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Weather and climate Fourth Grade Science
Interactions among living things Fifth Grade Science
Our Solar system and beyond Fourth Grade Science
Volcanoes Eighth Grade Science
Introduction to matter Sixth Grade Science
The Movement of Ocean Water Eighth Grade Science

Illinois Standards for Fifth Grade Science

IL.11. Inquiry and Design: Understand the processes of scientific inquiry and technological design to investigate questions, conduct experiments and solve problems.

11.A. Know and apply the concepts, principles and processes of scientific inquiry.

11.A.2b. Collect data for investigations using scientific process skills including observing, estimating and measuring.
11.A.2c. Construct charts and visualizations to display data.
11.A.2d. Use data to produce reasonable explanations.
11.A.2e. Report and display the results of individual and group investigations.

IL.12. Concepts and Principles: Understand the fundamental concepts, principles and interconnections of the life, physical and earth/space sciences.

12.A. Know and apply concepts that explain how living things function, adapt and change.

12.A.2a. Describe simple life cycles of plants and animals and the similarities and differences in their offspring.
12.A.2b. Categorize features as either inherited or learned (e.g., flower color or eye color is inherited; language is learned).

12.B. Know and apply concepts that describe how living things interact with each other and with their environment.

12.B.2a. Describe relationships among various organisms in their environments (e.g., predator/prey, parasite/host, food chains and food webs).
12.B.2b. Identify physical features of plants and animals that help them live in different environments (e.g., specialized teeth for eating certain foods, thorns for protection, insulation for cold temperature).

12.C. Know and apply concepts that describe properties of matter and energy and the interactions between them.

12.C.2a. Describe and compare types of energy including light, heat, sound, electrical and mechanical.
12.C.2b. Describe and explain the properties of solids, liquids and gases.

12.D. Know and apply concepts that describe force and motion and the principles that explain them.

12.D.2a. Explain constant, variable and periodic motions.
12.D.2b. Demonstrate and explain ways that forces cause actions and reactions (e.g., magnets attracting and repelling; objects falling, rolling and bouncing).

12.E. Know and apply concepts that describe the features and processes of the Earth and its resources.

12.E.2a. Identify and explain natural cycles of the Earth's land, water and atmospheric systems (e.g., rock cycle, water cycle, weather patterns).
12.E.2b. Describe and explain short-term and long-term interactions of the Earth's components (e.g., earthquakes, types of erosion).
12.E.2c. Identify and classify recyclable materials.

12.F. Know and apply concepts that explain the composition and structure of the universe and Earth's place in it.

12.F.2a. Identify and explain natural cycles and patterns in the solar system (e.g., order of the planets; moon phases; seasons as related to Earth's tilt, one's latitude, and where Earth is in its yearly orbit around the sun).
12.F.2c. Identify easily recognizable star patterns (e.g., the Big Dipper, constellations).
12.F.3. Compare and contrast the sun as a star with other objects in the Milky Way Galaxy (e.g., nebulae, dust clouds, stars, black holes).

IL.13. Science, Technology, and Society: Understand the relationships among science, technology and society in historical and contemporary contexts.

13.A. Know and apply the accepted practices of science.

13.A.2a. Demonstrate ways to avoid injury when conducting science activities (e.g., wearing goggles, fire extinguisher use).

13.B. Know and apply concepts that describe the interaction between science, technology and society.

13.B.2c. Identify and explain ways that science and technology influence the lives and careers of people.
13.B.2d. Compare the relative effectiveness of reducing, reusing and recycling in actual situations.
13.B.2e. Identify and explain ways that technology changes ecosystems (e.g., dams, highways, buildings, communication networks, power plants).
13.B.2f. Analyze how specific personal and societal choices that humans make affect local, regional and global ecosystems (e.g., lawn and garden care, mass transit).