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Michigan Standards for Second Grade Science

MI.E. Earth Science

E.FE. Fluid Earth: Develop an understanding that Earth is a planet nearly covered with water and that water on Earth can be found in three states, solid, liquid, and gas. Understand how water on Earth moves in predictable patterns. Understand Earth's atmosphere as a mixture of gases and water vapor.

E.FE.E.1. Water- Water is a natural resource and is found under the ground, on the surface of the earth, and in the sky. It exists in three states (liquid, solid, gas) and can go back and forth from one form to another.
E.FE.02.11. Identify water sources (wells, springs, lakes, rivers, oceans).
E.FE.02.13. Describe the properties (visible, flowing, melting, dew) of water as a liquid (lakes, rivers, streams, oceans).
E.FE.02.14. Describe the properties (hard, visible, freezing, ice) of water as a solid (ice, snow, iceberg, sleet, hail).
E.FE.E.2. Water Movement- Water moves in predictable patterns.
E.FE.02.21. Describe how rain collects on the surface of the Earth and flows downhill into bodies of water (streams, rivers, lakes, oceans) or into the ground.
E.FE.02.22. Describe the major bodies of water on the Earth's surface (lakes, ponds, oceans, rivers, streams).

E.SE. Solid Earth: Develop an understanding of the properties of earth materials and how those properties make materials useful. Understand gradual and rapid changes in earth materials and features of the surface of Earth. Understand magnetic properties of Earth.

E.SE.E.2. Surface Changes- The surface of Earth changes. Some changes are due to slow processes, such as erosion and weathering, and some changes are due to rapid processes, such as landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes.
E.SE.02.21. Describe the major landforms of the surface of the Earth (mountains, plains, plateaus, valleys, hills). Fluid Earth

MI.L. Life Science

L.OL. Organization of Living Things: Develop an understanding that plants and animals (including humans) have basic requirements for maintaining life which include the need for air, water and a source of energy. Understand that all life forms can be classified as producers, consumers, or decomposers as they are all part of a global food chain where food/energy is supplied by plants which need light to produce food/energy. Develop an understanding that plants and animals can be classified by observable traits and physical characteristics. Understand that all living organisms are composed of cells and they exhibit cell growth and division. Understand that all plants and animals have a definite life cycle, body parts, and systems to perform specific life functions.

L.OL.E.2. Life Cycles- Plants and animals have life cycles. Both plants and animals begin life and develop into adults, reproduce, and eventually die. The details of this life cycle are different for different organisms.
L.OL.02.22. Describe the life cycle of familiar flowering plants including the following stages: seed, plant, flower, and fruit. Heredity

MI.P. Physical Science

P.PM. Properties of Matter: Develop an understanding that all matter has observable attributes with physical and chemical properties that are described, measured, and compared Understand that states of matter exist as solid, liquid, or gas; and have physical and chemical properties. Understand all matter is composed of combinations of elements, which are organized by common attributes and characteristics on the Periodic Table. Understand that substances can be classified as mixtures or compounds and according to their physical and chemical properties.

P.PM.E.1. Physical Properties- All objects and substances have physical properties that can be measured.
P.PM.02.12. Describe objects and substances according to their properties (color, size, shape, texture, hardness, liquid or solid, sinking or floating).
P.PM.02.13. Measure the length of objects using rulers (centimeters) and meter sticks (meters).
P.PM.02.14. Measure the volume of liquids using common measuring tools (measuring cups, measuring spoons).
P.PM.02.15. Compare the weight of objects using balances.

MI.S. Science Processes

S.IA. Inquiry Analysis and Communication: Develop an understanding that scientific inquiry and investigations require analysis and communication of findings, using appropriate technology.

S.IA.E.1. Inquiry includes an analysis and presentation of findings that lead to future questions, research, and investigations.
S.IA.02.14. Develop strategies and skills for information gathering and problem solving (books, internet, ask an expert, observation, investigation, technology tools).

S.IP. Inquiry Process: Develop an understanding that scientific inquiry and reasoning involves observing, questioning, investigating, recording, and developing solutions to problems.

S.IP.E.1. Inquiry involves generating questions, conducting investigations, and developing solutions to problems through reasoning and observation.
S.IP.02.11. Make purposeful observation of the natural world using the appropriate senses.
S.IP.02.13. Plan and conduct simple investigations.
S.IP.02.14. Manipulate simple tools (ruler, meter stick, measuring cups, hand lens, thermometer, balance) that aid observation and data collection.
S.IP.02.15. Make accurate measurements with appropriate units (meter, centimeter) for the measurement tool.
S.IP.02.16. Construct simple charts and graphs from data and observations.

S.RS. Reflection and Social Implications: Develop an understanding that claims and evidence for their scientific merit should be analyzed. Understand how scientists decide what constitutes scientific knowledge. Develop an understanding of the importance of reflection on scientific knowledge and its application to new situations to better understand the role of science in society and technology.

S.RS.E.1. Reflecting on knowledge is the application of scientific knowledge to new and different situations. Reflecting on knowledge requires careful analysis of evidence that guides decision-making and the application of science throughout history and within society.
S.RS.02.11. Demonstrate scientific concepts through various illustrations, performances, models, exhibits, and activities.
S.RS.02.16. Identify technology used in everyday life.