Utah Core Standards for Second Grade Science

All about sound and light
How is Sound Made? Sound is made because of something vibrating. You hear sounds when vibrating air causes your eardrum to vibrate. How Are Sounds Different? How Does Sound Travel? How Do People and Animals Make Sounds? What is Light? Light is also a form of energy. Light is energy that travels at very high speeds. Where Does Light Come From? Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 2
Animals
FreeThere are many different kinds of animals. The five main groups of animals are: Fish, birds, mammals, reptiles and amphibians. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Did you know... 2nd Grade
Gas is all around us. There is a layer of gas that surrounds Earth, which is called the atmosphere. Scientists who study the weather are called meteorologists. Some plants like ferns do not have flowers. They make new plants using spores instead of seeds. The cheetah is the fastest animal in the world. Cheetahs can run up to about 113 kilometers per hour. The arctic is the coldest habitat. Brrrr! Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Earth yesterday and today
Life on Earth Has Changed. Many kinds of animals that used to live on Earth are no longer living. They are extinct. Reasons for Extinction: Big changes in the climate. Many times animals could not handle these big changes in the weather. Good news: Many animals have adapted to many changes that happen on Earth so that they CAN survive and NOT become extinct! Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Energy needs
What is Energy? Energy is the ability to do work. Energy is what allows living things and objects to do things. Different Kinds of Energy are: Heat Energy, Energy of Motion, Light Energy, Sound Energy, Electricity or Electrical Energy. Some Sources of Energy are: The Sun, A candle, A stove, Food. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Fossils and dinosaurs
Many animals have lived on Earth and many still live on the Earth. Some lived on Earth millions of year ago. Many of these animals unfortunately do not live on Earth anymore. Fossils are things that provide evidence (or proof) of things that lived long ago. A fossil is the outline or piece of something that died millions of years ago. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Hands-on lab skills/Science Inquiry
Predictions Based on Patterns. Scientists often make predictions based on all the things they already know are true. Predict means to tell what you think is going to happen. Scientists then test their predictions to see if they are right! Scientists often compare and sort objects based on color, shape, texture, size and weight. Scientists use a METER STICK to measure the length of an object. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
How living things grow and change?
What are living things? Living things are alive! Plants, animals, and people are living things. Living things can grow. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Magnets
What Is a Magnet? A magnet attracts certain kinds of metal. Attract means to pull towards. If something is magnetic, that means it is attracted by a magnet. Magnets come in different shapes and sizes. Magnets are used most every day. Example: You may have magnets on your refrigerator to hang up pictures and notes. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Mammals and birds
What are Birds? Birds are warm-blooded animals that have: wings, feathers, a beak, no teeth, bones. Birds lay eggs. Their young hatch from those eggs. What Are Mammals? Mammals are animals that have hair. Mammals are the only animals with hair. Mammals are also warm-blooded. This means their body temperature stays the same, even if it is very cold or hot outside. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Reptiles, amphibians and fish
Reptiles have scales. Reptiles are born on land. Reptiles are cold-blooded which means their bodies change temperatures with the outside temperature around them. Reptiles lay eggs, and their babies hatch from those eggs. All amphibians begin their life in water with gills. As they grow, they develop lungs – which is what they use to breathe with on land. They grow legs to use on land too. Fish use gills to breathe. A fish stays in the water for its entire life! Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Science in our world
What is Technology? Technology is using science in order to solve different problems. Technology uses things we know about science to make tools for people to make doing work easier. Technology can be as simple as a hammer. Technology keeps us safe (in our houses, our cars). Technology supplies us with the things we need to live. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
The sun and earth
The Sun is a large hot ball of gas. It is also a star. The Sun gives Earth light and heat. Living things need the Sun to live! Sun rays shine on the moon at night which makes the moon bright! The Earth is the third planet from the Sun. There are four seasons: winter, spring, summer, and fall. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Using and saving natural resources
Natural resources are found on the Earth and are important to living things. People, plants, and animals need air to live. Air is a natural resource that never runs out! Water is another natural resource that people and animals use – they drink water in order to survive. Plants also need water to grow. Some natural resources are renewable. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
What is science?
Science is the study of the world around us. Scientists study the world around us. When studying things like plants, animals, and rocks, scientists use their senses: Eyes - to see. Nose - to smell. Ears - to hear. Hands - to touch. Mouth - to taste. Scientists study many things – like the things YOU study in 2nd grade: plants, rocks, weather, fossils, solar system, animals. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1

UT.1. The Processes of Science, Communication of Science, and the Nature of Science: Students will be able to apply scientific processes, communicate scientific ideas effectively, and understand the nature of science.

1.1. Generating Evidence: Using the processes of scientific investigation (i.e. framing questions, designing investigations, conducting investigations, collecting data, drawing conclusions)

1.1.1. Framing questions: Observe using senses, create a hypothesis, and focus a question that can lead to an investigation.
Hands-on Lab Skills/Science Inquiry - 3rd grade
Science Process Skills: Observing, Classifying, Estimating, Predicting/Hypothesis, Making Inferences, Models, Investigating, Collecting Data, Interpreting Data. Scientific Method: Ask a question, Write an Hypothesis, Create a control variable, Conduct an Experiment, Record Your Data, Decide Your Final Answer, State Your Final Answer. Science Tools. Safety in Science. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
1.1.3. Conducting investigations: Observe, manipulate, measure, describe.
Hands-on Lab Skills/Science Inquiry - 3rd grade
Science Process Skills: Observing, Classifying, Estimating, Predicting/Hypothesis, Making Inferences, Models, Investigating, Collecting Data, Interpreting Data. Scientific Method: Ask a question, Write an Hypothesis, Create a control variable, Conduct an Experiment, Record Your Data, Decide Your Final Answer, State Your Final Answer. Science Tools. Safety in Science. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Hands-on Lab Skills/Science Inquiry
Scientists use MANY different tools while they are observing and conducting experiments. Here are some tools scientists use: RULER, MEASURING CUP, CLOCK, HAND, LENS, THERMOMETER, BALANCE. Scientists often put objects into piles or groups based on their color, shape, texture, size and weight. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
1.1.4. Collecting data: Deciding what data to collect and how to organize, record, and manipulate the data.
Math in Science
Charts and Graphs. Studying Plants. Studying Animals. Studying Water Habitats, Studying How Living Things Grow and Change. Studying Energy Needs. Studying Earth's Weather. Studying the Sun and the Earth. Studying the Moon, Stars, and Planets. Studying Earth, Yesterday and Today. Using and Saving Natural Resources. Hands-on Lab Skills. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

1.2. Communicating Science: Communicating effectively using science language and reasoning

1.2.4. Using multiple methods of communicating reasons/evidence (verbal, charts, graphs).
Math in Science
Charts and Graphs. Studying Plants. Studying Animals. Studying Water Habitats, Studying How Living Things Grow and Change. Studying Energy Needs. Studying Earth's Weather. Studying the Sun and the Earth. Studying the Moon, Stars, and Planets. Studying Earth, Yesterday and Today. Using and Saving Natural Resources. Hands-on Lab Skills. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

UT.2. Earth and Space Science: Students will gain an understanding of Earth and Space Science through the study of earth materials, celestial movement, and weather.

2.1. Describe the characteristics of different rocks.

2.1.1. Explain how smaller rocks come from the breakage and weathering of larger rocks.
Changes on earth
A glacier is a slow moving large body of ice. A volcano is an opening in the Earth’s crust from which hot, melted rock forcefully comes out when pressure is built up inside the Earth. An earthquake is a sudden shift in the Earth’s crust that causes the ground to shake and vibrate violently. Weathering is the process of rocks being changed over time by conditions such as rain, snow, ice, pressure.Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
2.1.2. Describe rocks in terms of their parts (e.g. crystals, grains, cement).
Rocks, Minerals, and soil
Rocks are solid material found in nature made up of minerals. A mineral is a natural material usually found in the ground. A rock has physical properties like color and composition, or what exact minerals make up the rock. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Rocks, Soil and water
What are Rocks? Rocks are solid objects found in nature. Rocks are made up of minerals. What is Soil? Soil is the loose material the covers much of the Earth. Soil is also nonliving. Soil can be made of clay, sand, and humus. All living things need WATER to survive and to grow. The movement and recycling of the Earth’s water is called the water cycle. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
2.1.3. Sort rocks based upon color, hardness, texture, layering, particle size and type (i.e. igneous, metamorphic, sedimentary).
Rocks, Minerals, and soil
Rocks are solid material found in nature made up of minerals. A mineral is a natural material usually found in the ground. A rock has physical properties like color and composition, or what exact minerals make up the rock. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2

2.2. Observe and record recognizable objects and patterns in the night sky.

2.2.1. Observe, describe, and record patterns in the appearance and apparent motion of the moon in the night sky.
Earth in space
FreeThe Sun, which is a star, is Earth's source of heat and light. The earth travels in circles around the Sun. The Earth’s rotation every 24 hours results in day and night on Earth. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Moon, star and planets
The moon moves around the Earth. A star is a hot ball of gas, stars give off light. The Sun is a star. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
2.2.2. Observe and describe the number, arrangement and color/brightness of stars in the night sky.
Earth in space
FreeThe Sun, which is a star, is Earth's source of heat and light. The earth travels in circles around the Sun. The Earth’s rotation every 24 hours results in day and night on Earth. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
The Sky
The Sun is a large, hot ball of gas. It is a star. The Sun gives Earth light and heat. Living things need the Sun to live! The sun’s rays shine on the moon at night. This makes the moon bright! The Earth is the third planet from Sun. As the Earth moves around the Sun it turns. This rotation causes night and day here on Earth. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Moon, star and planets
The moon moves around the Earth. A star is a hot ball of gas, stars give off light. The Sun is a star. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2

2.3. Observe, describe, and measure seasonal weather patterns and local variations.

2.3.1. Compare and contrast the seasonal weather patterns during the school year.
The seasons
A season is a different time of year. There are four seasons: winter, spring, summer, and fall. The four seasons always come in the same order. Winter comes first in the year. Spring comes next. Summer is third. Fall is the fourth season. Seasons bring different types of weather. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Earth's weather and seasons
What is Weather? Weather is what it feels like outside right now: hot, cold, windy, wet... There are Four Seasons: Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall. Seasons always come in the same order every year. Each season brings different weather. Winter is the coldest season and summer is the warmest. Some Kinds of Bad Weather: A thunderstorm, A blizzard, A hurricane. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
2.3.2. Analyze and interpret data such as temperatures in different locations and different times.
Weather
What is the weather like outside? Weather is the condition of the air outside. Weather involves many things, such as clouds, temperature, water in the air, and the wind. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Weather
When someone asks, “What is the weather today?” you know what they are asking. They are asking what it is like outside. They want to know what nature is doing in your area – raining, snowing, blowing… How We Measure Weather: We measure temperature using a thermometer. A wind vane measures the direction of the wind. A rain gauge measures how much rain falls.Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Earth's weather and seasons
What is Weather? Weather is what it feels like outside right now: hot, cold, windy, wet... There are Four Seasons: Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall. Seasons always come in the same order every year. Each season brings different weather. Winter is the coldest season and summer is the warmest. Some Kinds of Bad Weather: A thunderstorm, A blizzard, A hurricane. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2

UT.3. Physical Science: Students will gain an understanding of Physical Science through the study of the forces of motion and the properties of materials.

3.1. Communicate observations about falling objects.

3.1.1. Observe falling objects and identify things that prevent them from reaching the ground.
Forces and motion-how things move
Motion is the process of an object changing place or position. Position refers to an object's location. The position of an object all depends on how a person is looking at the object and what it us being compared to, which is known as an object's relative position. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Objects in motion
What is force? A force is a push or pull that can make something move. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
3.1.2. Communicate observations that similar objects of varying masses fall at the same rate.
Forces and motion-how things move
Motion is the process of an object changing place or position. Position refers to an object's location. The position of an object all depends on how a person is looking at the object and what it us being compared to, which is known as an object's relative position. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Objects in motion
What is force? A force is a push or pull that can make something move. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2

3.2. Compare and contrast the differences in how different materials respond to change.

3.2.1. Model physical changes of various materials.
Changes in matter
A physical change is when something changes its appearance without changing its makeup. An example of a physical change is chopping wood. An example of a chemical change is burning the wood. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Comparing matter
What is matter? Matter is all around you. Matter is anything that takes up space. Mass is the amount of matter in an object. It is how much stuff an object is made of. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1

UT.4. Life Science: Students will gain an understanding of Life Science through the study of changes in organisms over time and the nature of living things.

4.1. Tell how external features affect an animals' ability to survive in its environment.

4.1.1. Compare and contrast the characteristics of living things in different habitats.
Where plants and animals live
An environment is everything that surrounds a living thing or person. Everything that lives on Earth lives in a certain environment. Living things get everything they need to survive from their environment. An environment also includes nonliving things. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Where do animals live?
Plants and animals live in a habitat. A habitat has all the things plants and animals need. An animal can find food in its habitat. An animal can get water from its habitat. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Did you Know... 1st Grade
Air is a nonliving thing. The air we breathe in is called oxygen. Herbivores are animals that only eat plants. Can you believe a HUGE dinosaur called a brachiosaurus was an herbivore? A whale is NOT a fish. It is a mammal that lives in the ocean. You have almost 10,000 taste buds in your mouth! These taste buds help you TASTE food. You can taste things that are sweet, sour, salty, and bitter! Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Land Habitats
What is a habitat? A habitat is the place where plants and animals live. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Water Habitats
We already know that a habitat is the place where plants and animals live. Now, let’s look at WATER habitats... Water covers nearly 75% of the Earth: which means there is a lot more water than land on Earth! Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
4.1.2. Develop, communicate, and justify an explanation as to why a habitat is or is not suitable for a specific organism.
Where plants and animals live
An environment is everything that surrounds a living thing or person. Everything that lives on Earth lives in a certain environment. Living things get everything they need to survive from their environment. An environment also includes nonliving things. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Did you Know... 1st Grade
Air is a nonliving thing. The air we breathe in is called oxygen. Herbivores are animals that only eat plants. Can you believe a HUGE dinosaur called a brachiosaurus was an herbivore? A whale is NOT a fish. It is a mammal that lives in the ocean. You have almost 10,000 taste buds in your mouth! These taste buds help you TASTE food. You can taste things that are sweet, sour, salty, and bitter! Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Land Habitats
What is a habitat? A habitat is the place where plants and animals live. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Water Habitats
We already know that a habitat is the place where plants and animals live. Now, let’s look at WATER habitats... Water covers nearly 75% of the Earth: which means there is a lot more water than land on Earth! Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1

4.2. Identify basic needs of living things (plants and animals) and their abilities to meet their needs.

4.2.1. Communicate and justify how the physical characteristics of living things help them meet their basic needs.
Main Parts of Plants
A plant has many important parts, such as its roots, stem, leaves, and flower. Each part of a plant has many functions that make it possible for a plant to live. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
How do plants grow?
Plants need many essential things in order to grow, such as: water, air, nutrients, sunlight, and warm temperature. Plants need their space too! If a plant grows too close to other plants, it may not grow healthy and strong, because the plants may compete over the available water, nutrients, and space in the soil for their roots to grow. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
All about plants
What do plants need to grow? A plant needs: water, air, sunlight and room. How does a plant grow? A seed comes from an adult plant and falls to the ground. Once in the ground, a seed begins to grow in the soil. Roots grow from a seed down into the ground. A young plant grows up through the soil. Parts of a Plant: Roots, Stem, Leaves, Flower. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
All about animals
What Do Animals Need to Live? Animals need to: drink water, eat food, breathe air. Animals also need shelter. How do Animals Get Food? How do Different Animals Breath? Animals Grow and Change. How do Animals Stay Safe? Animal Body Parts. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Animal groups
A MAMMAL is an animal. A REPTILE is an animal. An AMPHIBIAN is an animal. Worms are animals too! Insects – bugs! Insects are part of the animal family too! Some animals have four legs. Some animals have two legs. Animals have different coverings on their bodies. Some animals have fur… Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Plants
What are the Parts of a Plant? Let’s go from the bottom to the top: ROOTS, STEM, LEAVES, FLOWERS. Who Needs Plants? EVERYONE! Plants give off a gas called oxygen which is what we (and animals) need to breathe in to live. A plant's life cycle is how long a plant lives or how long it takes to grow, flower, and make seeds. All plants need water, air, and warm temperatures to grow. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
4.2.2. Observe, record, and compare how the behaviors and reactions of living things help them meet their basic needs.
Living and nonliving things
What is a LIVING thing? If something is LIVING - it is alive! A plant is a living thing. An animal is a living thing. What is a NONLIVING thing? If something is a NONLIVING thing, it is not alive. Soil is a nonliving thing. A rock is a nonliving thing. Water is a nonliving thing. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
All about animals
What Do Animals Need to Live? Animals need to: drink water, eat food, breathe air. Animals also need shelter. How do Animals Get Food? How do Different Animals Breath? Animals Grow and Change. How do Animals Stay Safe? Animal Body Parts. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
How do plants and animals live together?
Plants need air, water, sunlight, and room to grow in order to live. Animals need air, water, food, and shelter in order to live. What is a Shelter? It’s a safe place for an animal! Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
4.2.3. Identify behaviors and reactions of living things in response to changes in the environment including seasonal changes in temperature and precipitation.
Living and nonliving things
What is a LIVING thing? If something is LIVING - it is alive! A plant is a living thing. An animal is a living thing. What is a NONLIVING thing? If something is a NONLIVING thing, it is not alive. Soil is a nonliving thing. A rock is a nonliving thing. Water is a nonliving thing. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Standards

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