Wyoming Content and Performance Standards for Fifth Grade Science

Earth's freshwater and atmosphere
Planet Earth (the planet on which we happen to live) spins on an imaginary line called an axis. One spin around on its axis is called a revolution. As the earth rotates, the areas facing the Sun slowly change, and that means the time of day and the temperatures change.The sun is the main energy supply for the water cycle. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 3
Earth's oceans
Oceans are a natural resource for salt and the fish and other sea animals we eat. Ocean Currents. Ocean Tides, Trenches, Mid-Ocean Ridges, Seamounts, The Flat Abyssal Plains, The Continental Shelf. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Energy resources
A renewable resource is a resource that can be naturally restored or at least replenished as it is needed: The power of WIND, the power of WATER, the power of the SUN, Geothermal energy (heat from the earth), the Energy of TRASH. Fossil fuels - Crude Oil, Coal, Natural Gas - are nonrenewable resources. These types of resources take much longer to replace than most societies can wait. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 2
Flowers and seeds
The flower is the seed factory of the plant – where the flower produces seeds. A flower’s sepals cover a developing flower bud in order to protect the bud while it grows. The petals of a flower are often bright and colorful. The stamen is the male part of a flower. The pistil of a flower includes the stigma, style, and ovary. The ovary of a flower contains seeds. The ovule is the part of the plant that becomes a fruit. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 2
Minerals of Earth's crust
Minerals are solid elements formed naturally in the Earth’s surface. Every mineral has a unique chemical composition – a mix of the chemicals that formed it. Rocks are made up of minerals, sometimes more than one kind of mineral! Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 4
Plants with and without seeds
There are many plants in the world. Some are plants that you know of and many you have never heard of before! The Fern’s Life Cycle. The Life Cycle of Moss. Monocots vs. Dicots….what are these? Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Roots, Stems and Leaves
Plants have two different root systems: a Taproot and a Fibrous Root system. Leaves of a plant are made of plant organs and tissues. The top layer of leaf, which protects the leaf, is called its epidermis. Leaves have tiny openings underneath them called the stomata which let air and water in and out of the leaf. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 2
Science Worksheets: Acids and bases
An Acid is a type of sour substance. Examples of acids are lemon juice and vinegar. A base is a type of bitter substance. A base dissolved in water is called a basic solution. Examples of a base substance are soap and baking soda. Scientists use a variety of pH indicators to determine which substances are bases and which are acids. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Science worksheets: Solids, liquids and gases.
Solid, liquid, and gas are all states of matter. The molecules in solids are tightly packed together. The molecules in liquids are not as close as those in solids; they have a little more room to move around. The molecules in gases are far apart. Gases can fill any size room or any size container. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1
Sound and light energy
Sound is a type of energy that travels in waves which are caused by vibrations. Characteristics of Sound. Vibrations: movements made rapidly back and forth. Sound Waves: an invisible transfer of sound energy as it travels away from the energy source. Wavelength: the distance between a point on one sound wave and a similar point on another sound wave. Frequency: The number of vibrations in a period of time is called the frequency of a vibration. Volume: The loudness or quietness of a sound is its volume. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 2
Weather, Weather patterns and climate
How do clouds form? Main types of clouds. Precipitation. Air Pressure. What are the Four Most Influential Air Masses that Affect the Weather in North America? What is needed for a thunderstorm to occur? Thunderstorm key ingredients: Moisture, Instability and Uplift. What is a hurricane? What is a tornado? What is climate? Climate Zones: Polar zone, Temperate zone, Tropical zone. The location of the zone determines its climate. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 5

WY.1. Concepts and Processes: In the context of unifying concepts and processes, students develop an understanding of scientific content through inquiry. Science is a dynamic process; concepts and content are best learned through inquiry and investigation. Concepts in Life Systems, Earth and Space Systems, and Physical Systems are taught within the context of the following Unifying Concepts and Processes of Science: Systems, classification, order and organization; Evidence, models, and explanations; Change, constancy, and measurement; Evolution and equilibrium and Form and function

SC8.1.1. Life Systems: Levels of Organization in Living Systems: Students model the cell as the basic unit of a living system. They realize that all functions that sustain life act within a single cell and cells differentiate into specialized cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems.

Cells- The building blocks of living things
FreeCells are building blocks of life. All living things are made of cells. A unicellular organism is made up of only one cell while multicellular organisms are made up of only cells. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :3
Did you Know... 4th grade
Did you know? There are over 600 named muscles in the human body. Your HEART is considered a muscle, a cardiac muscle. The largest bone in your body is your femur, which is your thigh bone. If you make a mark on the trunk of a tree, it will remain the same distance from the ground! Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Cells, tissues and organs
FreeCells need ENERGY to do all this work. Cellular respiration is the process where cells turn food into usable energy. When similar cells group together and work together for the same purpose, they form tissues. For example, skin tissues protect our bodies from dirt and germs getting inside our bodies. Nerve tissue helps us feel things, such as if something is hot or cold. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :6

SC8.1.2. Life Systems: Reproduction and Heredity: Students describe reproduction as a characteristic of all living systems, which is essential to the continuation of species, and identify and interpret traits, patterns of inheritance, and the interaction between genetics and environment.

Animal Growth and Reproduction
A life cycle is the stages of development an organism goes through starting from an egg to growing into an adult. Living organisms each have their own unique way of reproducing, giving birth, growing, and developing. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :4

SC8.1.4. Life Systems: Diversity of Organisms: Students investigate the interconnectedness of organisms, identifying similarity and diversity of organisms through a classification system of hierarchical relationships and structural homologies.

Classifying organisms
Scientific classification is the process of grouping living organisms into certain categories based on their characteristics, traits, and appearance. The order of scientific classification is kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. Each time we move to a different classification category, the groups get smaller and more specific. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :4
The 6-Kingdoms of life
Scientists classify plants and animals according to the structures and characteristics of each organism. They compare and contrast organisms, and those with similar structures and characteristics are grouped together. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :4

SC8.1.5. Life Systems: Behavior and Adaptation: Students recognize behavior as a response of an organism to an internal or environmental stimulus and connect the characteristics and behaviors of an organism to biological adaptation.

Introduction to animals
Animals have particular body parts and structures to help them survive in their Earth environment. For instance, animals have certain body parts such as legs or wings that help them move, and mouths or trunks or beaks that help them drink water. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :4
Plant Responses and Adaptations
A plant can respond to the conditions of its environment. A plant can change its position and grow in a certain direction or manner to meet its survival needs and adapt to a varying environment. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Animal Diversity and Adaptations
FreeHere are some examples of the systems that animals and humans have in common: Integumentary system, Muscular system, Endocrine system, Nervous system, Circulatory system, Respiratory system, Digestive system, Excretory System, Reproductive system, Immune system, Skeletal System. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :5

SC8.1.6. Life Systems: Interrelationships of Populations and Ecosystems: Students illustrate populations of organisms and their interconnection within an ecosystem, identifying relationships among producers, consumers, and decomposers.

Ecosystems and changes in ecosystems
What is an ecosystem? An ecosystem is the living and nonliving components of an environment and the way they interact with each other and their environment. There are several different ecosystems on the Earth. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Food webs/food chains
We all need energy. Every living organism on Earth needs energy to live, including plants, animals and us! The main energy source for all living things on Earth is the Sun. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Energy and ecosystems
An ecosystem includes all the living and non-living things in an area. This includes populations and communities of many different animals. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :3
Interactions among living things
An important and essential interaction among living things involves the flow of energy within an environment. All living organisms need energy to survive! Energy moves through an environment through food chains and food webs. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Cycles of life and Biomes
The Nitrogen Cycle Process: Nitrogen is taken in by plants through their roots, animals eat plants, and the nitrogen is passed along the food chain to animals. Herbivores get nitrogen by eating plants. Carnivores get nitrogen by eating herbivores. Nitrogen is returned to the soil when an organism dies – decomposers break down the dead organisms and change the nitrogen compounds in the dead organism’s body into the kind plants can use. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2

SC8.1.7. Earth and Space Systems: The Earth in the Solar System: Students describe Earth as the third planet in the Solar System and understand the effects of the sun as a major source of energy, gravitational forces, and motions of objects in the Solar System.

Our Solar system and beyond
What Can Be Found in the Solar System? A planet is a large body that revolves around the Sun. Asteroids, comets and meteors are made of pieces of rock and ice. Asteroids are small pieces of rock which orbit around the Sun. Comets are made of ice and rock. The “tail” of a comet is made of vaporized gases and dust that flow behind them as they fly through space at a VERY fast pace! Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :3
The solar system
All planets in our solar system rotate and they all revolve around the Sun. Inner planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth. Outer planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune. Comets are made of ice and rock. They have four parts: a nucleus which is the solid portion of the comet and is made of dust and ice, a coma which is a cloud of dust and evaporated gases, an ion tail and a dust tail. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :3

SC8.1.8. Earth and Space Systems: The Structure of the Earth System: Students examine the structure of the Earth, identifying layers of the Earth, considering plate movement and its effect, and recognizing landforms resulting from constructive and destructive forces.

Earth - Inside and Out
Let's look at the Earth from the inside out...
The Earth is made up three main layers called crust, mantle, and core. Read more...
iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :9
Landforms, Rocks and soil
Landsforms are features that make up the Earth's surface. They include mountains, plateaus, canyons, deltas, hills, valleys, and more... The Rock cycle, Volcanoes. How do Earthquakes happen? Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :4

SC8.1.10. Physical Systems: The Structure and Properties of Matter: Students identify characteristic properties of matter such as density, solubility, and boiling point and understand that elements are the basic components of matter.

Matter
Matter is ALL Around Us! Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass. Matter is made up of atoms. Atoms are the basic building blocks of matter and make up all objects. Matter change states from solid, liquid, or gas. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Properties of matter and Energy
What is matter? Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass. Kinetic energy is energy that is happening now; it is energy in motion. Potential energy is energy that is waiting to happen; it is stored energy. How does heat get transferred: By conduction, by convection and by radiation. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Elements, mixtures and compounds
Elements are a basic (simple) kind of matter. They can’t be broken down into simpler parts and still keep their properties because they are in the simplest form. A solute is the substance that is dissolved in the solvent. Solubility refers to the ability of one substance to dissolve into another substance. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2

SC8.1.11. Physical Systems: Physical and Chemical Changes in Matter: Students evaluate chemical and physical changes, recognizing that chemical change forms compounds with different properties and that physical change alters the appearance but not the composition of a substance.

Matter
Matter is ALL Around Us! Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass. Matter is made up of atoms. Atoms are the basic building blocks of matter and make up all objects. Matter change states from solid, liquid, or gas. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2
Science Worksheets: Chemical and physical changes of matter
A chemical change is a change in which one kind of substance is changed into a different kind of substance. Chemical changes produce substances that were not there when you started. You can’t reverse or undo a chemical change. The substance or object involved in physical change is the same before and after the change (unlike a chemical change). The change is not permanent and can be undone. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1

SC8.1.12. Physical Systems: Forms and Uses of Energy: Students investigate energy as a property of substances in a variety of forms with a range of uses.

Force, motion and energy
Motion is the process of an object changing place or position. A force is a push or pull upon an object. Speed refers to the rate an object changes position. To accelerate means to go faster; decelerate means to slow down. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :3
Properties of matter and Energy
What is matter? Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass. Kinetic energy is energy that is happening now; it is energy in motion. Potential energy is energy that is waiting to happen; it is stored energy. How does heat get transferred: By conduction, by convection and by radiation. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2

SC8.1.14. Physical Systems: Effects of Motions and Forces: Students describe motion of an object by position, direction, and speed, and identify the effects of force and inertia on an object.

Force, motion and energy
Motion is the process of an object changing place or position. A force is a push or pull upon an object. Speed refers to the rate an object changes position. To accelerate means to go faster; decelerate means to slow down. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :3
Newton's Laws of motion
What is motion? Motion is the process of an object changing its place or its position. Motion is not speed. Speed is the rate an object changes position. Newton's law of motion. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2

WY.2. Science as Inquiry: Students demonstrate knowledge, skills, and habits of mind necessary to safely perform scientific inquiry. Inquiry is the foundation for the development of content, teaching students the use of processes of science that enable them to construct and develop their own knowledge. Inquiry requires appropriate field, classroom, and laboratory experiences with suitable facilities and equipment.

SC8.2.2. Students use inquiry to conduct scientific investigations.

SC8.2.2.b. Collect, organize, and analyze and appropriately represent data.
Hands-on Lab Skills/Science Inquiry
When you conduct an investigation, you may make predictions, interpret your findings, draw conclusions, and justify your conclusions. When you conduct an experiment, you should collect data to help justify your conclusions. During an investigation, you may formulate and justify your predictions based on cause and effect relationships. A cause makes something else happen. An effect is what happens because of the cause. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Math in Science
Whether you are measuring, calculating, creating graphs and charts, or using numbers in any way… that’s using your math skills. During many science investigations you may have to measure the length, width, height, or weight of different objects. You also may need to measure the temperature of the air or different liquids when completing a scientific investigation as well. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
The nature of science
Science process skills include observing, classifying, estimating, measuring, inferring, predicting, creating graphs, and developing models. Identify Dependent and Controlled Variables: A dependent variable is the variable that is being observed during an experiment. A control variable is the part of an experiment that you do not make any changes to which you can use to compare the other parts of your experiment to. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
SC8.2.2.c. Draw conclusions based on evidence and make connections to applied scientific concepts.
Hands-on Lab Skills/Science Inquiry
When you conduct an investigation, you may make predictions, interpret your findings, draw conclusions, and justify your conclusions. When you conduct an experiment, you should collect data to help justify your conclusions. During an investigation, you may formulate and justify your predictions based on cause and effect relationships. A cause makes something else happen. An effect is what happens because of the cause. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
The nature of science
Science process skills include observing, classifying, estimating, measuring, inferring, predicting, creating graphs, and developing models. Identify Dependent and Controlled Variables: A dependent variable is the variable that is being observed during an experiment. A control variable is the part of an experiment that you do not make any changes to which you can use to compare the other parts of your experiment to. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
SC8.2.2.d. Clearly and accurately communicate the result of the investigations.
Hands-on Lab Skills/Science Inquiry
When you conduct an investigation, you may make predictions, interpret your findings, draw conclusions, and justify your conclusions. When you conduct an experiment, you should collect data to help justify your conclusions. During an investigation, you may formulate and justify your predictions based on cause and effect relationships. A cause makes something else happen. An effect is what happens because of the cause. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
The nature of science
Science process skills include observing, classifying, estimating, measuring, inferring, predicting, creating graphs, and developing models. Identify Dependent and Controlled Variables: A dependent variable is the variable that is being observed during an experiment. A control variable is the part of an experiment that you do not make any changes to which you can use to compare the other parts of your experiment to. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

SC8.2.3. Students clearly and accurately communicate the result of their own work, as well as information obtained from other sources.

Hands-on Lab Skills/Science Inquiry
When you conduct an investigation, you may make predictions, interpret your findings, draw conclusions, and justify your conclusions. When you conduct an experiment, you should collect data to help justify your conclusions. During an investigation, you may formulate and justify your predictions based on cause and effect relationships. A cause makes something else happen. An effect is what happens because of the cause. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
The nature of science
Science process skills include observing, classifying, estimating, measuring, inferring, predicting, creating graphs, and developing models. Identify Dependent and Controlled Variables: A dependent variable is the variable that is being observed during an experiment. A control variable is the part of an experiment that you do not make any changes to which you can use to compare the other parts of your experiment to. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

SC8.2.5. Students properly use appropriate scientific and safety equipment, recognize hazards and safety symbols, and observe standard safety procedures.

Hands-on Lab Skills/Science Inquiry
When you conduct an investigation, you may make predictions, interpret your findings, draw conclusions, and justify your conclusions. When you conduct an experiment, you should collect data to help justify your conclusions. During an investigation, you may formulate and justify your predictions based on cause and effect relationships. A cause makes something else happen. An effect is what happens because of the cause. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
The nature of science
Science process skills include observing, classifying, estimating, measuring, inferring, predicting, creating graphs, and developing models. Identify Dependent and Controlled Variables: A dependent variable is the variable that is being observed during an experiment. A control variable is the part of an experiment that you do not make any changes to which you can use to compare the other parts of your experiment to. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

WY.3. History and Nature of Science in Personal and Social Decisions: Students recognize the nature of science, its history, and its connections to personal, social, economic, and political decisions. Historically, scientific events have had significant impacts on our cultural heritage.

SC8.3.1. Students explore the nature and history of science.

SC8.3.1.a. Students explore how scientific knowledge changes and grows over time, and impacts personal and social decisions.
Science in our world
Have you ever seen a meteor shower? Meteors are small fragments of debris from space that enter the Earth's atmosphere at extremely high speed. They then turn into a vapor r leaving a streak of light that disappears quickly. You hear on the radio that a high air pressure system will be moving in tomorrow, which means there is a very good chance of clear skies. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1

SC8.3.2. Students explore how scientific information is used to make decisions.

SC8.3.2.b. Interdisciplinary connections of the sciences and connections to other subject areas and careers in science or technical fields.
Science in our world
Have you ever seen a meteor shower? Meteors are small fragments of debris from space that enter the Earth's atmosphere at extremely high speed. They then turn into a vapor r leaving a streak of light that disappears quickly. You hear on the radio that a high air pressure system will be moving in tomorrow, which means there is a very good chance of clear skies. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1
Standards

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