Arkansas Curriculum Frameworks for High School Chemistry

Acids, Bases and Salts
FreeWorksheets: 3Vocabulary Sets: 1
Atomic Structure - Set I
Worksheets: 3
Atomic Structure - Set II
Worksheets: 3
Atoms and Chemical Bonding
Worksheets: 3Vocabulary Sets: 2
Chemical Reactions
Worksheets: 3Vocabulary Sets: 3
Elements and the periodic table
Worksheets: 3Vocabulary Sets: 3
Gases
Worksheets: 3
Lab Investigations/Scientific Method
Worksheets: 3
Nuclear Chemistry
Worksheets: 3
Properties and States of Matter
Worksheets: 4Vocabulary Sets: 3
Solutions
Worksheets: 3
The Science of Chemistry
Worksheets: 3

AR.A. Astronomy

Observational Astronomy

A-ESS1-1AR. Develop a model using observational evidence that accounts for patterns in the diurnal, seasonal, and annual movements of objects on the celestial sphere.
A-ESS1-2AR. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information gathered from observational evidence, maps, and charts to demonstrate an understanding of the ecliptic patterns, magnitudes, and colors of stars, and the dynamic locations of constellations, asterisms, and planets.

Early History of Astronomy

A-ESS2-1AR. Engage in arguments from evidence about how the development of astronomy in the pre-telescopic age laid the groundwork for modern astronomy.
A-ESS2-2AR. Construct explanations of how the telescope impacted the evolution of solar system models from geocentric to heliocentric.

Gravitation

A-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.
A-ESS3-1AR. Use mathematics and computational thinking to demonstrate rotationally dynamic systems and how these structures scale from solar systems to galaxies to bound galactic clusters.
A-ESS3-2AR. Construct an explanation of how gravitational forces are influenced by mass, density, and radius and how these forces impact the evolution of planetary structure, surfaces, atmospheres, and rings.

Formation of the Solar System

A-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth's formation and early history.
The History of Earth
Worksheets :3
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
A-ESS4-1AR. Analyze and interpret data to describe how nebular theory and gravitational collapse result in star and solar system formation with distinct regions characterized by different types of planetary and other bodies.

The Earth-Moon-Sun System

A5-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.
A-ESS5-1AR. Ask questions about relationships among the Earth, Moon, and sun to clarify the patterns of orbital positions that produce lunar phases and eclipses.
A-ESS5-2AR. Plan and carry out investigations to demonstrate how relative orbital positions of the Earth, Moon, and sun influence energy and matter flow into and out of a system to create tides and seasons, orbital angles between Earth, Moon, and sun create these effects.

Electromagnetic Radiation and Matter

A6-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.

Stellar Evolution

A7-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.
A-ESS7-1AR. Construct an explanation of how a star's initial mass uniquely determines the conditions that affect stability and factors that control rates of change over its lifetime.

Cosmology

A-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
A-ESS8-1AR. Construct an argument from evidence that the formation of galactic structures depends on a spherical dark matter halo that surrounds a galaxy and supermassive black holes at the center of the galaxy.

AR.BI. Biology – Integrated

Cycling of Matter and Energy

BI-LS1-5. Use a model to illustrate how photosynthesis transforms light energy into stored chemical energy.
Photosynthesis and respiration
Photosynthesis may be thought of as a chemical reaction in which carbon dioxide from the air and water from the soil plus solar energy combine to produce carbohydrate and oxygen. What is similarity between human skeletal muscles and some bacteria? Match each Photosynthesis ad respiration term to its definition like Glucose, Chloroplast, Organelle, Guard Cells and many more. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
BI-LS1-7. Use a model to illustrate that cellular respiration is a chemical process whereby the bonds of food molecules and oxygen molecules are broken and the bonds in new compounds are formed resulting in a net transfer of energy.
Cell processes
FreeCellular metabolism is the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms in order to maintain life. Living organisms are unique in that they can extract energy from their environments and use it to carry out activities such as growth, development, and reproduction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
BI-LS2-3. Construct and revise an explanation based on evidence for the cycling of matter and flow of energy in aerobic and anaerobic conditions.
Cell processes
FreeCellular metabolism is the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms in order to maintain life. Living organisms are unique in that they can extract energy from their environments and use it to carry out activities such as growth, development, and reproduction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
Ecology I
Match each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology II
Match each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2
BI-LS2-4. Use mathematical representations to support claims for the cycling of matter and flow of energy among organisms in an ecosystem.
Ecology I
Match each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology II
Match each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2
BI-LS2-5. Develop a model to illustrate the role of photosynthesis and cellular respiration in the cycling of carbon among the biosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere.
Ecology I
Match each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology II
Match each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2
BI-ESS2-6. Develop a quantitative model to describe the cycling of carbon among the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.
Ecology I
Match each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology II
Match each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2

Structure and Function

BI-LS1-2. Develop and use a model to illustrate the hierarchical organization of interacting systems that provide specific functions within multicellular organisms.
Human biology I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :7
BI-LS1-3. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that feedback mechanisms maintain homeostasis.
Human biology I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :7

Biodiversity and Population Dynamics

BI-LS2-2. Use mathematical representations to support and revise explanations based on evidence about factors affecting biodiversity and populations in ecosystems of different scales.
Vertebrates II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
BI-LS2-6. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning that the complex interactions in ecosystems maintain relatively consistent numbers and types of organisms in stable conditions, but changing conditions may result in a new ecosystem.
Ecology I
Match each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology II
Match each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2

Genetic Variations in Organisms

BI-LS1-4. Use a model to illustrate the role of cellular division (mitosis) and differentiation in producing and maintaining complex organisms.
Cell Reproduction
The process where one cell forms two identical daughter cells. Mitosis is how somatic—or non-reproductive cells—divide. Meiosis is cell division that creates sex cells, like female egg cells or male sperm cells. Meiosis has two cycles of cell division, called Meiosis I and Meiosis II. Read more...iWorksheets :4
BI-LS3-1. Ask questions to clarify relationships about the role of DNA and chromosomes in coding the instructions for characteristic traits passed from parents to offspring.
Cell Reproduction
The process where one cell forms two identical daughter cells. Mitosis is how somatic—or non-reproductive cells—divide. Meiosis is cell division that creates sex cells, like female egg cells or male sperm cells. Meiosis has two cycles of cell division, called Meiosis I and Meiosis II. Read more...iWorksheets :4
Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
The term nucleic acid is the name for DNA and RNA. They are composed of nucleotides. DNA molecules are double-stranded and RNA molecules are single-stranded. To initiate the process of information transfer, one strand of the double-stranded DNA chain serves as a template for the synthesis of a single strand of RNA that is complementary to the DNA strand. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Genetics and heredity I
How many chromosomes would normally be contained in a gamete? Match each Genetics and heredity term to its definition like Genetic code, Crossing-over, Fertilization, Codon, Dominant allele, Ribosomes, Sex cells, Punnett square, Prophase II. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Genetics and heredity II
By whom were first described the principles of dominance, segregation, and independent assortment? What did Gregor Mendel discover using the results of his experiments with plant crosses? Match each Genetics and heredity term to its definition like Splindle fibers, Telophase, Trait, Transcription, Mutation, Phenotype. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
BI-LS3-2. Make and defend a claim based on evidence that inheritable genetic variations may result from: (1) new genetic combinations through meiosis, (2) viable errors occurring during replication, and/or (3) mutations caused by environmental factors.
Cell Reproduction
The process where one cell forms two identical daughter cells. Mitosis is how somatic—or non-reproductive cells—divide. Meiosis is cell division that creates sex cells, like female egg cells or male sperm cells. Meiosis has two cycles of cell division, called Meiosis I and Meiosis II. Read more...iWorksheets :4
Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
The term nucleic acid is the name for DNA and RNA. They are composed of nucleotides. DNA molecules are double-stranded and RNA molecules are single-stranded. To initiate the process of information transfer, one strand of the double-stranded DNA chain serves as a template for the synthesis of a single strand of RNA that is complementary to the DNA strand. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Evolution by Natural Selection

BI-LS4-2. Construct an explanation based on evidence that the process of evolution primarily results from four factors: (1) the potential for a species to increase in number, (2) the heritable genetic variation of individuals in a species due to mutation and sexual reproduction, (3) competition for limited resources, and (4) the proliferation of those organisms that are better able to survive and reproduce in the environment.
Evolution and classification
Categorize organisms using a hierarchical classification system based on similarities and differences. Evolutionary theory is a scientific explanation for the unity and diversity of life. Analyze the effects of evolutionary mechanisms, including genetic drift, gene flow, mutation and recombination. Read more...iWorksheets :3
BI-LS4-4. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how natural selection leads to adaptation of populations.
Evolution and classification
Categorize organisms using a hierarchical classification system based on similarities and differences. Evolutionary theory is a scientific explanation for the unity and diversity of life. Analyze the effects of evolutionary mechanisms, including genetic drift, gene flow, mutation and recombination. Read more...iWorksheets :3
BI-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.

Life and Earth’s Systems

BI-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Human Impacts on Earth’s Systems

BI-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
BI-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.CI. Chemistry – Integrated

Matter and Chemical Reactions

CI-PS1-1. Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms.
CI-PS1-2. Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.
Chemical Equations
Worksheets :3
Chemical Reactions
Worksheets :3
CI-PS1-3. Plan and conduct an investigation to gather evidence to compare the structure of substances at the bulk scale to infer the strength of electrical forces between particles.
CI-PS1-6. Refine the design of a chemical system by specifying a change in conditions that would produce increased amounts of products at equilibrium.
CI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Nuclear Reactions

CI-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.
CI-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
The History of Earth
Worksheets :3
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3

Energy Flow

CI-PS1-4. Develop a model to illustrate that the release or absorption of energy from a chemical reaction system depends upon the changes in total bond energy.
CI-PS1-5. Apply scientific principles and evidence to provide an explanation about the effects of changing the temperature or concentration of the reacting particles on the rate at which a reaction occurs.
Chemical Reactions
Worksheets :3
CI-PS3-1. Create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one component in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known.
Matter and Energy
Worksheets :3
Thermodynamics
Worksheets :4
CI-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
CI-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
CI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Waves

CI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CI-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
Magnetism
Worksheets :3

Forces

CI-PS3-5. Develop and use a model of two objects interacting through electric or magnetic fields to illustrate the forces between objects and the changes in energy of the objects due to the interaction.
Magnetism
Worksheets :3
Electromagnetism
The production of a magnetic field around an electrical current is called electromagnetism. Read more...iWorksheets :3
CI-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

AR.CII. Chemistry II

Structure of Matter

CII1-PS1-1. Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms.
CII-PS1-3AR. Use mathematical representations and computational thinking to support a claim that patterns exist among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CII-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
Magnetism
Worksheets :3

Properties of Matter

CII2-PS1-1. Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms.
CII-PS1-3. Plan and conduct an investigation to gather evidence to compare the structure of substances at the bulk scale to infer the strength of electrical forces between particles.
CII-PS2-1AR. Develop and use models to explain the differences between chemical compounds using patterns as a method for identification.
CII-PS2-3AR. Use mathematical representations to quantify matter through the analysis of patterns in chemical compounds.

Reactions

CII-PS1-2. Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.
Chemical Equations
Worksheets :3
Chemical Reactions
Worksheets :3
CII-PS3-1AR. Use mathematical representations to analyze the proportion and quantity of particles in solution.
The Mole
Worksheets :3
CII-PS3-2AR. Construct an explanation of the relationship between energy and the behavior of particles.
States of Matter
Worksheets :3
CII-PS3-3AR. Plan and carry out an investigation to predict the outcome of a chemical reaction based on patterns of chemical properties.

Kinetics and Kinetic Molecular Theory

CII-PS1-5. Apply scientific principles and evidence to provide an explanation about the effects of changing the temperature or concentration of the reacting particles on the rate at which a reaction occurs.
Chemical Reactions
Worksheets :3
CII-PS4-1AR. Plan and carry out investigations to examine stability and change exhibited by gas particles in a closed system.
States of Matter
Worksheets :3
Thermodynamics
Worksheets :4
CII-PS4-2AR. Argue from evidence cause and effect relationships of factors influencing behavior of gas particles.
States of Matter
Worksheets :3
Thermodynamics
Worksheets :4
CII4-ETS1-4. Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.
States of Matter
Worksheets :3

Thermochemistry

CII-PS1-4. Develop a model to illustrate that the release or absorption of energy from a chemical reaction system depends upon the changes in total bond energy.
CII-PS5-1AR. Analyze and interpret data to explain energy (enthalpy) changes of a reaction.
Thermodynamics
Worksheets :4
CII-PS5-2AR. Plan and conduct an investigation to calculate changes in energy within a system and/or energy flows in and out of a system.
Thermodynamics
Worksheets :4
CII5-ETS1-4. Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.
Thermodynamics
Worksheets :4

Equilibrium

CII-PS1-6. Refine the design of a chemical system by specifying a change in conditions that would produce increased amounts of products at equilibrium.
CII-PS6-1AR. Analyze and interpret data to explain the change in concentration of products and reactants, and the stable state achieved under reversible conditions.
Kinetics and Equilibrium
Worksheets :3
The Mole
Worksheets :3
CII6-ETS1-2. Design a solution to a complex real-world problem by breaking it down into smaller, more manageable problems that can be solved through engineering.

Organic Chemistry

CII-PS7-1AR. Obtain and combine information to describe differences between alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes.
Organic Chemistry
Worksheets :3

AR.ES. Earth Science

History of Earth

ES-ESS1-5. Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.
ES-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
The History of Earth
Worksheets :3
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
ES-ESS2-1. Develop a model to illustrate how Earth’s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features.
Earth's Crust
FreeWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES1-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
The Science of Earth Science
Worksheets :3
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3

Earth’s Systems

ES-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
ES-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS2-6. Develop a quantitative model to describe the cycling of carbon among the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.
Ecology I
Match each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology II
Match each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2
ES-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.
ES2-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Human Sustainability

ES-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among the management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-6. Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES3-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Weather and Climate

ES-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES4-ETS1-3. Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and tradeoffs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.

AR.EVS. Environmental Science

Systems

EVS-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
EVS-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS2-6. Develop a quantitative model to describe the cycling of carbon among the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.
Ecology I
Match each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology II
Match each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2
EVS-ESS3-5. Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.
EVS1-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Energy

EVS-PS3-1. Create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one component in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known.
Thermodynamics
Worksheets :4
EVS-PS3-4. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of different temperature are combined within a closed system results in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in the system (second law of thermodynamics).
Thermodynamics
Worksheets :4
EVS-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Sustainability

EVS-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrences of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among the management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-6. Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-LS4-6. Create or revise a simulation to test a solution to mitigate adverse impacts of human activity on biodiversity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.HAP. Human Anatomy and Physiology

Patterns

HAP-LS1-1AR. Construct an explanation based on evidence obtained from a variety of sources for the pattern of hierarchical organization of each body system:
HAP-LS1-1AR.2. Skeletal System
Human biology I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :7
HAP-LS1-1AR.3. Muscular System
Human biology I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :7
HAP-LS1-1AR.4. Respiratory System
Human biology I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :7
HAP-LS1-1AR.5. Circulatory System
Human biology I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :7
HAP-LS1-1AR.6. Digestive System
Human biology I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :7
HAP-LS1-1AR.7. Nervous System
Human biology I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :7
HAP-LS1-1AR.8. Endocrine System
Human biology I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :7
HAP-LS1-1AR.11. Reproductive Systems
Human biology I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :7

Stability and Change

HAP-LS4-1AR. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that feedback mechanisms maintain homeostasis.
Human biology I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :7

Energy and Matter

HAP-LS6-1AR. Construct and revise an explanation based on evidence for the cycling of matter and flow of energy among body systems and their associated processes.
Human biology I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :7

Systems and System Models

HAP-LS7-1AR. Develop and use a model to illustrate the interactions between systems that control or affect specific functions within the human body.
Human biology I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :7

AR.PSI. Physical Science – Integrated

Elements, Matter, and Interactions

PSI-PS1-1. Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms.
PSI-PS1-2. Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.
Chemical Equations
Worksheets :3
Chemical Reactions
Worksheets :3
PSI-PS1-3. Plan and conduct an investigation to gather evidence to compare the structure of substances at the bulk scale to infer the strength of electrical forces between particles.
PSI-PS1-4. Develop a model to illustrate that the release or absorption of energy from a chemical reaction system depends upon the changes in total bond energy.
PSI-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.

Matter in Organisms

PSI-LS1-5. Use a model to illustrate how photosynthesis transforms light energy into stored chemical energy.
Photosynthesis and respiration
Photosynthesis may be thought of as a chemical reaction in which carbon dioxide from the air and water from the soil plus solar energy combine to produce carbohydrate and oxygen. What is similarity between human skeletal muscles and some bacteria? Match each Photosynthesis ad respiration term to its definition like Glucose, Chloroplast, Organelle, Guard Cells and many more. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
PSI-LS1-7. Use a model to illustrate that cellular respiration is a chemical process whereby the bonds of food molecules and oxygen molecules are broken and the bonds in new compounds are formed resulting in a net transfer of energy.
Cell processes
FreeCellular metabolism is the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms in order to maintain life. Living organisms are unique in that they can extract energy from their environments and use it to carry out activities such as growth, development, and reproduction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
PSI-LS2-4. Use mathematical representations to support claims for the cycling of matter and flow of energy among organisms in an ecosystem.
Ecology I
Match each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology II
Match each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2
PSI2-ETS1-2. Design a solution to a complex real-world problem by breaking it down into smaller, more manageable problems that can be solved through engineering.
Cell processes
FreeCellular metabolism is the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms in order to maintain life. Living organisms are unique in that they can extract energy from their environments and use it to carry out activities such as growth, development, and reproduction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
Organic Chemistry
Worksheets :3

Forces and Motion

PSI-PS2-3. Apply scientific and engineering ideas to design, evaluate, and refine a device that minimizes the force on a macroscopic object during a collision.
PSI-ESS1-5. Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3

Energy

PSI-PS3-1. Create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one component in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known.
Heat
Worksheets :3
Thermodynamics
Worksheets :4
PSI-PS3-2. Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects).
PSI-PS3-3. Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form of energy.
Electromagnetism
The production of a magnetic field around an electrical current is called electromagnetism. Read more...iWorksheets :3
PSI-PS3-4. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of different temperature are combined within a closed system results in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in the system (second law of thermodynamics).
Thermodynamics
Worksheets :4

Waves

PSI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
Light
Worksheets :3

Interactions of Humans and the Environment

PSI-ESS2-1. Develop a model to illustrate how Earth’s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features.
PSI-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
PSI-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
PSI6-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
PSI6-ETS1-4. Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.P. Physics

Motion

P-ESS1-2. Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system.
P-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

Work and Energy

P-PS2-1AR. Develop computational and graphical models to calculate and illustrate the work done and changes in energy in a system.
Work and Energy
Worksheets :4
P-PS2-2AR. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that work done equals energy stored in a conservative system.
Work and Energy
Worksheets :4
P-PS2-3AR. Plan and conduct an investigation to rate the power used in performing work on a system.
Work and Energy
Worksheets :4
P-PS2-4AR. Analyze data to demonstrate the relationship between rotational and linear motion, energy, and momentum.
P-PS2-5AR. Use mathematical representations to support the claim that the change in kinetic energy of a system is equal to the net work performed upon the system.
Work and Energy
Worksheets :4
P2-ETS1-3. Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and trade-offs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.
Work and Energy
Worksheets :4

Heat and Thermodynamics

P-PS3-1. Create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one component in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known.
Heat
Worksheets :3
Thermodynamics
Worksheets :4
P-PS3-1AR. Construct an explanation based on evidence of the relationships between heat, temperature, and the Kinetic Molecular Theory.
States of Matter
Worksheets :3
P-PS3-2AR. Plan and conduct an investigation of the relationships between pressure, volume, temperature, and amount of gas.
States of Matter
Worksheets :3
Thermodynamics
Worksheets :4
P-PS3-4. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of different temperature are combined within a closed system results in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in the system (second law of thermodynamics).
Thermodynamics
Worksheets :4

Waves, Sound, and Simple Harmonic Motion

P-PS4-2AR. Develop and use models to investigate longitudinal and transverse waves in various media.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Electricity

P-PS3-2. Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects).
Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set I
Worksheets :4
Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set II
Worksheets :3
Electromagnetism
The production of a magnetic field around an electrical current is called electromagnetism. Read more...iWorksheets :3
P-PS5-1AR. Use mathematical representations and conduct investigations to provide evidence of the relationships between power, current, voltage, and resistance.
Electric Circuits
Worksheets :4
P-PS5-2AR. Evaluate competing design solutions for construction and use of electrical consumer products.
Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set I
Worksheets :4
Electricity and Electrical Energy - Set II
Worksheets :3
Electromagnetism
The production of a magnetic field around an electrical current is called electromagnetism. Read more...iWorksheets :3

AR.RST.9-10. Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects

Craft and Structure

RST.9-10.4. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 9-10 texts and topics.

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

RST.9-10.7. Translate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text into visual form (e.g., a table or chart) and translate information expressed visually or mathematically (e.g., in an equation) into words.
Chemical Reactions
Worksheets :3
Thermodynamics
Worksheets :4

AR.CI. Chemistry – Integrated

Matter and Chemical Reactions

CI-PS1-1. Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms.
Elements - Set II
Worksheets :3
CI-PS1-6. Refine the design of a chemical system by specifying a change in conditions that would produce increased amounts of products at equilibrium.
CI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Nuclear Reactions

CI-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.
CI-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3

Energy Flow

CI-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
CI-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
CI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Waves

CI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CI-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Forces

CI-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

AR.A. Astronomy

Observational Astronomy

A-ESS1-1AR. Develop a model using observational evidence that accounts for patterns in the diurnal, seasonal, and annual movements of objects on the celestial sphere.
A-ESS1-2AR. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information gathered from observational evidence, maps, and charts to demonstrate an understanding of the ecliptic patterns, magnitudes, and colors of stars, and the dynamic locations of constellations, asterisms, and planets.

Early History of Astronomy

A-ESS2-1AR. Engage in arguments from evidence about how the development of astronomy in the pre-telescopic age laid the groundwork for modern astronomy.
A-ESS2-2AR. Construct explanations of how the telescope impacted the evolution of solar system models from geocentric to heliocentric.

Gravitation

A-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.
A-ESS3-1AR. Use mathematics and computational thinking to demonstrate rotationally dynamic systems and how these structures scale from solar systems to galaxies to bound galactic clusters.
A-ESS3-2AR. Construct an explanation of how gravitational forces are influenced by mass, density, and radius and how these forces impact the evolution of planetary structure, surfaces, atmospheres, and rings.

Formation of the Solar System

A-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth's formation and early history.
The History of Earth
Worksheets :3
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
A-ESS4-1AR. Analyze and interpret data to describe how nebular theory and gravitational collapse result in star and solar system formation with distinct regions characterized by different types of planetary and other bodies.

The Earth-Moon-Sun System

A5-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.
A-ESS5-1AR. Ask questions about relationships among the Earth, Moon, and sun to clarify the patterns of orbital positions that produce lunar phases and eclipses.
A-ESS5-2AR. Plan and carry out investigations to demonstrate how relative orbital positions of the Earth, Moon, and sun influence energy and matter flow into and out of a system to create tides and seasons, orbital angles between Earth, Moon, and sun create these effects.

Electromagnetic Radiation and Matter

A6-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.

Stellar Evolution

A7-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.
A-ESS7-1AR. Construct an explanation of how a star's initial mass uniquely determines the conditions that affect stability and factors that control rates of change over its lifetime.

Cosmology

A-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
A-ESS8-1AR. Construct an argument from evidence that the formation of galactic structures depends on a spherical dark matter halo that surrounds a galaxy and supermassive black holes at the center of the galaxy.

AR.BI. Biology – Integrated

Evolution by Natural Selection

BI-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.

Life and Earth’s Systems

BI-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Human Impacts on Earth’s Systems

BI-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
BI-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.CI. Chemistry – Integrated

Matter and Chemical Reactions

CI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Nuclear Reactions

CI-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.
CI-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
The History of Earth
Worksheets :3
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3

Energy Flow

CI-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
CI-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
CI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Waves

CI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CI-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Forces

CI-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

AR.CII. Chemistry II

Structure of Matter

CII-PS1-3AR. Use mathematical representations and computational thinking to support a claim that patterns exist among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CII-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

AR.ES. Earth Science

History of Earth

ES-ESS1-5. Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.
ES-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
The History of Earth
Worksheets :3
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
ES-ESS2-1. Develop a model to illustrate how Earth’s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features.
Earth's Crust
FreeWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES1-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
The Science of Earth Science
Worksheets :3
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3

Earth’s Systems

ES-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
ES-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.
ES2-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Human Sustainability

ES-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among the management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-6. Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES3-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Weather and Climate

ES-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES4-ETS1-3. Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and tradeoffs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.

AR.EVS. Environmental Science

Systems

EVS-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
EVS-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-5. Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.
EVS1-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Energy

EVS-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Sustainability

EVS-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrences of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among the management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-6. Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-LS4-6. Create or revise a simulation to test a solution to mitigate adverse impacts of human activity on biodiversity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-7. Create or revise a simulation to test a solution to mitigate adverse impacts of human activity on biodiversity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.PSI. Physical Science – Integrated

Elements, Matter, and Interactions

PSI-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.

Forces and Motion

PSI-ESS1-5. Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3

Energy

PSI-PS3-2. Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects).

Waves

PSI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Interactions of Humans and the Environment

PSI-ESS2-1. Develop a model to illustrate how Earth’s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features.
PSI-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
PSI-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
PSI6-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
PSI6-ETS1-4. Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.P. Physics

Motion

P-ESS1-2. Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system.
P-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

Work and Energy

P-PS2-4AR. Analyze data to demonstrate the relationship between rotational and linear motion, energy, and momentum.

Waves, Sound, and Simple Harmonic Motion

P-PS4-2AR. Develop and use models to investigate longitudinal and transverse waves in various media.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Electricity

P-PS3-2. Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects).
P-PS5-1AR. Use mathematical representations and conduct investigations to provide evidence of the relationships between power, current, voltage, and resistance.
Electric Circuits
Worksheets :4
P-PS5-2AR. Evaluate competing design solutions for construction and use of electrical consumer products.

AR.CI. Chemistry – Integrated

Matter and Chemical Reactions

CI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Nuclear Reactions

CI-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.
CI-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3

Energy Flow

CI-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
CI-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
CI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Waves

CI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CI-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Forces

CI-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

AR.A. Astronomy

Observational Astronomy

A-ESS1-1AR. Develop a model using observational evidence that accounts for patterns in the diurnal, seasonal, and annual movements of objects on the celestial sphere.
A-ESS1-2AR. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information gathered from observational evidence, maps, and charts to demonstrate an understanding of the ecliptic patterns, magnitudes, and colors of stars, and the dynamic locations of constellations, asterisms, and planets.

Early History of Astronomy

A-ESS2-1AR. Engage in arguments from evidence about how the development of astronomy in the pre-telescopic age laid the groundwork for modern astronomy.
A-ESS2-2AR. Construct explanations of how the telescope impacted the evolution of solar system models from geocentric to heliocentric.

Gravitation

A-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.
A-ESS3-1AR. Use mathematics and computational thinking to demonstrate rotationally dynamic systems and how these structures scale from solar systems to galaxies to bound galactic clusters.
A-ESS3-2AR. Construct an explanation of how gravitational forces are influenced by mass, density, and radius and how these forces impact the evolution of planetary structure, surfaces, atmospheres, and rings.

Formation of the Solar System

A-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth's formation and early history.
The History of Earth
Worksheets :3
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
A-ESS4-1AR. Analyze and interpret data to describe how nebular theory and gravitational collapse result in star and solar system formation with distinct regions characterized by different types of planetary and other bodies.

The Earth-Moon-Sun System

A5-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.
A-ESS5-1AR. Ask questions about relationships among the Earth, Moon, and sun to clarify the patterns of orbital positions that produce lunar phases and eclipses.
A-ESS5-2AR. Plan and carry out investigations to demonstrate how relative orbital positions of the Earth, Moon, and sun influence energy and matter flow into and out of a system to create tides and seasons, orbital angles between Earth, Moon, and sun create these effects.

Electromagnetic Radiation and Matter

A6-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.

Stellar Evolution

A7-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.
A-ESS7-1AR. Construct an explanation of how a star's initial mass uniquely determines the conditions that affect stability and factors that control rates of change over its lifetime.

Cosmology

A-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
A-ESS8-1AR. Construct an argument from evidence that the formation of galactic structures depends on a spherical dark matter halo that surrounds a galaxy and supermassive black holes at the center of the galaxy.

AR.BI. Biology – Integrated

Evolution by Natural Selection

BI-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.

Life and Earth’s Systems

BI-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Human Impacts on Earth’s Systems

BI-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
BI-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.CI. Chemistry – Integrated

Matter and Chemical Reactions

CI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Nuclear Reactions

CI-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.
CI-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
The History of Earth
Worksheets :3
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3

Energy Flow

CI-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
CI-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
CI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Waves

CI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CI-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Forces

CI-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

AR.CII. Chemistry II

Structure of Matter

CII-PS1-3AR. Use mathematical representations and computational thinking to support a claim that patterns exist among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CII-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

AR.ES. Earth Science

History of Earth

ES-ESS1-5. Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.
ES-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
The History of Earth
Worksheets :3
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
ES-ESS2-1. Develop a model to illustrate how Earth’s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features.
Earth's Crust
FreeWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES1-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
The Science of Earth Science
Worksheets :3
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3

Earth’s Systems

ES-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
ES-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.
ES2-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Human Sustainability

ES-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among the management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-6. Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES3-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Weather and Climate

ES-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES4-ETS1-3. Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and tradeoffs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.

AR.EVS. Environmental Science

Systems

EVS-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
EVS-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-5. Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.
EVS1-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Energy

EVS-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Sustainability

EVS-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrences of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among the management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-6. Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-7. Create or revise a simulation to test a solution to mitigate adverse impacts of human activity on biodiversity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.PSI. Physical Science – Integrated

Elements, Matter, and Interactions

PSI-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.

Forces and Motion

PSI-ESS1-5. Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3

Energy

PSI-PS3-2. Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects).

Waves

PSI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Interactions of Humans and the Environment

PSI-ESS2-1. Develop a model to illustrate how Earth’s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features.
PSI-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
PSI-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
PSI6-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
PSI6-ETS1-4. Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.P. Physics

Motion

P-ESS1-2. Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system.
P-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

Work and Energy

P-PS2-4AR. Analyze data to demonstrate the relationship between rotational and linear motion, energy, and momentum.

Waves, Sound, and Simple Harmonic Motion

P-PS4-2AR. Develop and use models to investigate longitudinal and transverse waves in various media.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Electricity

P-PS3-2. Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects).
P-PS5-1AR. Use mathematical representations and conduct investigations to provide evidence of the relationships between power, current, voltage, and resistance.
Electric Circuits
Worksheets :4
P-PS5-2AR. Evaluate competing design solutions for construction and use of electrical consumer products.

AR.RST.11-12. Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects

Craft and Structure

RST.11-12.4. Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 11-12 texts and topics.

AR.CI. Chemistry – Integrated

Matter and Chemical Reactions

CI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Nuclear Reactions

CI-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.
CI-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3

Energy Flow

CI-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
CI-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
CI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Waves

CI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CI-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Forces

CI-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

AR.A. Astronomy

Observational Astronomy

A-ESS1-1AR. Develop a model using observational evidence that accounts for patterns in the diurnal, seasonal, and annual movements of objects on the celestial sphere.
A-ESS1-2AR. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information gathered from observational evidence, maps, and charts to demonstrate an understanding of the ecliptic patterns, magnitudes, and colors of stars, and the dynamic locations of constellations, asterisms, and planets.

Early History of Astronomy

A-ESS2-1AR. Engage in arguments from evidence about how the development of astronomy in the pre-telescopic age laid the groundwork for modern astronomy.
A-ESS2-2AR. Construct explanations of how the telescope impacted the evolution of solar system models from geocentric to heliocentric.

Gravitation

A-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.
A-ESS3-1AR. Use mathematics and computational thinking to demonstrate rotationally dynamic systems and how these structures scale from solar systems to galaxies to bound galactic clusters.
A-ESS3-2AR. Construct an explanation of how gravitational forces are influenced by mass, density, and radius and how these forces impact the evolution of planetary structure, surfaces, atmospheres, and rings.

Formation of the Solar System

A-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth's formation and early history.
The History of Earth
Worksheets :3
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
A-ESS4-1AR. Analyze and interpret data to describe how nebular theory and gravitational collapse result in star and solar system formation with distinct regions characterized by different types of planetary and other bodies.

The Earth-Moon-Sun System

A5-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.
A-ESS5-1AR. Ask questions about relationships among the Earth, Moon, and sun to clarify the patterns of orbital positions that produce lunar phases and eclipses.
A-ESS5-2AR. Plan and carry out investigations to demonstrate how relative orbital positions of the Earth, Moon, and sun influence energy and matter flow into and out of a system to create tides and seasons, orbital angles between Earth, Moon, and sun create these effects.

Electromagnetic Radiation and Matter

A6-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.

Stellar Evolution

A7-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the lifespan of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun's core to release energy in the form of radiation.
A-ESS7-1AR. Construct an explanation of how a star's initial mass uniquely determines the conditions that affect stability and factors that control rates of change over its lifetime.

Cosmology

A-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
A-ESS8-1AR. Construct an argument from evidence that the formation of galactic structures depends on a spherical dark matter halo that surrounds a galaxy and supermassive black holes at the center of the galaxy.

AR.BI. Biology – Integrated

Evolution by Natural Selection

BI-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.

Life and Earth’s Systems

BI-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Human Impacts on Earth’s Systems

BI-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
BI-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.CI. Chemistry – Integrated

Matter and Chemical Reactions

CI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Nuclear Reactions

CI-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.
CI-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
The History of Earth
Worksheets :3
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3

Energy Flow

CI-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
CI-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
CI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Waves

CI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CI-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Forces

CI-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

AR.CII. Chemistry II

Structure of Matter

CII-PS1-3AR. Use mathematical representations and computational thinking to support a claim that patterns exist among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CII-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

AR.ES. Earth Science

History of Earth

ES-ESS1-5. Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.
ES-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
The History of Earth
Worksheets :3
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
ES-ESS2-1. Develop a model to illustrate how Earth’s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features.
Earth's Crust
FreeWorksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES1-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
The Science of Earth Science
Worksheets :3
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3

Earth’s Systems

ES-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
ES-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.
ES2-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Human Sustainability

ES-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among the management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES-ESS3-6. Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES3-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Weather and Climate

ES-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES4-ETS1-3. Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and tradeoffs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.

AR.EVS. Environmental Science

Systems

EVS-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
EVS-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-5. Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.
EVS1-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Energy

EVS-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Sustainability

EVS-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrences of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among the management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-6. Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
EVS-ESS3-7. Create or revise a simulation to test a solution to mitigate adverse impacts of human activity on biodiversity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.PSI. Physical Science – Integrated

Elements, Matter, and Interactions

PSI-PS1-2. Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.
Chemical Equations
Worksheets :3
PSI-ESS2-7. Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.

Forces and Motion

PSI-ESS1-5. Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3

Energy

PSI-PS3-2. Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects).

Waves

PSI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Interactions of Humans and the Environment

PSI-ESS2-1. Develop a model to illustrate how Earth’s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and ocean-floor features.
PSI-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
PSI-ESS3-2. Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
PSI6-ETS1-1. Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
PSI6-ETS1-4. Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

AR.P. Physics

Motion

P-ESS1-2. Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system.
P-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

Work and Energy

P-PS2-4AR. Analyze data to demonstrate the relationship between rotational and linear motion, energy, and momentum.

Waves, Sound, and Simple Harmonic Motion

P-PS4-2AR. Develop and use models to investigate longitudinal and transverse waves in various media.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Electricity

P-PS3-2. Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative position of particles (objects).
P-PS5-1AR. Use mathematical representations and conduct investigations to provide evidence of the relationships between power, current, voltage, and resistance.
Electric Circuits
Worksheets :4
P-PS5-2AR. Evaluate competing design solutions for construction and use of electrical consumer products.

AR.CI. Chemistry – Integrated

Matter and Chemical Reactions

CI-ESS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3

Nuclear Reactions

CI-ESS1-1. Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.
CI-ESS1-6. Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3

Energy Flow

CI-ESS1-2. Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
CI-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
CI-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3

Waves

CI-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
CI-PS4-3. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

Forces

CI-ESS1-4. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.
Standards

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