What's New: Science Worksheets and Study Guides

Pushing, Moving, Pulling Kindergarten Science
All About Animals Kindergarten Science
All About Me Kindergarten Science
Me and My Family Kindergarten Science
Pushing, Moving, Pulling Kindergarten Science
All About Me Kindergarten Science
All About Plants Kindergarten Science

Kentucky Standards for Fifth Grade Science

KY.AE. Academic Expectation

AE.1. Students are able to use basic communication and mathematics skills for purposes and situations they will encounter throughout their lives.

1.10. Students organize information through development and use of classification rules and systems.
1.11. Students write using appropriate forms, conventions, and styles to communicate ideas and information to different audiences for different purposes.
1.13. Students make sense of ideas and communicate ideas with the visual arts.
1.16. Students use computers and other kinds of technology to collect, organize, and communicate information and ideas.
1.3. Students make sense of the various things they observe.
1.4. Students make sense of the various messages to which they listen.
1.5-1.9. Students use mathematical ideas and procedures to communicate, reason, and solve problems.

AE.2. Students shall develop their abilities to apply core concepts and principles from mathematics, the sciences, the arts, the humanities, social studies, practical living studies, and vocational studies to what they will encounter throughout their lives.

2.1. Science: Students understand scientific ways of thinking and working and use those methods to solve real-life problems.
2.2. Science: Students identify, analyze, and use patterns such as cycles and trends to understand past and present events and predict possible future events.
2.3. Science: Students identify and analyze systems and the ways their components work together or affect each other.
2.4. Science: Students use the concept of scale and scientific models to explain the organization and functioning of living and nonliving things and predict other characteristics that might be observed.
2.5. Science: Students understand that under certain conditions nature tends to remain the same or move toward a balance.
2.6. Science: Students understand how living and nonliving things change over time and the factors that influence the changes.

KY.CC. Core Content for Assessment v.4.1

SC-05-1.1. Structure and Transformation of Matter: In the elementary years of conceptual development, students will be studying properties of matter and physical changes of matter at the macro level through direct observations, forming the foundation for subsequent learning.

SC-05-1.1.1. Physical Science: Students will describe the physical properties of substances (e.g., boiling point, solubility, density).

SC-05-1.2. Motion and Forces: In the elementary years of conceptual development, students need multiple opportunities to experience, observe and describe (in words and pictures) motion, including factors (pushing and pulling) that affect motion.

SC-05-1.2.1. Physical Science: Students will interpret data in order to make qualitative (e.g., fast, slow, forward, backward) and quantitative descriptions and predictions about the straight-line motion of an object.
SC-05-1.2.2. Physical Science: Students should understand that forces are pushes and pulls, and that these pushes and pulls may be invisible (e.g., gravity, magnetism) or visible (e.g., friction, collisions).

SC-05-2.3. The Earth and the Universe: Development of conceptual understandings about processes that shape the Earth begin at the elementary level with understanding what Earth materials are and that change occurs. At the heart of elementary students' initial understanding of the Earth's place in the universe is direct observation of the earth-sun-moon system. Students can derive important conceptual understandings about the system as they describe interactions resulting in shadows, moon phases and day and night. The use of models and observance of patterns to explain common phenomena is essential to building a conceptual foundation and supporting ideas with evidence at all levels.

SC-05-2.3.1. Earth/Space Science: Students will describe the circulation of water (evaporation and condensation) from the surface of the Earth, through the crust, oceans and atmosphere (water cycle); explain how matter is conserved in this cycle.
SC-05-2.3.2. Earth/Space Science: Students will explain interactions of water with Earth materials and results of those interactions (e.g., dissolving minerals, moving minerals and gases).
SC-05-2.3.3. Earth/Space Science: Students will describe Earth's atmosphere as a relatively thin blanket of air consisting of a mixture of nitrogen, oxygen, and trace gases, including water vapor; analyze atmospheric data in order to draw conclusions about real life phenomena related to atmospheric changes and conditions.
SC-05-2.3.4. Earth/Space Science: Students will analyze global patterns of atmospheric movement; explain the basic relationships of patterns of atmospheric movement to local weather.
SC-05-2.3.5. Earth/Space Science: Students will compare components of our solar system, including using models/representations that illustrate the system and resulting interactions.

SC-05-3.4. Unity and Diversity: Elementary students begin to observe the macroscopic features of organisms in order to make comparisons and classifications based upon likenesses and differences. Looking for patterns in the appearance and behavior of an organism leads to the notion that offspring are much like the parents, but not exactly alike.

SC-05-3.4.1. Biological Science: Students will describe and compare living systems to understand the complementary nature of structure and function.
SC-05-3.4.2. Biological Science: Students will explain the essential functions of cells necessary to sustain life.
SC-05-3.4.3. Biological Science: Students should understand that all organisms are composed of cells, the fundamental unit of life. Most organisms are single cells; other organisms, including plants and animals are multicellular.

SC-05-3.5. Biological Change: Elementary students build a foundational knowledge of change by observing slow and fast changes caused by nature in their own environment, noting changes that humans and other organisms cause in their environment and observing fossils found in or near their environment.

SC-05-3.5.2. Biological Science: Students should understand that all organisms must be able to obtain and use resources, grow, reproduce, and maintain stable internal conditions while living in a constantly changing external environment.

SC-05-4.6. Energy Transformations: Energy transformations are inherent in almost every system in the universe - from tangible examples at the elementary level, such as heat production in simple earth and physical systems to more abstract ideas beginning at middle school, such as those transformations involved in the growth, dying and decay of living systems. The use of models to illustrate the often invisible and abstract notions of energy transfer will aid in conceptualization, especially as students move from the macroscopic level of observation and evidence (primarily elementary school) to the microscopic interactions at the atomic level (middle and high school levels).

SC-05-4.6.1. Unifying Concepts: Students will classify energy phenomena as kinetic or potential; describe the transfer of energy occurring in simple systems or related data.
SC-05-4.6.2. Unifying Concepts: Students should understand that the Sun is a major source of energy for changes on Earth's surface. The Sun loses energy by emitting light. A tiny fraction of that light reaches Earth, transferring energy from the Sun to Earth.
SC-05-4.6.3. Unifying Concepts: Students will draw conclusions about the transfer of energy within models/representations of electrical circuits as evidenced by the heat, light, sound, and magnetic effects that are produced; describe changes within the system that would affect the transfer of energy.
SC-05-4.6.4. Unifying Concepts: Students will identify predictable patterns and make generalizations about light and matter interactions using data/evidence.
SC-05-4.6.5. Unifying Concepts: Students should understand that heat energy moves in predictable ways, flowing from warmer objects to cooler ones, until both objects reach the same temperature. By examining cause and effect relationships, consequences of heat movement and conduction can be predicted and inferred.

SC-05-4.7. Interdependence: Elementary learners need to become acquainted with ecosystems that are easily observable to them by beginning to study the habitats of many types of local organisms. Students begin to investigate the survival needs of different organisms and how the environment affects optimum conditions for survival.

SC-05-4.7.1. Unifying Concepts: Students will describe and categorize populations of organisms according to the function they serve in an ecosystem (e.g., producers, consumers, decomposers); draw conclusions about the effects of changes to populations in an ecosystem.
SC-05-4.7.2. Unifying Concepts: Students should understand that a population consists of all individuals of a species that occur together at a given place and time. All populations living together and the physical factors with which they interact compose an ecosystem.

KY.PS. Program of Studies 2006

SC-5-BC. Big Idea: Biological Change (Biological Science) - The only thing certain is that everything changes. Elementary students build a foundational knowledge of change by observing slow and fast changes caused by nature in their own environment, noting changes that humans and other organisms cause in their environment, and observing fossils found in or near their environment. (Academic Expectations 2.1, 2.2, 2.8)

SC-5-BC-S-1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will analyze various geologic time scale representations
SC-5-BC-S-2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will investigate and describe adaptations of various organisms to their environments through observations as well as print and non-print based resources
SC-5-BC-S-3. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will Investigate ways that organisms cope with fluctuations (e.g. temperature, precipitation, change in food sources) in their environments
SC-5-BC-S-4. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will propose explanations regarding adaptations of populations to environments citing evidence/data to support conclusions
SC-5-BC-S-5. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will compare procedures used (e.g., experiments, investigative and non-investigative research, observations) to find information/collect data about the diversity of organisms that exist or have existed on Earth
SC-5-BC-U-1. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that the gradual changes in organisms that have occurred over time are only accurately represented using a geologic time scale dating back to the formation of the earth.
SC-5-BC-U-3. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that successful organisms must be able to maintain the basic functions of life in response to normal environmental fluctuations (e.g. day/night, seasonal temperature changes, precipitation). However, an organism that has an advantage in a specific environment may not be able to survive if the environment changes too drastically.
SC-5-BC-U-4. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that scientific investigations may take many different forms, including observing what things are like or what is happening somewhere, collecting specimens for analysis, and doing experiments. The question being investigated determines the form of the investigation used.

SC-5-ET. Big Idea: Energy Transformations (Unifying Concepts) - Energy transformations are inherent in almost every system in the universe - from tangible examples at the elementary level, such as heat production in simple earth and physical systems to more abstract ideas beginning at middle school, such as those transformations involved in the growth, dying and decay of living systems. The use of models to illustrate the often invisible and abstract notions of energy transfer will aid in conceptualization, especially as students move from the macroscopic level of observation and evidence (primarily elementary school) to the microscopic interactions at the atomic level (middle and high school levels). (Academic Expectations 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.6)

SC-5-ET-S-1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will classify energy phenomena (e.g., heat/thermal energy, electrical energy, energy of position) as kinetic or potential and use observations and evidence to describe the transfer of energy occurring in simple systems
SC-5-ET-S-2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will describe solar energy and how it impacts physical and biological systems on Earth
SC-5-ET-S-3. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will design and conduct investigations/experiments to determine the effects of altering variables within electrical circuits and to draw conclusions about the transfer of energy (e.g., heat, light, sound, and magnetic effects ) within a system
SC-5-ET-S-4. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will design and conduct investigations/experiments to identify predictable patterns of interaction between light and matter (e.g. some materials are more reflective, different liquids refract differently, effects of multiple or differing light sources)
SC-5-ET-U-1. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that energy can have many different forms and be contained in many different substances. Evidence of energy transfer may be observed in a wide variety of systems.
SC-5-ET-U-2. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that energy from the sun flows through space to reach the earth. Solar energy provides the driving force for many of the changes that happen on the Earth's surface.
SC-5-ET-U-3. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that electrical circuits transfer energy and can produce heat, light, sound, and magnetic effects. They can be used for different purposes by rearranging their components.
SC-5-ET-U-4. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that light interacts with matter in predictable ways that can be discovered through investigations.
SC-5-ET-U-5. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that in a closed system, warm objects will cool and cool objects will warm until they are all the same temperature.

SC-5-EU. Big Idea: Grade: The Earth and the Universe (Earth/Space Science) - The Earth system is in a constant state of change. These changes affect life on earth in many ways. Development of conceptual understandings about processes that shape the Earth begin at the elementary level with understanding what Earth materials are and that change occurs. At the heart of elementary students' initial understanding of the Earth's place in the universe is direct observation of the Earth-sun-moon system. Students can derive important conceptual understandings about the system as they describe interactions resulting in shadows, moon phases, and day and night. The use of models and observance of patterns to explain common phenomena is essential to building a conceptual foundation and supporting ideas with evidence at all levels. (Academic Expectations 2.1, 2.2, 2.5)

SC-5-EU-S-1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will investigate how water can change forms yet still be conserved in the water cycle
SC-5-EU-S-2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will create/analyze/explain representations that illustrate the circulation of water (evaporation and condensation) from the surface of the Earth, through the crust, oceans, and atmosphere (water cycle)
SC-5-EU-S-3. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will compare weather and climate and the describe factors that influence each
SC-5-EU-S-4. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will explore the concept of watersheds and identify factors that impact them, including results of interactions of water with earth materials (e.g., dissolving minerals, moving minerals and gases)
SC-5-EU-S-5. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will describe the makeup of the Earth's atmosphere and analyze atmospheric data to explain real life phenomena (e.g., pressurized cabins in airplanes, mountain-climber's need for oxygen)
SC-5-EU-S-6. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will use a variety of models and graphic representations to obtain and organize data in order to compare the major components of our solar system
SC-5-EU-S-7. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will explore the development of and types of technology useful for learning about the atmosphere and our solar system
SC-5-EU-U-1. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that the earth's water supply has existed since the formation of the planet and is constantly cycled from the ocean to the atmosphere, allowing the same water to be endlessly reused without the creation of new water.
SC-5-EU-U-2. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that water is a powerful solvent that dissolves earth materials, allowing them to impact the ocean system as water is cycled into it.
SC-5-EU-U-3. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that the earth is surrounded by a blanket of air called the atmosphere that is essential to life because of some of the gasses it contains.
SC-5-EU-U-4. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that air is free to move from place to place all across the planet and this movement causes global weather patterns. Observing air movements helps scientists explain both global and local weather patterns.
SC-5-EU-U-5. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that observations, models and diagrams of the solar system illustrate the position and relationship of the earth, sun, and moon within the larger system of planets and other celestial bodies. Even though they are all parts of the same system, a comparison of their properties reveals great differences among celestial bodies.
SC-5-EU-U-6. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that technology extends the ability of people to understand the universe. Most tools of today are different than those of the past, but may also be modifications of much older tools.

SC-5-I. Big Idea: Interdependence (Unifying Concepts) - It is not difficult for students to grasp the general notion that species depend on one another and on the environment for survival. But their awareness must be supported by knowledge of the kinds of relationships that exist among organisms, the kinds of physical conditions that organisms must cope with, the kinds of environments created by the interaction of organisms with one another and their physical surroundings, and the complexity of such systems. Elementary learners need to become acquainted with ecosystems that are easily observable to them by beginning to study the habitats of many types of local organisms. Students begin to investigate the survival needs of different organisms and how the environment affects optimum conditions for survival. (Academic Expectations 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.6)

SC-5-I-S-1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will define the concepts of population and community and identify examples of populations and communities within various ecosystems
SC-5-I-S-2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will identify the role/function a population of organisms has in a particular community/ecosystem (e.g., producers, consumers, decomposers)
SC-5-I-S-4. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will analyze, create and describe visual representations of ecosystems and the interactions occurring within them. Compare and critique pre-existing and student-constructed representations for accuracy, identifying strengths and limitations, insisting on the use of evidence to support decisions
SC-5-I-U-1. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that within every ecosystem are populations of organisms that serve specific functions. Changes to any population may affect the other populations in that ecosystem.
SC-5-I-U-2. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that all of the populations that interact with each other in an ecosystem form a specific community, but there may be multiple communities within the same ecosystem.
SC-5-I-U-3. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that matter and energy flow along multiple paths within a community. Complex models depicting this interdependence make these relationships easier to visualize and comprehend.

SC-5-MF. Big Idea: Motion and Forces (Physical Science) - Whether observing airplanes, baseballs, planets, or people, the motion of all bodies is governed by the same basic rules. In the elementary years of conceptual development, students need multiple opportunities to experience, observe, and describe (in words and pictures) motion, including factors (pushing and pulling) that affect motion. (Academic Expectations 2.1, 2.2, 2.3)

SC-5-MF-S-1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will use observations and appropriate tools (e.g., timer, meter stick, balance, spring scale) to explore the relationship between force and mass
SC-5-MF-S-2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will create and interpret graphical representations in order to make inferences and draw conclusions about the motion of an object
SC-5-MF-S-3. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will design and conduct experiments to examine the effects of variables on the straight line motion of objects. Analyze, review, and critique each other's experiments
SC-5-MF-S-4. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will predict, and support with evidence/justification, changes in the motion of an object related to its mass or the amount of force acting on it
SC-5-MF-U-1. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that predictions and/or inferences about the direction or speed of an object can be made by interpreting graphs, charts or descriptions of the objects motion.
SC-5-MF-U-2. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that the more mass an object has, the less effect a given force will have.
SC-5-MF-U-3. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that forces are pushes and pulls that may be invisible (e.g., gravity, magnetism) or visible (e.g., friction, collisions).
SC-5-MF-U-4. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that some comparisons may not be 'fair' because some conditions (e.g. mass, force, speed, friction) might not be the same.

SC-5-STM. Big Idea: Structure and Transformation of Matter (Physical Science) - A basic understanding of matter is essential to the conceptual development of other big ideas in science. In the elementary years of conceptual development, students will be studying properties of matter and physical changes of matter at the macro level through direct observations, forming the foundation for subsequent learning. The use of models (and an understanding of their scales and limitations) is an effective means of learning about the structure of matter. Looking for patterns in properties is also critical to comparing and explaining differences in matter. (Academic Expectations 2.1, 2.2, 2.4)

SC-5-STM-S-1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will use appropriate tools (e.g., balance, thermometer, graduated cylinder) and observations to describe physical properties of substances (e.g., boiling point, solubility, density) and to classify materials
SC-5-STM-S-2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will work individually and with others to design and conduct fair tests to safely investigate properties of matter, such as boiling point, density, and solubility
SC-5-STM-S-3. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will keep accurate records of investigations (procedures, data) in order to support or dispute conclusions
SC-5-STM-S-4. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will utilize student-generated questions about the properties of matter to drive inquiry-based learning experiences
SC-5-STM-U-1. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that a substance has its own set of properties which allows it to be distinguished from other substances.
SC-5-STM-U-2. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that the physical properties of a substance do not change regardless of how much or how little of the substance there is.
SC-5-STM-U-3. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that many kinds of changes in the properties of substances occur faster when the temperature is higher.
SC-5-STM-U-5. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that results of investigations are seldom exactly the same, but if the results vary widely, then it is necessary to figure out why they differ.

SC-5-UD. Big Idea: Unity and Diversity (Biological Science) - All matter is comprised of the same basic elements, goes through the same kinds of energy transformations, and uses the same kinds of forces to move. Living organisms are no exception. Elementary students begin to observe the macroscopic features of organisms in order to make comparisons and classifications based upon likenesses and differences. Looking for patterns in the appearance and behavior of an organism leads to the notion that offspring are much like the parents, but not exactly alike. Emphasis at every level should be placed upon the understanding that while every living thing is composed of similar small constituents that combine in predictable ways, it is the subtle variations within these small building blocks that account for both the likenesses and differences in form and function that create the diversity of life. (Academic Expectations 2.1, 2.2, 2.3)

SC-5-UD-S-1. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will use observations and models to describe and compare internal and external structures of plants and animals and their corresponding functions
SC-5-UD-S-2. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will identify and describe systems and subsystems essential to an organism's survival
SC-5-UD-S-3. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will use observations and models (conceptual, analogical, physical) to identify major structures of cells and their corresponding functions
SC-5-UD-S-4. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts - Students will use scientific tools (e.g., microscopes) to observe and make comparisons of unicellular and multi-cellular organisms
SC-5-UD-U-1. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that animals and plants have a great variety of body plans and internal structures that contribute to their being able to meet their needs.
SC-5-UD-U-2. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that organisms are composed of a variety of sub-systems that have essential functions. Organisms function with a minimum of superfluous parts because their structures are precisely suited to their essential functions.
SC-5-UD-U-3. Program of Studies: Understandings - Students will understand that microscopes make it possible to see that living things are made mostly of cells. Some organism's cells vary greatly in appearance and perform very different roles in the organism.