Massachusetts Standards for First Grade English Language Arts

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MA.CC.L.1. Language Standards Pre-K-5

Conventions of Standard English

L.1.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
L.1.1.b. Use common, proper, and possessive nouns.
L.1.1.c. Use singular and plural nouns with matching verbs in basic sentences (e.g., He hops; We hop).
L.1.1.e. Use verbs to convey a sense of past, present, and future (e.g., Yesterday I walked home; Today I walk home; Tomorrow I will walk home).
L.1.1.f. Use frequently occurring adjectives.
L.1.1.i. Use frequently occurring prepositions (e.g., during, beyond, toward).
L.1.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
L.1.2.d. Use conventional spelling for words with common spelling patterns and for frequently occurring irregular words.
L.1.2.e. Spell untaught words phonetically, drawing on phonemic awareness and spelling conventions.

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

L.1.4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 1 reading and content, choosing flexibly from an array of strategies.
L.1.4.a. Use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
L.1.4.c. Identify frequently occurring root words (e.g., look) and their inflectional forms (e.g., looks, looked, looking).
L.1.5. With guidance and support from adults, demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
L.1.5.a. Sort words into categories (e.g., colors, clothing) to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.
L.1.5.b. Define words by category and by one or more key attributes (e.g., a duck is a bird that swims; a tiger is a large cat with stripes).
L.1.5.c. Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., note places at home that are cozy).

MA.CC.RF.1. Reading Standards: Foundational Skills Pre-K-5


RF.1.4. Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
RF.1.4.c. Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.

Phonics and Word Recognition

RF.1.3. Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
RF.1.3.a. Know the spelling-sound correspondences for common consonant digraphs.
RF.1.3.c. Know final -e and common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds.
RF.1.3.d. Use knowledge that every syllable must have a vowel sound to determine the number of syllables in a printed word.
RF.1.3.e. Decode two-syllable words following basic patterns by breaking the words into syllables.
RF.1.3.f. Read words with inflectional endings.
RF.1.3.g. Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.

Phonological Awareness

RF.1.2. Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).
RF.1.2.a. Distinguish long from short vowel sounds in spoken single-syllable words.
RF.1.2.b. Orally produce single-syllable words by blending sounds (phonemes), including consonant blends.
RF.1.2.c. Isolate and pronounce initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in spoken single-syllable words.

MA.CC.RI.1. Reading Standards for Informational Text Pre-K-5

Craft and Structure

RI.1.5. Know and use various text features (e.g., headings, tables of contents, glossaries, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text.
RI.1.6. Distinguish between information provided by pictures or other illustrations and information provided by the words in a text.

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

RI.1.7. Use the illustrations and details in a text to describe its key ideas.

Key Ideas and Details

RI.1.2. Identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.

Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

RI.1.10. With prompting and support, read informational texts appropriately complex for grade 1.

MA.CC.RL.1. Reading Standards for Literature Pre-K-5

Craft and Structure

RL.1.5. Explain major differences between books that tell stories and books that give information, drawing on a wide reading of a range of text types.

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

MA.RL.1.8.A. Identify characteristics commonly shared by folktales and fairy tales.
RL.1.7. Use illustrations and details in a story to describe its characters, setting, or events.

Key Ideas and Details

RL.1.2. Retell stories, including key details, and demonstrate understanding of their central message or lesson.
RL.1.3. Describe characters, settings, and major events in a story, using key details.

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