South Carolina Standards & Learning for First Grade Science

All about animals
What Do Animals Need to Live? Animals need to: drink water, eat food, breathe air. Animals also need shelter. How do Animals Get Food? How do Different Animals Breath? Animals Grow and Change. How do Animals Stay Safe? Animal Body Parts. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
All about heat and energy
FreeEnergy is the ability to do work. The sun is the main source of earth's heat and light energy. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Animal groups
A MAMMAL is an animal. A REPTILE is an animal. An AMPHIBIAN is an animal. Worms are animals too! Insects – bugs! Insects are part of the animal family too! Some animals have four legs. Some animals have two legs. Animals have different coverings on their bodies. Some animals have fur… Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Describe and measure matter
What is matter? Matter is all around you. Matter is anything that takes up space. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Did you Know... 1st Grade
Air is a nonliving thing. The air we breathe in is called oxygen. Herbivores are animals that only eat plants. Can you believe a HUGE dinosaur called a brachiosaurus was an herbivore? A whale is NOT a fish. It is a mammal that lives in the ocean. You have almost 10,000 taste buds in your mouth! These taste buds help you TASTE food. You can taste things that are sweet, sour, salty, and bitter! Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 2
Electricity
Electricity is a form of energy. Electricity is what makes our TVs, radios, digital clocks, refrigerators, ovens and lights work! Electricity is created in large factories called power plants. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Food Chains
What is a Food Chain? A food chain is a chain of plant and animals in which a plant or animal is eaten by the next animal on the chain. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 2
Force and motion
What Makes Things Move? Forces make things move! A force is a push or pull that can make something move. Gravity is a force! Gravity is a force that pulls things down. Speed is how fast or how slow an object moves. Objects can move straight, up, down, to the left, or to the right. Objects can curve and swerve when they move too! Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Human body
Your body is made up of many parts: your hair, eyebrows, eyes, nose, cheeks, mouth, chin, ears, brain, skull, neck shoulders, arms, elbows, wrists, forearms, palms, fingers, hips, legs, knees, ankles, feet, toes, heels. Your organs and body parts work together to keep your body working well; they are a system. There are many systems or organs and body parts working together.Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 2
Land, water, and air
What Makes Up the Earth? Earth is made of land, water, and air. Earth has more water than land. Land on Earth can change. Weathering changes land. Water and ice causes weathering. Erosion can also change land. Erosion is when water and wind move rocks and soil. How Do We Use Air? All living things need air to live. How Do We Use Water? All living things need water to live too. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Life cycles
What is a life cycle? A life cycle is the steps a living thing goes through as it grows from a baby into an adult. Read more...iWorksheets: 5Study Guides: 1
Light and sound
Where Does Light Come From? Light is brightness that comes from an object like a flashlight, a candle, a light bulb, or the Sun. How is Sound Made? Sound is made because of something vibrating. Vibrate means to move back and forth really fast. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Living and nonliving things
What is a LIVING thing? If something is LIVING - it is alive! A plant is a living thing. An animal is a living thing. What is a NONLIVING thing? If something is a NONLIVING thing, it is not alive. Soil is a nonliving thing. A rock is a nonliving thing. Water is a nonliving thing. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Magnets
What is a Magnet? Magnets attract certain kinds of metal such as iron. A magnet has two poles, a north and south pole. Its north pole is on one end and its south pole is on the other end. What do magnets do? Magnets can attract an object. Attract means to pull towards. If something is magnetic, that means it can be attracted by a magnet. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Science in our world
Science is used every day to make this world a great place to live! People use science to invent and create technology. Tools help us do different jobs and make the job easier to do. Technology we use to communicate with others: telephone, cell phone, computer/Internet. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
The Sky
The Sun is a large, hot ball of gas. It is a star. The Sun gives Earth light and heat. Living things need the Sun to live! The sun’s rays shine on the moon at night. This makes the moon bright! The Earth is the third planet from Sun. As the Earth moves around the Sun it turns. This rotation causes night and day here on Earth. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Weather
When someone asks, “What is the weather today?” you know what they are asking. They are asking what it is like outside. They want to know what nature is doing in your area – raining, snowing, blowing… How We Measure Weather: We measure temperature using a thermometer. A wind vane measures the direction of the wind. A rain gauge measures how much rain falls.Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Where do animals live?
Plants and animals live in a habitat. A habitat has all the things plants and animals need. An animal can find food in its habitat. An animal can get water from its habitat. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1

SC.1.S. SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING PRACTICES

1.S.1. The student will use the science and engineering practices, including the processes and skills of scientific inquiry, to develop understandings of science content.

1.S.1A. Conceptual Understanding: The practices of science and engineering support the development of science concepts, develop the habits of mind that are necessary for scientific thinking, and allow students to engage in science in ways that are similar to those used by scientists and engineers.
Students who demonstrate this understanding can:
1.S.1A.3. With teacher guidance, conduct structured investigations to answer scientific questions, test predictions and develop explanations: (1) predict possible outcomes, (2) identify materials and follow procedures, (3) use appropriate tools or instruments to collect qualitative and quantitative data, and (4) record and represent data in an appropriate form. Use appropriate safety procedures.
Hands-on Lab Skills/Science Inquiry
Scientists use MANY different tools while they are observing and conducting experiments. Here are some tools scientists use: RULER, MEASURING CUP, CLOCK, HAND, LENS, THERMOMETER, BALANCE. Scientists often put objects into piles or groups based on their color, shape, texture, size and weight. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
What is science?
Science is the study of the world around us. Scientists study the world around us. When studying things like plants, animals, and rocks, scientists use their senses: Eyes - to see. Nose - to smell. Ears - to hear. Hands - to touch. Mouth - to taste. Scientists study many things – like the things YOU study in 2nd grade: plants, rocks, weather, fossils, solar system, animals. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Hands-on lab skills/Science Inquiry
Predictions Based on Patterns. Scientists often make predictions based on all the things they already know are true. Predict means to tell what you think is going to happen. Scientists then test their predictions to see if they are right! Scientists often compare and sort objects based on color, shape, texture, size and weight. Scientists use a METER STICK to measure the length of an object. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Math in Science
Charts and Graphs. Studying Plants. Studying Animals. Studying Water Habitats, Studying How Living Things Grow and Change. Studying Energy Needs. Studying Earth's Weather. Studying the Sun and the Earth. Studying the Moon, Stars, and Planets. Studying Earth, Yesterday and Today. Using and Saving Natural Resources. Hands-on Lab Skills. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1.S.1A.5. Use mathematical and computational thinking to (1) recognize and express quantitative observations, (2) collect and analyze data, or (3) understand patterns and relationships.
Math in Science
Scientists use addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Scientists use GRAPHS too! Scientists use numbers when talking about the Earth and space too! For example: Scientists know that one rotation of Earth equals 24 hours. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Math in Science
Charts and Graphs. Studying Plants. Studying Animals. Studying Water Habitats, Studying How Living Things Grow and Change. Studying Energy Needs. Studying Earth's Weather. Studying the Sun and the Earth. Studying the Moon, Stars, and Planets. Studying Earth, Yesterday and Today. Using and Saving Natural Resources. Hands-on Lab Skills. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1.S.1A.6. Construct explanations of phenomena using (1) student-generated observations and measurements, (2) results of scientific investigations, or (3) data communicated in graphs, tables, or diagrams.
Hands-on lab skills/Science Inquiry
Predictions Based on Patterns. Scientists often make predictions based on all the things they already know are true. Predict means to tell what you think is going to happen. Scientists then test their predictions to see if they are right! Scientists often compare and sort objects based on color, shape, texture, size and weight. Scientists use a METER STICK to measure the length of an object. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Math in Science
Charts and Graphs. Studying Plants. Studying Animals. Studying Water Habitats, Studying How Living Things Grow and Change. Studying Energy Needs. Studying Earth's Weather. Studying the Sun and the Earth. Studying the Moon, Stars, and Planets. Studying Earth, Yesterday and Today. Using and Saving Natural Resources. Hands-on Lab Skills. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1.S.1A.8. Obtain and evaluate informational texts, observations, data collected, or discussions to (1) generate and answer questions about the natural world, (2) understand phenomena, (3) develop models, or (4) support explanations. Communicate observations and explanations clearly through oral and written language.
Math in Science
Charts and Graphs. Studying Plants. Studying Animals. Studying Water Habitats, Studying How Living Things Grow and Change. Studying Energy Needs. Studying Earth's Weather. Studying the Sun and the Earth. Studying the Moon, Stars, and Planets. Studying Earth, Yesterday and Today. Using and Saving Natural Resources. Hands-on Lab Skills. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

SC.1.P. PHYSICAL SCIENCE: EXPLORING LIGHT AND SHADOWS

1.P.2. The student will demonstrate an understanding of the properties of light and how shadows are formed.

1.P.2A. Conceptual Understanding: Objects can only be seen when light shines on them. Some materials allow light to pass through them; others allow only some light to pass through; and some do not allow any light to pass through and will create a shadow of the object. Technology such as mirrors can change the direction of a beam of light.
Students who demonstrate this understanding can:
1.P.2A.1. Obtain and communicate information to describe how light is required to make objects visible.
My senses
You have five senses. Your Sense of SMELL. Your Sense of HEARING. Your Sense of TOUCH. Your Sense of SIGHT. Your Sense of TASTE. Scientists use their senses to study the world. You can use your senses to study the world too! Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1

SC.1.E. EARTH SCIENCE: EXPLORING THE SUN AND MOON

1.E.3. The student will demonstrate an understanding of the patterns of the Sun and the Moon and the Sun’s effect on Earth.

1.E.3A. Conceptual Understanding: Objects in the sky move in predictable patterns. Some objects are better seen in the day sky and some are better seen in the night sky. The Sun is a star that provides heat and light energy for Earth.
Students who demonstrate this understanding can:
1. E.3A.1. Use, analyze, and interpret data from observations to describe and predict seasonal patterns of sunrise and sunset.
The seasons
A season is a different time of year. There are four seasons: winter, spring, summer, and fall. The four seasons always come in the same order. Winter comes first in the year. Spring comes next. Summer is third. Fall is the fourth season. Seasons bring different types of weather. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
The sun and earth
The Sun is a large hot ball of gas. It is also a star. The Sun gives Earth light and heat. Living things need the Sun to live! Sun rays shine on the moon at night which makes the moon bright! The Earth is the third planet from the Sun. There are four seasons: winter, spring, summer, and fall. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
1.E.3A.2. Use data from personal observations to describe, predict, and develop models to exemplify how the appearance of the moon changes over time in a predictable pattern.
Moon, star and planets
The moon moves around the Earth. A star is a hot ball of gas, stars give off light. The Sun is a star. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2

SC.1.E. EARTH SCIENCE: EARTH’S NATURAL RESOURCES

1.E.4. The student will demonstrate an understanding of the properties and uses of Earth’s natural resources.

1.E.4A. Conceptual Understanding: Earth is made of different materials, including rocks, sand, soil, and water. An Earth material is a resource that comes from Earth. Earth materials can be classified by their observable properties.
Students who demonstrate this understanding can:
1.E.4A.1. Analyze and interpret data from observations and measurements to compare the properties of Earth materials (including rocks, soils, sand, and water).
Earth's resources
Natural resources are useful things that we can find on the Earth. Natural resources are important to living things, including us! Some examples of natural resources are water, soil, air, rocks, and Minerals. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Rocks, Soil and water
What are Rocks? Rocks are solid objects found in nature. Rocks are made up of minerals. What is Soil? Soil is the loose material the covers much of the Earth. Soil is also nonliving. Soil can be made of clay, sand, and humus. All living things need WATER to survive and to grow. The movement and recycling of the Earth’s water is called the water cycle. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
1.E.4B. Conceptual Understanding: Natural resources are things that people use that come from Earth (such as land, water, air, and trees). Natural resources can be conserved.
Students who demonstrate this understanding can:
1.E.4B.1. Obtain and communicate information to summarize how natural resources are used in different ways (such as soil and water to grow plants; rocks to make roads, walls, or buildings; or sand to make glass).
Earth's resources
Natural resources are useful things that we can find on the Earth. Natural resources are important to living things, including us! Some examples of natural resources are water, soil, air, rocks, and Minerals. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Using and saving natural resources
Natural resources are found on the Earth and are important to living things. People, plants, and animals need air to live. Air is a natural resource that never runs out! Water is another natural resource that people and animals use – they drink water in order to survive. Plants also need water to grow. Some natural resources are renewable. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
1.E.4B.2. Obtain and communicate information to explain ways natural resources can be conserved (such as reducing trash through reuse, recycling, or replanting trees).
Taking Care of Earth
How Can People Protect the Earth? We can use our resources wisely. That means we must use all resources carefully and not waste them. Do not waste water. Do not litter – throw trash away in a trash can. Do not put bad things in water. Bad things can pollute water. Remember the three R’s: Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Using and saving natural resources
Natural resources are found on the Earth and are important to living things. People, plants, and animals need air to live. Air is a natural resource that never runs out! Water is another natural resource that people and animals use – they drink water in order to survive. Plants also need water to grow. Some natural resources are renewable. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1

SC.1.L. LIFE SCIENCE: PLANTS AND THEIR ENVIRONMENTS

1.L.5. The student will demonstrate an understanding of how the structures of plants help them survive and grow in their environments.

1.L.5A. Conceptual Understanding: Plants have specific structures that help them survive, grow, and produce more plants. Plants have predictable characteristics at different stages of development.
Students who demonstrate this understanding can:
1.L.5A.1. Obtain and communicate information to construct explanations for how different plant structures (including roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits, and seeds) help plants survive, grow, and produce more plants.
All about plants
What do plants need to grow? A plant needs: water, air, sunlight and room. How does a plant grow? A seed comes from an adult plant and falls to the ground. Once in the ground, a seed begins to grow in the soil. Roots grow from a seed down into the ground. A young plant grows up through the soil. Parts of a Plant: Roots, Stem, Leaves, Flower. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Plants
What are the Parts of a Plant? Let’s go from the bottom to the top: ROOTS, STEM, LEAVES, FLOWERS. Who Needs Plants? EVERYONE! Plants give off a gas called oxygen which is what we (and animals) need to breathe in to live. A plant's life cycle is how long a plant lives or how long it takes to grow, flower, and make seeds. All plants need water, air, and warm temperatures to grow. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
1.L.5A.2. Construct explanations of the stages of development of a flowering plant as it grows from a seed using observations and measurements.
Plants
What are the Parts of a Plant? Let’s go from the bottom to the top: ROOTS, STEM, LEAVES, FLOWERS. Who Needs Plants? EVERYONE! Plants give off a gas called oxygen which is what we (and animals) need to breathe in to live. A plant's life cycle is how long a plant lives or how long it takes to grow, flower, and make seeds. All plants need water, air, and warm temperatures to grow. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
How living things grow and change?
What are living things? Living things are alive! Plants, animals, and people are living things. Living things can grow. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
1.L.5B. Conceptual Understanding: Plants have basic needs that provide energy in order to grow and be healthy. Each plant has a specific environment where it can thrive. There are distinct environments in the world that support different types of plants. These environments can change slowly or quickly. Plants respond to these changes in different ways.
Students who demonstrate this understanding can:
1.L.5B.1. Conduct structured investigations to answer questions about what plants need to live and grow (including air, water, sunlight, minerals, and space).
How do plants and animals live together?
Plants need air, water, sunlight, and room to grow in order to live. Animals need air, water, food, and shelter in order to live. What is a Shelter? It’s a safe place for an animal! Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Standards

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