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Maryland Standards for Kindergarten Science

MD.1.0. Skills and Processes: Students will demonstrate the thinking and acting inherent in the practice of science.

1.A.1. Constructing Knowledge: Raise questions about the world around them and be willing to seek answers to some of them by making careful observations and trying things out.

1.A.1.c. Use tools such as thermometers, magnifiers, rulers, or balances to extend their senses and gather data.
1.A.1.g. Use whole numbers and simple, everyday fractions in ordering, counting, identifying, measuring, and describing things and experiences.

1.C.1. Communicating Scientific Information: Ask, 'How do you know?' in appropriate situations and attempt reasonable answers when others ask them the same question.

1.C.1.b. Describe and compare things in terms of number, shape, texture, size, weight, color, and motion.

1.D.1. Technology: Design and make things with simple tools and a variety of materials.

1.D.1.b. Recognize that tools are used to do things better or more easily and to do some things that could not otherwise be done at all.

MD.2.0. Earth/Space Science: Students will use scientific skills and processes to explain the chemical and physical interactions (i.e., natural forces and cycles, transfer of energy) of the environment, Earth, and the universe that occur over time.

2.A.1. Materials and Processes That Shape A Planet: Investigate objects and materials in the environment.

2.A.1.b. Examine and describe Earth materials: rocks; soil; water.
2.A.1.c. Using examples, describe that objects and materials, such as trees, rocks, and hills on Earth's surface can change.

2.D.1. Astronomy: Observe celestial objects that are visible in the day and night sky.

2.D.1.a. Identify and describe the sun, moon and stars.

2.E.2. Interactions of Hydrosphere and Atmosphere: Investigate and gather information about changes in weather.

2.E.2.b. Record observations using pictures, pictographs, or written/oral language.
2.E.2.c. Describe qualitative changes in weather, such as temperatures, precipitation, wind, etc

MD.3.0. Life Science: The students will use scientific skills and processes to explain the dynamic nature of living things, their interactions, and the results from the interactions that occur over time.

3.A.1. Diversity of Life: Observe a variety of familiar animals and plants (perhaps on the school grounds, in the neighborhood, and at home) to discover patterns of similarity and difference among them.

3.A.1.a. Identify and describe features (observable parts) of animals and plants that make some of them alike in the way they look and the things they do.
3.A.1.b. Compare descriptions of the features that make some animals and some plants very different from one another.
3.A.1.c. Identify a feature that distinguishes animals that fly (as an example) from animals that cannot and examine a variety of animals that can fly to discover other similar features they might share.
3.A.1.d. Compare ideas about how the features of animals and plants affect what these animals are able to do.

3.A.2. Diversity of Life: Gather information and direct evidence that humans have different external features, such as size, shape, etc., but that they are more like one another than like other animals.

3.A.2.c. Describe similarities in what both humans and other animals are able to do because they possess certain external features.

3.D.1. Evolution: Recognize that living things are found almost everywhere in the world and that there are somewhat different kinds of living things in different places.

3.D.1.b. Using pictures, films and illustrated texts identify, describe and compare living things found in other states such as Texas and Alaska to those found in Maryland.
3.D.1.c. Explain that the external features of plants and animals affect how well they thrive in different kinds of places.

3.F.1. Ecology: Investigate a variety of familiar places where plants and animals live to describe the place and the living things found there.

3.F.1.b. Based on the observations collected at each place compare the plants and animals found there: Location; Activity; Movement; Features.

MD.4.0. Chemistry: Students will use scientific skills and processes to explain the composition, structure, and interactions of matter in order to support the predictability of structure and energy transformations.

4.A.1. Structure of Matter: Compare the observable properties of a variety of objects and the materials they are made of using evidence from investigations.

4.A.1.b. Based on data, describe the observable properties, such as size, shape, color, and texture of a variety of objects.
4.A.1.c. Identify and compare the properties of materials objects are made of and the properties of the objects.

MD.5.0. Physics: Students will use scientific skills and processes to explain the interactions of matter and energy and the energy transformations that occur

5.A.2. Mechanics: Explain that there must be a cause for changes in the motion of an object

5.A.2.a. Observe and describe the ways in which a variety of objects' motion can be changed: Sped up from a standstill; Slow down to a stop; Go faster; Go slower; No change; Change direction

5.B.1. Thermodynamics: Describe that sunlight warms the land, air, and water using observations and age appropriate tools.

5.B.1.a. Recognize and describe temperature changes of the land, air, and water before and after the sun warms them using senses and thermometers.

5.C.3. Electricity and Magnetism: Observe and gather information from the explorations to describe how magnets affect some objects.

5.C.3.a. Observe and describe what happens when magnets are placed on or near objects made of different materials.
5.C.3.b. Raise and seek answers to questions about what happened to the objects investigated and/or to the magnet.