## Maryland Standards for Kindergarten Science

Our EarthWorksheets: 20
WeatherWorksheets: 20
MatterWorksheets: 20
Me and My FamilyFreeWorksheets: 20

### MD.1.0. Skills and Processes: Students will demonstrate the thinking and acting inherent in the practice of science.

#### 1.A.1. Constructing Knowledge: Raise questions about the world around them and be willing to seek answers to some of them by making careful observations and trying things out.

##### 1.A.1.c. Use tools such as thermometers, magnifiers, rulers, or balances to extend their senses and gather data.
Hands-on Lab Skills/Science InquiryScientists use MANY different tools while they are observing and conducting experiments. Here are some tools scientists use: RULER, MEASURING CUP, CLOCK, HAND, LENS, THERMOMETER, BALANCE. Scientists often put objects into piles or groups based on their color, shape, texture, size and weight. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
##### 1.A.1.g. Use whole numbers and simple, everyday fractions in ordering, counting, identifying, measuring, and describing things and experiences.
Hands-on Lab Skills/Science InquiryScientists use MANY different tools while they are observing and conducting experiments. Here are some tools scientists use: RULER, MEASURING CUP, CLOCK, HAND, LENS, THERMOMETER, BALANCE. Scientists often put objects into piles or groups based on their color, shape, texture, size and weight. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Math in ScienceScientists use addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Scientists use GRAPHS too! Scientists use numbers when talking about the Earth and space too! For example: Scientists know that one rotation of Earth equals 24 hours. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

#### 1.C.1. Communicating Scientific Information: Ask, 'How do you know?' in appropriate situations and attempt reasonable answers when others ask them the same question.

##### 1.C.1.b. Describe and compare things in terms of number, shape, texture, size, weight, color, and motion.
Describe and measure matterWhat is matter? Matter is all around you. Matter is anything that takes up space. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Hands-on Lab Skills/Science InquiryScientists use MANY different tools while they are observing and conducting experiments. Here are some tools scientists use: RULER, MEASURING CUP, CLOCK, HAND, LENS, THERMOMETER, BALANCE. Scientists often put objects into piles or groups based on their color, shape, texture, size and weight. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2

#### 1.D.1. Technology: Design and make things with simple tools and a variety of materials.

##### 1.D.1.b. Recognize that tools are used to do things better or more easily and to do some things that could not otherwise be done at all.
Hands-on Lab Skills/Science InquiryScientists use MANY different tools while they are observing and conducting experiments. Here are some tools scientists use: RULER, MEASURING CUP, CLOCK, HAND, LENS, THERMOMETER, BALANCE. Scientists often put objects into piles or groups based on their color, shape, texture, size and weight. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2

### MD.2.0. Earth/Space Science: Students will use scientific skills and processes to explain the chemical and physical interactions (i.e., natural forces and cycles, transfer of energy) of the environment, Earth, and the universe that occur over time.

#### 2.A.1. Materials and Processes That Shape A Planet: Investigate objects and materials in the environment.

##### 2.A.1.b. Examine and describe Earth materials: rocks; soil; water.
Earth's resourcesNatural resources are useful things that we can find on the Earth. Natural resources are important to living things, including us! Some examples of natural resources are water, soil, air, rocks, and Minerals. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
##### 2.A.1.c. Using examples, describe that objects and materials, such as trees, rocks, and hills on Earth's surface can change.
Earth's resourcesNatural resources are useful things that we can find on the Earth. Natural resources are important to living things, including us! Some examples of natural resources are water, soil, air, rocks, and Minerals. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2

#### 2.D.1. Astronomy: Observe celestial objects that are visible in the day and night sky.

##### 2.D.1.a. Identify and describe the sun, moon and stars.
The SkyThe Sun is a large, hot ball of gas. It is a star. The Sun gives Earth light and heat. Living things need the Sun to live! The sun’s rays shine on the moon at night. This makes the moon bright! The Earth is the third planet from Sun. As the Earth moves around the Sun it turns. This rotation causes night and day here on Earth. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1

#### 2.E.2. Interactions of Hydrosphere and Atmosphere: Investigate and gather information about changes in weather.

##### 2.E.2.b. Record observations using pictures, pictographs, or written/oral language.
WeatherWhen someone asks, “What is the weather today?” you know what they are asking. They are asking what it is like outside. They want to know what nature is doing in your area – raining, snowing, blowing… How We Measure Weather: We measure temperature using a thermometer. A wind vane measures the direction of the wind. A rain gauge measures how much rain falls.Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
##### 2.E.2.c. Describe qualitative changes in weather, such as temperatures, precipitation, wind, etc
WeatherWhen someone asks, “What is the weather today?” you know what they are asking. They are asking what it is like outside. They want to know what nature is doing in your area – raining, snowing, blowing… How We Measure Weather: We measure temperature using a thermometer. A wind vane measures the direction of the wind. A rain gauge measures how much rain falls.Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2

### MD.3.0. Life Science: The students will use scientific skills and processes to explain the dynamic nature of living things, their interactions, and the results from the interactions that occur over time.

#### 3.A.1. Diversity of Life: Observe a variety of familiar animals and plants (perhaps on the school grounds, in the neighborhood, and at home) to discover patterns of similarity and difference among them.

##### 3.A.1.a. Identify and describe features (observable parts) of animals and plants that make some of them alike in the way they look and the things they do.
All about plantsWhat do plants need to grow? A plant needs: water, air, sunlight and room. How does a plant grow? A seed comes from an adult plant and falls to the ground. Once in the ground, a seed begins to grow in the soil. Roots grow from a seed down into the ground. A young plant grows up through the soil. Parts of a Plant: Roots, Stem, Leaves, Flower. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
All about animalsWhat Do Animals Need to Live? Animals need to: drink water, eat food, breathe air. Animals also need shelter. How do Animals Get Food? How do Different Animals Breath? Animals Grow and Change. How do Animals Stay Safe? Animal Body Parts. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Animal groupsA MAMMAL is an animal. A REPTILE is an animal. An AMPHIBIAN is an animal. Worms are animals too! Insects – bugs! Insects are part of the animal family too! Some animals have four legs. Some animals have two legs. Animals have different coverings on their bodies. Some animals have fur… Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
##### 3.A.1.b. Compare descriptions of the features that make some animals and some plants very different from one another.
Animal groupsA MAMMAL is an animal. A REPTILE is an animal. An AMPHIBIAN is an animal. Worms are animals too! Insects – bugs! Insects are part of the animal family too! Some animals have four legs. Some animals have two legs. Animals have different coverings on their bodies. Some animals have fur… Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
##### 3.A.1.c. Identify a feature that distinguishes animals that fly (as an example) from animals that cannot and examine a variety of animals that can fly to discover other similar features they might share.
All about animalsWhat Do Animals Need to Live? Animals need to: drink water, eat food, breathe air. Animals also need shelter. How do Animals Get Food? How do Different Animals Breath? Animals Grow and Change. How do Animals Stay Safe? Animal Body Parts. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
##### 3.A.1.d. Compare ideas about how the features of animals and plants affect what these animals are able to do.
All about plantsWhat do plants need to grow? A plant needs: water, air, sunlight and room. How does a plant grow? A seed comes from an adult plant and falls to the ground. Once in the ground, a seed begins to grow in the soil. Roots grow from a seed down into the ground. A young plant grows up through the soil. Parts of a Plant: Roots, Stem, Leaves, Flower. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
All about animalsWhat Do Animals Need to Live? Animals need to: drink water, eat food, breathe air. Animals also need shelter. How do Animals Get Food? How do Different Animals Breath? Animals Grow and Change. How do Animals Stay Safe? Animal Body Parts. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Animal groupsA MAMMAL is an animal. A REPTILE is an animal. An AMPHIBIAN is an animal. Worms are animals too! Insects – bugs! Insects are part of the animal family too! Some animals have four legs. Some animals have two legs. Animals have different coverings on their bodies. Some animals have fur… Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1

#### 3.A.2. Diversity of Life: Gather information and direct evidence that humans have different external features, such as size, shape, etc., but that they are more like one another than like other animals.

##### 3.A.2.c. Describe similarities in what both humans and other animals are able to do because they possess certain external features.
All about animalsWhat Do Animals Need to Live? Animals need to: drink water, eat food, breathe air. Animals also need shelter. How do Animals Get Food? How do Different Animals Breath? Animals Grow and Change. How do Animals Stay Safe? Animal Body Parts. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Animal groupsA MAMMAL is an animal. A REPTILE is an animal. An AMPHIBIAN is an animal. Worms are animals too! Insects – bugs! Insects are part of the animal family too! Some animals have four legs. Some animals have two legs. Animals have different coverings on their bodies. Some animals have fur… Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Human bodyYour body is made up of many parts: your hair, eyebrows, eyes, nose, cheeks, mouth, chin, ears, brain, skull, neck shoulders, arms, elbows, wrists, forearms, palms, fingers, hips, legs, knees, ankles, feet, toes, heels. Your organs and body parts work together to keep your body working well; they are a system. There are many systems or organs and body parts working together.Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2

#### 3.D.1. Evolution: Recognize that living things are found almost everywhere in the world and that there are somewhat different kinds of living things in different places.

##### 3.D.1.b. Using pictures, films and illustrated texts identify, describe and compare living things found in other states such as Texas and Alaska to those found in Maryland.
Animal groupsA MAMMAL is an animal. A REPTILE is an animal. An AMPHIBIAN is an animal. Worms are animals too! Insects – bugs! Insects are part of the animal family too! Some animals have four legs. Some animals have two legs. Animals have different coverings on their bodies. Some animals have fur… Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
##### 3.D.1.c. Explain that the external features of plants and animals affect how well they thrive in different kinds of places.
All about plantsWhat do plants need to grow? A plant needs: water, air, sunlight and room. How does a plant grow? A seed comes from an adult plant and falls to the ground. Once in the ground, a seed begins to grow in the soil. Roots grow from a seed down into the ground. A young plant grows up through the soil. Parts of a Plant: Roots, Stem, Leaves, Flower. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
All about animalsWhat Do Animals Need to Live? Animals need to: drink water, eat food, breathe air. Animals also need shelter. How do Animals Get Food? How do Different Animals Breath? Animals Grow and Change. How do Animals Stay Safe? Animal Body Parts. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Animal groupsA MAMMAL is an animal. A REPTILE is an animal. An AMPHIBIAN is an animal. Worms are animals too! Insects – bugs! Insects are part of the animal family too! Some animals have four legs. Some animals have two legs. Animals have different coverings on their bodies. Some animals have fur… Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1

#### 3.F.1. Ecology: Investigate a variety of familiar places where plants and animals live to describe the place and the living things found there.

##### 3.F.1.b. Based on the observations collected at each place compare the plants and animals found there: Location; Activity; Movement; Features.
Did you Know... 1st GradeAir is a nonliving thing. The air we breathe in is called oxygen. Herbivores are animals that only eat plants. Can you believe a HUGE dinosaur called a brachiosaurus was an herbivore? A whale is NOT a fish. It is a mammal that lives in the ocean. You have almost 10,000 taste buds in your mouth! These taste buds help you TASTE food. You can taste things that are sweet, sour, salty, and bitter! Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2

### MD.4.0. Chemistry: Students will use scientific skills and processes to explain the composition, structure, and interactions of matter in order to support the predictability of structure and energy transformations.

#### 4.A.1. Structure of Matter: Compare the observable properties of a variety of objects and the materials they are made of using evidence from investigations.

##### 4.A.1.b. Based on data, describe the observable properties, such as size, shape, color, and texture of a variety of objects.
Describe and measure matterWhat is matter? Matter is all around you. Matter is anything that takes up space. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Hands-on Lab Skills/Science InquiryScientists use MANY different tools while they are observing and conducting experiments. Here are some tools scientists use: RULER, MEASURING CUP, CLOCK, HAND, LENS, THERMOMETER, BALANCE. Scientists often put objects into piles or groups based on their color, shape, texture, size and weight. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
##### 4.A.1.c. Identify and compare the properties of materials objects are made of and the properties of the objects.
Describe and measure matterWhat is matter? Matter is all around you. Matter is anything that takes up space. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Hands-on Lab Skills/Science InquiryScientists use MANY different tools while they are observing and conducting experiments. Here are some tools scientists use: RULER, MEASURING CUP, CLOCK, HAND, LENS, THERMOMETER, BALANCE. Scientists often put objects into piles or groups based on their color, shape, texture, size and weight. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2

### MD.5.0. Physics: Students will use scientific skills and processes to explain the interactions of matter and energy and the energy transformations that occur

#### 5.A.2. Mechanics: Explain that there must be a cause for changes in the motion of an object

##### 5.A.2.a. Observe and describe the ways in which a variety of objects' motion can be changed: Sped up from a standstill; Slow down to a stop; Go faster; Go slower; No change; Change direction
Force and motionWhat Makes Things Move? Forces make things move! A force is a push or pull that can make something move. Gravity is a force! Gravity is a force that pulls things down. Speed is how fast or how slow an object moves. Objects can move straight, up, down, to the left, or to the right. Objects can curve and swerve when they move too! Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1

#### 5.B.1. Thermodynamics: Describe that sunlight warms the land, air, and water using observations and age appropriate tools.

##### 5.B.1.a. Recognize and describe temperature changes of the land, air, and water before and after the sun warms them using senses and thermometers.
All about heat and energyFreeEnergy is the ability to do work. The sun is the main source of earth's heat and light energy. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Hands-on Lab Skills/Science InquiryScientists use MANY different tools while they are observing and conducting experiments. Here are some tools scientists use: RULER, MEASURING CUP, CLOCK, HAND, LENS, THERMOMETER, BALANCE. Scientists often put objects into piles or groups based on their color, shape, texture, size and weight. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2

#### 5.C.3. Electricity and Magnetism: Observe and gather information from the explorations to describe how magnets affect some objects.

##### 5.C.3.a. Observe and describe what happens when magnets are placed on or near objects made of different materials.
MagnetsWhat is a Magnet? Magnets attract certain kinds of metal such as iron. A magnet has two poles, a north and south pole. Its north pole is on one end and its south pole is on the other end. What do magnets do? Magnets can attract an object. Attract means to pull towards. If something is magnetic, that means it can be attracted by a magnet. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
##### 5.C.3.b. Raise and seek answers to questions about what happened to the objects investigated and/or to the magnet.
MagnetsWhat is a Magnet? Magnets attract certain kinds of metal such as iron. A magnet has two poles, a north and south pole. Its north pole is on one end and its south pole is on the other end. What do magnets do? Magnets can attract an object. Attract means to pull towards. If something is magnetic, that means it can be attracted by a magnet. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1