Indiana Academic Standards for Third Grade Social Studies

Contributions of Ancient CivilizationsMesopotamia - In the Middle East, the land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers is the earliest known civilization. Egypt - About 5000 BC, Egypt was ruled by pharaohs who had the Pyramids built for their tombs. Rome - 100 B.C. Romans developed use of concrete which could be poured into any shape. They developed the first paved roads. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
U.S. GovernmentU. S. GOVERNMENT The Constitution was written in 1789 and is the basic design for how our government should work. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
World HolidaysFreeHolidays are special days to help us remember or honor people and events. The earliest holy days were to honor sacred events. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 4
World PopulationAll over the world there are many communities. They are alike because they are where people live, work, and have fun. They are different in many ways, especially in population. We classify communities as urban, suburban, and rural to better understand their needs. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1

IN.3. The Local Community and Regional Communities

3.1. History: Students describe how significant people, events and developments have shaped their own community and region; compare their community to other communities in the region in other times and places; and use a variety of resources to gather information about the past.

Historical Knowledge
3.1.1. Identify and describe Native American Woodland Indians who lived in the region when European settlers arrived.
Native People of the U.S.Native means the people who originally lived in this land. There are many Native American tribes, each with their own unique way of life. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Chronological Thinking, Historical Comprehension, Analysis and Interpretation, Research
3.1.7. Distinguish between fact and fiction in historical accounts by comparing documentary sources on historical figures and events with fictional characters and events in stories.
Famous ExplorersFrom Columbus’ discovery of the Americas to Hillary’s quest up Mount Everest, the names of these famous explorers will remain important for centuries. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Early SettlementsStudents will use a variety of intellectual skills to demonstrate their understanding of major ideas, eras, themes, developments, and turning points in the history of the United States. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
U.S. Court SystemFederal and state courts, Constitution, jury, verdict, justices. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
U.S. PresidentsFreeThe president is the highest leader in the United States. Each president serves a four year term and then can be re-elected for one more term. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
Westward ExpansionLewis and Clark, Homestead Act of 1862, Pony Express, John Fremont, Oregon Trail, Louisiana Purchase. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Tall TalesHow do you know if a story is a tall tale? While you are reading, ask these 3 questions: Is this full of exaggerations? Does the main character overcome a very hard thing? Is the hero “larger than life”? Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
African American HistoryAfrican-American history is the branch of American history that specifically discusses the African-American or Black American ethnic groups in the United States. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Time LinesWhat is a Time Line? A time line is a horizontal or vertical line divided into sections usually by years, decades, or centuries. A time line shows important events in history arranged in chronological order. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Famous ExplorersAn explorer is a person involved in exploration. Exploration is the act of searching for the purpose of discovery of information or resources. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Famous AmericansFreeWho are some famous Americans we should know? Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, Benjamin Banneker, Davy Crockett, Cesar Chavez, Florence Nightingale, Martin Luther King, Jr., Thurgood Marshall, Susan B. Anthony, Paul Revere, Thomas Edison, Harriet Tubman, Frederick Douglas, Sojourner Truth, Helen Keller, and John Glenn. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
Civil WarConfederacy, Emancipation Proclamation, Antietam, union, plantations, slavery, abolishing slavery, Bull Run, American Red Cross, Uncle Tom's Cabin, Abraham Lincoln. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Famous AmericansThere are many people who have had an impact on American history. These people were often common, ordinary people who did something special. Many helped to change our country by what they did. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Pioneer LifePioneers are the first people who settle in an area. People traveled west to explore new parts of the U.S. during the 1800s. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Presidential HistoryThe president is the highest leader in the U.S. Each president is elected to office for a four year term. A president can then be reelected for another term. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Colonial LifePeople came to this New World for many reasons: religious freedom, political freedom, adventure, hope of land and money. They came to a land that was hard to live in. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Tales of Long AgoFolktales (Chinese and Native American) Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
3.1.9. Define immigration and explain how immigration enriches community.
Roles of the CitizensFreeA citizen is an official member of a community.<br> A citizen has rights and responsibilities. <br>There are some important way to show good citizenship. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
World PopulationAll over the world there are many communities. They are alike because they are where people live, work, and have fun. They are different in many ways, especially in population. We classify communities as urban, suburban, and rural to better understand their needs. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
ImmigrationAn immigrant is a person who comes to live in another country. Immigrants came to live in the United States for many reasons Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Other Cultures Contribute to U.S. CultureThe United States has been called a melting pot because people from so many other countries have come to live here. People from every country have brought many of their customs and traditions with them. Their culture is remembered and shared by many of us today. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

3.2. Civics and Government: Students explain what it means to be citizens of their community, state and nation; be able to identify the functions and major services provided by local governments; use a variety of resources to gather information about their local, state and national governments; and demonstrate understanding of democratic principles and practices.

Foundations of Government
3.2.1. Discuss the reasons governments are needed and identify specific goods and services that governments provide.
U.S. GovernmentU. S. GOVERNMENT The Constitution was written in 1789 and is the basic design for how our government should work. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
The PresidencyPresidential term, duties, home, Cabinet Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
3.2.2. Identify and know the significance of fundamental democratic principles and ideals.
American CitizenshipA citizen is a person who lives in a community. Citizenship refers to the rights and responsibilities of the citizens of any community. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
U.S. CongressHistory of the United States: Students will use a variety of intellectual skills to demonstrate their understanding of major ideas, eras, themes, developments, and turning points in the history of the United States Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
U.S. GovernmentU. S. GOVERNMENT The Constitution was written in 1789 and is the basic design for how our government should work. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
The PresidencyPresidential term, duties, home, Cabinet Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Election ProcessThe United States presidential election is an indirect election in which citizens of the United States who are registered to vote in one of the 50 U.S. states or the District of Columbia cast ballots for members of the Electoral College, known as electors. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Government and Political SystemsA government is people who make decisions about a city, state, or country. A democratic system exists when the people who run the government are selected by the citizens. An autocratic system has a ruler who came to power by strength or birth. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
U.S. Constitution“We the People…”. The Constitution was drafted by James Madison and then discussed at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1787. Each of the 13 states could send delegates to this convention. Constitution became an important document for America, since it set up many ideas by which the U.S. is now governed. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
U.S. SenateWhat is the Senate? The Senate is one of the two houses of Congress. The other house is the House of Representatives. Congress is the legislative branch of government. Congress meets in the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C. There are two senators from each state, with 100 total senators. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Functions of Government
3.2.3. Identify and explain the duties of and selection process for local and state government officials who make, implement and enforce laws.
State GovernmentState government is much like the federal government. There are 3 branches: executive, legislative and judical. This gives a system of checks and balances, to make sure that no one party gets too much power. Each state has its own Constitution. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Local GovernmentLocal government is the county, city, town, or village government. Government workers are elected by the people who live in the city, town, or county. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
3.2.4. Explain that the United States has three levels of government (local, state and national) and that each level has special duties and responsibilities.
U.S. GovernmentU. S. GOVERNMENT The Constitution was written in 1789 and is the basic design for how our government should work. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Government and Political SystemsA government is people who make decisions about a city, state, or country. A democratic system exists when the people who run the government are selected by the citizens. An autocratic system has a ruler who came to power by strength or birth. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
State GovernmentState government is much like the federal government. There are 3 branches: executive, legislative and judical. This gives a system of checks and balances, to make sure that no one party gets too much power. Each state has its own Constitution. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Local GovernmentLocal government is the county, city, town, or village government. Government workers are elected by the people who live in the city, town, or county. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Roles of Citizens
3.2.5. Explain the importance of being a responsible citizen of your community, the state and the nation. Identify people in your community and the state who exhibit the characteristics of good citizenship.
Roles of the CitizensFreeA citizen is an official member of a community.<br> A citizen has rights and responsibilities. <br>There are some important way to show good citizenship. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
3.2.6. Explain the role citizens have in making decisions and rules within the community, state and nation such as participating in local and regional activities, voting in elections, running for office, and voicing opinions in a positive way.
Effective Decision MakingDecisions are choices people make. Whenever a choice is made, something i given up. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Roles of the CitizensFreeA citizen is an official member of a community.<br> A citizen has rights and responsibilities. <br>There are some important way to show good citizenship. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
American CitizenshipA citizen is a person who lives in a community. Citizenship refers to the rights and responsibilities of the citizens of any community. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Election ProcessThe United States presidential election is an indirect election in which citizens of the United States who are registered to vote in one of the 50 U.S. states or the District of Columbia cast ballots for members of the Electoral College, known as electors. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Government and Political SystemsA government is people who make decisions about a city, state, or country. A democratic system exists when the people who run the government are selected by the citizens. An autocratic system has a ruler who came to power by strength or birth. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
3.2.7. Use information from a variety of resources to demonstrate an understanding of local, state and regional leaders and civic issues.
Government and Political SystemsA government is people who make decisions about a city, state, or country. A democratic system exists when the people who run the government are selected by the citizens. An autocratic system has a ruler who came to power by strength or birth. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
State GovernmentState government is much like the federal government. There are 3 branches: executive, legislative and judical. This gives a system of checks and balances, to make sure that no one party gets too much power. Each state has its own Constitution. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Local GovernmentLocal government is the county, city, town, or village government. Government workers are elected by the people who live in the city, town, or county. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
U.S. Constitution“We the People…”. The Constitution was drafted by James Madison and then discussed at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1787. Each of the 13 states could send delegates to this convention. Constitution became an important document for America, since it set up many ideas by which the U.S. is now governed. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
U.S. SenateWhat is the Senate? The Senate is one of the two houses of Congress. The other house is the House of Representatives. Congress is the legislative branch of government. Congress meets in the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C. There are two senators from each state, with 100 total senators. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

3.3. Geography: Students explain that simple grid systems (latitude and longitude) are used to locate places on maps and globes, begin to understand the Earth/sun relationship, identify the distinctive physical and cultural features of their community, explain the geographic relationships between their own community and the state and other states within the region, and compare the geographic characteristics of their own community with communities in other parts of the world.

The World in Spatial Terms
3.3.1. Use labels and symbols to locate and identify physical and political features on maps and/or globes.
States & Capitals IEach of the 50 states of the United States has a capital city. The capital city is the place where the state government is located. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Continents and OceansFreeThere are seven continents, large land masses on the Earth. The underwater part of each continent which extends miles into the oceans is called the continental shelf. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Map & Compass SkillsMaps are pictures that show places from above, as if they were drawn by someone in an airplane. Maps have titles to tell what the map shows. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Geographic RegionsA region is a large area that has special features that make it different from other areas. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Geographic InformationGeography is the study of the earth and how people live on it. Geographic information will help you to know more about the earth. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
States & Capitals IIEach of the 50 states has a capital city. The capital city is the place where the state government is located. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Map SkillsA map is a picture of a place. We use maps to help us know where things are. In order to use a map, you need to know a few things. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
LandmarksWhat is a Landmark? A landmark is any prominent object on land that can be used in determining location or direction. A memorial is a special kind of landmark which was built to honor and remember a person, a group, or event. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
3.3.4. Identify the northern, southern, eastern and western hemispheres; cardinal and intermediate directions; and determine the direction and distance from one place to another.
The Earth within a Solar SystemOur solar system is the sun and the planets that orbit, or spin, around it. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Map & Compass SkillsMaps are pictures that show places from above, as if they were drawn by someone in an airplane. Maps have titles to tell what the map shows. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Map SkillsA map is a picture of a place. We use maps to help us know where things are. In order to use a map, you need to know a few things. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Physical Systems
3.3.8. Identify the major climate regions of the United States and explain their characteristics.
Geographic RegionsA region is a large area that has special features that make it different from other areas. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
3.3.9. Describe how climate and the physical characteristics of a region affect the vegetation and animal life living there.
Geographic RegionsA region is a large area that has special features that make it different from other areas. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Human Systems
3.3.10. Construct maps and graphs that show aspects of human/environmental interaction in the local community, Indiana and communities within the region.
Natural ResourcesNatural resources are useful resources that come from the earth and sky and help humans live on Earth. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Environment and Society
3.3.13. Identify and describe how human systems and physical systems have impacted the local environment.
Natural ResourcesNatural resources are useful resources that come from the earth and sky and help humans live on Earth. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

3.4. Economics: Students explain how people in the local community make choices about using goods, services and productive resources; how they engage in trade to satisfy their economic wants and needs; how they use a variety of sources to gather and apply information about economic changes in the community; and how they compare costs and benefits in economic decision making.

3.4.1. Give examples from the local community that illustrate the scarcity of productive resources. Explain how this scarcity requires people to make choices and incur opportunity costs.
3.4.1.2. Productive Resources: human resources, natural resources, and capital resources used to produce goods and services.
Natural ResourcesNatural resources are useful resources that come from the earth and sky and help humans live on Earth. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
3.4.1.3. Opportunity cost: term used in economics, to mean the value of the best alternative that would have been chosen instead. For example, if a city decides to build a hospital on some vacant land, the opportunity cost is the other things that might have been done with that same land instead.
Effective Decision MakingDecisions are choices people make. Whenever a choice is made, something i given up. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
3.4.2. Give examples of goods and services provided by local business and industry.
Goods and ServicesGoods are things that are made or grown and then sold. <br>Services are the jobs people do for others. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Trade and TransportationTrade is the buying and selling or bartering of goods and services.<br> Transportation - People can walk, ride an animal, bicycle, and drive vehicles. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Interdependence of Goods and ServicesWhat is interdependence? People in many communities depend on people in other communities for goods and services. Goods are products that are made or grown and then sold. Services are jobs that people do to serve one another. No one community has everything it needs to meet its basic needs. We need to transport goods and communicate our needs worldwide. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
3.4.3. Give examples of trade in the local community and explain how trade benefits both parties.
Trade and TransportationTrade is the buying and selling or bartering of goods and services.<br> Transportation - People can walk, ride an animal, bicycle, and drive vehicles. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
3.4.4. Define interdependence and give examples of how people in the local community depend on each other for goods and services.
3.4.4.1. Interdependence: reliance on each other to produce goods and services.
Interdependence of Goods and ServicesWhat is interdependence? People in many communities depend on people in other communities for goods and services. Goods are products that are made or grown and then sold. Services are jobs that people do to serve one another. No one community has everything it needs to meet its basic needs. We need to transport goods and communicate our needs worldwide. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
3.4.9. Identify different ways people save their income and explain advantages and disadvantages of each.
Income and EarningIncome is money that people earn from working. It is also referred to as wages or salaries. Earning is receiving money for work done or services performed. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Standards

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