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Land, water, and air First Grade Science
Earth's weather and seasons Second Grade Science
Where plants and animals live Third Grade Science
Weather Kindergarten Science
Matter Kindergarten Science
Science in our world - 4th gr. Fourth Grade Science

Missouri Standards for First Grade Science

MO.1. Properties and Principals of Matter and Energy

1.1. Changes in properties and states of matter provide evidence of the atomic theory of matter

1.1.A. Objects, and the materials are made of, have properties that can be used to describe and classify them
1.1.A.a. Scope and Sequence - Properties of Matter: Mass and Temperature: Given an equal-arm balance and various objects, illustrate arrangements in which the beam is balanced
1.1.A.b. Scope and Sequence - Properties of Matter: Mass and Temperature: Measure and compare the mass of objects (more/less)
1.1.A.c. Scope and Sequence - Properties of Matter: Mass and Temperature: Order objects according to mass

1.2. Energy has a source, can be stored, and can be transferred but is conserved within a system

1.2.A. Forms of energy have a source, a means of transfer (work and heat), and a receiver
1.2.A.b. Scope and Sequence - Properties of Matter: Mass and Temperature: Compare the temperature of hot and cold objects using a simple thermometer
1.2.C. Electromagnetic energy from the Sun (solar radiation) is a major source of energy on Earth
1.2.C.a. Scope and Sequence - Characteristics of Plants and Animals: Identify light from the Sun as a basic need of most plants

MO.2. Properties and Principals of Force and Motion

2.1. The motion of an object is described by its change in position relative to another object or point

2.1.A. The motion of an object is described as a change in position, direction, and speed relative to another object (frame of reference)
2.1.A.c. Scope and Sequence - Investigating Motion: Compare the speeds (faster vs. slower) of two moving objects

MO.3. Characteristics and Interactions of Living Organisms

3.1. There is a fundamental unity underlying the diversity of all living organisms

3.1.A. Organisms have basic needs for survival
3.1.A.a. Scope and Sequence - Characteristics of Plants and Animals: Identify the basic needs of most animals (i.e., air, water, food, shelter)
3.1.A.b. Scope and Sequence - Characteristics of Plants and Animals: Identify the basic needs of most plants (i.e., air, water, light)
3.1.A.c. Scope and Sequence - Characteristics of Plants and Animals: Predict and investigate the growth of plants when growing conditions are altered (e.g., dark vs. light, water vs. no water)
3.1.D. Plants and animals have different structures that serve similar functions necessary for the survival of the organism
3.1.D.a. Scope and Sequence - Characteristics of Plants and Animals: Identify and compare the physical structures of a variety of plants (e.g., stem, leaves, flowers, seeds, roots)
3.1.D.b. Scope and Sequence - Characteristics of Plants and Animals: Identify and compare the physical structures of a variety of animals (e.g., sensory organs, beaks, appendages, body covering) (Do NOT assess terms: sensory organs, appendages)
3.1.D.c. Scope and Sequence - Characteristics of Plants and Animals: Identify the relationships between the physical structures of plants and the function of those structures (e.g., absorption of water, absorption of light energy, support, reproduction))
3.1.D.d. Scope and Sequence - Characteristics of Plants and Animals: Identify the relationships between the physical structures of animals and the function of those structures (e.g., taking in water, support, movement, obtaining food, reproduction)

MO.4. Changes in Ecosystems and Interactions of Organisms with Their Environments

4.1. Organisms are interdependent with one another with their environment

4.1.A. All populations living together within a community interact with one another and with their environment in order to survive and maintain a balanced ecosystem
4.1.A.a. Scope and Sequence - Characteristics of Plants and Animals: Identify ways man depends on plants and animals for food, clothing, and shelter

MO.5. Processes and Interactions of the Earth's Systems (Geosphere, Atmosphere, and Hydrosphere)

5.2. Earth's systems (Geosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere) interact with one another as they undergo change by common processes

5.2.F. Climate is a description of average weather conditions in a given area due to the transfer of energy and matter through Earth's systems
5.2.F.a. Scope and Sequence - Observing Water and Weather: Observe, measure, record weather data throughout the year (i.e., cloud cover, temperature, precipitation, wind speed) by using thermometers, rain gauges, wind socks)
5.2.F.c. Scope and Sequence - Observing Water and Weather: Compare weather data observed at different times throughout the year (e.g., hot vs. cold, cloudy vs. clear, types of precipitation, windy vs. calm)
5.2.F.d. Scope and Sequence - Observing Water and Weather: Identify patterns indicating relationships between observed weather data and weather phenomena (e.g., temperature and types of precipitation, clouds and amounts of precipitation)

5.3. Human activity is dependent upon and affects Earth's resources and systems

5.3.A. Earth's materials are limited natural resource's affected by human activity
5.3.A.a. Scope and Sequence - Observing Water and Weather: Observe and describe ways water, both as a solid and liquid, is used in every day activities at different times of the year (e.g., bathe, drink, make ice cubes, build snowmen, cook, swim)

MO.7. Scientific Inquiry

7.1. Science understanding is developed through the use of science process skills, scientific knowledge, scientific investigation, reasoning, and critical thinking

7.1.B. Scientific inquiry relies upon gathering evidence from qualitative and quantitative observations
7.1.B.b. Scope and Sequence - All Units: Make observations using simple tools and equipment (e.g., magnifiers/hand lenses, magnets, equal arm balances, thermometers)
7.1.B.c. Scope and Sequence - All Units: Measure length and mass using non-standard units
7.1.C. Scientific inquiry includes evaluation of explanations (laws/principles, theories/models) in light of evidence (data) and scientific principles (understandings)
7.1.C.b. Scope and Sequence - All Units: Use observations to describe relationships and patterns and to make predictions to be tested
7.1.D. The nature of science relies upon communication of results and justification of explanations
7.1.D.a. Scope and Sequence - All Units: Communicate simple procedures and results of investigations and explanations through: oral presentations, drawings and maps, drawings and maps, data tables, graphs (bar, pictograph), writings

MO.8. Impact of Science, Technology and Human Activity

8.1. The nature of technology can advance, and is advanced by, science as it seeks to apply scientific knowledge in ways that meet human needs

8.1.B. Advances in technology often result in improved data collection and an increase in scientific information
8.1.B.a. Scope and Sequence - Properties of Matter/Characteristics of Plants and Animals: Describe how tools have helped scientists make better observations (e.g., magnifiers, balances, thermometers)