Dividing is the process of separating a number into equal parts. It is the opposite operation of multiplication. When we divide, we are essentially finding out how many times one number can be subtracted from another.

**Dividend:**The number being divided.**Divisor:**The number by which the dividend is being divided.**Quotient:**The result of the division.**Remainder:**The amount left over when the dividend cannot be divided evenly by the divisor.

The division symbol is ÷, and the division equation is written as:

- Write the dividend and the divisor in the division equation.
- Start with the leftmost digit of the dividend and divide it by the divisor.
- If the divisor is larger than the first digit of the dividend, continue to the next digit and consider it as part of the number being divided.
- Continue this process until all the digits in the dividend have been divided.
- If there is a remainder, it is written as a fraction, decimal, or as a whole number with the remainder written next to it.

Here are some key points to remember when learning about division:

- Understand the relationship between multiplication and division. Division is the inverse of multiplication.
- Learn the division terminology - dividend, divisor, quotient, and remainder.
- Practice dividing single-digit numbers and gradually move on to larger numbers.
- Be familiar with different ways to represent the remainder, such as fractions or decimals.
- Practice division word problems to understand real-world applications of division.

Study GuideDecimals/Fractions Activity LessonOrdering Decimals & Fractions Activity LessonPercent Grids Activity LessonFraction & Percent Circles Worksheet/Answer key

Decimals/Fractions Worksheet/Answer key

Decimals/Fractions Worksheet/Answer key

Decimals/Fractions Worksheet/Answer keyDecimals/Fractions Worksheet/Answer keyPercent Grids Vocabulary/Answer keyDecimals/Fractions

Number and Operations (NCTM)

Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers, and number systems.

Develop understanding of fractions as parts of unit wholes, as parts of a collection, as locations on number lines, and as divisions of whole numbers.

Recognize and generate equivalent forms of commonly used fractions, decimals, and percents.

Algebra (NCTM)

Use mathematical models to represent and understand quantitative relationships.

Model problem situations with objects and use representations such as graphs, tables, and equations to draw conclusions.

Grade 4 Curriculum Focal Points (NCTM)

Number and Operations: Developing an understanding of decimals, including the connections between fractions and decimals

Students understand decimal notation as an extension of the base-ten system of writing whole numbers that is useful for representing more numbers, including numbers between 0 and 1, between 1 and 2, and so on. Students relate their understanding of fractions to reading and writing decimals that are greater than or less than 1, identifying equivalent decimals, comparing and ordering decimals, and estimating decimal or fractional amounts in problem solving. They connect equivalent fractions and decimals by comparing models to symbols and locating equivalent symbols on the number line.