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Vertebrates - Animals with Backbones Fourth Grade Science
All About Me Kindergarten Science
Reptiles, amphibians and fish Second Grade Science
Our Earth Kindergarten Science
Me and My Family Kindergarten Science
Energy Third Grade Science

New Jersey Standards for First Grade Science

NJ.5.2.2. Physical Science: Physical science principles, including fundamental ideas about matter, energy, and motion, are powerful conceptual tools for making sense of phenomena in physical, living, and Earth systems science.

5.2.2.A. Properties of Matter: All objects and substances in the natural world are composed of matter. Matter has two fundamental properties: matter takes up space, and matter has inertia.

Living and nonliving things are made of parts and can be described in terms of the materials of which they are made and their physical properties.
5.2.2.A.1. Sort and describe objects based on the materials of which they are made and their physical properties.
Matter exists in several different states; the most commonly encountered are solids, liquids, and gases. Liquids take the shape of the part of the container they occupy. Solids retain their shape regardless of the container they occupy.
5.2.2.A.2. Identify common objects as solids, liquids, or gases.

5.2.2.C. Forms of Energy: Knowing the characteristics of familiar forms of energy, including potential and kinetic energy, is useful in coming to the understanding that, for the most part, the natural world can be explained and is predictable.

An object can be seen when light strikes it and is reflected to a viewer's eye. If there is no light, objects cannot be seen.
5.2.2.C.2. Apply a variety of strategies to collect evidence that validates the principle that if there is no light, objects cannot be seen.

5.2.2.E. Forces and Motion: It takes energy to change the motion of objects. The energy change is understood in terms of forces.

A force is a push or a pull. Pushing or pulling can move an object. The speed an object moves is related to how strongly it is pushed or pulled. When an object does not move in response to a push or a pull, it is because another push or pull (friction) is being applied by the environment.
5.2.2.E.2. Predict an object's relative speed, path, or how far it will travel using various forces and surfaces.
Some forces act by touching, while other forces can act without touching.
5.2.2.E.3. Distinguish a force that acts by direct contact with an object (e.g., by pushing or pulling) from a force that can act without direct contact (e.g., the attraction between a magnet and a steel paper clip).

NJ.5.3.2. Life Science: Life science principles are powerful conceptual tools for making sense of the complexity, diversity, and interconnectedness of life on Earth. Order in natural systems arises in accordance with rules that govern the physical world, and the order of natural systems can be modeled and predicted through the use of mathematics.

5.3.2.A. Organization and Development: Living organisms are composed of cellular units (structures) that carry out functions required for life. Cellular units are composed of molecules, which also carry out biological functions.

Living organisms: Exchange nutrients and water with the environment; Reproduce; Grow and develop in a predictable manner.
5.3.2.A.1. Group living and nonliving things according to the characteristics that they share.

5.3.2.B. Matter and Energy Transformations: Food is required for energy and building cellular materials. Organisms in an ecosystem have different ways of obtaining food, and some organisms obtain their food directly from other organisms.

A source of energy is needed for all organisms to stay alive and grow. Both plants and animals need to take in water, and animals need to take in food. Plants need light.
5.3.2.B.1. Describe the requirements for the care of plants and animals related to meeting their energy needs.
Most plants have roots to get water and leaves to gather sunlight.
5.3.2.B.3. Explain that most plants get water from soil through their roots and gather light through their leaves.

5.3.2.C. Interdependence: All animals and most plants depend on both other organisms and their environment to meet their basic needs.

A habitat supports the growth of many different plants and animals by meeting their basic needs of food, water, and shelter.
5.3.2.C.2. Identify the characteristics of a habitat that enable the habitat to support the growth of many different plants and animals.
Humans can change natural habitats in ways that can be helpful or harmful for the plants and animals that live there.
5.3.2.C.3. Communicate ways that humans protect habitats and/or improve conditions for the growth of the plants and animals that live there, or ways that humans might harm habitats.
Organisms interact and are interdependent in various ways; for example, they provide food and shelter to one another.
5.3.2.C.1. Describe the ways in which organisms interact with each other and their habitats in order to meet basic needs.

5.3.2.D. Heredity and Reproduction: Organisms reproduce, develop, and have predictable life cycles. Organisms contain genetic information that influences their traits, and they pass this on to their offspring during reproduction.

Organisms have predictable characteristics at different stages of development.
5.3.2.D.2. Determine the characteristic changes that occur during the life cycle of plants and animals by examining a variety of species, and distinguish between growth and development.

NJ.5.4.2. Earth Systems Science: Earth operates as a set of complex, dynamic, and interconnected systems, and is a part of the all-encompassing system of the universe.

5.4.2.A. Objects in the Universe: Our universe has been expanding and evolving for 13.7 billion years under the influence of gravitational and nuclear forces. As gravity governs its expansion, organizational patterns, and the movement of celestial bodies, nuclear forces within stars govern its evolution through the processes of stellar birth and death. These same processes governed the formation of our solar system 4.6 billion years ago.

The Sun is a star that can only be seen during the day. The Moon is not a star and can be seen sometimes at night and sometimes during the day. The Moon appears to have different shapes on different days.
5.4.2.A.1. Determine a set of general rules describing when the Sun and Moon are visible based on actual sky observations.

5.4.2.F. Climate and Weather: Earth's weather and climate systems are the result of complex interactions between land, ocean, ice, and atmosphere.

Current weather conditions include air movement, clouds, and precipitation. Weather conditions affect our daily lives.
5.4.2.F.1. Observe and document daily weather conditions and discuss how the weather influences your activities for the day.

5.4.2.G. Biogeochemical Cycles: The biogeochemical cycles in the Earth systems include the flow of microscopic and macroscopic resources from one reservoir in the hydrosphere, geosphere, atmosphere, or biosphere to another, are driven by Earth's internal and external sources of energy, and are impacted by human activity.

Organisms have basic needs and they meet those needs within their environment.
5.4.2.G.3. Identify and categorize the basic needs of living organisms as they relate to the environment.
The origin of everyday manufactured products such as paper and cans can be traced back to natural resources.
5.4.2.G.4. Identify the natural resources used in the process of making various manufactured products.
Water can disappear (evaporate) and collect (condense) on surfaces.
5.4.2.G.1. Observe and discuss evaporation and condensation.