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Food Chains First Grade Science
Minerals of Earth's crust Fifth Grade Science
Electricity and magnetism Fourth Grade Science
Relationships among living things Third Grade Science
How animals grow and change and live Third Grade Science
Rocks, Minerals, and soil Third Grade Science

Tennessee Standards for Fourth Grade Science

TN.1. Life Science: Cells

CS.1. All living things are made of cells that perform functions necessary for life.

GQ.1. How are plant and animals cells organized to carry on the processes of life?
0407.1. Checks for Understanding
0407.1.1. Use illustrations or direct observations to compare and contrast the basic structures of plant and animal cells.0407.1.2. Create a basic model of the cell that illustrates different cell structures and describes their functions.
GLE.0407.1. Grade Level Expectations
GLE.0407.1.1. Recognize that cells are the building blocks of all living things.
SPI.0407.1. State Performance Indicators
SPI.0407.1.1. Compare basic structures of plant and animal cells.

TN.10. Physical Science: Energy

CS.10. Various forms of energy are constantly being transformed into other types without any net loss of energy from the system.

GQ.10. What basic energy related ideas are essential for understanding the dependency of the natural and man-made worlds on energy?
0407.10. Checks for Understanding
0407.10.1. Design an investigation to demonstrate how different forms of energy release heat or light.0407.10.2. Design an experiment to investigate how different surfaces determine if light is reflected, refracted, or absorbed.0407.10.3. Gather and organize information about a variety of materials to categorize them as translucent, transparent, or opaque.
GLE.0407.10. Grade Level Expectations
GLE.0407.10.1. Distinguish among heat, radiant, and chemical forms of energy.GLE.0407.10.2. Investigate how light travels and is influenced by different types of materials and surfaces.
SPI.0407.10. State Performance Indicators
SPI.0407.10.1. Identify different forms of energy, such as heat, light, and chemical.SPI.0407.10.2. Determine which surfaces reflect, refract, or absorb light.SPI.0407.10.3. Determine whether a material is transparent, translucent, or opaque.

TN.11. Physical Science: Motion

CS.11. Objects move in ways that can be observed, described, predicted, and measured.

GQ.11. What causes objects to move differently under different circumstances?
0407.11. Checks for Understanding
0407.11.2. Design an investigation to identify factors that affect the speed and distance traveled by an object in motion.0407.11.4. Plan and execute an investigation that demonstrates how friction affects the movement of an object.0407.11.5. Design and implement an investigation to determine that the speed of an object is equal to the distance traveled over time.
GLE.0407.11. Grade Level Expectations
GLE.0407.11.2. Design a simple investigation to demonstrate how friction affects the movement of an object.GLE.0407.11.3. Investigate the relationship between the speed of an object and the distance traveled during a certain time period.
SPI.0407.11. State Performance Indicators
SPI.0407.11.2. Identify factors that influence the motion of an object.SPI.0407.11.3. Determine the relationship between speed and distance traveled over time.

TN.12. Physical Science: Forces in Nature

CS.12. Everything in the universe exerts a gravitational force on everything else; there is an interplay between magnetic fields and electrical currents.

GQ.12. What are the scientific principles that explain gravity and electromagnetism?
0407.12. Checks for Understanding
0407.12.1. Explore the interactions between an electrically charged object and other materials.0407.12.2. Design an experiment to investigate how a simple electromagnet affects common objects.0407.12.3. Describe how electricity passes through a simple circuit that includes a battery, wire, switch, and bulb.
GLE.0407.12. Grade Level Expectations
GLE.0407.12.2. Observe that electrically charged objects exert a pull on other materials.GLE.0407.12.3. Explain how electricity in a simple circuit requires a complete loop through which current can pass.
SPI.0407.12. State Performance Indicators
SPI.0407.12.2. Determine how an electrically charged material interacts with other objects.SPI.0407.12.3. Determine the path of an electrical current in a simple circuit.

TN.2. Life Science: Interdependence

CS.2. All life is interdependent and interacts with the environment.

GQ.2. How do living things interact with one another and with the non-living elements of their environment?
0407.2. Checks for Understanding
0407.2.1. Analyze how an increase or decrease in competition or predation affects an ecosystem.0407.2.2. Design a simple experiment to illustrate the effects of competition, predation, and interdependency among living things.
SPI.0407.2. State Performance Indicators
SPI.0407.2.1. Recognize the impact of predation and competition on an ecosystem.

TN.3. Life Science: Flow of Matter and Energy

CS.3. Matter and energy flow through the biosphere.

GQ.3. What scientific information explains how matter and energy flow through the biosphere?
0407.3. Checks for Understanding
0407.3.1. Create a food web that illustrates the energy relationships between plants and animals and the key issues or assumptions found in the model.0407.3.2. Classify organisms as carnivores, herbivores, or omnivores.0407.3.3. Identify how a variety of organisms meet their energy needs.
GLE.0407.3. Grade Level Expectations
GLE.0407.3.1. Demonstrate that plants require light energy to grow and survive.GLE.0407.3.2. Investigate different ways that organisms meet their energy needs.
SPI.0407.3. State Performance Indicators
SPI.0407.3.1. Determine how different organisms function within an environment in terms of their location on an energy pyramid.

TN.4. Life Science: Heredity

CS.4. Plants and animals reproduce and transmit hereditary information between generations.

GQ.4. What are the principal mechanisms by which living things reproduce and transmit information between parents and offspring?
0407.4. Checks for Understanding
0407.4.1. Design a simple demonstration that illustrates the relationship between reproduction and survival of a species.0407.4.2. Study the life cycles of a variety of organisms and determine whether these processes illustrate complete or incomplete metamorphosis.
GLE.0407.4. Grade Level Expectations
GLE.0407.4.2. Differentiate between complete and incomplete metamorphosis.
SPI.0407.4. State Performance Indicators
SPI.0407.4.2. Distinguish between complete and incomplete metamorphosis.

TN.5. Life Science: Biodiversity and Change

CS.5. A rich variety of complex organisms have developed in response to a continually changing environment.

GQ.5. How does natural selection explain how organisms have changed over time?
0407.5. Checks for Understanding
0407.5.1. Classify animals according to their physical adaptations for obtaining food, oxygen, and surviving within a particular environment.0407.5.2. Describe how animal behaviors such as migration, defense, means of locomotion, and hibernation enable them to survive in an environment.0407.5.3. Investigate tropisms that plants exhibit in response to changes in their environment.
GLE.0407.5. Grade Level Expectations
GLE.0407.5.1. Analyze physical and behavioral adaptations that enable organisms to survive in their environment.
SPI.0407.5. State Performance Indicators
SPI.0407.5.2. Infer the possible reasons why a species became endangered or extinct.

TN.6. Earth and Space Science: The Universe

CS.6. The cosmos is vast and explored well enough to know its basic structure and operational principles.

GQ.6. What big ideas guide human understanding about the origin and structure of the universe, Earth's place in the cosmos, and observable motions and patterns in the sky?
0407.6. Checks for Understanding
0407.6.1. Chart the movements of the sun, moon, and earth to develop an explanation for the phases of the moon and solar and lunar eclipses.0407.6.2. Sequence the major phases of the moon during a lunar cycle.
GLE.0407.6. Grade Level Expectations
GLE.0407.6.1. Analyze patterns, relative movements, and relationships among the sun, moon, and earth.
SPI.0407.6. State Performance Indicators
SPI.0407.6.1. Organize the phases of the moon in the correct sequence.SPI.0407.6.2. Infer that the moon's phases are caused by the revolution of the moon and earth around the sun.

TN.7. Earth and Space Science: The Earth

CS.7. Major geologic events that occur over eons or brief moments in time continually shape and reshape the surface of the Earth, resulting in continuous global change.

GQ.7. How is the earth affected by long-term and short term geological cycles and the influence of man?
0407.7. Checks for Understanding
0407.7.1. Prepare a demonstration to illustrate how wind and water affect the earth's surface features.0407.7.2. Design an investigation to demonstrate how erosion and deposition change the earth's surface.0407.7.3. List factors that determine the appropriate use of an earth material.0407.7.4. Use data from a variety of informational texts to analyze and evaluate man's impact on non-renewable resources.
GLE.0407.7. Grade Level Expectations
GLE.0407.7.1. Investigate how the Earth's geological features change as a result of erosion (weathering and transportation) and deposition.GLE.0407.7.2. Evaluate how some earth materials can be used to solve human problems and enhance the quality of life.
SPI.0407.7. State Performance Indicators
SPI.0407.7.1. Design a simple model to illustrate how the wind and movement of water alter the earth's surface.SPI.0407.7.2. Analyze how different earth materials are utilized to solve human problems or improve the quality of life.

TN.8. Earth and Space Science: The Atmosphere

CS.8. The earth is surrounded by an active atmosphere and an energy system that controls the distribution life, local weather, climate, and global temperature.

GQ.8. How do the physical characteristics and the chemical makeup of the atmosphere influence surface processes and life on Earth?
0407.8. Checks for Understanding
0407.8.1. Prepare a model that illustrates the basic features of the water cycle.0407.8.2. Use long term weather data to distinguish between weather and climate.0407.8.3. Use an illustration to predict and draw conclusions about how weather and climate affect the water cycle.
GLE.0407.8. Grade Level Expectations
GLE.0407.8.1. Recognize the major components of the water cycle.GLE.0407.8.2. Differentiate between weather and climate.
SPI.0407.8. State Performance Indicators
SPI.0407.8.1. Identify the basic features of the water cycle and describe their importance to life on earth.SPI.0407.8.2. Distinguish between weather and climate.

TN.9. Physical Science: Matter

CS.9. The composition and structure of matter is known, and it behaves according to principles that are generally understood.

GQ.9. How does the structure of matter influence its physical and chemical behavior?
0407.9. Checks for Understanding
0407.9.1. Use appropriate tools to measure and compare the physical properties of various solids and liquids.0407.9.2. Compare the causes and effects of various physical changes in matter.
GLE.0407.9. Grade Level Expectations
GLE.0407.9.1. Collect data to illustrate that the physical properties of matter can be described with tools that measure weight, mass, length, and volume.GLE.0407.9.2. Explore different types of physical changes in matter.
SPI.0407.9. State Performance Indicators
SPI.0407.9.1. Choose an appropriate tool for measuring a specific physical property of matter.SPI.0407.9.3. Interpret the causes and effects of a physical change in matter.

TN.Inq. Inquiry

CS.Inq. Understandings about scientific inquiry and the ability to conduct inquiry are essential for living in the 21st century.

GQ.Inq. What tools, skills, knowledge, and dispositions are needed to conduct scientific inquiry?
0407.Inq. Checks for Understanding
0407.Inq.2. Identify tools needed to investigate specific questions.0407.Inq.4. Analyze and communicate findings from multiple investigations of similar phenomena to reach a conclusion.
GLE.0407.Inq. Grade Level Expectations
GLE.0407.Inq.1. Explore different scientific phenomena by asking questions, making logical predictions, planning investigations, and recording data.GLE.0407.Inq.2. Select and use appropriate tools and simple equipment to conduct an investigation.GLE.0407.Inq.3. Organize data into appropriate tables, graphs, drawings, or diagrams.GLE.0407.Inq.4. Identify and interpret simple patterns of evidence to communicate the findings of multiple investigations.GLE.0407.Inq.5. Recognize that people may interpret the same results in different ways.
SPI.0407.Inq. State Performance Indicators
SPI.0407.Inq.1. Select an investigation that could be used to answer a specific question.