What's New: English Language Arts Worksheets and Study Guides

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Drawing Conclusions Fifth Grade English Language Arts
Roots/Prefixes/Suffixes Fourth Grade English Language Arts
Capitalization Seventh Grade English Language Arts
Grammar/Spelling Sixth Grade English Language Arts
Context Clues Sixth Grade English Language Arts
Parts of a Book Sixth Grade English Language Arts

Maryland Standards for Fifth Grade English Language Arts

MD.1.0. General Reading Processes

1.C. Students will read orally with accuracy and expression at a rate that sounds like speech.

1.C.1. Read orally at an appropriate rate
1.C.1.a. Read familiar text at a rate that is conversational and consistent
1.C.2. Read grade-level text with both high accuracy and appropriate pacing, intonation, and expression
1.C.2.a. Apply knowledge of word structures and patterns to read with automaticity
1.C.2.b. Demonstrate appropriate use of phrasing
1.C.2.b.2. Use punctuation cues to guide meaning and expression1.C.2.b.3. Use pacing and intonation to convey meaning and expression1.C.2.b.4. Adjust intonation and pitch appropriately
1.C.2.c. Increase sight words read fluently

1.D. Students will use a variety of strategies and opportunities to understand word meaning and to increase vocabulary.

1.D.1. Develop and apply vocabulary through exposure to a variety of texts
1.D.1.a. Acquire new vocabulary through listening to, independently reading, and discussing a variety of literary and informational texts
1.D.1.b. Discuss words and word meanings daily as they are encountered in text, instruction, and conversation
1.D.2. Develop and apply a conceptual understanding of new words
1.D.2.b. Identify and explain relationships between and among words
1.D.3. Understand, acquire, and use new vocabulary
1.D.3.a. Use context to determine the meanings of words
1.D.3.b. Use word structure to determine the meaning of words
1.D.3.c. Use resources to confirm definitions and gather further information about words
1.D.3.d. Use new vocabulary in speaking and writing to gain and extend content knowledge and clarify expression

1.E. Students will use a variety of strategies to understand what they read (construct meaning).

1.E.1. Develop and apply comprehension skills through exposure to a variety of print and non-print texts, including traditional print and electronic texts
1.E.1.a. Listen to critically, read, and discuss texts representing diversity in content, culture, authorship, and perspective, including areas such as race, gender, disability, religion, and socio-economic background
1.E.2. Use strategies to prepare for reading (before reading)
1.E.2.a. Survey and preview the text by examining features such as the title, illustrations, photographs, charts, and graphs
1.E.2.c. Make predictions and ask questions about the text
1.E.2.d. Make connections to the text from prior knowledge and experiences
1.E.3. Use strategies to make meaning from text (during reading)
1.E.3.d. Skim the text to search for connections between and among ideas
1.E.3.e. Make, confirm, or adjust predictions
1.E.3.f. Periodically summarize while reading
1.E.3.j. Explain personal connections to the ideas or information in the text
1.E.4. Use strategies to demonstrate understanding of the text (after reading)
1.E.4.a. Identify and explain the main idea
1.E.4.b. Identify and explain what is directly stated in the text
1.E.4.c. Identify and explain what is not directly stated in the text by drawing inferences
1.E.4.d. Draw conclusions or make generalizations about the text
1.E.4.e. Confirm, refute, or make predictions and form new ideas
1.E.4.f. Paraphrase the main idea
1.E.4.g. Summarize
1.E.4.h. Connect the text to prior knowledge or personal experience

MD.2.0. Comprehension of Informational Text

2.A.1. Develop and apply comprehension skills by reading a variety of self-selected and assigned print and non-print informational texts, including electronic media

2.A.1.a. Read, use, and identify the characteristics of nonfiction materials such as textbooks, appropriate reference materials, research and historical documents, personal narratives, diaries, and journals, biographies, newspapers, letters, articles, web sites and other online materials, other appropriate content-specific texts to gain information and content knowledge
2.A.1.b. Read, use, and identify the characteristics of functional documents such as sets of directions, science investigations, atlases, posters, flyers, forms, instructional manuals, menus, pamphlets, rules, invitations, recipes, advertisements, other functional documents
2.A.1.c. Select and read to gain information from personal interest materials such as brochures, books, magazines, cookbooks, catalogs, and web sites

2.A.2. Identify and use text features to facilitate understanding of informational texts

2.A.2.a. Use print features such as large bold print, font size/type, italics, colored print, quotation marks, underlining, and other appropriate content-specific texts
2.A.2.b. Use graphic aids such as illustrations and pictures, photographs, drawings, sketches, cartoons, maps (key, scale, legend, graphs, charts/tables, and diagrams, other graphic aids encountered in informational texts
2.A.2.c. Use informational aids such as introductions and overviews, materials lists, timelines, captions, glossed words, labels, numbered steps, bulleted lists, footnoted words, pronunciation key, transition words, other informational aids encountered in informational texts
2.A.2.d. Use organizational aids such as titles, chapter titles, headings, subheadings, tables of contents, numbered steps, glossaries, indices, transition words, other organizational aids encountered in organizational texts
2.A.2.f. Identify and explain the contributions of text features to meaning

2.A.3. Develop and apply knowledge of organizational structure of informational text to understand what is read

2.A.3.a. Identify and analyze the organizational patterns of texts such as sequential and/or chronological order, cause/effect, problem/solution, similarities/differences, description, main idea and supporting details
2.A.3.b. Identify and use words and phrases associated with common organizational patterns such as words that show chronology (first, second, third), description (above, beneath, next to, beside), cause and effect (because, as a result), sequence (next, then, finally)

2.A.4. Determine and analyze important ideas and messages in informational texts

2.A.4.a. Identify and explain the author's/text's purpose and intended audience
2.A.4.c. State and support main ideas and messages
2.A.4.d. Summarize or paraphrase
2.A.4.e. Identify and explain information not related to the main idea
2.A.4.g. Draw conclusions and inferences and make generalizations and predictions from text
2.A.4.h. Distinguish between a fact and an opinion

2.A.5. Identify and explain the author's use of language

2.A.5.a. Identify and explain specific words or phrases that contribute to the meaning of a text
2.A.5.c. Identify and explain the effect of repetition of words and phrases

2.A.6. Read critically to evaluate informational text

2.A.6.b. Identify and explain additions or changes to format or text features that would make the text easier to understand
2.A.6.d. Explain whether or not the author's opinion is presented fairly
2.A.6.e. Identify and explain information not included in the text

MD.3.0. Comprehension of Literary Text

3.A.1. Develop and apply comprehension skills by reading a variety of self-selected and assigned literary texts including print and non-print

3.A.1.a. Listen to critically, read, and discuss a variety of literary texts representing diverse cultures, perspectives, ethnicities, and time periods
3.A.1.b. Listen to critically, read, and discuss a variety of literary forms and genres

3.A.2. Analyze text features to facilitate understanding of literary texts

3.A.2.a. Identify and explain how organizational aids such as the title of the book, story, poem, or play, titles of chapters, subtitles, subheadings contribute to meaning
3.A.2.b. Identify and explain how graphic aids such as pictures and illustrations, punctuation, print features contribute to meaning
3.A.2.c. Identify and explain how informational aids such as introductions and overviews, materials lists, timelines, captions, glossed words, labels, numbered steps, bulleted lists, footnoted words, pronunciation keys, transition words, end notes, works cited, other information aids encountered in informational texts contribute to meaning
3.A.2.d. Identify and explain how print features such as large bold print, font size/type, italics, colored print, quotation marks, underlining, other print features encountered in informational texts contribute to meaning

3.A.3. Analyze elements of narrative texts to facilitate understanding and interpretation

3.A.3.a. Identify and distinguish among types of narrative texts such as short stories, folklore, legends, myths, realistic fiction, science fiction, historical fiction, biographies, autobiographies, personal narratives, plays, and poetry
3.A.3.b. Identify and explain the events of the plot
3.A.3.c. Identify and describe the setting and the mood and explain how the setting affects the characters and the mood
3.A.3.d. Analyze characterization
3.A.3.e. Identify and explain relationships between and among characters, setting, and events
3.A.3.f. Identify and explain how the actions of the character(s) affect the plot

3.A.4. Analyze elements of poetry to facilitate understanding and interpretation

3.A.4.a. Use structural features to identify poetry as a literary form and distinguish among types of poems such as haiku, form/shape poetry, etc.
3.A.4.b. Identify and explain the meaning of words, lines, and stanzas
3.A.4.c. Identify and explain sound elements of poetry
3.A.4.d. Identify and explain other poetic elements such as setting, mood, tone, etc., that contribute to meaning

3.A.5. Analyze elements of drama to facilitate understanding

3.A.5.a. Use structural features to identify a play as a literary form and distinguish among types of plays
3.A.5.b. Identify and explain the action of a scene
3.A.5.c. Identify and explain how stage directions create character and movement
3.A.5.d. Identify and explain stage directions and dialogue that help to create character

3.A.6. Determine important ideas and messages in literary texts

3.A.6.b. Identify and explain similar themes across multiple texts
3.A.6.d. Summarize
3.A.6.e. Identify and explain personal connections to the text
3.A.6.f. Explain the implications of the text for the reader and/or society

3.A.7. Identify and describe the author's use of language

3.A.7.b. Identify and explain specific words and phrases that contribute to meaning
3.A.7.d. Identify and explain figurative language that contributes to meaning
3.A.7.f. Identify and explain how repetition and exaggeration contribute to meaning

3.A.8. Read critically to evaluate literary texts

3.A.8.a. Determine and explain the plausibility of the characters' actions and the plot
3.A.8.c. Identify and explain the relationship between a literary text and its historical context
3.A.8.d. Identify and explain the relationship between the structure and the purpose of the text

MD.4.0. Writing

4.A.1. Compose texts using the prewriting and drafting strategies of effective writers and speakers

4.A.1.b. Select and use appropriate organizational structures such as narrative, chronological or sequential order, description, main idea and detail, problem/solution, question/answer, comparison and contrast, cause and effect
4.A.1.b.1. Complete an idea by providing topic, support, and concluding sentences

4.A.2. Compose oral, written, and visual presentations that express personal ideas, inform, and persuade

4.A.2.b. Describe in prose and/or poetic forms to clarify, extend, or elaborate on ideas by using vivid language such as imagery and figurative language
4.A.2.c. Compose to inform using relevant support and a variety of appropriate organizational structures and signal words within a paragraph
4.A.2.d. Compose to persuade using significant reasons and relevant support to agree or disagree with an idea
4.A.2.d.1. Take a position and generate convincing reasons to support it
4.A.2.f. Manage time and process when writing for a given purpose

4.A.3. Compose texts using the revising and editing strategies of effective writers and speakers

4.A.3.a. Revise texts for clarity, completeness, and effectiveness
4.A.3.a.2. Clarify meaning by adding modifiers and sensory words within a sentence
4.A.3.a.3. Clarify meaning by rearranging sentences within a text

4.A.5. Assess the effectiveness of choice of details, organizational pattern, word choice, syntax, use of figurative language, and rhetorical devices in the student's own composing

4.A.5.c. Examine and use transitions showing importance and relation such as ''because,'' ''additionally,'' ''unless,'' ''although,'' and ''so''

4.A.7. Locate, retrieve, and use information from various sources to accomplish a purpose

4.A.7.a. Identify, evaluate, and use sources of information on a self-selected and/or given topic
4.A.7.e. Credit sources when paraphrasing, summarizing, and quoting to avoid plagiarism

MD.5.0. Controlling Language

5.A.1. Recognize elements of grammar in personal and academic reading

5.A.2. Recognize, recall, and use basic elements of grammar to express ideas clearly

5.A.2.a. Recognize the meaning, position, form, and function of words when identifying grammatical concepts such as concrete, collective, and abstract nouns; demonstrative and relative pronouns; subordinating conjunctions
5.A.2.b. Combine sentences using appositives, participial phrases, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases
5.A.2.c. Differentiate between a phrase and a clause and between grammatically complete sentences and non-sentences such as sentence fragments and stringy/rambling sentences
5.A.2.d. Compose simple, compound, and complex sentences using independent and dependent clauses, transitions, and conjunctions to connect ideas

5.B.1. Recognize examples of conventional USAge in personal and academic reading

5.B.2. Comprehend and apply standard English USAge in oral and written language

5.B.2.a. Apply appropriate subject/verb agreement such as in compound subjects and with phrases that interrupt the subject and the verb
5.B.2.b. Apply consistent and appropriate use of the principal parts of regular and irregular verbs; person, number, and case of pronouns; pronoun/antecedent agreement; and degrees of comparison of modifiers
5.B.2.c. Recognize and correct common USAge errors such as misplaced modifiers and incorrect use of verbs such as lie - lay, rise - raise, sit - set

5.C.2. Apply standard English punctuation and capitalization in written language

5.C.2.b. Use apostrophes in plural possessives and nouns that end in -s
5.C.2.c. Use quotation marks and commas in dialogue
5.C.2.d. Use a colon to introduce a list
5.C.2.e. Use quotation marks and commas in simple dialogue and for direct quotations

5.D.1. Recognize conventional spelling in and through personal and academic reading

5.D.2. Apply conventional spelling in written language

5.D.2.a. Spell grade-appropriate high-frequency and content words
5.D.2.b. Spell multi-syllabic words with complex spelling patterns
5.D.2.d. Use mnemonic devices to recall frequently misspelled words

5.D.3. Maintain a personal list of words to use in editing original writing

MD.6.0. Listening

6.A.2. Comprehend and analyze what is heard

6.A.2.e. Determine speaker's attitude through verbal and non-verbal cues such as tone of voice, inflections, and facial expressions

MD.7.0. Speaking

7.A.2. Make oral presentations

7.A.2.a. Speak in a variety of situations to inform and/or relate experiences, including retelling stories
7.A.2.c. Participate in dramatic presentations

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