Arizona's College and Career Ready Standards for Second Grade Science

All about sound and light
How is Sound Made? Sound is made because of something vibrating. You hear sounds when vibrating air causes your eardrum to vibrate. How Are Sounds Different? How Does Sound Travel? How Do People and Animals Make Sounds? What is Light? Light is also a form of energy. Light is energy that travels at very high speeds. Where Does Light Come From? Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 2
Did you know... 2nd Grade
Gas is all around us. There is a layer of gas that surrounds Earth, which is called the atmosphere. Scientists who study the weather are called meteorologists. Some plants like ferns do not have flowers. They make new plants using spores instead of seeds. The cheetah is the fastest animal in the world. Cheetahs can run up to about 113 kilometers per hour. The arctic is the coldest habitat. Brrrr! Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Fossils and dinosaurs
Many animals have lived on Earth and many still live on the Earth. Some lived on Earth millions of year ago. Many of these animals unfortunately do not live on Earth anymore. Fossils are things that provide evidence (or proof) of things that lived long ago. A fossil is the outline or piece of something that died millions of years ago. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Hands-on lab skills/Science Inquiry
Predictions Based on Patterns. Scientists often make predictions based on all the things they already know are true. Predict means to tell what you think is going to happen. Scientists then test their predictions to see if they are right! Scientists often compare and sort objects based on color, shape, texture, size and weight. Scientists use a METER STICK to measure the length of an object. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
How living things grow and change?
What are living things? Living things are alive! Plants, animals, and people are living things. Living things can grow. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Mammals and birds
What are Birds? Birds are warm-blooded animals that have: wings, feathers, a beak, no teeth, bones. Birds lay eggs. Their young hatch from those eggs. What Are Mammals? Mammals are animals that have hair. Mammals are the only animals with hair. Mammals are also warm-blooded. This means their body temperature stays the same, even if it is very cold or hot outside. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Plants
What are the Parts of a Plant? Let’s go from the bottom to the top: ROOTS, STEM, LEAVES, FLOWERS. Who Needs Plants? EVERYONE! Plants give off a gas called oxygen which is what we (and animals) need to breathe in to live. A plant's life cycle is how long a plant lives or how long it takes to grow, flower, and make seeds. All plants need water, air, and warm temperatures to grow. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 2
Reptiles, amphibians and fish
Reptiles have scales. Reptiles are born on land. Reptiles are cold-blooded which means their bodies change temperatures with the outside temperature around them. Reptiles lay eggs, and their babies hatch from those eggs. All amphibians begin their life in water with gills. As they grow, they develop lungs – which is what they use to breathe with on land. They grow legs to use on land too. Fish use gills to breathe. A fish stays in the water for its entire life! Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
The sun and earth
The Sun is a large hot ball of gas. It is also a star. The Sun gives Earth light and heat. Living things need the Sun to live! Sun rays shine on the moon at night which makes the moon bright! The Earth is the third planet from the Sun. There are four seasons: winter, spring, summer, and fall. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1

Core Ideas for Knowing Science

Physical Science

P1: All matter in the Universe is made of very small particles.
Comparing matter
What is matter? Matter is all around you. Matter is anything that takes up space. Mass is the amount of matter in an object. It is how much stuff an object is made of. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
P2: Objects can affect other objects at a distance.
Forces and motion-how things move
Motion is the process of an object changing place or position. Position refers to an object's location. The position of an object all depends on how a person is looking at the object and what it us being compared to, which is known as an object's relative position. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Force and motion
What Makes Things Move? Forces make things move! A force is a push or pull that can make something move. Gravity is a force! Gravity is a force that pulls things down. Speed is how fast or how slow an object moves. Objects can move straight, up, down, to the left, or to the right. Objects can curve and swerve when they move too! Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Did you Know... 1st Grade
Air is a nonliving thing. The air we breathe in is called oxygen. Herbivores are animals that only eat plants. Can you believe a HUGE dinosaur called a brachiosaurus was an herbivore? A whale is NOT a fish. It is a mammal that lives in the ocean. You have almost 10,000 taste buds in your mouth! These taste buds help you TASTE food. You can taste things that are sweet, sour, salty, and bitter! Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Energy needs
What is Energy? Energy is the ability to do work. Energy is what allows living things and objects to do things. Different Kinds of Energy are: Heat Energy, Energy of Motion, Light Energy, Sound Energy, Electricity or Electrical Energy. Some Sources of Energy are: The Sun, A candle, A stove, Food. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Objects in motion
What is force? A force is a push or pull that can make something move. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Magnets
What Is a Magnet? A magnet attracts certain kinds of metal. Attract means to pull towards. If something is magnetic, that means it is attracted by a magnet. Magnets come in different shapes and sizes. Magnets are used most every day. Example: You may have magnets on your refrigerator to hang up pictures and notes. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1

Earth and Space Science

E1: The composition of the Earth and its atmosphere and the natural and human processes occurring within them shape the Earth’s surface and its climate.
Changes on earth
A glacier is a slow moving large body of ice. A volcano is an opening in the Earth’s crust from which hot, melted rock forcefully comes out when pressure is built up inside the Earth. An earthquake is a sudden shift in the Earth’s crust that causes the ground to shake and vibrate violently. Weathering is the process of rocks being changed over time by conditions such as rain, snow, ice, pressure.Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Rocks, Soil and water
What are Rocks? Rocks are solid objects found in nature. Rocks are made up of minerals. What is Soil? Soil is the loose material the covers much of the Earth. Soil is also nonliving. Soil can be made of clay, sand, and humus. All living things need WATER to survive and to grow. The movement and recycling of the Earth’s water is called the water cycle. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2

Life Science

L1: Organisms are organized on a cellular basis and have a finite life span.
Did you Know... 1st Grade
Air is a nonliving thing. The air we breathe in is called oxygen. Herbivores are animals that only eat plants. Can you believe a HUGE dinosaur called a brachiosaurus was an herbivore? A whale is NOT a fish. It is a mammal that lives in the ocean. You have almost 10,000 taste buds in your mouth! These taste buds help you TASTE food. You can taste things that are sweet, sour, salty, and bitter! Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
L2: Organisms require a supply of energy and materials for which they often depend on, or compete with, other organisms.
How do plants grow?
Plants need many essential things in order to grow, such as: water, air, nutrients, sunlight, and warm temperature. Plants need their space too! If a plant grows too close to other plants, it may not grow healthy and strong, because the plants may compete over the available water, nutrients, and space in the soil for their roots to grow. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
How animals grow and change and live
Animals have certain traits which help them survive in their environment. These survival traits are called adaptations. Many adaptations are inherited, which means they are passed on from the parents of animal. Many animals have adaptations for eating such as the way a bird’s beak is shaped. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Relationships among living things
Living things interact in many ways. These interactions can help, harm, or do nothing to a living thing. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Did you Know... 3rd grade
There are so many amazing scientific facts out there, waiting to be discovered by you! Check out some of the incredible ‘Did You Know? facts that have to do with many of the science topics you learn about in 3rd Grade. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
All about plants
What do plants need to grow? A plant needs: water, air, sunlight and room. How does a plant grow? A seed comes from an adult plant and falls to the ground. Once in the ground, a seed begins to grow in the soil. Roots grow from a seed down into the ground. A young plant grows up through the soil. Parts of a Plant: Roots, Stem, Leaves, Flower. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
All about animals
What Do Animals Need to Live? Animals need to: drink water, eat food, breathe air. Animals also need shelter. How do Animals Get Food? How do Different Animals Breath? Animals Grow and Change. How do Animals Stay Safe? Animal Body Parts. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Animals
FreeThere are many different kinds of animals. The five main groups of animals are: Fish, birds, mammals, reptiles and amphibians. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Land Habitats
What is a habitat? A habitat is the place where plants and animals live. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Water Habitats
We already know that a habitat is the place where plants and animals live. Now, let’s look at WATER habitats... Water covers nearly 75% of the Earth: which means there is a lot more water than land on Earth! Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
How do plants and animals live together?
Plants need air, water, sunlight, and room to grow in order to live. Animals need air, water, food, and shelter in order to live. What is a Shelter? It’s a safe place for an animal! Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Earth yesterday and today
Life on Earth Has Changed. Many kinds of animals that used to live on Earth are no longer living. They are extinct. Reasons for Extinction: Big changes in the climate. Many times animals could not handle these big changes in the weather. Good news: Many animals have adapted to many changes that happen on Earth so that they CAN survive and NOT become extinct! Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Science in our world
What is Technology? Technology is using science in order to solve different problems. Technology uses things we know about science to make tools for people to make doing work easier. Technology can be as simple as a hammer. Technology keeps us safe (in our houses, our cars). Technology supplies us with the things we need to live. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1

Core Ideas for Using Science

U2: The knowledge produced by science is used in engineering and technologies to solve problems and/or create products.

Science in our world
Science is used every day to make this world a great place to live! People use science to invent and create technology. Tools help us do different jobs and make the job easier to do. Technology we use to communicate with others: telephone, cell phone, computer/Internet. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1

U3: Applications of science often have both positive and negative ethical, social, economic, and/or political implications.

Natural resources
Natural resources are found on the Earth and are important to living things. Some natural resources come from below the Earth’s surface. Some natural resources are nonrenewable, which means that can not be replaced. Some natural resources are renewable. Three examples of natural resources we have in abundance on Earth are: sunlight, air, and water. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
What is science?
Science is the study of the world around us. Scientists study the world around us. When studying things like plants, animals, and rocks, scientists use their senses: Eyes - to see. Nose - to smell. Ears - to hear. Hands - to touch. Mouth - to taste. Scientists study many things – like the things YOU study in 2nd grade: plants, rocks, weather, fossils, solar system, animals. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Using and saving natural resources
Natural resources are found on the Earth and are important to living things. People, plants, and animals need air to live. Air is a natural resource that never runs out! Water is another natural resource that people and animals use – they drink water in order to survive. Plants also need water to grow. Some natural resources are renewable. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1

Second Grade: Focus on Systems and System Models; Energy and Matter

Physical Sciences: Students develop an understanding of observable properties of matter and how changes in energy (heating or cooling) can affect matter or materials.

Physical Science Standards
2.P1U1.1. Plan and carry out an investigation to determine that matter has mass, takes up space, and is recognized by its observable properties; use the collected evidence to develop and support an explanation.
Matter and its properties
Everything around us is made out matter. Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass. All matter is made up of many different kinds of particles that are combined together in different ways. A property of matter is a feature, trait, or characteristic. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Magnets
What Is a Magnet? A magnet attracts certain kinds of metal. Attract means to pull towards. If something is magnetic, that means it is attracted by a magnet. Magnets come in different shapes and sizes. Magnets are used most every day. Example: You may have magnets on your refrigerator to hang up pictures and notes. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Math in Science
Charts and Graphs. Studying Plants. Studying Animals. Studying Water Habitats, Studying How Living Things Grow and Change. Studying Energy Needs. Studying Earth's Weather. Studying the Sun and the Earth. Studying the Moon, Stars, and Planets. Studying Earth, Yesterday and Today. Using and Saving Natural Resources. Hands-on Lab Skills. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
2.P1U1.2. Plan and carry out investigations to gather evidence to support an explanation on how heating or cooling can cause a phase change in matter.
Comparing matter
What is matter? Matter is all around you. Matter is anything that takes up space. Mass is the amount of matter in an object. It is how much stuff an object is made of. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
2.P4U1.3. Obtain, evaluate and communicate information about ways heat energy can cause change in objects or materials.
Comparing matter
What is matter? Matter is all around you. Matter is anything that takes up space. Mass is the amount of matter in an object. It is how much stuff an object is made of. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1

Earth and Space Sciences: Students develop an understanding of the distribution and role of water and wind in weather, shaping the land, and where organisms live. Wind and water can also change environments, and students learn humans and other organisms can change environments too. Students develop an understanding of changing patterns in the sky including the position of Sun, Moon, and stars, and the apparent shape of the Moon.

Earth and Space Standards
2.E1U1.5. Develop and use models to represent that water can exist in different states and is found in oceans, glaciers, lakes, rivers, ponds, and the atmosphere.
Science Worksheets: Water.
All living things need water to survive and to grow. For example, plants need water to make their own food, while fish need to live in water. The human body is made up of about 2/3 water. Water comes in three forms: liquid, solid, and gas. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Changes on earth
A glacier is a slow moving large body of ice. A volcano is an opening in the Earth’s crust from which hot, melted rock forcefully comes out when pressure is built up inside the Earth. An earthquake is a sudden shift in the Earth’s crust that causes the ground to shake and vibrate violently. Weathering is the process of rocks being changed over time by conditions such as rain, snow, ice, pressure.Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Weather
When someone asks, “What is the weather today?” you know what they are asking. They are asking what it is like outside. They want to know what nature is doing in your area – raining, snowing, blowing… How We Measure Weather: We measure temperature using a thermometer. A wind vane measures the direction of the wind. A rain gauge measures how much rain falls.Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
What is science?
Science is the study of the world around us. Scientists study the world around us. When studying things like plants, animals, and rocks, scientists use their senses: Eyes - to see. Nose - to smell. Ears - to hear. Hands - to touch. Mouth - to taste. Scientists study many things – like the things YOU study in 2nd grade: plants, rocks, weather, fossils, solar system, animals. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Earth's weather and seasons
What is Weather? Weather is what it feels like outside right now: hot, cold, windy, wet... There are Four Seasons: Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall. Seasons always come in the same order every year. Each season brings different weather. Winter is the coldest season and summer is the warmest. Some Kinds of Bad Weather: A thunderstorm, A blizzard, A hurricane. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Magnets
What Is a Magnet? A magnet attracts certain kinds of metal. Attract means to pull towards. If something is magnetic, that means it is attracted by a magnet. Magnets come in different shapes and sizes. Magnets are used most every day. Example: You may have magnets on your refrigerator to hang up pictures and notes. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
2.E1U2.6. Analyze patterns in weather conditions of various regions of the world and design, test, and refine solutions to protect humans from severe weather conditions.
Weather
What is the weather like outside? Weather is the condition of the air outside. Weather involves many things, such as clouds, temperature, water in the air, and the wind. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Weather
When someone asks, “What is the weather today?” you know what they are asking. They are asking what it is like outside. They want to know what nature is doing in your area – raining, snowing, blowing… How We Measure Weather: We measure temperature using a thermometer. A wind vane measures the direction of the wind. A rain gauge measures how much rain falls.Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
What is science?
Science is the study of the world around us. Scientists study the world around us. When studying things like plants, animals, and rocks, scientists use their senses: Eyes - to see. Nose - to smell. Ears - to hear. Hands - to touch. Mouth - to taste. Scientists study many things – like the things YOU study in 2nd grade: plants, rocks, weather, fossils, solar system, animals. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Magnets
What Is a Magnet? A magnet attracts certain kinds of metal. Attract means to pull towards. If something is magnetic, that means it is attracted by a magnet. Magnets come in different shapes and sizes. Magnets are used most every day. Example: You may have magnets on your refrigerator to hang up pictures and notes. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
2.E3U2.8. Observe and explain the Sun’s position at different times during a twenty-four-hour period and changes in the apparent shape of the Moon from one night to another.
Earth in space
FreeThe Sun, which is a star, is Earth's source of heat and light. The earth travels in circles around the Sun. The Earth’s rotation every 24 hours results in day and night on Earth. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Moon, star and planets
The moon moves around the Earth. A star is a hot ball of gas, stars give off light. The Sun is a star. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2

Life Sciences: Students develop an understanding that life on Earth depends on energy from the Sun or energy from other organisms to survive.

Life Science Standards
2.L2U1.9. Obtain, analyze, and communicate evidence that organisms need a source of energy, air, water, and certain temperature conditions to survive.
How do plants grow?
Plants need many essential things in order to grow, such as: water, air, nutrients, sunlight, and warm temperature. Plants need their space too! If a plant grows too close to other plants, it may not grow healthy and strong, because the plants may compete over the available water, nutrients, and space in the soil for their roots to grow. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
How animals grow and change and live
Animals have certain traits which help them survive in their environment. These survival traits are called adaptations. Many adaptations are inherited, which means they are passed on from the parents of animal. Many animals have adaptations for eating such as the way a bird’s beak is shaped. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Did you Know... 3rd grade
There are so many amazing scientific facts out there, waiting to be discovered by you! Check out some of the incredible ‘Did You Know? facts that have to do with many of the science topics you learn about in 3rd Grade. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
All about plants
What do plants need to grow? A plant needs: water, air, sunlight and room. How does a plant grow? A seed comes from an adult plant and falls to the ground. Once in the ground, a seed begins to grow in the soil. Roots grow from a seed down into the ground. A young plant grows up through the soil. Parts of a Plant: Roots, Stem, Leaves, Flower. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
All about animals
What Do Animals Need to Live? Animals need to: drink water, eat food, breathe air. Animals also need shelter. How do Animals Get Food? How do Different Animals Breath? Animals Grow and Change. How do Animals Stay Safe? Animal Body Parts. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Animals
FreeThere are many different kinds of animals. The five main groups of animals are: Fish, birds, mammals, reptiles and amphibians. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Land Habitats
What is a habitat? A habitat is the place where plants and animals live. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Water Habitats
We already know that a habitat is the place where plants and animals live. Now, let’s look at WATER habitats... Water covers nearly 75% of the Earth: which means there is a lot more water than land on Earth! Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
How do plants and animals live together?
Plants need air, water, sunlight, and room to grow in order to live. Animals need air, water, food, and shelter in order to live. What is a Shelter? It’s a safe place for an animal! Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Earth yesterday and today
Life on Earth Has Changed. Many kinds of animals that used to live on Earth are no longer living. They are extinct. Reasons for Extinction: Big changes in the climate. Many times animals could not handle these big changes in the weather. Good news: Many animals have adapted to many changes that happen on Earth so that they CAN survive and NOT become extinct! Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Science in our world
What is Technology? Technology is using science in order to solve different problems. Technology uses things we know about science to make tools for people to make doing work easier. Technology can be as simple as a hammer. Technology keeps us safe (in our houses, our cars). Technology supplies us with the things we need to live. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
2.L2U1.10. Develop a model representing how life on Earth depends on energy from the Sun and energy from other organisms.
Relationships among living things
Living things interact in many ways. These interactions can help, harm, or do nothing to a living thing. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Land Habitats
What is a habitat? A habitat is the place where plants and animals live. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Water Habitats
We already know that a habitat is the place where plants and animals live. Now, let’s look at WATER habitats... Water covers nearly 75% of the Earth: which means there is a lot more water than land on Earth! Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Earth yesterday and today
Life on Earth Has Changed. Many kinds of animals that used to live on Earth are no longer living. They are extinct. Reasons for Extinction: Big changes in the climate. Many times animals could not handle these big changes in the weather. Good news: Many animals have adapted to many changes that happen on Earth so that they CAN survive and NOT become extinct! Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Standards

NewPath Learning resources are fully aligned to US Education Standards. Select a standard below to view correlations to your selected resource:

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