Virginia Standards of Learning for Fifth Grade English Language Arts

Informal LanguageInformal language is mainly used between people who know each other well, or in relaxed and unofficial contexts. Informal language is mostly used while talking. we can also use informal language when we are writing such as writing a postcard to a family member or sending a text message to a friend or some business correspondences. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
NounsRecognize, recall, and use basic elements of grammar to express ideas clearly. <br> Uses subject vs. object pronouns correctly (e.g., I vs. me). Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Parts of SpeechA Noun is a person, place, or thing. A Verb is a word that shows action or being. An Adjective describes a noun or a pronoun. A Pronoun takes the place of a noun. Examples of pronouns: he, she, it, they, them, me, we, I, you, us. Subject / Verb Agreement: the subject must agree with the verb in a sentence. Read more...iWorksheets: 7Study Guides: 1
VerbsWhat is a Verb? A Verb is a word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence. The majority of verbs are regular and consistently use -ed and -en to form their simple past tense and past participles. Many verbs are irregular and follow no consistent pattern in creating their -ed and/or -en forms. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
High Frequency Words IHigh frequency words are quite simply those words which occur most frequently in written material, for example, "and", "the", "as" and "it". Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
High Frequency Words IIWhat are High Frequency Words? High frequency words are words that you may come across often when reading. Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
Labels/Captions for GraphicsWhich caption is the best choice? Demonstrate knowledge of concepts of print. Employ pre-reading strategies to facilitate comprehension. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Author's Purpose/Point of ViewAn author writes for many reasons, such as to inform, to entertain, or to persuade. Read more...iWorksheets: 5Study Guides: 1
Literary DevicesWhat is Onomatopoeia? Onomatopoeia is a word that sounds like the word it is describing. What is a Hyperbole? Hyperbole is an exaggerated comparison. What is a Simile? Read more...iWorksheets: 7Study Guides: 1
Literary GenresA literary genre is a category of literary composition. Genres may be determined by literary technique, tone, content, or length. Read more...iWorksheets: 4
Parts of a BookBooks contain several informational and important parts, including: Table of Contents, Index and Glossary Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Plot FeaturesA plot is the sequence of events that make up a story: Exposition, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, Resolution/Denoument. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Decoding StrategiesDecoding means to translate a message from a code into the original language or form. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Purpose for WritingPurpose for writing (to explain, describe, narrate, persuade or express feelings). Read more...iWorksheets: 3
SpellingThere are some words that are difficult to remember how to spell: Plurals, Possessive Nouns (words that show ownership), Homophones (two or more words having the same pronunciation but different meanings, origins, or spelling). Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
Supporting/Concluding SentencesSupporting sentences support the main idea of the paragraph. These sentences follow a topic sentence in a paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1

VA.R.5. Reading

5.4. The student will expand vocabulary when reading.

5.4.a. Use context to clarify meaning of unfamiliar words and phrases.
Context CluesContext clues are clues found in a text that may help you figure out the definition of a word that you do not know. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
VocabularyYour vocabulary is made up words that you know how to pronounce, know the correct meaning of, and know how to use properly in a sentence. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
VocabularyWhat are Adjectives, Adverbs, Antonyms, Synonyms, and Homographs? An adjective describes a noun or a pronoun. An adverb can tell you how, where, or when something is done. Antonyms are words that mean the opposite of each other. Synonyms are words that have almost the same meaning. Homographs are words that have more than one definition. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Decoding StrategiesDecoding means to convert (a coded message) into intelligible language. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Context CluesContext cluesare hints found in a text that may help to figure out the meaning of a difficult word. A context clue might be in the same sentence, the sentence before, or the sentence after the difficult word. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Context CluesThe five types of Context Clues are: Example Clues (group of items in a category), Synonym Clues (similar meaning is in the text), Antonym Clues (opposite meaning is in the text), Direct Definition Clues (meaning is stated in the sentence) and Appositive Clues (meaning is set off by commas). Read more...iWorksheets :3
VocabularyWhat is Vocabulary? Vocabulary is a list, collection, or group of words that are known by someone. Your vocabulary is all the words you know how to pronounce, what they mean, and how to use them in a sentence too. Your vocabulary includes many kinds of words such as adjectives, adverbs, synonyms, antonyms, and even homographs. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
5.4.b. Use context and sentence structure to determine meanings and differentiate among multiple meanings of words.
Context CluesContext clues are clues found in a text that may help you figure out the definition of a word that you do not know. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
VocabularyYour vocabulary is made up words that you know how to pronounce, know the correct meaning of, and know how to use properly in a sentence. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
VocabularyWhat are Adjectives, Adverbs, Antonyms, Synonyms, and Homographs? An adjective describes a noun or a pronoun. An adverb can tell you how, where, or when something is done. Antonyms are words that mean the opposite of each other. Synonyms are words that have almost the same meaning. Homographs are words that have more than one definition. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Decoding StrategiesDecoding means to convert (a coded message) into intelligible language. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Context CluesContext cluesare hints found in a text that may help to figure out the meaning of a difficult word. A context clue might be in the same sentence, the sentence before, or the sentence after the difficult word. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Context CluesThe five types of Context Clues are: Example Clues (group of items in a category), Synonym Clues (similar meaning is in the text), Antonym Clues (opposite meaning is in the text), Direct Definition Clues (meaning is stated in the sentence) and Appositive Clues (meaning is set off by commas). Read more...iWorksheets :3
VocabularyWhat is Vocabulary? Vocabulary is a list, collection, or group of words that are known by someone. Your vocabulary is all the words you know how to pronounce, what they mean, and how to use them in a sentence too. Your vocabulary includes many kinds of words such as adjectives, adverbs, synonyms, antonyms, and even homographs. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
5.4.c. Use knowledge of roots, affixes, synonyms, antonyms, and homophones to determine the meaning of new words.
VocabularyYour vocabulary is made up words that you know how to pronounce, know the correct meaning of, and know how to use properly in a sentence. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Prefix/Suffix/SyllablesA prefix is a group of letters placed before a root word or another prefix creating a new word. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
VocabularyWhat are Adjectives, Adverbs, Antonyms, Synonyms, and Homographs? An adjective describes a noun or a pronoun. An adverb can tell you how, where, or when something is done. Antonyms are words that mean the opposite of each other. Synonyms are words that have almost the same meaning. Homographs are words that have more than one definition. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Decoding StrategiesDecoding means to convert (a coded message) into intelligible language. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Synonyms/AntonymsAn antonym is a word that means the opposite of another word. For example "up" is an antonym of "down". Synonyms are words with the same or similar meaning. Synonyms for "Intelligent" are "smart" and "clever". Read more...iWorksheets :4
Prefix/SuffixA prefix is a group of letters added to the beginning of a root word or another prefix. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Root WordsWhat are Root Words? A root is the foundation on which the meaning of the word is built. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Synonyms/AntonymsWhat are Synonyms? Synonyms are words that have nearly the same meaning. What are Antonyms? Antonyms are words that mean the opposite of each other. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
VocabularyWhat is Vocabulary? Vocabulary is a list, collection, or group of words that are known by someone. Your vocabulary is all the words you know how to pronounce, what they mean, and how to use them in a sentence too. Your vocabulary includes many kinds of words such as adjectives, adverbs, synonyms, antonyms, and even homographs. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Roots/Prefixes/SuffixesWhat are Root Words, Prefixes, and Suffixes? A root word is a word with no prefixes or suffixes added to it. A root word is the basic element, the base, of a word. A prefix is added to the beginning of a root word to form a new word. A suffix is added to the ending of a root word to form a new word. Adding a prefix or suffix to a root word can change the meaning of that root word. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
AnalogiesWhat is an Analogy? An analogy is a comparison of two different things that have something particular in common. An analogy is a comparison based on a similarity. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Root WordsA root is the basic element of a word. It is the foundation on which the meaning of the word is built. Prefixes and suffixes are added to root words to form new words. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
5.4.d. Identify an author’s use of figurative language.
Literary DevicesLiterary Devices refers to the typical structures used by writers in their works to convey his or her messages in a simple manner to the readers. Literary Devices are Metaphor, Simile, Hyperbole, Personification, Analogy, Euphemism, Allegory etc... Read more...iWorksheets :3
5.4.e. Use word-reference materials.
Using a ThesaurusUse a thesaurus for synonyms and antonyms. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Dictionary/ThesaurusAlphabetical order, table of contents, title, author, index, glossary Read more...iWorksheets :3
5.4.f. Develop and use general and specialized content area vocabulary through speaking, listening, reading, and writing.
Content VocabularyDetermine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings. <br>Gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Thinking SkillsDefine, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Content Area VocabularyDetermine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to grade 4 topic or subject area. Read more...iWorksheets :3

5.5. The student will read and demonstrate comprehension of fictional texts, literary nonfiction, and poetry.

5.5.a. Summarize plot events using details from text.
SummarizeWhen you summarize you put the main idea of the text into your own words. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
SummarizingWhen you summarize you take a large selection of text and condense it to just the main facts or ideas. A summary is significantly shorter than the actual text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
SummarizeWhen you summarize you put the main idea of the text into your own words. When you summarize you should focus on the main ideas and important points of the text, keep your summary short. When you summarize you should not include unnecessary details from the text and include the author’s exact words. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
5.5.b. Discuss the impact of setting on plot development.
Elements of FictionA character is a person in a story, novel, or play. <br> The setting in a story is where the story takes place.<br> The plot of a story is what goes on in the story. It's a series of events that gives story a meaning. <br>All of the above are elements of a fiction. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Theme of WritingA literary theme is the main idea a writer explores in a story or other literary work. Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text. Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., a character’s thoughts, words, or actions). Read more...iWorksheets :3
Literary ElementsSetting, plot, character, rhythm and rhyme. Analyze how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot. Read more...iWorksheets :3
5.5.c. Describe character development.
Elements of FictionA character is a person in a story, novel, or play. <br> The setting in a story is where the story takes place.<br> The plot of a story is what goes on in the story. It's a series of events that gives story a meaning. <br>All of the above are elements of a fiction. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Theme of WritingA literary theme is the main idea a writer explores in a story or other literary work. Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text. Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., a character’s thoughts, words, or actions). Read more...iWorksheets :3
Literary ElementsSetting, plot, character, rhythm and rhyme. Analyze how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Supporting DetailsSupporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
5.5.d. Identify theme(s).
Main IdeaThe main idea is the overall theme of a paragraph or section of a text. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Theme of WritingA literary theme is the main idea a writer explores in a story or other literary work. Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text. Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., a character’s thoughts, words, or actions). Read more...iWorksheets :3
Theme of WritingDetermine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
5.5.e. Explain the resolution of conflict(s).
Main IdeaWhat is Main Idea? The main idea of a text is what the text is written about. The main idea is the subject or main topic of the text. What is Plot? The author plans out a specific sequence of events in the story from start to finish. This specific plan is known as the PLOT of the story. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
5.5.f. Identify genres.
Different GenresThe four main literary genres are poetry, fiction (Literary Fiction, Speculative Fiction, Science Fiction, Fantasy,...), nonfiction, and drama. Define characteristics of different genres. Read more...iWorksheets :3
5.5.h. Differentiate between free verse and rhymed poetry.
Genre CharacteristicsA genre is a particular type of literature: Poetry, Drama, Letters, Advertisements, Historical Fiction, Biographies, Autobiographies. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
GenreA literary genre is a category of literary composition. Genres may be determined by literary technique, tone, content. The five major genres in literature are: Poetry, Drama, Prose, Fiction, Non-Fiction. Genres are often divided into subgenres. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Theme of WritingDetermine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
5.5.j. Draw conclusions and make inferences with support from the text.
Implied InformationCite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Thinking SkillsDefine, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Literal/Inferential/EvaluativeMaking inferences is determining facts and meaning that the author does not directly state. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Predictions, Conclusions and InferencesDrawing a conclusion is a reasonable decision you make based on facts and details in a sentence, paragraph, story, or article. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Drawing InferencesAn inference is a logical conclusion based on the facts written in a text. When you read, you draw inferences or make conclusions based on what you read. The conclusion may not be stated in the text, but from what the writing tells the reader, the reader infers what is meant. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing InferencesWhat are Drawing Inferences? Drawing an inference is the act of drawing a logical conclusion based on the facts written in a text, a reader’s background knowledge, and a reader’s personal information. When reading, you can use clues in the story AND your experiences to make an inference about what you think is going on in a story. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing ConclusionsA conclusion is a reasonable decision you make based on the facts and details given in a text. An author may not clearly state a certain fact in the text…so you may need to draw your own conclusion when reading to figure out what is being implied by the author. Drawing conclusions helps you better understand the reading. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Drawing ConclusionsWhat is a Conclusion? A conclusion is an educated guess you make when reading, based on the facts and details the author gives in a text. Some information may be implied by the author in the text, but may not be clearly stated. You then have to draw your own conclusions in order to better understand the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Implied InformationDraw conclusions from the information presented by an author and evaluate how well the author's purpose was achieved. Making inferences about problem, conflict, solution, or the relationship among elements (plot, character, setting) within text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
5.5.k. Identify cause and effect relationships.
Cause and EffectFreeCause and effect is a relationship between events or things, where one is the result of the other or others. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Cause/Effect, Fact/OpinionCause and effect refers to the relationship between two events. A cause is why something happens and an effect is what happened as a result of that cause. A fact is information that is known to be true. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Cause/Effect, Fact/OpinionWhat is Cause & Effect? A cause always has an effect. There is a reason why something happens. An effect happens as a result of a cause. Something happens for a reason. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Cause and EffectCause and effect refers to the relationship between two events or occurrences. To put it simply, it is when one thing causes something else to happen. A cause is WHY something happens. An effect is WHAT happened as a result of something else. To find the cause, ask yourself: Why did this happen? To find the effect, ask yourself: What happened? Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
5.5.m. Use reading strategies throughout the reading process to monitor comprehension.
Thinking SkillsDefine, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3

5.6. The student will read and demonstrate comprehension of nonfiction texts.

5.6.a. Use text features such as type, headings, and graphics, to predict and categorize information.
Graphic OrganizersA graphic organizer is a visual display that demonstrates relationships between facts, concepts or ideas. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Text FeaturesThe title of an article is called a headline. A headline usually tells the main idea of what the article is about. Headlines often grab your attention and make you want to read the article. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
PredictionsWhat are Predictions? When predicting you use facts and clues from the reading as well as your own personal knowledge to help you make a good guess about what is going to happen next in the story. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Making PredictionsWhen you make a prediction, you make a reasonable guess about what is going to happen NEXT in the story. You should use the hints and clues the author writes in the story in order to make an educated prediction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Text FeaturesWhat are Text Features? A text that you are reading may include a map, chart, or graph. These are features of the text that help you understand the information in the text more clearly. You may also see a map, chart, or graph by itself too. E.g., you may see a map in a park, which you can read to help figure out where you need to go. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Interpret InformationWhat is Interpreting Information? You can use maps, charts, and timelines to interpret information. Charts are visual displays of information. They reveal information through mathematical statistics. A timeline is used to show events in chronological order. A map is a drawing created to represent the world or a part of the world's surface. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Making PredictionsWhat is a Prediction? A prediction is an educated guess about what is going to happen NEXT in the story. When making a prediction: Use hints and clues the author includes in the story. Ask yourself: Does my prediction make sense? Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
5.6.c. Identify the main idea.
Central Idea/Supporting DetailsIdentify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Main IdeaThe main idea of a text is what the text is written about. The main idea of a paragraph, story, article, or other written text is the main theme, subject, or topic of that writing. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Supporting DetailA supporting detail is a detail that tells a specific fact or detail about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Theme of WritingA literary theme is the main idea a writer explores in a story or other literary work. Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text. Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., a character’s thoughts, words, or actions). Read more...iWorksheets :3
Supporting DetailsSupporting details support the main idea of a text. Supporting details tell you more about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative QuestionsLiteral questions have responses that are directly stated in the text. Evaluative questions require the reader to formulate a response based on their opinion. Answering inferential questions requires readers to search for context clues. The answer may also come from evidence and reasoning and not from an explicit statement in the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Topic SentencesA topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph. It summarizes what the paragraph is written about. A topic sentence expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Theme of WritingDetermine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Simple/Compound/Complex SentencesIdentify Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences. Create a Compound sentence from two simple sentences. Identify clauses in the compound sentence. Finish the sentences. Read more...iWorksheets :3
5.6.d. Summarize supporting details.
Central Idea/Supporting DetailsIdentify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Supporting DetailA supporting detail is a detail that tells a specific fact or detail about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
SummarizeWhen you summarize you put the main idea of the text into your own words. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Supporting DetailsSupporting details support the main idea of a text. Supporting details tell you more about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
SummarizingWhen you summarize you take a large selection of text and condense it to just the main facts or ideas. A summary is significantly shorter than the actual text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative QuestionsLiteral questions have responses that are directly stated in the text. Evaluative questions require the reader to formulate a response based on their opinion. Answering inferential questions requires readers to search for context clues. The answer may also come from evidence and reasoning and not from an explicit statement in the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Sentence Purpose IdentificationTopic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Topic SentencesA topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph. It summarizes what the paragraph is written about. A topic sentence expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Supporting DetailsSupporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
SummarizeWhen you summarize you put the main idea of the text into your own words. When you summarize you should focus on the main ideas and important points of the text, keep your summary short. When you summarize you should not include unnecessary details from the text and include the author’s exact words. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Simple/Compound/Complex SentencesIdentify Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences. Create a Compound sentence from two simple sentences. Identify clauses in the compound sentence. Finish the sentences. Read more...iWorksheets :3
5.6.e. Identify organizational pattern(s).
Central Idea/Supporting DetailsFreeIdentify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
5.6.f. Identify transitional words and phrases that signal an author’s organizational pattern.
Central Idea/Supporting DetailsFreeIdentify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
5.6.g. Locate information from the text to support opinions, inferences, and conclusions.
Implied InformationCite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Thinking SkillsDefine, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Literal/Inferential/EvaluativeMaking inferences is determining facts and meaning that the author does not directly state. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Predictions, Conclusions and InferencesDrawing a conclusion is a reasonable decision you make based on facts and details in a sentence, paragraph, story, or article. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Drawing InferencesAn inference is a logical conclusion based on the facts written in a text. When you read, you draw inferences or make conclusions based on what you read. The conclusion may not be stated in the text, but from what the writing tells the reader, the reader infers what is meant. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
PredictionsWhat are Predictions? When predicting you use facts and clues from the reading as well as your own personal knowledge to help you make a good guess about what is going to happen next in the story. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Making PredictionsWhen you make a prediction, you make a reasonable guess about what is going to happen NEXT in the story. You should use the hints and clues the author writes in the story in order to make an educated prediction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing InferencesWhat are Drawing Inferences? Drawing an inference is the act of drawing a logical conclusion based on the facts written in a text, a reader’s background knowledge, and a reader’s personal information. When reading, you can use clues in the story AND your experiences to make an inference about what you think is going on in a story. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing ConclusionsA conclusion is a reasonable decision you make based on the facts and details given in a text. An author may not clearly state a certain fact in the text…so you may need to draw your own conclusion when reading to figure out what is being implied by the author. Drawing conclusions helps you better understand the reading. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Drawing ConclusionsWhat is a Conclusion? A conclusion is an educated guess you make when reading, based on the facts and details the author gives in a text. Some information may be implied by the author in the text, but may not be clearly stated. You then have to draw your own conclusions in order to better understand the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Implied InformationDraw conclusions from the information presented by an author and evaluate how well the author's purpose was achieved. Making inferences about problem, conflict, solution, or the relationship among elements (plot, character, setting) within text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Making PredictionsWhat is a Prediction? A prediction is an educated guess about what is going to happen NEXT in the story. When making a prediction: Use hints and clues the author includes in the story. Ask yourself: Does my prediction make sense? Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
5.6.h. Identify cause and effect relationships.
Cause and EffectFreeCause and effect is a relationship between events or things, where one is the result of the other or others. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Cause/Effect, Fact/OpinionCause and effect refers to the relationship between two events. A cause is why something happens and an effect is what happened as a result of that cause. A fact is information that is known to be true. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Cause/Effect, Fact/OpinionWhat is Cause & Effect? A cause always has an effect. There is a reason why something happens. An effect happens as a result of a cause. Something happens for a reason. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Cause and EffectCause and effect refers to the relationship between two events or occurrences. To put it simply, it is when one thing causes something else to happen. A cause is WHY something happens. An effect is WHAT happened as a result of something else. To find the cause, ask yourself: Why did this happen? To find the effect, ask yourself: What happened? Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
5.6.i. Differentiate between fact and opinion.
Fact/Opinion/ExaggerationRecognize fact, opinion, and exaggeration. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Cause/Effect, Fact/OpinionCause and effect refers to the relationship between two events. A cause is why something happens and an effect is what happened as a result of that cause. A fact is information that is known to be true. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Cause/Effect, Fact/OpinionWhat is Cause & Effect? A cause always has an effect. There is a reason why something happens. An effect happens as a result of a cause. Something happens for a reason. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Fact/OpinionFreeA fact is information that is known to be true; it is a certainty. A fact does not change from person to person. An opinion is a personal belief or idea. People do not always have the same beliefs or ideas. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Opinion/Exaggeration/Missing InfoExaggeration is a representation of something in an excessive manner. It is the opposite of minimisation. Identify missing and irrelevant information. Distinguish between a fact and an opinion. Read more...iWorksheets :3

VA.W.5. Writing

5.7. The student will write in a variety of forms to include narrative, descriptive, expository, and persuasive.

5.7.d. Introduce and develop a topic, incorporating evidence and supporting details.
Vivid Language in WritingA topic sentence supports or develops the theme or main idea of a paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Sentence Purpose IdentificationTopic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
5.7.f. Recognize different forms of writing have different patterns of organization including story structure for narrative writing.
Purpose for WritingExplain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
5.7.g. Write a clear topic sentence focusing on the main idea.
Vivid Language in WritingA topic sentence supports or develops the theme or main idea of a paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Sentence Purpose IdentificationTopic Sentence. A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph that expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Supporting sentence. A supporting sentence supports the main idea of the paragraph. Concluding sentence. A concluding sentence wraps up what was talked about in the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
5.7.h. Clearly state a position including supporting reasons and evidence to persuade the intended audience.
Writing/Listening/Speaking RulesStudents read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.<br>Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.<br>Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Purpose for WritingExplain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
5.7.j. Use precise and descriptive vocabulary to create tone and voice.
Writing/Listening/Speaking RulesStudents read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.<br>Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.<br>Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Purpose for WritingExplain, describe, narrate, persuade, express feelings. Read more...iWorksheets :3
5.7.k. Vary sentence structure by using transition words and prepositional phrases.
Signal/Transitional WordsSignal words show emphasis, addition, comparison or contrast, illustration, and cause and effect. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Subject/Verb AgreementSubject/verb agreement and prepositional phrases. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Vivid Language in WritingA topic sentence supports or develops the theme or main idea of a paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
SequencingWhat is Sequence? SEQUENCE = order. A sequence of events is the order in which events occurs. If you are telling a story about an incident that took place, it is important to tell the correct sequence of events so people understand the story. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Parts of SpeechA part of speech refers to how a word is used in a sentence. Parts of speech include singular, plural, possessive nouns, regular and irregular verbs, and prepositions for example. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1

5.8. The student will self- and peer-edit writing for capitalization, spelling, punctuation, sentence structure, paragraphing, and Standard English.

5.8.d. Use prepositional phrases.
Subject/Verb AgreementSubject/verb agreement and prepositional phrases. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Parts of SpeechA part of speech refers to how a word is used in a sentence. Parts of speech include singular, plural, possessive nouns, regular and irregular verbs, and prepositions for example. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
5.8.e. Use quotation marks with dialogue.
PunctuationWhat is punctuation? The marks, such as full stop, comma, and brackets, used in writing to separate sentences and their elements and to clarify meaning. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
5.8.f. Use commas to indicate interrupters, items in a series, and to indicate direct address.
PunctuationWhat is punctuation? The marks, such as full stop, comma, and brackets, used in writing to separate sentences and their elements and to clarify meaning. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Punctuation/CapitalizationWhere do COMMAS go? Commas in a series, Commas in dates, Commas in an address, Commas in a friendly letters. Where Does the APOSTROPHE go in a Contraction? Where Does a PERIOD go in an Abbreviation? Where do QUOTATION MARKS go in Written Text? Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
5.8.h. Edit for fragments and run-on sentences.
GrammarSubject and verb agreement and other grammar skills. Read more...iWorksheets :3
5.8.j. Use correct spelling of commonly used words.
Syllables/Spelling PatternsWords can be divided into syllables. Spelling patterns include groups of letters. A spelling pattern is a group of letters that represents a sound. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
5.8.k. Use coordinating conjunctions.
GrammarSubject and verb agreement and other grammar skills. Read more...iWorksheets :3

VA.Re.5. Research

5.9. The student will find, evaluate, and select appropriate resources to create a research product.

5.9.b. Collect and organize information from multiple resources.
Thinking SkillsDefine, classify, infer, condense, categorize, analyze, paraphrase. Read more...iWorksheets :3
5.9.c. Evaluate the relevance, reliability, and credibility of information.
Supporting DetailsSupporting details give you specific details about the main idea of the text. A supporting detail SUPPORTS and DEVELOPS the text’s main idea. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
5.9.d. Give credit to sources used in research.
Writing/Listening/Speaking RulesStudents read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.<br>Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.<br>Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...iWorksheets :3

Standards

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