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Arkansas Standards for Fifth Grade Science

AR.1. Nature of Science: Characteristics and Processes of Science: Students shall demonstrate and apply knowledge of the characteristics and processes of science using appropriate safety procedures, equipment, and technology

NS.1.5.2. Processes of Science: Identify and define components of experimental design used to produce empirical evidence: hypothesis, replication, sample size, appropriate use of control, use of standardized variables

NS.1.5.3. Processes of Science: Calculate mean, median, mode, and range from scientific data using SI units

NS.1.5.4. Processes of Science: Interpret scientific data using data tables/charts, bar graphs, circle graphs, line graphs, stem and leaf plots, Venn diagrams

NS.1.5.5. Processes of Science: Communicate results and conclusions from scientific inquiry

NS.1.5.6. Processes of Science: Develop and implement strategies for long-term, accurate data collection

AR.10. Earth and Space Science: Objects in the Universe: Students shall demonstrate and apply knowledge of objects in the universe using appropriate safety procedures, equipment, and technology

ESS 10.5.4. Solar System: Sun, Earth, Moons, Planets, Galaxies: Distinguish between mass and weight

ESS.10.5.1. Solar System: Sun, Earth, Moons, Planets, Galaxies: Compare the physical characteristics of the sun to other stars: size, color, brightness

ESS.10.5.2. Solar System: Sun, Earth, Moons, Planets, Galaxies: Demonstrate the order of planets and other space objects in our solar system

ESS.10.5.3. Solar System: Sun, Earth, Moons, Planets, Galaxies: Compare the properties of planets in our solar system: size, shape, density, atmosphere, distance from the sun, orbital path, moons, surface, composition

ESS.10.5.6. Solar System: Sun, Earth, Moons, Planets, Galaxies: Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to planets

AR.2. Life Science: Living Systems: Characteristics, Structure, and Function: Students shall demonstrate and apply knowledge of living systems using appropriate safety procedures, equipment, and technology

LS.2.5.1. Structure and Function: Compare the cell theory to the characteristics of a scientific theory

LS.2.5.10. Structure and Function: Conduct investigations demonstrating the process of cellular respiration

LS.2.5.11. Structure and Function: Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to cells

LS.2.5.2. Structure and Function: Examine cells on a microscopic level

LS.2.5.3. Structure and Function: Describe the similarities of basic cell functions in all organisms

LS.2.5.4. Structure and Function: Model and identify the parts of animal cells and plant cells: cell wall, cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm, chloroplast

LS.2.5.5. Structure and Function: Compare and contrast plant and animal cells

LS.2.5.7. Structure and Function: Identify the role of chlorophyll in the process of photosynthesis

LS.2.5.8. Structure and Function: Explain and illustrate photosynthesis

LS.2.5.9. Structure and Function: Explain cellular respiration

AR.4. Life Science: Populations and Ecosystems: Students shall demonstrate and apply knowledge of populations and ecosystems using appropriate safety procedures, equipment, and technology.

LS.4.5.1. Populations and Ecosystems: Distinguish among and model organisms, populations, communities, ecosystems, biosphere

LS.4.5.10. Populations and Ecosystems: Analyze the concept of conservation of mass as related to the amount of matter in an ecosystem

LS.4.5.12. Populations and Ecosystems: Conduct investigations in which plants are encouraged to thrive

LS.4.5.13. Populations and Ecosystems: Construct, compare, and contrast environments in open and closed aquaria

LS.4.5.14. Populations and Ecosystems: Categorize organisms by the function they serve in ecosystems and food webs: predator/prey, parasitism, producer/consumer/decomposer, scavenger, herbivore/carnivore/ omnivore

LS.4.5.15. Populations and Ecosystems: Conduct field studies identifying and categorizing organisms in a given area of an ecosystem

LS.4.5.16. Populations and Ecosystems: Evaluate positive and negative human effects on ecosystems

LS.4.5.17. Populations and Ecosystems: Describe and illustrate various symbiotic relationships: parasitism, mutualism, commensalism

LS.4.5.18. Populations and Ecosystems: Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to populations and ecosystems

LS.4.5.2. Populations and Ecosystems: Identify the transfer of energy using energy pyramids: terrestrial, aquatic

LS.4.5.3. Populations and Ecosystems: Design food webs in specific habitats to show the flow of energy within communities: terrestrial, aquatic

LS.4.5.4. Populations and Ecosystems: Evaluate food webs under conditions of stress: overgrazing, overpopulation, natural disaster, introduction of non-native species, human impact/urban development

LS.4.5.6. Populations and Ecosystems: Describe and diagram the nitrogen cycle in ecosystems

LS.4.5.7. Populations and Ecosystems: Describe and diagram the carbon cycle in ecosystems

LS.4.5.8. Populations and Ecosystems: Describe and diagram the carbon dioxide-oxygen cycle in ecosystems

LS.4.5.9. Populations and Ecosystems: Conduct investigations demonstrating the role of the carbon dioxide-oxygen cycle in ecosystems

AR.5. Physical Science: Matter: Properties and Changes: Students shall demonstrate and apply knowledge of matter, including properties and changes, using appropriate safety procedures, equipment, and technology

PS.5.5.1. Properties of Matter: Identify the relationship of atoms to all matter

PS.5.5.10. Properties of Matter: Investigate scientists, careers, and historical breakthroughs related to physical properties, physical changes, and states of matter

PS.5.5.2. Properties of Matter: Conduct scientific investigations on physical properties of objects

PS.5.5.3. Properties of Matter: Identify common examples of physical properties: length, mass, area, perimeter, texture, taste, odor, color, elasticity

PS.5.5.4. Properties of Matter: State characteristics of physical changes

PS.5.5.5. Properties of Matter: Identify characteristics and common examples of physical changes

PS.5.5.6. Properties of Matter: Explain how heat influences the states of matter of a substance: solid, liquid, gas, plasma

PS.5.5.7. Properties of Matter: Demonstrate the effect of changes in the physical properties of matter

PS.5.5.8. Properties of Matter: Model the motion and position of molecules in solids, liquids, and gases in terms of kinetic energy

AR.6. Physical Science: Motion and Forces: Students shall demonstrate and apply knowledge of motion and forces using appropriate safety procedures, equipment, and technology

PS.6.5.1. Motion and Forces: Classify simple machines

PS.6.5.2. Motion and Forces: Conduct investigations using levers (e.g., toothbrush), pulleys, inclined planes-ramps, wedges, and screws, wheels and axles

PS.6.5.3. Motion and Forces: Relate simple machines to inventions and discoveries

PS.6.5.4. Motion and Forces: Compare and contrast potential energy and kinetic energy as applied to motion

PS.6.5.5. Motion and Forces: Classify real world examples as potential energy or kinetic energy as applied to motion

PS.6.5.6. Motion and Forces: Conduct investigations using potential energy and kinetic energy

PS.6.5.7. Motion and Forces: Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to simple machines and potential and kinetic energy

AR.7. Physical Science: Energy and Transfer of Energy: Students shall demonstrate and apply knowledge of energy and transfer of energy using appropriate safety procedures, equipment, and technology

PS.7.5.1. Energy: Summarize how light can interact with matter through absorption, refraction, and reflection

PS.7.5.2. Energy: Investigate how light travels and interacts with an object or material

PS.7.5.3. Energy: Conduct investigations demonstrating how an object can be seen

PS.7.5.4. Energy: Design and conduct investigations of transparent, translucent, and opaque as applied to light

PS.7.5.5. Energy: Investigate physical interactions of light and matter and the effect on color perception: refraction, absorption, transmission, scattering

PS.7.5.6. Energy: Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to light energy

AR.8. Earth and Space Science: Earth Systems: Students shall demonstrate and apply knowledge of Earth's structure and properties using appropriate safety procedures, equipment, and technology

ESS.8.5.1. Structure and Properties: Identify some basic elements composing minerals: silicon, oxygen, iron, sodium, chlorine, calcium, carbon, hydrogen, aluminum

ESS.8.5.10. Structure and Properties: Investigate careers, scientists, and historical breakthroughs related to minerals and rocks

ESS.8.5.12. Cycles: Conduct investigations on sedimentation

ESS.8.5.13. Cycles: Describe and illustrate the rock cycle

ESS.8.5.2. Structure and Properties: Investigate the growth of crystals

ESS.8.5.3. Structure and Properties: Identify characteristics of minerals

ESS.8.5.4. Structure and Properties: Conduct investigations on mineral properties: luster, hardness, streak, acid test for calcite, fluorescence

ESS.8.5.5. Structure and Properties: Identify the following minerals: halite (salt), feldspar, sulfur, quartz, diamonds, gypsum, calcite, talc, hematite (iron), precious metals, (gold, silver)

ESS.8.5.6. Structure and Properties: Identify minerals found in Arkansas: bauxite, diamonds, quartz, galena

ESS.8.5.7. Structure and Properties: Identify characteristics of sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks

ESS.8.5.8. Structure and Properties: Compare and contrast by investigation characteristics of the three basic types of rocks: sedimentary, igneous, metamorphic

ESS.8.5.9. Structure and Properties: Classify the three basic types of rocks

AR.9. Earth and Space Science: Earth's History: Students shall demonstrate and apply knowledge of Earth's history using appropriate safety procedures, equipment, and technology

ESS.9.5.1. Earth's History: Explain and give examples of how physical evidence from fossils supports the theory that Earth has changed over time

ESS.9.5.2. Earth's History: Analyze fossil record evidence about plants and animals that lived long ago

ESS.9.5.3. Earth's History: Infer the nature of ancient environments based on fossil record evidence