arranging information into categories; Comparing and Contrasting-finding likenesses and differences between items; Drawing Conclusions-coming to a decision based on the text; Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.RI.1.c. Provide an objective summary of the text.
Summarize
When you summarize you put the main idea of the text into your own words. When you summarize you should focus on the main ideas and important points of the text, keep your summary short. When you summarize you should not include unnecessary details from the text and include the author’s exact words. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.RI.2. Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the course of the text.
Central Idea/Supporting Details
Identify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Expository Text
Expository writing explains a topic(s) to the reader. This type of writing may also inform the reader, or compare and contrast different subjects. Example: "How To," or Process Directions: How to Climb a Rock Wall, How to Train for a Marathon. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.RI.3. Analyze the interactions between individuals, events, and ideas in a text (e.g., how ideas influence individuals or events, or how individuals influence ideas or events).
Central Idea/Supporting Details
Identify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Expository Text
Expository writing explains a topic(s) to the reader. This type of writing may also inform the reader, or compare and contrast different subjects. Example: "How To," or Process Directions: How to Climb a Rock Wall, How to Train for a Marathon. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Craft and Structure

7.RI.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.
Content Vocabulary
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings.
Gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Thinking Skills
Define, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Vocabulary
What Is Vocabulary? Vocabulary refers to a collection of words. Our English vocabulary developed in a variety of ways: Names of people and places provide some English words. Rudolf Diesel invented an engine that is named after him. The first letters of words, called acronyms, provide new words for our language. Shortened words provide some new English words. The word hamburger provides the shortened word burger. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.RI.5. Analyze the structure an author uses to organize a text, including how the major sections contribute to the whole and to the development of the ideas.
Text Features
What are Text Features? The elements of a textbook that are useful in helping to understand the content of the book are called the text features. An effective reader uses the text features to preview the textbook before beginning to read: The title page contains the title of the book, the author, the publisher, and the place where the book was published. The glossary contains the definitions of words from the textbook. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
7.RI.6. Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author distinguishes his or her position from that of others.
Author's Purpose/Point of View
Author’s purpose answers the question: Why did the author write this text? An author always has a purpose for writing. Authors may write: to inform, to entertain, to persuade. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Author's Purpose
The Author's Purpose is the reason that the author wrote the piece. If the author's purpose is to inform, he/she plans to teach the reader. If the author's purpose is to entertain, he/she plans to amuse the reader. If the author's purpose is to persuade, he/she plans to convince the reader to believe his/her point of view. If the author's purpose is to create a mood, he/she plans to use much description to stir emotions in the reader. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

7.RI.8. Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient to support the claims.
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Persuasive Text
What is Persuasive Text? Persuade means to convince. In persuasive text, the author attempts to convince the reader to believe that the author's viewpoint is correct. Some common persuasive techniques are: Bandwagon, Stacking the Deck, Testimonials, Citing Statistics, and Emotional Words. An author uses the Bandwagon technique when he/she tries to make us believe that we should do something because everyone is doing it. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

7.RI.10. By the end of grade 7, read and comprehend grade-level 27 appropriate literature, in a variety of print genres and other media, proficiently and independently, with scaffolding28 as needed.
Different Genres
Define characteristics of difference genres. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Reading Process
What Is the Reading Process? The steps a student follows in reading effectively are called the reading process. The step in the reading process when a student looks over the selection is. Certain genres of literature need to be read more than once. This step in the reading process is called rereading. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

ND.7.W. Writing Standards

Text Types and Purposes

7.W.2. Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.
7.W.2.a. Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aid comprehension.
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.W.2.c. Use appropriate words, phrases, and clauses as transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.
Signal/Transitional Words
Signal words show emphasis, addition, comparison or contrast, illustration, and cause and effect. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Sequencing
What is Sequence? SEQUENCE = order. A sequence of events is the order in which events occurs. If you are telling a story about an incident that took place, it is important to tell the correct sequence of events so people understand the story. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
7.W.2.f. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.W.3. Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences.
7.W.3.b. Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing, and description, to develop experiences, events, and/or characters.
Purpose for Writing
Explain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
7.W.3.c. Use a variety of transition words, phrases, and clauses to convey sequence and signal shifts from one time frame or setting to another.
Signal/Transitional Words
Signal words show emphasis, addition, comparison or contrast, illustration, and cause and effect. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Sequencing
What is Sequence? SEQUENCE = order. A sequence of events is the order in which events occurs. If you are telling a story about an incident that took place, it is important to tell the correct sequence of events so people understand the story. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
7.W.3.d. Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details, and sensory language to capture the action and convey experiences and events.
Purpose for Writing
Explain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
7.W.3.e. Provide a conclusion that follows from and reflects on the narrated experiences or events.
Sentence Purpose Identification
Topic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Production, Distribution, and Range of Writing

7.W.4. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 1–3.)
Purpose for Writing
Explain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Process Writing
The stages that writers go through in order to complete a written piece are called the writing process, or process writing. Examples: The stage at which writers plan their writing is called the prewriting stage. The stage at which writers get their ideas down on paper is called the drafting stage. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.W.5. Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language standards 1–3 up to and including grade 7.)
Purpose for Writing
Explain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Process Writing
The stages that writers go through in order to complete a written piece are called the writing process, or process writing. Examples: The stage at which writers plan their writing is called the prewriting stage. The stage at which writers get their ideas down on paper is called the drafting stage. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.W.6. Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish grade-level writing, link to and cite sources as well as to interact and collaborate with others, including linking to and citing sources.
Writing a Research Report
The process of preparing a research report has numerous steps. The student chooses a subject, prepares a list of questions to guide his/her research, gathers information from two or more sources, organizes the information, and presents it to the reader in a readable form. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

7.W.9. Incorporate evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
7.W.9.a. Apply grade 7 Reading standards to literature. (e.g., Compare and contrast a fictional portrayal of a time, place, or character and a historical account of the same period as a means of understanding how authors of fiction use or alter history.)
Parts of Speech
A part of speech refers to how a word is used in a sentence. Parts of speech include singular, plural, possessive nouns, regular and irregular verbs, and prepositions for example. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
7.W.9.b. Apply grade 7 Reading standards to literary nonfiction. (e.g., Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is sufficient to support the claims.)
Supporting Details
Supporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Persuasive Text
What is Persuasive Text? Persuade means to convince. In persuasive text, the author attempts to convince the reader to believe that the author's viewpoint is correct. Some common persuasive techniques are: Bandwagon, Stacking the Deck, Testimonials, Citing Statistics, and Emotional Words. An author uses the Bandwagon technique when he/she tries to make us believe that we should do something because everyone is doing it. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

ND.7.SL. Speaking and Listening Standards

Comprehension and Collaboration

7.SL.1. Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 7 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
7.SL.1.a. Come to discussions prepared, having read the material under study; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence on the topic, text, or issue to explore and reflect on ideas being discussed.
Conducting Interviews and Discussions
What is an Interview? A conversation in which the purpose is to gather information is known as an interview. An effective interview should have a clear purpose. Before an interview, the interviewer should prepare a list of questions. An interviewer should make an appointment with the person he/she is interviewing. An interviewer should be prompt for his/her appointment. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.SL.1.b. Follow rules for collaborative discussions, track progress toward specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed.
Conducting Interviews and Discussions
What is an Interview? A conversation in which the purpose is to gather information is known as an interview. An effective interview should have a clear purpose. Before an interview, the interviewer should prepare a list of questions. An interviewer should make an appointment with the person he/she is interviewing. An interviewer should be prompt for his/her appointment. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.SL.1.c. Pose questions that elicit elaboration and respond to others’ questions and comments with relevant observations and ideas that bring the discussion back on topic as needed.
Conducting Interviews and Discussions
What is an Interview? A conversation in which the purpose is to gather information is known as an interview. An effective interview should have a clear purpose. Before an interview, the interviewer should prepare a list of questions. An interviewer should make an appointment with the person he/she is interviewing. An interviewer should be prompt for his/her appointment. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.SL.2. Use introductory note-taking strategies to analyze the main ideas and supporting details presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and explain how the ideas clarify a topic, text, or issue under study.
Listening and Viewing
An effective listener: has eye contact with the speaker, listens for the purpose of the speech, asks the speaker questions at the appropriate time, does not interrupt the speaker. An effective viewer: looks for the purpose in an advertisement, notices the date in a magazine or newspaper, searches for the labels on exhibits. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

7.SL.4. Present claims and findings, emphasizing significant points in a focused, coherent manner with pertinent descriptions, facts, details, and examples; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation.
Speaking
Speaking, a type of communication, can be categorized into formal speaking and informal speaking. Informal speaking involves a situation where a speaker does not prepare ahead of time to speak, like answering the telephone and introducing people to each other. A prepared speech is an example of formal speaking. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.SL.5. Include multimedia components and visual displays in presentations to clarify claims and findings and emphasize significant points.
Speaking
Speaking, a type of communication, can be categorized into formal speaking and informal speaking. Informal speaking involves a situation where a speaker does not prepare ahead of time to speak, like answering the telephone and introducing people to each other. A prepared speech is an example of formal speaking. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.SL.6. Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (See grade 7 Language standards 1 and 3 for specific expectations.)
Speaking
Speaking, a type of communication, can be categorized into formal speaking and informal speaking. Informal speaking involves a situation where a speaker does not prepare ahead of time to speak, like answering the telephone and introducing people to each other. A prepared speech is an example of formal speaking. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

ND.7.L. Language Standards

Conventions of Standard English

7.L.1. Within the context of authentic English writing and speaking…
Introduce:
7.L.1.a. Use and describe verbals (gerunds, participles, infinitives) in general and their function in particular sentences.
Gerunds, Infinitives, and Participles
What is a Gerund? A gerund is a verb that is used as a noun. A gerund is formed by adding -ing to the present form of a verb. What is an Infinitive? An infinitive is a verb that is used as a noun, adjective, or adverb. The word to is known as the sign of the infinitive. What is a Participle? A participle is a verb that is used as an adjective. The two types of participles are present participles and past participles. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.L.1.c. Explain the function of phrases and clauses in general and their function in specific sentences.
Sentences
What is a Sentence? A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. A sentence must contain a subject and a predicate. An incomplete sentence is known as a sentence fragment. Two or more sentences written together are known as a run-on sentence. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
7.L.1.d. Choose among simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences to signal differing relationships among ideas.
Compound and Complex Sentences
Two or more sentences joined together are known as a compound sentence. The simple sentences in a compound sentence can be joined together with a comma and a conjunction, or with a semicolon. A complex sentence has one independent clause and one or more subordinate clauses. A subordinate clause does not express a complete thought. Subordinate clauses are either adjective clauses or adverb clauses. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
7.L.1.e. Form and use verbs in the active and passive voice.
Subject and Verb Agreement
What Is Subject and Verb Agreement? Whether a word is singular or plural is called its number. In a sentence, the subject and the verb must agree in number. Singular subject = singular verb; Plural subject = plural verb. The subject of a sentence is not found in the prepositional phrase. The coach, along with the soccer players, is celebrating. The subject of the sentence is coach, not soccer players, so the subject is singular. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Verbs
What Is a Verb? A verb is the part of speech that expresses action or state of being. Examples: There are two types of verbs: action verbs (ran, jumped) and linking verbs (is, was). A linking verb is also called a verb of being. A transitive verb has an object, while an intransitive verb does not have an object. A verb phrase is made up of a verb and one or more helping verbs. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.L.1.f. Order adjectives within sentences according to conventional patterns (e.g., a small red bag rather than a red small bag).
Vocabulary
Your vocabulary is made up words that you know how to pronounce, know the correct meaning of, and know how to use properly in a sentence. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Parts of Speech
A part of speech refers to the function that a particular word plays in a sentence. The eight parts of speech are: noun, verb, adjective, adverb, conjunction, interjection, preposition and pronoun. Examples: Adverb-modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Conjunction-joins words or groups of words. Interjection-expresses emotions. Preposition-relates a noun or a pronoun to another word in the sentence. Pronoun-takes the place of a noun(s). Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Practice:
7.L.1.g. Rearrange complete simple and compound sentences of a variety of lengths.
Compound and Complex Sentences
Two or more sentences joined together are known as a compound sentence. The simple sentences in a compound sentence can be joined together with a comma and a conjunction, or with a semicolon. A complex sentence has one independent clause and one or more subordinate clauses. A subordinate clause does not express a complete thought. Subordinate clauses are either adjective clauses or adverb clauses. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
7.L.1.i. Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb tense.
Parts of Speech
A part of speech refers to how a word is used in a sentence. Parts of speech include singular, plural, possessive nouns, regular and irregular verbs, and prepositions for example. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Subject and Verb Agreement
What Is Subject and Verb Agreement? Whether a word is singular or plural is called its number. In a sentence, the subject and the verb must agree in number. Singular subject = singular verb; Plural subject = plural verb. The subject of a sentence is not found in the prepositional phrase. The coach, along with the soccer players, is celebrating. The subject of the sentence is coach, not soccer players, so the subject is singular. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Verbs
What Is a Verb? A verb is the part of speech that expresses action or state of being. Examples: There are two types of verbs: action verbs (ran, jumped) and linking verbs (is, was). A linking verb is also called a verb of being. A transitive verb has an object, while an intransitive verb does not have an object. A verb phrase is made up of a verb and one or more helping verbs. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.L.1.k. Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in pronoun number and person.
Parts of Speech
A part of speech refers to the function that a particular word plays in a sentence. The eight parts of speech are: noun, verb, adjective, adverb, conjunction, interjection, preposition and pronoun. Examples: Adverb-modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Conjunction-joins words or groups of words. Interjection-expresses emotions. Preposition-relates a noun or a pronoun to another word in the sentence. Pronoun-takes the place of a noun(s). Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Pronouns
What Is a Pronoun? A pronoun is a part of speech that takes the place of a noun. The word that a pronoun stands for, or refers to, is called its antecedent. A personal pronoun refers to nouns that name people or things. When a pronoun ends in the letters -self or -selves, it is known as a reflexive or intensive pronoun. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Demonstrate proficiency in:
7.L.1.o. Produce complex and compound-complex sentences.
Compound and Complex Sentences
Two or more sentences joined together are known as a compound sentence. The simple sentences in a compound sentence can be joined together with a comma and a conjunction, or with a semicolon. A complex sentence has one independent clause and one or more subordinate clauses. A subordinate clause does not express a complete thought. Subordinate clauses are either adjective clauses or adverb clauses. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
7.L.1.p. Use correlative conjunctions (e.g., either/or, neither/nor).
Prepositions, Conjunctions, and Interjections
What is a Preposition? A preposition is a connective that shows a relationship between the noun or pronoun following the preposition and another word in the sentence. What is a Conjunction? A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, or simple sentences. What is an Interjection? An interjection is a word or group of words that expresses strong feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
7.L.1.r. Explain the function of a prepositional phrase.
Parts of Speech
A part of speech refers to how a word is used in a sentence. Parts of speech include singular, plural, possessive nouns, regular and irregular verbs, and prepositions for example. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
7.L.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
Practice:
7.L.2.b. Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed and/or using spelling patterns and generalizations. (e.g., word families, position-based spelling, syllable patterns, ending rules, meaningful word parts)
Spelling
Are There Any Tricks to Becoming a Successful Speller? One technique for successful spelling is to say, or pronounce, the word correctly. Another technique for successful spelling is to write the word. It is helpful to refer to a dictionary for the correct spellings of questionable words. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Spelling
Are There Any Tricks to Becoming a Successful Speller? One technique for successful spelling is to say, or pronounce, the word correctly. Another technique for successful spelling is to write the word. It is helpful to refer to a dictionary for the correct spellings of questionable words. A memory device may be of use: c-a-p-i-t-o-l is the spelling for our nation’s Capitol Building; the "o" looks like the dome of the Capitol Building. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

7.L.4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 7 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
7.L.4.a. Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a word’s position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
Context Clues
Context clues are clues found in a text that may help you figure out the definition of a word that you do not know. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Vocabulary
Your vocabulary is made up words that you know how to pronounce, know the correct meaning of, and know how to use properly in a sentence. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Vocabulary
What Is Vocabulary? Vocabulary refers to a collection of words. Our English vocabulary developed in a variety of ways: Names of people and places provide some English words. Rudolf Diesel invented an engine that is named after him. The first letters of words, called acronyms, provide new words for our language. Shortened words provide some new English words. The word hamburger provides the shortened word burger. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.L.4.b. Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., belligerent, bellicose, rebel).
Root Words
A root is the basic element of a word. It is the foundation on which the meaning of the word is built. Prefixes and suffixes are added to root words to form new words. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Structural Analysis
In order to derive the meanings of words, it is helpful to analyze the structure of the words in our language: Is there a Latin or a Greek root word? Is the word a base word that can stand alone? Are there prefixes and suffixes added to the base word? Is the word a shortened form of a longer word? Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Reading-Structural Analysis
What is Structural Analysis in Reading? In order to derive the meanings of words, it is helpful to analyze the structure of the words in English: Is there a Latin or a Greek root word? Is the word a base word that can stand alone? Are there prefixes and suffixes added to the base word? What are the meanings of the affixes added to the base word? Is the word a shortened form of a longer word? Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
7.L.4.c. Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech.
Using a Thesaurus
Use a thesaurus for synonyms and antonyms. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Parts of a Book
Books may contain several parts that help the readers find information quickly and easily: Tables of Contents, Index, Glossary, headings, graphic organizers, charts, bold or italicized text. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Dictionary Skills
A dictionary is a useful tool in the study of words. Words are listed alphabetically in a dictionary so that they are easy to find. We look up words in a dictionary to find out about the word, including how to use it, what it means, and other important attributes of the word. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Using References
What is a Reference? A reference is a book or an online source where a student can find facts. Examples: Encyclopedia, Atlas, Dictionary, Thesaurus, Almanac, Magazine, Pamphlet, Catalog. What reference is the Guinness Book of World Records? Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.L.5. Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships (analogies), and nuances in word meanings.
7.L.5.a. Interpret figures of speech (e.g., literary, biblical, and mythological allusions) in context. (Figures of speech may include similes, metaphors, hyperboles, personification, idioms, alliteration, and onomatopoeia.)
Literary Devices
Simile, metaphor, and personification. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Literary Techniques
Recognize symbolism, alliteration, flashback, and foreshadowing. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Literary Elements/Poetic Devices
A literary element, or narrative element, or element of literature is a constituent of all works of narrative fiction—a necessary feature of verbal storytelling that can be found in any written or spoken narrative. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Figurative Language
FreeLiteral language uses words exactly according to their conventionally accepted meanings. Figurative use of language is the use of words or phrases that implies a non-literal meaning which does make sense. When authors use figurative language, they use similes, metaphors, hyperbole, onomatopoeia, personification and idioms to make their writing more descriptive. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Reading-Figurative Language
Figurative language is the opposite of literal language. The writer uses techniques like repetition, exaggeration, alliteration, personification, onomatopoeia, similes, and metaphors to create images in the reader's mind. Using a sound, word, or phrase more than once is known as repetition. When a writer intentionally stretches the truth, he/she is using exaggeration. When a writer repeats a consonant sound at the beginning of several words in a row, he/she is using alliteration. Poems are divided into groups of lines called stanzas. Words that end with the same sound are called rhyming words. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.L.5.b. Distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words with similar denotations (definitions) (e.g., refined, respectful, polite, diplomatic, condescending).
Vocabulary
What Is Vocabulary? Vocabulary refers to a collection of words. Our English vocabulary developed in a variety of ways: Names of people and places provide some English words. Rudolf Diesel invented an engine that is named after him. The first letters of words, called acronyms, provide new words for our language. Shortened words provide some new English words. The word hamburger provides the shortened word burger. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
7.L.6. Acquire and accurately use grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.
Content Vocabulary
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings.
Gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
Thinking Skills
Define, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Standards

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