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West Virginia Standards for Fourth Grade Science

WV.SC.S.4.1. Nature of Science: Students will demonstrate an understanding of the history and nature of science as a human endeavor encompassing the contributions of diverse cultures, scientists, and careers, demonstrate the abilities and understanding necessary to do scientific inquiry, demonstrate the ability to think and act as scientists by engaging in active inquiries and investigations, while incorporating hands-on activities.

SC.O.4.1.1. Explain how new discoveries lead to changes in scientific knowledge.

SC.O.4.1.10. Establish variables and controls in an experiment; test variables through experimentation.

SC.O.4.1.11. Interpret data presented in a table, graph, or diagram and use it to answer questions and make decisions.

SC.O.4.1.12. Draw and support conclusions, make predictions and inferences based on patterns of evidence (e.g., weather maps, variation of plants, or frequency and pitch of sound).

SC.O.4.1.13. Apply mathematical skills and use metric units in measurements and calculations.

SC.O.4.1.3. Explore science careers in West Virginia.

SC.O.4.1.4. Demonstrate curiosity, initiative and creativity by developing questions that lead to investigations; designing simple experiments; and trusting observations of discoveries when trying new tasks and skills.

SC.O.4.1.7. Use scientific instruments, technology and everyday materials to investigate the natural world.

SC.O.4.1.8. Demonstrate safe and proper techniques for handling, manipulating and caring for science materials.

WV.SC.S.4.2. Content of Science: Students will demonstrate knowledge, understanding and applications of scientific facts, concepts, principles, theories, and models as delineated in the objectives, demonstrate an understanding of the interrelationships among physics, chemistry, biology and the earth and space sciences, apply knowledge, understanding and skills of science subject matter/concepts to daily life experiences.

SC.O.4.2.1. Describe the different characteristics of plants and animals, which help them to survive in different niches and environments.

SC.O.4.2.10. Design an experiment to investigate the dissolving of solids and analyze the results.

SC.O.4.2.12. Explain that materials including air take up space and are made of parts that are too small to be seen without magnification.

SC.O.4.2.13. Differentiate changes in states of matter due to heat loss or gain.

SC.O.4.2.14. Investigate variables that affect the rate of evaporation of a liquid.

SC.O.4.2.15. Compare and classify liquids based on density.

SC.O.4.2.16. Identify different forms of energy and describe energy transformations that occur between them (e.g., electrical to heat, or radiant to chemical).

SC.O.4.2.17. Examine types and properties of waves (e.g., transverse, longitudinal, frequency, or wavelengths).

SC.O.4.2.18. Investigate static electricity and conductors/nonconductors of electricity.

SC.O.4.2.19. Construct simple electrical circuits.

SC.O.4.2.20. Describe and explain the relationship between a compass and a magnetic field.

SC.O.4.2.22. Predict and investigate the motion of an object if the applied force is changed.

SC.O.4.2.23. Explore that sounds are produced by vibrating objects and columns of air and form conclusions about the relationship between frequency and pitch of sound.

SC.O.4.2.26. Locate and identify patterns of stars and their change in location throughout the year.

SC.O.4.2.27. Compare and explain the relative time differences to erode materials.

SC.O.4.2.29. Interpret a weather chart or map and predict outcomes.

SC.O.4.2.3. Identify and classify variations in structures of living things including their systems and explain their functions (e.g., skeletons, teeth, plant needles, or leaves).

SC.O.4.2.30. Identify the sun as a star.

SC.O.4.2.31. Explain the effects of alignment of earth, moon and sun on the earth.

SC.O.4.2.32. Describe and explain the planets orbital paths.

SC.O.4.2.33. Differentiate between types of rock and describe the rock cycle.

SC.O.4.2.34. Compare ocean water and fresh water.

SC.O.4.2.35. Investigate soil types and soil composition.

SC.O.4.2.4. Compare and sequence changes in cycles in relation to plant and animal life.

SC.O.4.2.6. Identify human uses of plants and animals (e.g., food sources, or medicines).

SC.O.4.2.7. Describe the effects of altering environmental barriers on the migration of animals.

SC.O.4.2.8. Construct and explain models of habitats, food chains, and food webs.

SC.O.4.2.9. Investigate how properties can be used to identify substances.

WV.SC.S.4.3. Application of Science: Students will identify how the parts of a system interact, recognize and use models as representations of real things, observe and identify patterns of change, consistency or regularity within the environment, demonstrate the ability to utilize technology to gather and organize data to communicate designs, results and conclusions, identify that a solution to a problem often creates new problems, demonstrate the ability to listen to, be tolerant of, and evaluate the impact of different points of view on health, population, resources and environmental practices while working in collaborative groups.

SC.O.4.3.11. Develop respect and responsibility for the environment by engaging in conservation practices.

SC.O.4.3.4. Given a set of objects, group or order the objects according to an established scheme.

SC.O.4.3.6. Identify and explain a simple problem or task to be completed; identify a specific solution; and list task requirements.

SC.O.4.3.8. Recognize that a solution to one scientific problem often creates new problems (e.g., recycling, pollution, conservation, waste disposal, or need for technology).