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Mississippi Standards for Fifth Grade Science

MS.1. Inquiry: Develop and demonstrate an understanding of scientific inquiry using process skills.

1.a. Form a hypothesis, predict outcomes, and conduct a fair investigation that includes manipulating variables and using experimental controls. (DOK 3)

1.b. Distinguish between observations and inferences. (DOK 2)

1.c. Use precise measurement in conjunction with simple tools and technology to perform tests and collect data. (DOK 1)

1.c.1. Tools (English rulers , metric rulers [to the nearest millimeter], thermometers, scales, hand lenses, microscopes, balances, clocks, calculators, anemometers, rain gauges, barometers, hygrometers)
1.c.2. Types of data (height, mass, volume, temperature, length, time, distance, volume, perimeter, area)

1.d. Organize and interpret data in tables and graphs to construct explanations and draw conclusions. (DOK 2)

1.e. Use drawings, tables, graphs, and written and oral language to describe objects and explain ideas and actions. (DOK 2)

1.g. Evaluate results of different data (whether trivial or significant). (DOK 2)

1.h. Infer and describe alternate explanations and predictions. (DOK 3)

MS.2. Physical Science: Understand relationships of the properties of objects and materials, position and motion of objects, and transfer of energy to explain the physical world.

2.a. Determine how the properties of an object affect how it acts and interacts. (DOK 2)

2.b. Differentiate between elements, compounds, and mixtures and between chemical and physical changes (e.g., gas evolves, color, and/or temperature changes). (DOK 2)

2.c. Investigate the motion of an object in terms of its position, direction of motion, and speed. (DOK 2)

2.c.2. Force required to move an object using appropriate devices (e.g., spring scale)
2.c.3. Variables that affect speed (e.g., ramp height/length/surface, mass of object)
2.c.4. Effects of an unbalanced force on an object's motion in terms of speed and direction

2.d. Categorize examples of potential energy as gravitational (e.g., boulder on a hill, child on a slide), elastic (e.g., compressed spring, slingshot, rubber band), or chemical (e.g., unlit match, food). (DOK 2)

2.e. Differentiate between the properties of light as reflection, refraction, and absorption. (DOK 1)

2.e.1. Image reflected by a plane mirror and a curved-surfaced mirror
2.e.2. Light passing through air or water
2.e.3. Optical tools such as prisms, lenses, mirrors, and eyeglasses

2.g. Categorize materials as conductors or insulators and discuss their real life applications (e.g., building construction, clothing, animal covering). (DOK 2)

MS.3. Life Science: Predict characteristics, structures, life cycles, environments, evolution, and diversity of organisms.

3.a. Compare and contrast the diversity of organisms due to adaptations to show how organisms have evolved as a result of environmental changes. (DOK 2)

3.a.1. Diversity based on kingdoms, phyla, and classes (e.g., internal/external structure, body temperature, size, shape)
3.a.2. Adaptations that increase an organism's chances to survive and reproduce in a particular habitat (e.g., cacti needles/leaves, fur/scales)
3.a.3. Evidence of fossils as indicators of how life and environmental conditions have changed

3.b. Research and classify the organization of living things. (DOK 2)

3.b.1. Differences between plant and animal cells
3.b.2. Function of the major parts of body systems (nervous, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, skeletal, muscular) and the ways they support one another
3.b.3. Examples of organisms as single-celled or multi-celled

3.d. Distinguish between asexual and sexual reproduction. (DOK 1)

3.d.1. Asexual reproduction processes in plants and fungi (e.g., vegetative propagation in stems, roots, and leaves of plants, budding in yeasts, fruiting bodies in fungi)
3.d.2. Asexual cell division (mushroom spores produced/dispersed)
3.d.3. Sexual reproduction (e.g., eggs, seeds, fruit)

3.e. Give examples of how consumers and producers (carnivores, herbivores, omnivores, and decomposers) are related in food chains and food webs. (DOK 1)

MS.4. Earth and Space Science: Develop an understanding of the properties of Earth materials, objects in the sky, and changes in Earth and sky.

4.a. Categorize Earth's materials. (DOK 1)

4.a.1. Rocks, minerals, soils, water, and atmospheric gases
4.a.2. Layers of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere

4.b. Explain how surface features caused by constructive processes (e.g., depositions, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes) differ from destructive processes (e.g., erosion, weathering, impact of organisms). (DOK 2)

4.c. Summarize how weather changes. (DOK 2)

4.c.1. Weather changes from day to day and over the seasons
4.c.2. Tools by which weather is observed, recorded, and predicted

4.d. Describe changes caused by humans on the environment and natural resources and cite evidence from research of ways to conserve natural resources in the United States, including (but not limited to) Mississippi. Examples of Mississippi efforts include the following: (DOK 2)

4.d.1. Associated Physics of America, a private company located in Greenwood Mississippi, develops ways to convert a variety of agricultural products into efficient, environment-friendly and cost-effective energy sources.
4.d.3. The Engineer Research and Development Center of the Vicksburg District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers provides quality engineering and other professional products and services to develop and manage the Nation's water resources, reduce flood damage, and protect the environment.

4.e. Predict the movement patterns of the sun, moon, and Earth over a specified time period. (DOK 1)

4.f. Compare and contrast the physical characteristics of the planets (e.g., mass, surface gravity, distance from the sun, surface characteristics, moons). (DOK 2)

4.g. Conclude that the supply of many Earth resources (e.g., fuels, metals, fresh water, farmland) is limited and critique a plan to extend the use of Earth's resources (e.g., recycling, reuse, renewal). (DOK 3)