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Minnesota Standards for Fifth Grade Science

MN.5.1. The Nature of Science and Engineering

5.1.1. The Practice of Science The student will understand that science is a way of knowing about the natural world, is done by individuals and groups, and is characterized by empirical criteria, logical argument and skeptical review. Understand that different models can be used to represent natural phenomena and these models have limitations about what they can explain. The student will understand that scientific inquiry requires identification of assumptions, use of critical and logical thinking, and consideration of alternative explanations. Identify and collect relevant evidence, make systematic observations and accurate measurements, and identify variables in a scientific investigation. Conduct or critique an experiment, noting when the experiment might not be fair because some of the things that might change the outcome are not kept the same, or that the experiment is not repeated enough times to provide valid results.

5.1.3. Interactions Among Science, Technology Engineering, Mathematics, and Society The student will understand that tools and mathematics help scientists and engineers see more, measure more accurately, and do things that they could not otherwise accomplish. Use appropriate tools and techniques in gathering, analyzing and interpreting data. Create and analyze different kinds of maps of the student's community and of Minnesota.

MN.5.2. Physical Science

5.2.2. Motion The student will understand that an object's motion is affected by forces and can be described by the object's speed and the direction it is moving. Give examples of simple machines and demonstrate how they change the input and output of forces and motion. Identify the force that starts something moving or changes its speed or direction of motion. Demonstrate that a greater force on an object can produce a greater change in motion.

MN.5.3. Earth and Space Science

5.3.1. Earth Structure and Processes The student will understand that the surface of the Earth changes. Some changes are due to slow processes and some changes are due to rapid processes. Explain how, over time, rocks weather and combine with organic matter to form soil. Explain how slow processes, such as water erosion, and rapid processes, such as landslides and volcanic eruptions, form features of the Earth's surface.

5.3.4. Human Interaction with Earth Systems The student will understand that in order to maintain and improve their existence, humans interact with and influence Earth systems. Identify renewable and non-renewable energy and material resources that are found in Minnesota and describe how they are used. Give examples of how mineral and energy resources are obtained and processed and how that processing modifies their properties to make them more useful. Compare the impact of individual decisions on natural systems.

MN.5.4. Life Science

5.4.1. Structure and Function in Living Systems The student will understand that living things are diverse with many different characteristics that enable them to grow, reproduce and survive. Describe how plant and animal structures and their functions provide an advantage for survival in a given natural system.

5.4.2. Interdependence in Living Systems The student will understand that natural systems have many parts that interact to maintain the living system. Describe a natural system in Minnesota, such as a wetland, prairie or garden, in terms of the relationships among its living and nonliving parts, as well as inputs and outputs. Explain what would happen to a system such as a wetland, prairie or garden if one of its parts were changed.

5.4.4. Human Interactions with Living Systems The student will understand that humans change environments in ways that can be either beneficial or harmful to themselves and other organisms. Give examples of beneficial and harmful human interaction with natural systems.