New York State Learning Standards and Core Curriculum for First Grade English Language Arts

AlphabetizingFreeWhat is Alphabetizing? You alphabetize when you put words in order by using the alphabet. Words that begin with ‘a’ come first. Words that begin with ‘z’ must be last when you are alphabetizing. Read more...iWorksheets: 30Study Guides: 1
Capitalizing IWhat does Capitalizing ‘I’ Mean? I is a special pronoun that takes the place of your own name. Your own name always begins with a capital, so when you are talking about yourself you use capital I. But you do not need a capital m when you call yourself me. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Complete SentencesA complete sentence is a group of words in speaking order. The words tell a complete idea. They tell the whole idea. A complete sentence tells who or what the idea is about. It also tells what happens. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Compound WordsWhat is a Compound Word? A Compound Word is a word that is composed of two or more separate words. Examples: sea + shell = seashell, basket + ball = basketball. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Logical OrderWhat are Three-Step Directions? Three-step directions are actions you take to do a job. You follow them in three steps to do the job well. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Rhyming WordsRhyming words have the same vowel sound and the same ending sounds. Examples: hat - bat - cat. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Short Vowel DiscriminationDiscriminating between short vowel sounds with one syllable words. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Short Vowel SoundWhat is a Short Vowel? The vowels are the letters, a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y. Vowels make special sounds in words. They make a sound we call short. Look at these words. They all have the short vowel sound. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1

NY.1R. 1st Grade Reading Standards (Literary and Informational Text)

Key Ideas and Details

1R2. Identify a main topic or idea in a text and retell important details. (RI&RL)
Story RetellRetell means "tell it again." When you hear or read a story, you try to remember the important parts. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main IdeaA main idea is the most important part of a sentence or story. It tells you what it's all about. When you write or read, you keep the main idea in mind. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1R3. Describe characters, settings, and major events in a story, or pieces of information in a text. (RI&RL)
SettingsWhat are Settings? Settings are places. <br>Schools, homes, a zoo, a street, a town or city are all settings. <br>Try this! Find a setting: a] girl b] horse c] house d] mouse Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
PredictionsA prediction is what you think will happen next. You do not just guess. You use clues in the picture to decide what will happen next. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Real or FantasyWhat is real and what is fantasy? When you read or write, you hear or tell about real things. But sometimes you read or write about things that can not really happen. This is what we call fantasy. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Story ElementsWhat are the Elements of a Story? Story elements are plot, setting, and characters. Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1

Craft and Structure

1R5. Identify a variety of genres and explain major differences between literary texts and informational texts. (RI&RL)
Literary GenresLiterary genre is the grownup way of saying different kinds of writing. The word genre is pronounced zhan rah. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Real or FantasyWhat is real and what is fantasy? When you read or write, you hear or tell about real things. But sometimes you read or write about things that can not really happen. This is what we call fantasy. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1R6. Identify examples of how illustrations and details support the point of view or purpose of the text. (RI&RL)
Periods and Question MarksA period is a special end mark for a sentence that tells. It looks like a round circle. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Finding InformationHow do Charts and Illustrations Help You? Charts and illustrations are special tools to help you find information easily. They are arranged in a way that puts all the information together so that it is clear and easy to read. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main IdeaWhat is a Main Idea in a Visual Message? Pictures and actions send messages without words. Here are some you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

1R7. Use illustrations and details in literary and informational texts to discuss story elements and/or topics. (RI&RL)
Periods and Question MarksA period is a special end mark for a sentence that tells. It looks like a round circle. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Finding InformationHow do Charts and Illustrations Help You? Charts and illustrations are special tools to help you find information easily. They are arranged in a way that puts all the information together so that it is clear and easy to read. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main IdeaWhat is a Main Idea in a Visual Message? Pictures and actions send messages without words. Here are some you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1R8. Identify specific information an author gives that supports ideas in a text. (RI&RL)
Main IdeaA main idea is the most important part of a sentence or story. It tells you what it's all about. When you write or read, you keep the main idea in mind. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1R9. Identify genres and make connections between self, text, and the world. (RI&RL)
Literary GenresLiterary genre is the grownup way of saying different kinds of writing. The word genre is pronounced zhan rah. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Real or FantasyWhat is real and what is fantasy? When you read or write, you hear or tell about real things. But sometimes you read or write about things that can not really happen. This is what we call fantasy. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

NY.1RF. 1st Grade Reading Standards: Foundational Skills

Phonological Awareness

1RF2. Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).
1RF2a. Blend and segment onsets and rhymes of spoken one-syllable words.
Word FamiliesWhat is a Word Family? A word family is a group of words (or syllables) that all have the same vowel and ending sound. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1RF2b. Count, blend and segment single syllable words that include consonant blends like claw and trip.
Beginning SoundsFreeBeginning sounds are the letter sounds you hear at the beginning of a word. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Beginning DigraphsMany words begin with a digraph. That means two letters come together and make a brand new sound. You cannot sound out the word by using each letter’s sound because they have changed into a new sound. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Consonant Blends and DigraphsWhat is a Consonant Blend? When two consonants come together in a word but still make their own sounds, we call that a blend. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Ending SoundsWhat are Ending Sounds? Many words sound almost the same. The sound you hear at the end of a word is important. Listen carefully to hear the end of each word. Say the sound at the end of each word. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Words with Initial BlendsA blend means two letters are read together to make a smooth sound. Each one still makes its own sound. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Ending DigraphsSpelling is easy when you recognize special digraphs. Here are some words you should know that end with digraphs. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Phonics and Word Recognition

1RF3. Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
1RF3a. Know the letter-sound correspondences for common blends and consonant digraphs (e.g. sh, ch, th).
Beginning SoundsFreeBeginning sounds are the letter sounds you hear at the beginning of a word. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Beginning DigraphsMany words begin with a digraph. That means two letters come together and make a brand new sound. You cannot sound out the word by using each letter’s sound because they have changed into a new sound. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Consonant Blends and DigraphsWhat is a Consonant Blend? When two consonants come together in a word but still make their own sounds, we call that a blend. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Ending SoundsWhat are Ending Sounds? Many words sound almost the same. The sound you hear at the end of a word is important. Listen carefully to hear the end of each word. Say the sound at the end of each word. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Words with Initial BlendsA blend means two letters are read together to make a smooth sound. Each one still makes its own sound. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Ending DigraphsSpelling is easy when you recognize special digraphs. Here are some words you should know that end with digraphs. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1RF3b. Decode long vowel sounds in regularly spelled one-syllable words (for example, final –e conventions and common vowel teams).
Long/Short VowelsWhat is meant by long or short vowels? Long vowels are the vowels that say their own names. Short vowel sounds do not say their names. Here’s a rule to help you know when to make a short vowel sound: A vowel is usually short if it comes at the beginning of a word or between two consonants and is the only vowel in the word or syllable. A vowel is usually long if two vowels are in the word or syllable. The first vowel is long and the second is silent. Remember when two vowels go walking, the first one does the talking. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Long and Short Vowel DiscriminationA vowel is long when it says its own name. In a dictionary or glossary it will have a straight line over it. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Long Vowel - Silent eLong vowels say their own names in many words. They have a special helper called Silent e that makes them say their own name. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
Words with -ce and -seWhat are the sounds of -ce and -se? Listen carefully to the sound of s and soft c in each word: ace, case. They sound almost exactly the same. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1RF3c. Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words. Determine the number of syllables in a printed word by using knowledge that every syllable must have a vowel sound.
SyllablesWhat are Syllables? Syllables are parts of words. Each part of a word has one vowel sound in it. Be careful! You may see more than one vowel letter, but still hear only one vowel sound. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
1RF3d. Recognize and identify root words and simple suffixes (e.g. run, runs, walk, walked).
SuffixesA suffix is a letter or group of letters added to the end of a word to change its meaning. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Root WordsWhat are Root Words? Root words are sometimes called base words. A root word is the smallest form of a word before it has anything added to it. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1RF3e. Read most common high-frequency words by sight.
High Frequency Words IIWhat are High Frequency Words? These are words you need to know at sight. That means you read them without trying to sound them out. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Sight Words IISight words are the words a second grader should be able to recognize instantly and spell easily. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
High Frequency Words IWhat are High Frequency Words? High frequency words are the sight words you need to know instantly. You do not need to sound them out or look them up in a dictionary. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
High Frequency Words IIHigh frequency words are the words you need to recognize instantly. You do not have to figure them out, sound them out, or look them up in a dictionary. You just need to know them instantly. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
High Frequency Words IFreeHigh frequency words are the sight words you need to know as soon as you see them. Good readers do not need to sound them out. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Long Vowel - Silent eLong vowels say their own names in many words. They have a special helper called Silent e that makes them say their own name. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
Words with -ce and -seWhat are the sounds of -ce and -se? Listen carefully to the sound of s and soft c in each word: ace, case. They sound almost exactly the same. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Sight Words IVWhat are sight words? Sight words are the words every second grader should be able to read quickly and spell easily. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Sight Words IIISight words are words a second grader should be able to read quickly and spell easily. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Sight Words IAppropriate words for spelling and definitions for 2nd graders. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Frequently Misspelled WordsWords that are often misspelled and some hints to help you spell them. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Fluency

1RF4. Read grade-level text with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
1RF4b. Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.
Context CluesWhat are Context Clues? When you are reading, you will come to words you do not know. You can learn the meaning of those words by looking for the clues in the sentence around that word. The clues will help you understand the meaning of the new word even if you cannot pronounce it. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
PredictionsA prediction is what you think will happen next. You do not just guess. You use clues in the picture to decide what will happen next. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1

NY.1L. 1st Grade Language Standards

Conventions of Standard English

1L1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. Core Conventions Skills for Grades Prekindergarten→Grade 2:
1L1.2. Use frequently occurring nouns and verbs (orally) → Use frequently occurring nouns and verbs. →Use common, proper, and possessive nouns. → Use collective nouns (e.g., group).
GrammarGrammar is the subject which tells how to speak and write correctly. It is a set of rules that define the structure of a language. Here are some grammar rules you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Proper NounsA proper noun is a special name for a particular person, place, or thing. A proper noun always begins with a capital letter. If there is more than one word for a particular person, place, or thing, then the first, last, and all important words are capitalized. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
1L1.3. Form regular plural nouns orally (e.g., dog, dogs; wish, wishes).
GrammarGrammar is the subject which tells how to speak and write correctly. It is a set of rules that define the structure of a language. Here are some grammar rules you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Plural Ending -esPlural endings adding -es for words ending in sh, ch, x, and z. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
NounsWhat are Nouns? Nouns are words used to identify ideas, actions, qualities, persons, places, or things, or to name a particular one of these. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
1L1.4. Form and use frequently occurring irregular plural nouns (e.g., feet, children, mice, fish).
GrammarGrammar is the subject which tells how to speak and write correctly. It is a set of rules that define the structure of a language. Here are some grammar rules you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
NounsWhat are Nouns? Nouns are words used to identify ideas, actions, qualities, persons, places, or things, or to name a particular one of these. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
1L1.7. Use frequently occurring prepositions orally (e.g., to, from, in, out, on, off, for, of, by, with).
GrammarGrammar is the subject which tells how to speak and write correctly. It is a set of rules that define the structure of a language. Here are some grammar rules you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1L1.9. Use personal, possessive, and indefinite pronouns (e.g., I, me, my; they, them, their, anyone, everything). → Use reflexive pronouns (e.g., myself, ourselves).
PronounsWhat is a Pronoun? A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. E.g. I, you we, it, they, someone. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
1L1.10. Use verbs to convey a sense of past, present, and future (e.g., Yesterday I walked home; Today I walk home; Tomorrow I will walk home). → Form and use the past tense of frequently occurring irregular verbs (e.g., sat, hid, told).
Past Tense (-ed)Past tense means something happened in the past. It could be many years ago, yesterday, or just a few minutes ago. Verbs change in special ways to show past tense. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1L1.11. Use frequently occurring adjectives. → Use adjectives or adverbs appropriately.
GrammarGrammar is the subject which tells how to speak and write correctly. It is a set of rules that define the structure of a language. Here are some grammar rules you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1L2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. Core Punctuation and Spelling Skills for Grades P→2:
1L2.5. Spell simple words phonetically, drawing on knowledge of sound-letter relationships. → Spell unknown words phonetically, drawing on phonemic awareness and spelling conventions. →Use conventional spelling for words with common spelling patterns and for frequently occurring irregular words.→ Generalize learned spelling patterns when writing words (e.g., cage → badge; boy → boil).
Long Vowel - Silent eLong vowels say their own names in many words. They have a special helper called Silent e that makes them say their own name. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
Words with -ce and -seWhat are the sounds of -ce and -se? Listen carefully to the sound of s and soft c in each word: ace, case. They sound almost exactly the same. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
SpellingFreeSpelling: forming words with the correct letters in the correct order. Spelling three or four letter words. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Frequently Misspelled WordsWords that are often misspelled and some hints to help you spell them. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1L2.7. Use an apostrophe to form contractions and frequently occurring possessives.
GrammarGrammar is the subject which tells how to speak and write correctly. It is a set of rules that define the structure of a language. Here are some grammar rules you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
ContractionsWhat are Contractions? A contraction is a special word made by putting together a verb and another word. Every contraction has an apostrophe to show where letters are missing from the original two words. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
ContractionsWhat is a Contraction? A contraction is really two words squeezed together to make a new word. Some of the letters from one or both of the words go away and a special mark called an apostrophe goes in their place. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

1L4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases, choosing flexibly from an array of strategies.
1L4a. Use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
Context CluesWhat are Context Clues? When you are reading, you will come to words you do not know. You can learn the meaning of those words by looking for the clues in the sentence around that word. The clues will help you understand the meaning of the new word even if you cannot pronounce it. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
PredictionsA prediction is what you think will happen next. You do not just guess. You use clues in the picture to decide what will happen next. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
1L4b. Use frequently occurring affixes as a clue to the meaning of a word.
SuffixesA suffix is a letter or group of letters added to the end of a word to change its meaning. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
PrefixesA prefix is any letter or group of letters that is added to the front of a base word to change the meaning. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
1L4c. Identify frequently occurring root words (e.g., look) and their inflectional forms (e.g., looks, looked, looking).
Continuous Action (-ing)How do you add the ING suffix to verbs? We add -ing to many verbs. But to spell them correctly, you need to remember the rules. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Root WordsWhat are Root Words? Root words are sometimes called base words. A root word is the smallest form of a word before it has anything added to it. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1L5. Demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
1L5a. Sort words into categories (e.g., colors, clothing) to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.
Categorizing WordsTo categorize means to put words into groups that belong together. A category is a group. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1L5b. Define words by category and by one or more key attributes (e.g., a duck is a bird that swims; a tiger is a large cat with stripes).
Categorizing WordsTo categorize means to put words into groups that belong together. A category is a group. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1L5d. Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs differing in manner (e.g., look, peek, glance, stare, glare, scowl) and adjectives differing in intensity (e.g., large, gigantic) by defining or choosing them or by acting out the meanings.
Three Step DirectionsWhat is Logical Order? Logical order is how things happen in real life. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Standards

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