Virginia Standards of Learning for High School Chemistry

Atoms and Chemical Bonding
Worksheets: 3Vocabulary Sets: 2
Chemical Reactions
Worksheets: 3Vocabulary Sets: 3
Elements and the periodic table
Worksheets: 3Vocabulary Sets: 3
Properties and States of Matter
Worksheets: 4Vocabulary Sets: 3
Solutions
Worksheets: 3
The Periodic Table - Set I
Worksheets: 3
The Periodic Table - Set II
Worksheets: 3

VA.9-12. Virginia 2010 Science Standards of Learning

EARTH SCIENCE

ES.1. The student will plan and conduct investigations in which
ES.1.b) Technologies, including computers, probeware, and geospatial technologies, are used to collect, analyze, and report data and to demonstrate concepts and simulate experimental conditions.
ES.1.c) Scales, diagrams, charts, graphs, tables, imagery, models, and profiles are constructed and interpreted.
Maps as Models of the Earth
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The History of Earth
Worksheets :3
ES.1.d) Maps and globes are read and interpreted, including location by latitude and longitude.
Maps as Models of the Earth
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.1.f) Current applications are used to reinforce Earth science concepts.
ES.3. The student will investigate and understand the characteristics of Earth and the solar system. Key concepts include
ES.3.a) Position of Earth in the solar system.
ES.3.b) Sun-Earth-moon relationships; (seasons, tides, and eclipses).
ES.3.c) Characteristics of the sun, planets and their moons, comets, meteors, and asteroids.
ES.3.d) The history and contributions of space exploration.
ES.4. The student will investigate and understand how to identify major rock-forming and ore minerals based on physical and chemical properties. Key concepts include
ES.4.a) Hardness, color and streak, luster, cleavage, fracture, and unique properties.
Rocks I
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Rocks II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
ES.4.b) Uses of minerals.
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
ES.5. The student will investigate and understand the rock cycle as it relates to the origin and transformation of rock types and how to identify common rock types based on mineral composition and textures. Key concepts include
ES.5.a) Igneous rocks.
Rocks I
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Rocks II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.5.b) Sedimentary rocks.
Rocks I
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Rocks II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.5.c) Metamorphic rocks.
Rocks I
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Rocks II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.6. The student will investigate and understand the differences between renewable and nonrenewable resources. Key concepts include
ES.6.d) Environmental costs and benefits.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.7. The student will investigate and understand geologic processes including plate tectonics. Key concepts include
ES.7.a) Geologic processes and their resulting features.
ES.7.b) Tectonic processes.
ES.8. The student will investigate and understand how freshwater resources are influenced by geologic processes and the activities of humans. Key concepts include
ES.8.a) Processes of soil development.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.8.c) Relationships between groundwater zones, including saturated and unsaturated zones, and the water table.
ES.8.d) Identification of sources of fresh water including rivers, springs, and aquifers, with reference to the hydrologic cycle.
ES.8.e) Dependence on freshwater resources and the effects of human USAge on water quality.
ES.9. The student will investigate and understand that many aspects of the history and evolution of Earth and life can be inferred by studying rocks and fossils. Key concepts include
ES.9.a) Traces and remains of ancient, often extinct, life are preserved by various means in many sedimentary rocks.
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
ES.9.b) Superposition, cross-cutting relationships, index fossils, and radioactive decay are methods of dating bodies of rock.
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
ES.9.c) Absolute and relative dating have different applications but can be used together to determine the age of rocks and structures.
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
ES.9.d) Rocks and fossils from many different geologic periods and epochs are found in Virginia.
The History of Earth
Worksheets :3
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
ES.10. The student will investigate and understand that oceans are complex, interactive physical, chemical, and biological systems and are subject to long- and short-term variations. Key concepts include
ES.10.a) Physical and chemical changes related to tides, waves, currents, sea level and ice cap variations, upwelling, and salinity variations.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES.10.b) Importance of environmental and geologic implications.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES.10.c) Systems interactions.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.10.d) Features of the sea floor as reflections of tectonic processes.
ES.10.e) Economic and public policy issues concerning the oceans and the coastal zone including the Chesapeake Bay.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES.11. The student will investigate and understand the origin and evolution of the atmosphere and the interrelationship of geologic processes, biologic processes, and human activities on its composition and dynamics. Key concepts include
ES.11.c) Atmospheric regulation mechanisms including the effects of density differences and energy transfer.
ES.11.d) Potential changes to the atmosphere and climate due to human, biologic, and geologic activity.
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.12. The student will investigate and understand that energy transfer between the sun and Earth and its atmosphere drives weather and climate on Earth. Key concepts include
ES.12.a) Observation and collection of weather data.
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.12.b) Prediction of weather patterns.
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.12.c) Severe weather occurrences, such as tornadoes, hurricanes, and major storms.
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.12.d) Weather phenomena and the factors that affect climate including radiation, conduction, and convection.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.13. The student will investigate and understand scientific concepts related to the origin and evolution of the universe. Key concepts include
ES.13.a) Cosmology including the Big Bang theory.
ES.13.b) The origin and evolution of stars, star systems, and galaxies.

BIOLOGY

BIO.1. The student will demonstrate an understanding of scientific reasoning, logic, and the nature of science by planning and conducting investigations in which
BIO.1.i) Appropriate technology, including computers, graphing calculators, and probeware, is used for gathering and analyzing data, communicating results, modeling concepts, and simulating experimental conditions.
The science of biology
The processes of science include the formulation of scientifically investigable questions, construction of investigations into those questions, the collection of appropriate data, the evaluation of the meaning of those data, and the communication of this evaluation. Scientific knowledge is based on observation and inference; it is important to recognize that these are very different things. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Introduction to cells
All living things are made from one or more cells. The nucleus is the control center of the cell. It houses the nucleolus and genetic material (chromatin) used for directing cell functions. Nuclear pores allow materials to pass in and out of the nucleus. The nuclear envelope is a membrane which surrounds and protects the nucleus. The nucleolus produces ribosomes. Ribosomes are factories that produce proteins needed by the cell. Lysosomes contain chemicals (enzymes) that break down and recycle harmful materials. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :4
BIO.1.m) Current applications of biological concepts are used.
BIO.2. The student will investigate and understand the chemical and biochemical principles essential for life. Key concepts include
BIO.2.b) The structure and function of macromolecules.
Cell Reproduction
The process where one cell forms two identical daughter cells. Mitosis is how somatic—or non-reproductive cells—divide. Meiosis is cell division that creates sex cells, like female egg cells or male sperm cells. Meiosis has two cycles of cell division, called Meiosis I and Meiosis II. Read more...iWorksheets :4
BIO.2.d) The capture, storage, transformation, and flow of energy through the processes of photosynthesis and respiration.
Cell processes
FreeCellular metabolism is the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms in order to maintain life. Living organisms are unique in that they can extract energy from their environments and use it to carry out activities such as growth, development, and reproduction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
Photosynthesis and respiration
Photosynthesis may be thought of as a chemical reaction in which carbon dioxide from the air and water from the soil plus solar energy combine to produce carbohydrate and oxygen. What is similarity between human skeletal muscles and some bacteria? Match each Photosynthesis ad respiration term to its definition like Glucose, Chloroplast, Organelle, Guard Cells and many more. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
BIO.3. The student will investigate and understand relationships between cell structure and function. Key concepts include
BIO.3.a) Evidence supporting the cell theory.
Introduction to cells
All living things are made from one or more cells. The nucleus is the control center of the cell. It houses the nucleolus and genetic material (chromatin) used for directing cell functions. Nuclear pores allow materials to pass in and out of the nucleus. The nuclear envelope is a membrane which surrounds and protects the nucleus. The nucleolus produces ribosomes. Ribosomes are factories that produce proteins needed by the cell. Lysosomes contain chemicals (enzymes) that break down and recycle harmful materials. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :4
BIO.3.b) Characteristics of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Cell structure and function
Match each Cell structure term to its definition like DNA, Lysosomes, Mitochondrion, Lipids, Endoplasmic reticulum, Osmosis and many more. What are the organelles that provide the energy to sperm cells? What hemoglobin, insulin, albumin and maltase are composed of? These animal and plant cell worksheets recommended for students of High School Biology. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :5
BIO.3.c) Similarities between the activities of the organelles in a single cell and a whole organism.
Introduction to cells
All living things are made from one or more cells. The nucleus is the control center of the cell. It houses the nucleolus and genetic material (chromatin) used for directing cell functions. Nuclear pores allow materials to pass in and out of the nucleus. The nuclear envelope is a membrane which surrounds and protects the nucleus. The nucleolus produces ribosomes. Ribosomes are factories that produce proteins needed by the cell. Lysosomes contain chemicals (enzymes) that break down and recycle harmful materials. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :4
Cell structure and function
Match each Cell structure term to its definition like DNA, Lysosomes, Mitochondrion, Lipids, Endoplasmic reticulum, Osmosis and many more. What are the organelles that provide the energy to sperm cells? What hemoglobin, insulin, albumin and maltase are composed of? These animal and plant cell worksheets recommended for students of High School Biology. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :5
Cell processes
FreeCellular metabolism is the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms in order to maintain life. Living organisms are unique in that they can extract energy from their environments and use it to carry out activities such as growth, development, and reproduction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
Human biology I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :7
BIO.3.d) The cell membrane model.
Cell structure and function
Match each Cell structure term to its definition like DNA, Lysosomes, Mitochondrion, Lipids, Endoplasmic reticulum, Osmosis and many more. What are the organelles that provide the energy to sperm cells? What hemoglobin, insulin, albumin and maltase are composed of? These animal and plant cell worksheets recommended for students of High School Biology. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :5
Cell processes
FreeCellular metabolism is the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms in order to maintain life. Living organisms are unique in that they can extract energy from their environments and use it to carry out activities such as growth, development, and reproduction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
BIO.3.e) The impact of surface area to volume ratio on cell division, material transport, and other life processes.
Cell Reproduction
The process where one cell forms two identical daughter cells. Mitosis is how somatic—or non-reproductive cells—divide. Meiosis is cell division that creates sex cells, like female egg cells or male sperm cells. Meiosis has two cycles of cell division, called Meiosis I and Meiosis II. Read more...iWorksheets :4
BIO.4. The student will investigate and understand life functions of Archaea, Bacteria and Eukarya. Key concepts include
BIO.4.a) Comparison of their metabolic activities.
Cell processes
FreeCellular metabolism is the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms in order to maintain life. Living organisms are unique in that they can extract energy from their environments and use it to carry out activities such as growth, development, and reproduction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
Photosynthesis and respiration
Photosynthesis may be thought of as a chemical reaction in which carbon dioxide from the air and water from the soil plus solar energy combine to produce carbohydrate and oxygen. What is similarity between human skeletal muscles and some bacteria? Match each Photosynthesis ad respiration term to its definition like Glucose, Chloroplast, Organelle, Guard Cells and many more. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Human biology I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :7
BIO.4.b) Maintenance of homeostasis.
Cell processes
FreeCellular metabolism is the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms in order to maintain life. Living organisms are unique in that they can extract energy from their environments and use it to carry out activities such as growth, development, and reproduction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :7
Human biology I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :7
Human biology II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :7
BIO.4.c) How the structures and functions vary among and within the Eukarya kingdoms of protists, fungi, plants, and animals, including humans.
Introduction to plants
Which woody plant structure possesses vascular tissue lenticels? From which part of the seed will the leaves and upper portions of the stem of a plant develop? Match each plants term to its definition like Lactic acid fermentation, ovule, gymnosperm, guard cells, phloem, vascular tissue, root cap. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :5
Microorganisms II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :5
Introduction to animals
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BIO.4.d) Human health issues, human anatomy, and body systems.
Microorganisms I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :5
BIO.4.e) How viruses compare with organisms.
Microorganisms I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :5
BIO.5. The student will investigate and understand common mechanisms of inheritance and protein synthesis. Key concepts include
BIO.5.a) Cell growth and division.
Cell Reproduction
The process where one cell forms two identical daughter cells. Mitosis is how somatic—or non-reproductive cells—divide. Meiosis is cell division that creates sex cells, like female egg cells or male sperm cells. Meiosis has two cycles of cell division, called Meiosis I and Meiosis II. Read more...iWorksheets :4
BIO.5.b) Gamete formation.
Cell Reproduction
The process where one cell forms two identical daughter cells. Mitosis is how somatic—or non-reproductive cells—divide. Meiosis is cell division that creates sex cells, like female egg cells or male sperm cells. Meiosis has two cycles of cell division, called Meiosis I and Meiosis II. Read more...iWorksheets :4
BIO.5.d) Prediction of inheritance of traits based on the Mendelian laws of heredity.
Genetics and heredity I
How many chromosomes would normally be contained in a gamete? Match each Genetics and heredity term to its definition like Genetic code, Crossing-over, Fertilization, Codon, Dominant allele, Ribosomes, Sex cells, Punnett square, Prophase II. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :7
BIO.5.e) Historical development of the structural model of DNA.
Cell Reproduction
The process where one cell forms two identical daughter cells. Mitosis is how somatic—or non-reproductive cells—divide. Meiosis is cell division that creates sex cells, like female egg cells or male sperm cells. Meiosis has two cycles of cell division, called Meiosis I and Meiosis II. Read more...iWorksheets :4
Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
The term nucleic acid is the name for DNA and RNA. They are composed of nucleotides. DNA molecules are double-stranded and RNA molecules are single-stranded. To initiate the process of information transfer, one strand of the double-stranded DNA chain serves as a template for the synthesis of a single strand of RNA that is complementary to the DNA strand. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BIO.5.g) The structure, function, and replication of nucleic acids.
Cell Reproduction
The process where one cell forms two identical daughter cells. Mitosis is how somatic—or non-reproductive cells—divide. Meiosis is cell division that creates sex cells, like female egg cells or male sperm cells. Meiosis has two cycles of cell division, called Meiosis I and Meiosis II. Read more...iWorksheets :4
Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
The term nucleic acid is the name for DNA and RNA. They are composed of nucleotides. DNA molecules are double-stranded and RNA molecules are single-stranded. To initiate the process of information transfer, one strand of the double-stranded DNA chain serves as a template for the synthesis of a single strand of RNA that is complementary to the DNA strand. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BIO.5.h) Events involved in the construction of proteins.
Nucleic acids and protein synthesis
The term nucleic acid is the name for DNA and RNA. They are composed of nucleotides. DNA molecules are double-stranded and RNA molecules are single-stranded. To initiate the process of information transfer, one strand of the double-stranded DNA chain serves as a template for the synthesis of a single strand of RNA that is complementary to the DNA strand. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BIO.5.i) Use, limitations, and misuse of genetic information.
DNA technology/genetic engineering
This topic is about biology and Forensic science. Students will learn to identify the structure and function of DNA, RNA and protein. They will also learn to describe the importance of generic information to forensics. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BIO.5.j) Exploration of the impact of DNA technologies.
DNA technology/genetic engineering
This topic is about biology and Forensic science. Students will learn to identify the structure and function of DNA, RNA and protein. They will also learn to describe the importance of generic information to forensics. Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :3
BIO.6. The student will investigate and understand bases for modern classification systems. Key concepts include
BIO.6.a) Structural similarities among organisms.
Introduction to plants
Which woody plant structure possesses vascular tissue lenticels? From which part of the seed will the leaves and upper portions of the stem of a plant develop? Match each plants term to its definition like Lactic acid fermentation, ovule, gymnosperm, guard cells, phloem, vascular tissue, root cap. Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :5
Microorganisms II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :5
Introduction to animals
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Invertebrates I
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Invertebrates II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Vertebrates I
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Vertebrates II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
BIO.6.e) Systems of classification that are adaptable to new scientific discoveries.
Evolution and classification
Categorize organisms using a hierarchical classification system based on similarities and differences. Evolutionary theory is a scientific explanation for the unity and diversity of life. Analyze the effects of evolutionary mechanisms, including genetic drift, gene flow, mutation and recombination. Read more...iWorksheets :3
BIO.7. The student will investigate and understand how populations change through time. Key concepts include
BIO.7.b) How genetic variation, reproductive strategies, and environmental pressures impact the survival of populations.
Evolution and classification
Categorize organisms using a hierarchical classification system based on similarities and differences. Evolutionary theory is a scientific explanation for the unity and diversity of life. Analyze the effects of evolutionary mechanisms, including genetic drift, gene flow, mutation and recombination. Read more...iWorksheets :3
BIO.7.c) How natural selection leads to adaptations.
Evolution and classification
Categorize organisms using a hierarchical classification system based on similarities and differences. Evolutionary theory is a scientific explanation for the unity and diversity of life. Analyze the effects of evolutionary mechanisms, including genetic drift, gene flow, mutation and recombination. Read more...iWorksheets :3
BIO.7.e) Scientific evidence and explanations for biological evolution.
Evolution and classification
Categorize organisms using a hierarchical classification system based on similarities and differences. Evolutionary theory is a scientific explanation for the unity and diversity of life. Analyze the effects of evolutionary mechanisms, including genetic drift, gene flow, mutation and recombination. Read more...iWorksheets :3
BIO.8. The student will investigate and understand dynamic equilibria within populations, communities, and ecosystems. Key concepts include
BIO.8.a) Interactions within and among populations including carrying capacities, limiting factors, and growth curves.
Evolution and classification
Categorize organisms using a hierarchical classification system based on similarities and differences. Evolutionary theory is a scientific explanation for the unity and diversity of life. Analyze the effects of evolutionary mechanisms, including genetic drift, gene flow, mutation and recombination. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Ecology I
Match each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology II
Match each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2
BIO.8.b) Nutrient cycling with energy flow through ecosystems.
Ecology I
Match each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology II
Match each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2
BIO.8.e) Analysis of the flora, fauna, and microorganisms of Virginia ecosystems.
Ecology I
Match each ecology term to its definition like Energy pyramid, Decomposer, Carnivore, Ecosystem, Owl pellet, Omnivore and many more. Which human activity would be more likely to have a positive/negative impact on the environment? Which factor determines the type of terrestrial plants that grow in an area? Which energy transfer is least likely to be found in nature? Read more...iWorksheets :4Vocabulary :2
Ecology II
Match each Ecology term to its definition like Trophic level, Food web, Consumer, Energy, Herbivore and more. Which component is not recycled in an ecosystem? Why Vultures, which are classified as scavengers, are an important part of an ecosystem? Which characteristic does creeping vine that is parasitic on other plants shares with all other heterotrophs? Read more...iWorksheets :3Vocabulary :2
Microorganisms I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :5

CHEMISTRY

CH.1. The student will investigate and understand that experiments in which variables are measured, analyzed, and evaluated produce observations and verifiable data. Key concepts include
CH.1.a) Designated laboratory techniques.
CH.1.f) Mathematical and procedural error analysis.
Thermodynamics
Worksheets :4
CH.1.g) Mathematical manipulations including SI units, scientific notation, linear equations, graphing, ratio and proportion, significant digits, and dimensional analysis.
Thermodynamics
Worksheets :4
CH.1.j) The use of current applications to reinforce chemistry concepts.
CH.2. The student will investigate and understand that the placement of elements on the periodic table is a function of their atomic structure. The periodic table is a tool used for the investigations of
CH.2.a) Average atomic mass, mass number, and atomic number.
Elements - Set I
Worksheets :3
Elements - Set II
Worksheets :3
CH.2.b) Isotopes, half lives, and radioactive decay.
Nuclear Chemistry
Worksheets :3
Atomic and Nuclear Physics
FreeWorksheets :4
CH.2.c) Mass and charge characteristics of subatomic particles.
Atomic Structure - Set I
Worksheets :3
Atomic Structure - Set II
Worksheets :3
Magnetism
Worksheets :3
Atomic and Nuclear Physics
FreeWorksheets :4
CH.2.d) Families or groups.
Elements - Set I
Worksheets :3
Elements - Set II
Worksheets :3
CH.2.g) Electron configurations, valence electrons, and oxidation numbers.
CH.2.h) Chemical and physical properties.
CH.3. The student will investigate and understand how conservation of energy and matter is expressed in chemical formulas and balanced equations. Key concepts include
CH.3.a) Nomenclature.
CH.3.b) Balancing chemical equations.
Chemical Equations
Worksheets :3
CH.3.c) Writing chemical formulas.
CH.3.d) Bonding types.
CH.3.e) Reaction types.
CH.3.f) Reaction rates, kinetics, and equilibrium.
Kinetics and Equilibrium
Worksheets :3
Chemical Reactions
Worksheets :3
Thermodynamics
Worksheets :4
CH.4. The student will investigate and understand that chemical quantities are based on molar relationships. Key concepts include
CH.4.a) Avogadro's principle and molar volume.
The Mole
Worksheets :3
CH.4.c) Solution concentrations.
The Mole
Worksheets :3
CH.4.d) Acid/base theory; strong electrolytes, weak electrolytes, and nonelectrolytes; dissociation and ionization; pH and pOH; and the titration process.
Acids, Bases and Salts
FreeWorksheets :3Vocabulary :1
CH.5. The student will investigate and understand that the phases of matter are explained by kinetic theory and forces of attraction between particles. Key concepts include
CH.5.a) Pressure, temperature, and volume.
States of Matter
Worksheets :3
Thermodynamics
Worksheets :4
CH.5.b) Partial pressure and gas laws.
Matter and Energy
Worksheets :3
States of Matter
Worksheets :3
Gases
Worksheets :3
Properties of Matter
Worksheets :4
Thermodynamics
Worksheets :4
CH.5.c) Vapor pressure.
Matter and Energy
Worksheets :3
States of Matter
Worksheets :3
Gases
Worksheets :3
Properties of Matter
Worksheets :4
CH.5.d) Phase changes.
Matter and Energy
Worksheets :3
States of Matter
Worksheets :3
Heat
Worksheets :3
CH.5.e) Molar heats of fusion and vaporization.
Heat
Worksheets :3
Thermodynamics
Worksheets :4
CH.5.f) Specific heat capacity.
Heat
Worksheets :3
CH.6. The student will investigate and understand how basic chemical properties relate to organic chemistry and biochemistry. Key concepts include
CH.6.a) Unique properties of carbon that allow multi-carbon compounds.
Organic Chemistry
Worksheets :3
CH.6.b) Uses in pharmaceuticals and genetics, petrochemicals, plastics, and food.
Organic Chemistry
Worksheets :3

PHYSICS

PH.1. The student will plan and conduct investigations using experimental design and product design processes. Key concepts include
PH.1.a) The components of a system are defined.
Electric Circuits
Worksheets :4
PH.1.b) Instruments are selected and used to extend observations and measurements.
PH.1.c) Information is recorded and presented in an organized format.
PH.1.g) Appropriate technology, including computers, graphing calculators, and probeware, is used for gathering and analyzing data and communicating results.
PH.2. The student will investigate and understand how to analyze and interpret data. Key concepts include
PH.2.a) A description of a physical problem is translated into a mathematical statement in order to find a solution.
PH.3. The student will investigate and demonstrate an understanding of the nature of science, scientific reasoning, and logic. Key concepts include
PH.3.b) Analysis of how science explains and predicts relationships.
Lab Investigations
Worksheets :3
PH.5. The student will investigate and understand the interrelationships among mass, distance, force, and time through mathematical and experimental processes. Key concepts include
PH.5.a) Linear motion.
Laws of Motion - Set I
Worksheets :4
Laws of Motion - Set II
Worksheets :3
Forces - Set I
Worksheets :4
Forces - Set II
Worksheets :3
Work and Energy
Worksheets :4
Momentum and Collisions
Worksheets :3
PH.5.b) Uniform circular motion.
PH.5.d) Newton's laws of motion.
Laws of Motion - Set I
Worksheets :4
Laws of Motion - Set II
Worksheets :3
Forces - Set I
Worksheets :4
Forces - Set II
Worksheets :3
Momentum and Collisions
Worksheets :3
Properties of Matter
Worksheets :4
PH.5.e) Gravitation.
PH.5.f) Planetary motion.
PH.5.g) Work, power, and energy.
Work and Energy
Worksheets :4
PH.6. The student will investigate and understand that quantities including mass, energy, momentum, and charge are conserved. Key concepts include
PH.6.a) Kinetic and potential energy.
PH.6.b) Elastic and inelastic collisions.
PH.7. The student will investigate and understand that energy can be transferred and transformed to provide USAble work. Key concepts include
PH.7.a) Transfer and storage of energy among systems including mechanical, thermal, gravitational, electromagnetic, chemical, and nuclear systems.
States of Matter
Worksheets :3
PH.8. The student will investigate and understand wave phenomena. Key concepts include
PH.8.a) Wave characteristics.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
Magnetism
Worksheets :3
PH.8.b) Fundamental wave processes.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
Sound
Worksheets :3
PH.8.c) Light and sound in terms of wave models.
Sound
Worksheets :3
Light
Worksheets :3
PH.9. The student will investigate and understand that different frequencies and wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum are phenomena ranging from radio waves through visible light to gamma radiation. Key concepts include
PH.9.a) The properties, behaviors, and relative size of radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma rays.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
PH.10. The student will investigate and understand how to use the field concept to describe the effects of gravitational, electric, and magnetic forces. Key concepts include
PH.10.b) Technological applications.
Electromagnetism
The production of a magnetic field around an electrical current is called electromagnetism. Read more...iWorksheets :3
PH.11. The student will investigate and understand how to diagram, construct, and analyze basic electrical circuits and explain the function of various circuit components. Key concepts include
PH.11.a) Ohm's law.
Electric Circuits
Worksheets :4
PH.12. The student will investigate and understand that extremely large and extremely small quantities are not necessarily described by the same laws as those studied in Newtonian physics. Key concepts may include
PH.12.b) Wave properties of matter.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
PH.12.f) Nuclear physics.
Nuclear Chemistry
Worksheets :3

VA.9-12. Virginia 2010 Science Standards of Learning

EARTH SCIENCE

ES.1. The student will plan and conduct investigations in which
ES.1.b) Technologies, including computers, probeware, and geospatial technologies, are used to collect, analyze, and report data and to demonstrate concepts and simulate experimental conditions.
Lab Investigations
Worksheets :3
Lab investigations
Worksheets :3
ES.1.c) Scales, diagrams, charts, graphs, tables, imagery, models, and profiles are constructed and interpreted.
Maps as Models of the Earth
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The History of Earth
Worksheets :3
ES.1.d) Maps and globes are read and interpreted, including location by latitude and longitude.
Maps as Models of the Earth
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.1.f) Current applications are used to reinforce Earth science concepts.
ES.3. The student will investigate and understand the characteristics of Earth and the solar system. Key concepts include
ES.3.a) Position of Earth in the solar system.
ES.3.b) Sun-Earth-moon relationships; (seasons, tides, and eclipses).
ES.3.c) Characteristics of the sun, planets and their moons, comets, meteors, and asteroids.
ES.3.d) The history and contributions of space exploration.
ES.4. The student will investigate and understand how to identify major rock-forming and ore minerals based on physical and chemical properties. Key concepts include
ES.4.a) Hardness, color and streak, luster, cleavage, fracture, and unique properties.
Rocks I
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Rocks II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
ES.4.b) Uses of minerals.
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
ES.5. The student will investigate and understand the rock cycle as it relates to the origin and transformation of rock types and how to identify common rock types based on mineral composition and textures. Key concepts include
ES.5.a) Igneous rocks.
Rocks I
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Rocks II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.5.b) Sedimentary rocks.
Rocks I
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Rocks II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.5.c) Metamorphic rocks.
Rocks I
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Rocks II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.6. The student will investigate and understand the differences between renewable and nonrenewable resources. Key concepts include
ES.6.d) Environmental costs and benefits.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.7. The student will investigate and understand geologic processes including plate tectonics. Key concepts include
ES.7.a) Geologic processes and their resulting features.
ES.7.b) Tectonic processes.
ES.8. The student will investigate and understand how freshwater resources are influenced by geologic processes and the activities of humans. Key concepts include
ES.8.a) Processes of soil development.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.8.c) Relationships between groundwater zones, including saturated and unsaturated zones, and the water table.
ES.8.d) Identification of sources of fresh water including rivers, springs, and aquifers, with reference to the hydrologic cycle.
ES.8.e) Dependence on freshwater resources and the effects of human USAge on water quality.
ES.9. The student will investigate and understand that many aspects of the history and evolution of Earth and life can be inferred by studying rocks and fossils. Key concepts include
ES.9.a) Traces and remains of ancient, often extinct, life are preserved by various means in many sedimentary rocks.
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
ES.9.b) Superposition, cross-cutting relationships, index fossils, and radioactive decay are methods of dating bodies of rock.
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
ES.9.c) Absolute and relative dating have different applications but can be used together to determine the age of rocks and structures.
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
ES.9.d) Rocks and fossils from many different geologic periods and epochs are found in Virginia.
The History of Earth
Worksheets :3
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
ES.10. The student will investigate and understand that oceans are complex, interactive physical, chemical, and biological systems and are subject to long- and short-term variations. Key concepts include
ES.10.a) Physical and chemical changes related to tides, waves, currents, sea level and ice cap variations, upwelling, and salinity variations.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES.10.b) Importance of environmental and geologic implications.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES.10.c) Systems interactions.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.10.d) Features of the sea floor as reflections of tectonic processes.
ES.10.e) Economic and public policy issues concerning the oceans and the coastal zone including the Chesapeake Bay.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES.11. The student will investigate and understand the origin and evolution of the atmosphere and the interrelationship of geologic processes, biologic processes, and human activities on its composition and dynamics. Key concepts include
ES.11.c) Atmospheric regulation mechanisms including the effects of density differences and energy transfer.
ES.11.d) Potential changes to the atmosphere and climate due to human, biologic, and geologic activity.
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.12. The student will investigate and understand that energy transfer between the sun and Earth and its atmosphere drives weather and climate on Earth. Key concepts include
ES.12.a) Observation and collection of weather data.
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.12.b) Prediction of weather patterns.
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.12.c) Severe weather occurrences, such as tornadoes, hurricanes, and major storms.
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.12.d) Weather phenomena and the factors that affect climate including radiation, conduction, and convection.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.13. The student will investigate and understand scientific concepts related to the origin and evolution of the universe. Key concepts include
ES.13.a) Cosmology including the Big Bang theory.
ES.13.b) The origin and evolution of stars, star systems, and galaxies.

CHEMISTRY

CH.2. The student will investigate and understand that the placement of elements on the periodic table is a function of their atomic structure. The periodic table is a tool used for the investigations of
CH.2.g) Electron configurations, valence electrons, and oxidation numbers.

PHYSICS

PH.1. The student will plan and conduct investigations using experimental design and product design processes. Key concepts include
PH.1.a) The components of a system are defined.
Electric Circuits
Worksheets :4
PH.1.b) Instruments are selected and used to extend observations and measurements.
PH.1.c) Information is recorded and presented in an organized format.
PH.1.g) Appropriate technology, including computers, graphing calculators, and probeware, is used for gathering and analyzing data and communicating results.
PH.2. The student will investigate and understand how to analyze and interpret data. Key concepts include
PH.2.a) A description of a physical problem is translated into a mathematical statement in order to find a solution.
PH.3. The student will investigate and demonstrate an understanding of the nature of science, scientific reasoning, and logic. Key concepts include
PH.3.b) Analysis of how science explains and predicts relationships.
Lab Investigations
Worksheets :3
PH.5. The student will investigate and understand the interrelationships among mass, distance, force, and time through mathematical and experimental processes. Key concepts include
PH.5.a) Linear motion.
Laws of Motion - Set II
Worksheets :3
Forces - Set I
Worksheets :4
PH.5.b) Uniform circular motion.
PH.5.d) Newton's laws of motion.
Laws of Motion - Set II
Worksheets :3
Forces - Set I
Worksheets :4
PH.5.e) Gravitation.
PH.5.f) Planetary motion.
PH.6. The student will investigate and understand that quantities including mass, energy, momentum, and charge are conserved. Key concepts include
PH.6.a) Kinetic and potential energy.
PH.8. The student will investigate and understand wave phenomena. Key concepts include
PH.8.a) Wave characteristics.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
PH.8.b) Fundamental wave processes.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
PH.9. The student will investigate and understand that different frequencies and wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum are phenomena ranging from radio waves through visible light to gamma radiation. Key concepts include
PH.9.a) The properties, behaviors, and relative size of radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma rays.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
PH.11. The student will investigate and understand how to diagram, construct, and analyze basic electrical circuits and explain the function of various circuit components. Key concepts include
PH.11.a) Ohm's law.
Electric Circuits
Worksheets :4
PH.12. The student will investigate and understand that extremely large and extremely small quantities are not necessarily described by the same laws as those studied in Newtonian physics. Key concepts may include
PH.12.b) Wave properties of matter.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

VA.9-12. Virginia 2010 Science Standards of Learning

EARTH SCIENCE

ES.1. The student will plan and conduct investigations in which
ES.1.b) Technologies, including computers, probeware, and geospatial technologies, are used to collect, analyze, and report data and to demonstrate concepts and simulate experimental conditions.
Lab Investigations
Worksheets :3
Lab investigations
Worksheets :3
ES.1.c) Scales, diagrams, charts, graphs, tables, imagery, models, and profiles are constructed and interpreted.
Maps as Models of the Earth
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The History of Earth
Worksheets :3
ES.1.d) Maps and globes are read and interpreted, including location by latitude and longitude.
Maps as Models of the Earth
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.1.f) Current applications are used to reinforce Earth science concepts.
ES.3. The student will investigate and understand the characteristics of Earth and the solar system. Key concepts include
ES.3.a) Position of Earth in the solar system.
ES.3.b) Sun-Earth-moon relationships; (seasons, tides, and eclipses).
ES.3.c) Characteristics of the sun, planets and their moons, comets, meteors, and asteroids.
ES.3.d) The history and contributions of space exploration.
ES.4. The student will investigate and understand how to identify major rock-forming and ore minerals based on physical and chemical properties. Key concepts include
ES.4.a) Hardness, color and streak, luster, cleavage, fracture, and unique properties.
Rocks I
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Rocks II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
ES.4.b) Uses of minerals.
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
ES.5. The student will investigate and understand the rock cycle as it relates to the origin and transformation of rock types and how to identify common rock types based on mineral composition and textures. Key concepts include
ES.5.a) Igneous rocks.
Rocks I
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Rocks II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.5.b) Sedimentary rocks.
Rocks I
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Rocks II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.5.c) Metamorphic rocks.
Rocks I
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Rocks II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.6. The student will investigate and understand the differences between renewable and nonrenewable resources. Key concepts include
ES.6.d) Environmental costs and benefits.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.7. The student will investigate and understand geologic processes including plate tectonics. Key concepts include
ES.7.a) Geologic processes and their resulting features.
ES.7.b) Tectonic processes.
ES.8. The student will investigate and understand how freshwater resources are influenced by geologic processes and the activities of humans. Key concepts include
ES.8.a) Processes of soil development.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.8.c) Relationships between groundwater zones, including saturated and unsaturated zones, and the water table.
ES.8.d) Identification of sources of fresh water including rivers, springs, and aquifers, with reference to the hydrologic cycle.
ES.8.e) Dependence on freshwater resources and the effects of human USAge on water quality.
ES.9. The student will investigate and understand that many aspects of the history and evolution of Earth and life can be inferred by studying rocks and fossils. Key concepts include
ES.9.a) Traces and remains of ancient, often extinct, life are preserved by various means in many sedimentary rocks.
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
ES.9.b) Superposition, cross-cutting relationships, index fossils, and radioactive decay are methods of dating bodies of rock.
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
ES.9.c) Absolute and relative dating have different applications but can be used together to determine the age of rocks and structures.
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
ES.9.d) Rocks and fossils from many different geologic periods and epochs are found in Virginia.
The History of Earth
Worksheets :3
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
ES.10. The student will investigate and understand that oceans are complex, interactive physical, chemical, and biological systems and are subject to long- and short-term variations. Key concepts include
ES.10.a) Physical and chemical changes related to tides, waves, currents, sea level and ice cap variations, upwelling, and salinity variations.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES.10.b) Importance of environmental and geologic implications.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES.10.c) Systems interactions.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.10.d) Features of the sea floor as reflections of tectonic processes.
ES.10.e) Economic and public policy issues concerning the oceans and the coastal zone including the Chesapeake Bay.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES.11. The student will investigate and understand the origin and evolution of the atmosphere and the interrelationship of geologic processes, biologic processes, and human activities on its composition and dynamics. Key concepts include
ES.11.c) Atmospheric regulation mechanisms including the effects of density differences and energy transfer.
ES.11.d) Potential changes to the atmosphere and climate due to human, biologic, and geologic activity.
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.12. The student will investigate and understand that energy transfer between the sun and Earth and its atmosphere drives weather and climate on Earth. Key concepts include
ES.12.a) Observation and collection of weather data.
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.12.b) Prediction of weather patterns.
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.12.c) Severe weather occurrences, such as tornadoes, hurricanes, and major storms.
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.12.d) Weather phenomena and the factors that affect climate including radiation, conduction, and convection.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.13. The student will investigate and understand scientific concepts related to the origin and evolution of the universe. Key concepts include
ES.13.a) Cosmology including the Big Bang theory.
ES.13.b) The origin and evolution of stars, star systems, and galaxies.

CHEMISTRY

CH.2. The student will investigate and understand that the placement of elements on the periodic table is a function of their atomic structure. The periodic table is a tool used for the investigations of
CH.2.g) Electron configurations, valence electrons, and oxidation numbers.

PHYSICS

PH.1. The student will plan and conduct investigations using experimental design and product design processes. Key concepts include
PH.1.a) The components of a system are defined.
Electric Circuits
Worksheets :4
PH.1.b) Instruments are selected and used to extend observations and measurements.
PH.1.c) Information is recorded and presented in an organized format.
PH.1.g) Appropriate technology, including computers, graphing calculators, and probeware, is used for gathering and analyzing data and communicating results.
PH.2. The student will investigate and understand how to analyze and interpret data. Key concepts include
PH.2.a) A description of a physical problem is translated into a mathematical statement in order to find a solution.
PH.3. The student will investigate and demonstrate an understanding of the nature of science, scientific reasoning, and logic. Key concepts include
PH.3.b) Analysis of how science explains and predicts relationships.
Lab Investigations
Worksheets :3
PH.5. The student will investigate and understand the interrelationships among mass, distance, force, and time through mathematical and experimental processes. Key concepts include
PH.5.a) Linear motion.
Laws of Motion - Set II
Worksheets :3
Forces - Set I
Worksheets :4
PH.5.b) Uniform circular motion.
PH.5.d) Newton's laws of motion.
Laws of Motion - Set II
Worksheets :3
Forces - Set I
Worksheets :4
PH.5.e) Gravitation.
PH.5.f) Planetary motion.
PH.6. The student will investigate and understand that quantities including mass, energy, momentum, and charge are conserved. Key concepts include
PH.6.a) Kinetic and potential energy.
PH.8. The student will investigate and understand wave phenomena. Key concepts include
PH.8.a) Wave characteristics.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
PH.8.b) Fundamental wave processes.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
PH.9. The student will investigate and understand that different frequencies and wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum are phenomena ranging from radio waves through visible light to gamma radiation. Key concepts include
PH.9.a) The properties, behaviors, and relative size of radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma rays.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
PH.11. The student will investigate and understand how to diagram, construct, and analyze basic electrical circuits and explain the function of various circuit components. Key concepts include
PH.11.a) Ohm's law.
Electric Circuits
Worksheets :4
PH.12. The student will investigate and understand that extremely large and extremely small quantities are not necessarily described by the same laws as those studied in Newtonian physics. Key concepts may include
PH.12.b) Wave properties of matter.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4

VA.9-12. Virginia 2010 Science Standards of Learning

EARTH SCIENCE

ES.1. The student will plan and conduct investigations in which
ES.1.b) Technologies, including computers, probeware, and geospatial technologies, are used to collect, analyze, and report data and to demonstrate concepts and simulate experimental conditions.
Lab Investigations
Worksheets :3
Lab investigations
Worksheets :3
ES.1.c) Scales, diagrams, charts, graphs, tables, imagery, models, and profiles are constructed and interpreted.
Maps as Models of the Earth
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The History of Earth
Worksheets :3
ES.1.d) Maps and globes are read and interpreted, including location by latitude and longitude.
Maps as Models of the Earth
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.1.f) Current applications are used to reinforce Earth science concepts.
ES.3. The student will investigate and understand the characteristics of Earth and the solar system. Key concepts include
ES.3.a) Position of Earth in the solar system.
ES.3.b) Sun-Earth-moon relationships; (seasons, tides, and eclipses).
ES.3.c) Characteristics of the sun, planets and their moons, comets, meteors, and asteroids.
ES.3.d) The history and contributions of space exploration.
ES.4. The student will investigate and understand how to identify major rock-forming and ore minerals based on physical and chemical properties. Key concepts include
ES.4.a) Hardness, color and streak, luster, cleavage, fracture, and unique properties.
Rocks I
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Rocks II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
ES.4.b) Uses of minerals.
Minerals II
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :2
ES.5. The student will investigate and understand the rock cycle as it relates to the origin and transformation of rock types and how to identify common rock types based on mineral composition and textures. Key concepts include
ES.5.a) Igneous rocks.
Rocks I
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Rocks II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.5.b) Sedimentary rocks.
Rocks I
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Rocks II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.5.c) Metamorphic rocks.
Rocks I
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
Rocks II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.6. The student will investigate and understand the differences between renewable and nonrenewable resources. Key concepts include
ES.6.d) Environmental costs and benefits.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.7. The student will investigate and understand geologic processes including plate tectonics. Key concepts include
ES.7.a) Geologic processes and their resulting features.
ES.7.b) Tectonic processes.
ES.8. The student will investigate and understand how freshwater resources are influenced by geologic processes and the activities of humans. Key concepts include
ES.8.a) Processes of soil development.
Weathering and Erosion
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.8.c) Relationships between groundwater zones, including saturated and unsaturated zones, and the water table.
ES.8.d) Identification of sources of fresh water including rivers, springs, and aquifers, with reference to the hydrologic cycle.
ES.8.e) Dependence on freshwater resources and the effects of human USAge on water quality.
ES.9. The student will investigate and understand that many aspects of the history and evolution of Earth and life can be inferred by studying rocks and fossils. Key concepts include
ES.9.a) Traces and remains of ancient, often extinct, life are preserved by various means in many sedimentary rocks.
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
ES.9.b) Superposition, cross-cutting relationships, index fossils, and radioactive decay are methods of dating bodies of rock.
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
ES.9.c) Absolute and relative dating have different applications but can be used together to determine the age of rocks and structures.
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
ES.9.d) Rocks and fossils from many different geologic periods and epochs are found in Virginia.
The History of Earth
Worksheets :3
Fossils I
Worksheets :4
Fossils II
Worksheets :3
ES.10. The student will investigate and understand that oceans are complex, interactive physical, chemical, and biological systems and are subject to long- and short-term variations. Key concepts include
ES.10.a) Physical and chemical changes related to tides, waves, currents, sea level and ice cap variations, upwelling, and salinity variations.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES.10.b) Importance of environmental and geologic implications.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES.10.c) Systems interactions.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.10.d) Features of the sea floor as reflections of tectonic processes.
ES.10.e) Economic and public policy issues concerning the oceans and the coastal zone including the Chesapeake Bay.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
ES.11. The student will investigate and understand the origin and evolution of the atmosphere and the interrelationship of geologic processes, biologic processes, and human activities on its composition and dynamics. Key concepts include
ES.11.c) Atmospheric regulation mechanisms including the effects of density differences and energy transfer.
ES.11.d) Potential changes to the atmosphere and climate due to human, biologic, and geologic activity.
The Atmosphere
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.12. The student will investigate and understand that energy transfer between the sun and Earth and its atmosphere drives weather and climate on Earth. Key concepts include
ES.12.a) Observation and collection of weather data.
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.12.b) Prediction of weather patterns.
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.12.c) Severe weather occurrences, such as tornadoes, hurricanes, and major storms.
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.12.d) Weather phenomena and the factors that affect climate including radiation, conduction, and convection.
Oceans
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather I
Worksheets :4Vocabulary :3
Weather II
Worksheets :3Vocabulary :3
ES.13. The student will investigate and understand scientific concepts related to the origin and evolution of the universe. Key concepts include
ES.13.a) Cosmology including the Big Bang theory.
ES.13.b) The origin and evolution of stars, star systems, and galaxies.

CHEMISTRY

CH.2. The student will investigate and understand that the placement of elements on the periodic table is a function of their atomic structure. The periodic table is a tool used for the investigations of
CH.2.g) Electron configurations, valence electrons, and oxidation numbers.

PHYSICS

PH.1. The student will plan and conduct investigations using experimental design and product design processes. Key concepts include
PH.1.a) The components of a system are defined.
Electric Circuits
Worksheets :4
PH.1.b) Instruments are selected and used to extend observations and measurements.
PH.1.c) Information is recorded and presented in an organized format.
PH.1.g) Appropriate technology, including computers, graphing calculators, and probeware, is used for gathering and analyzing data and communicating results.
PH.2. The student will investigate and understand how to analyze and interpret data. Key concepts include
PH.2.a) A description of a physical problem is translated into a mathematical statement in order to find a solution.
PH.3. The student will investigate and demonstrate an understanding of the nature of science, scientific reasoning, and logic. Key concepts include
PH.3.b) Analysis of how science explains and predicts relationships.
Lab Investigations
Worksheets :3
PH.5. The student will investigate and understand the interrelationships among mass, distance, force, and time through mathematical and experimental processes. Key concepts include
PH.5.a) Linear motion.
Laws of Motion - Set II
Worksheets :3
Forces - Set I
Worksheets :4
PH.5.b) Uniform circular motion.
PH.5.d) Newton's laws of motion.
Laws of Motion - Set II
Worksheets :3
Forces - Set I
Worksheets :4
PH.5.e) Gravitation.
PH.5.f) Planetary motion.
PH.6. The student will investigate and understand that quantities including mass, energy, momentum, and charge are conserved. Key concepts include
PH.6.a) Kinetic and potential energy.
PH.8. The student will investigate and understand wave phenomena. Key concepts include
PH.8.a) Wave characteristics.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
PH.8.b) Fundamental wave processes.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
PH.9. The student will investigate and understand that different frequencies and wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum are phenomena ranging from radio waves through visible light to gamma radiation. Key concepts include
PH.9.a) The properties, behaviors, and relative size of radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma rays.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
PH.11. The student will investigate and understand how to diagram, construct, and analyze basic electrical circuits and explain the function of various circuit components. Key concepts include
PH.11.a) Ohm's law.
Electric Circuits
Worksheets :4
PH.12. The student will investigate and understand that extremely large and extremely small quantities are not necessarily described by the same laws as those studied in Newtonian physics. Key concepts may include
PH.12.b) Wave properties of matter.
Vibrations and Waves
Vibration is the analogous motion of the particles of a mass of air or the like, whose state of equilibrium has been disturbed, as in transmitting sound. Read more...iWorksheets :4
Standards

NewPath Learning resources are fully aligned to US Education Standards. Select a standard below to view correlations to your selected resource:

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