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Nebraska Standards for Fifth Grade Science

NE.SC 1: INQUIRY, THE NATURE OF SCIENCE, AND TECHNOLOGY: Students will combine scientific processes and knowledge with scientific reasoning and critical thinking to ask questions about phenomena and propose explanations based on gathered evidence.

1.1. Abilities to do Scientific Inquiry

5.1.1. Students will plan and conduct investigations that lead to the development of explanations.
Mathematics
5.1.1.i. Use appropriate mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry
Scientific Communication
5.1.1.h. Provide feedback on scientific investigations
Scientific Data Collection
5.1.1.e. Collect and organize data
Scientific Interpretations, Reflections, and Applications
5.1.1.f. Develop a reasonable explanation based on collected data
Scientific Investigations
5.1.1.b. Plan and conduct investigations and identify factors that have the potential to impact an investigation
Scientific Observations
5.1.1.d. Make relevant observations and measurements
Scientific Tools
5.1.1.c. Select and use equipment correctly and accurately

1.2. Nature of Science

5.1.2. Students will describe how scientists go about their work.
Science and Society
5.1.2.b. Recognize that new discoveries are always being made which impact scientific knowledge
Scientific Knowledge
5.1.2.a. Recognize that scientific explanations are based on evidence and scientific knowledge

NE.SC 2: PHYSICAL SCIENCE: Students will integrate and communicate the information, concepts, principles, processes, theories, and models of the Physical Sciences to make connections with the natural and engineered world.

2.1. Matter

5.2.1. Students will explore and describe the physical properties of matter and its changes
Properties and Structure of Matter
5.2.1.a. Identify mixtures and pure substances5.2.1.b. Identify physical properties of matter (color, odor, elasticity, weight, volume)5.2.1.c. Use appropriate metric measurements to describe physical properties
States of Matter
5.2.1.d. Identify state changes caused by heating and cooling solids, liquids, and gasses

2.2. Force and Motion

5.2.2. Students will identify the influence of forces on motion.
Forces/Newton’s 2nd law
5.2.2.b. Describe changes in motion due to outside forces (push, pull, gravity)
Motion
5.2.2.a. Describe motion by tracing and measuring an object’s position over a period of time (speed)

2.3. Energy

5.2.3. Students will observe and identify signs of energy transfer.
Electricity/Magnetism
5.2.3.f. Recognize that the transfer of electricity in an electrical circuit requires a closed loop
Heat
5.2.3.e. Identify materials that act as thermal conductors or insulators
Light
5.2.3.b. Recognize that light travels in a straight line and can be reflected by an object (mirror)5.2.3.c. Recognize that light can travel through certain materials and not others (transparent, translucent, opaque)
Sound/Mechanical Waves
5.2.3.a. Recognize that sound is produced from vibrating objects; the sound can be changed by changing the vibration

NE.SC 3: LIFE SCIENCE: Students will integrate and communicate the information, concepts, principles, processes, theories, and models of the Life Sciences to make connections with the natural and engineered world.

3.1. Structure and Function of Living Systems

5.3.1. Students will investigate and compare the characteristics of living things.
Characteristics of Living Organisms
5.3.1.b. Identify how parts of plants and animals function to meet basic needs (e.g., leg of an insect helps an insect move, root of a plant helps the plant obtain water)

3.2. Heredity

5.3.2. Students will identify variations of inherited characteristics and life cycles.
Reproduction
5.3.2.b. Identify the life cycle of an organism

3.3. Flow of Matter and Energy in Ecosystems

5.3.3. Students will describe relationships within an ecosystem.
Ecosystems
5.3.3.c. Recognize the living and nonliving factors that impact the survival of organisms in an ecosystem
Flow of Energy
5.3.3.a. Diagram and explain a simple food chain beginning with the Sun5.3.3.b. Identify the role of producers, consumers, and decomposers in an ecosystem
Impact on Ecosystems
5.3.3.d. Recognize all organisms cause changes, some beneficial and some detrimental, in the environment where they live

3.4. Biodiversity

5.3.4. Students will describe changes in organisms over time.
Biological Adaptations
5.3.4.a. Describe adaptations made by plants or animals to survive environmental changes

NE.SC 4: EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCES: Students will integrate and communicate the information, concepts, principles, processes, theories, and models of Earth and Space Sciences to make connections with the natural and engineered world.

4.1. Earth in Space

5.4.1. Students will observe and describe characteristics, patterns, and changes in the sky.
Motion of Objects in the Solar System
5.4.1.b. Recognize the motion of objects in the sky (the Sun, the Moon, stars) change over time in recognizable patterns
Objects in the Sky and Universe
5.4.1.a. Recognize that the observed shape of the Moon changes from day to day during a one month period

4.2. Earth Structures and Processes

5.4.2. Students will observe and describe Earth’s materials, structure, and processes.
Earth’s Processes
5.4.2.b. Identify weathering, erosion, and deposition as processes that build up or break down Earth’s surface
Properties of Earth Materials
5.4.2.a. Describe the characteristics of rocks, minerals, soil, water, and the atmosphere
Use of Earth Materials
5.4.2.c. Identify how Earth materials are used (fuels, building materials, sustaining plant life)

4.3. Energy in Earth’s Systems

5.4.3. Students will observe and describe the effects of energy changes on Earth.
Energy Sources
5.4.3.a. Describe the Sun’s warming effect on the land and water
Weather and Climate
5.4.3.b. Observe, measure, and record changes in weather (temperature, wind direction and speed, precipitation)5.4.3.c. Recognize the difference between weather, climate, and seasons

4.4. Earth’s History

5.4.4. Students will describe environments based on fossil evidence.
Past/Present Earth
5.4.4.a. Describe how slow processes (erosion, weathering, deposition, uplift) and rapid processes (landslides, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, violent storms) change Earth’s surface