Oklahoma Academic Standards for First Grade English Language Arts

AlphabetizingFreeWhat is Alphabetizing? You alphabetize when you put words in order by using the alphabet. Words that begin with ‘a’ come first. Words that begin with ‘z’ must be last when you are alphabetizing. Read more...iWorksheets: 30Study Guides: 1
Complete SentencesA complete sentence is a group of words in speaking order. The words tell a complete idea. They tell the whole idea. A complete sentence tells who or what the idea is about. It also tells what happens. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Logical OrderWhat are Three-Step Directions? Three-step directions are actions you take to do a job. You follow them in three steps to do the job well. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Long Vowel - Silent eLong vowels say their own names in many words. They have a special helper called Silent e that makes them say their own name. Read more...iWorksheets: 5Study Guides: 1
PredictionsA prediction is what you think will happen next. You do not just guess. You use clues in the picture to decide what will happen next. Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
PronounsWhat is a Pronoun? A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. E.g. I, you we, it, they, someone. Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
Real or FantasyWhat is real and what is fantasy? When you read or write, you hear or tell about real things. But sometimes you read or write about things that can not really happen. This is what we call fantasy. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Rhyming WordsRhyming words have the same vowel sound and the same ending sounds. Examples: hat - bat - cat. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
SpellingFreeSpelling: forming words with the correct letters in the correct order. Spelling three or four letter words. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Three Step DirectionsWhat is Logical Order? Logical order is how things happen in real life. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Words with -ce and -seWhat are the sounds of -ce and -se? Listen carefully to the sound of s and soft c in each word: ace, case. They sound almost exactly the same. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1

OK.1.2RF. Reading Foundations - Students will develop foundational skills for future reading success by working with sounds, letters, and text.

1.2.PA. Phonological Awareness - Phonological awareness is the ability to recognize, think about, and manipulate sounds in spoken language without using text.

1.2.PA.2. Students will differentiate short from long vowel sounds in one syllable words.
Long/Short VowelsWhat is meant by long or short vowels? Long vowels are the vowels that say their own names. Short vowel sounds do not say their names. Here’s a rule to help you know when to make a short vowel sound: A vowel is usually short if it comes at the beginning of a word or between two consonants and is the only vowel in the word or syllable. A vowel is usually long if two vowels are in the word or syllable. The first vowel is long and the second is silent. Remember when two vowels go walking, the first one does the talking. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Long and Short Vowel DiscriminationA vowel is long when it says its own name. In a dictionary or glossary it will have a straight line over it. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Short Vowel DiscriminationDiscriminating between short vowel sounds with one syllable words. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Short Vowel SoundWhat is a Short Vowel? The vowels are the letters, a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y. Vowels make special sounds in words. They make a sound we call short. Look at these words. They all have the short vowel sound. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1.2.PA.3. Students will isolate and pronounce initial, medial, and final sounds in spoken words.
Beginning SoundsFreeBeginning sounds are the letter sounds you hear at the beginning of a word. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Ending SoundsWhat are Ending Sounds? Many words sound almost the same. The sound you hear at the end of a word is important. Listen carefully to hear the end of each word. Say the sound at the end of each word. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1

1.2.PC. Print Concepts - Students will demonstrate their understanding of the organization and basic features of print, including book handling skills and the understanding that printed materials provide information and tell stories.

1.2.PC.2. Students will recognize the distinguishing features of a sentence (e.g., capitalization of the first word, ending punctuation, comma, quotation marks).
GrammarGrammar is the subject which tells how to speak and write correctly. It is a set of rules that define the structure of a language. Here are some grammar rules you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

1.2.PWS. Phonics and Word Study - Students will decode and read words in context and isolation by applying phonics and word analysis skills.

1.2.PWS.1. Students will decode phonetically regular words by using their knowledge of:
1.2.PWS.1.1. Single consonants (e.g., c = /k/, c = /s/, s = /s/, s = /z/, x = /ks/, x = /z/)
Words with /k/What are the sounds of k? The letter k is the sound you hear when you say kiss, kid, and kind. Many words begin or end with the letter k. But the sound of /k/ is written in some different ways. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1.2.PWS.1.2. Consonant blends (e.g., bl, br, cr)
Beginning DigraphsMany words begin with a digraph. That means two letters come together and make a brand new sound. You cannot sound out the word by using each letter’s sound because they have changed into a new sound. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Consonant Blends and DigraphsWhat is a Consonant Blend? When two consonants come together in a word but still make their own sounds, we call that a blend. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Words with Initial BlendsA blend means two letters are read together to make a smooth sound. Each one still makes its own sound. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Ending DigraphsSpelling is easy when you recognize special digraphs. Here are some words you should know that end with digraphs. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1.2.PWS.1.4. Vowel sounds:
1.2.PWS.1.4.a. Long
Long/Short VowelsWhat is meant by long or short vowels? Long vowels are the vowels that say their own names. Short vowel sounds do not say their names. Here’s a rule to help you know when to make a short vowel sound: A vowel is usually short if it comes at the beginning of a word or between two consonants and is the only vowel in the word or syllable. A vowel is usually long if two vowels are in the word or syllable. The first vowel is long and the second is silent. Remember when two vowels go walking, the first one does the talking. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Long and Short Vowel DiscriminationA vowel is long when it says its own name. In a dictionary or glossary it will have a straight line over it. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1.2.PWS.1.4.b. Short
Long/Short VowelsWhat is meant by long or short vowels? Long vowels are the vowels that say their own names. Short vowel sounds do not say their names. Here’s a rule to help you know when to make a short vowel sound: A vowel is usually short if it comes at the beginning of a word or between two consonants and is the only vowel in the word or syllable. A vowel is usually long if two vowels are in the word or syllable. The first vowel is long and the second is silent. Remember when two vowels go walking, the first one does the talking. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Long and Short Vowel DiscriminationA vowel is long when it says its own name. In a dictionary or glossary it will have a straight line over it. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Short Vowel DiscriminationDiscriminating between short vowel sounds with one syllable words. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Short Vowel SoundWhat is a Short Vowel? The vowels are the letters, a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y. Vowels make special sounds in words. They make a sound we call short. Look at these words. They all have the short vowel sound. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1.2.PWS.2. Students will decode words by applying knowledge of structural analysis:
1.2.PWS.2.1. Most major syllable patterns (e.g., closed, open, vowel team, vowel silent e, r-controlled)
Vowel DigraphsVowels are a, e, u, o, u, and sometimes y or w. When 2 vowels come together in a word that is a vowel digraph. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
R Controlled VowelsWe know that the vowels a, e, i, o, and u can have a short or long sound. But when a vowel is followed by the letter r its sounds changes. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
oo Vowel SoundWhat are the words with a double o sound as in moon? When you see oo together in a word, it usually has the sound you hear in “Moo” so put oo in when you spell them. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1.2.PWS.2.2. Inflectional endings (e.g., -s, -ed, -ing)
Continuous Action (-ing)How do you add the ING suffix to verbs? We add -ing to many verbs. But to spell them correctly, you need to remember the rules. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1.2.PWS.2.3. Compound words
GrammarGrammar is the subject which tells how to speak and write correctly. It is a set of rules that define the structure of a language. Here are some grammar rules you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Compound WordsWhat are Compound Words? Any word made up of two small words is a compound word. Examples: foot + ball = football. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Compound WordsWhat is a Compound Word? A Compound Word is a word that is composed of two or more separate words. Examples: sea + shell = seashell, basket + ball = basketball. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1.2.PWS.2.4. Contractions
ContractionsWhat are Contractions? A contraction is a special word made by putting together a verb and another word. Every contraction has an apostrophe to show where letters are missing from the original two words. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
ContractionsWhat is a Contraction? A contraction is really two words squeezed together to make a new word. Some of the letters from one or both of the words go away and a special mark called an apostrophe goes in their place. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1

1.2.F. Fluency - Students will recognize high-frequency words and read grade-level text smoothly and accurately, with expression that connotes comprehension.

1.2.F.1. Students will read high frequency and/or common irregularly spelled grade-level words with automaticity in text.
High Frequency Words IIWhat are High Frequency Words? These are words you need to know at sight. That means you read them without trying to sound them out. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Sight Words IISight words are the words a second grader should be able to recognize instantly and spell easily. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
High Frequency Words IWhat are High Frequency Words? High frequency words are the sight words you need to know instantly. You do not need to sound them out or look them up in a dictionary. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
High Frequency Words IIHigh frequency words are the words you need to recognize instantly. You do not have to figure them out, sound them out, or look them up in a dictionary. You just need to know them instantly. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
High Frequency Words IFreeHigh frequency words are the sight words you need to know as soon as you see them. Good readers do not need to sound them out. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Sight Words IVWhat are sight words? Sight words are the words every second grader should be able to read quickly and spell easily. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Sight Words IIISight words are words a second grader should be able to read quickly and spell easily. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Sight Words IAppropriate words for spelling and definitions for 2nd graders. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Frequently Misspelled WordsWords that are often misspelled and some hints to help you spell them. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

OK.1.2RW. Reading and Writing Process - Students will use a variety of recursive reading and writing processes.

1.2.R. Reading - Students will read and comprehend increasingly complex literary and informational texts.

1.2.R.1. Students will retell or reenact major events in a text, focusing on important details to recognize the main idea.
Story RetellRetell means "tell it again." When you hear or read a story, you try to remember the important parts. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main IdeaA main idea is the most important part of a sentence or story. It tells you what it's all about. When you write or read, you keep the main idea in mind. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1.2.R.2. Students will discriminate between fiction and nonfiction/informational text.
Literary GenresLiterary genre is the grownup way of saying different kinds of writing. The word genre is pronounced zhan rah. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1.2.R.3. Students will sequence the events/plot (i.e., beginning, middle, and end) of a story or text.
Beginning, Middle, and EndWhy Do We Need to Learn about Beginning, Middle and End? When you read a good story, you enjoy it if it was written well. To write well, you should follow the rules of beginning, middle, and end to make it a good story. The writing process helps you have a good beginning, middle, and end. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

1.2.W. Writing - Students will develop and strengthen writing by engaging in a recursive process that includes prewriting, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing.

1.2.W.3. Students will correctly spell grade-appropriate, highly decodable words (e.g., cup, like, cart) and common, irregularly spelled sight words (e.g., the) while editing.
Frequently Misspelled WordsWords that are often misspelled and some hints to help you spell them. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

OK.1.3. Critical Reading and Writing - Students will apply critical thinking skills to reading and writing.

1.3.R. Reading - Students will comprehend, interpret, evaluate, and respond to a variety of complex texts of all literary and informational genres from a variety of historical, cultural, ethnic, and global perspectives.

1.3.R.3. Students will find textual evidence when provided with examples of literary elements and organization:
1.3.R.3.1. Setting (i.e., time, place)
SettingsWhat are Settings? Settings are places. <br>Schools, homes, a zoo, a street, a town or city are all settings. <br>Try this! Find a setting: a] girl b] horse c] house d] mouse Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Story ElementsWhat are the Elements of a Story? Story elements are plot, setting, and characters. Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
1.3.R.3.2. Plot
Story ElementsWhat are the Elements of a Story? Story elements are plot, setting, and characters. Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
1.3.R.3.3. Main characters and their traits in a story
Story ElementsWhat are the Elements of a Story? Story elements are plot, setting, and characters. Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1

OK.1.4. Vocabulary - Students will expand their working vocabularies to effectively communicate and understand texts.

1.4.R. Reading - Students will expand academic, domain-appropriate, grade-level vocabularies through reading, word study, and class discussion.

1.4.R.2. Students will use word parts (e.g., affixes, roots, stems) to define unfamiliar words with guidance and support.
Root WordsWhat are Root Words? Root words are sometimes called base words. A root word is the smallest form of a word before it has anything added to it. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1.4.R.3. Students will use context clues to determine the meaning of words with guidance and support.
Context CluesWhat are Context Clues? When you are reading, you will come to words you do not know. You can learn the meaning of those words by looking for the clues in the sentence around that word. The clues will help you understand the meaning of the new word even if you cannot pronounce it. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1.4.R.4. Students will name and sort words into categories based on common attributes.
Categorizing WordsTo categorize means to put words into groups that belong together. A category is a group. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

OK.1.5. Language - Students will apply knowledge of grammar and rhetorical style to reading and writing.

1.5.R. Reading - Students will apply knowledge of grammar and rhetorical style to analyze and evaluate a variety of texts.

1.5.R.1. Students will recognize nouns as concrete objects (i.e., people persons, places, and things) and use the pronoun “I.”
GrammarGrammar is the subject which tells how to speak and write correctly. It is a set of rules that define the structure of a language. Here are some grammar rules you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
NounsWhat are Nouns? Nouns are words used to identify ideas, actions, qualities, persons, places, or things, or to name a particular one of these. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Capitalizing IWhat does Capitalizing ‘I’ Mean? I is a special pronoun that takes the place of your own name. Your own name always begins with a capital, so when you are talking about yourself you use capital I. But you do not need a capital m when you call yourself me. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1.5.R.2. Students will recognize verbs as actions
GrammarGrammar is the subject which tells how to speak and write correctly. It is a set of rules that define the structure of a language. Here are some grammar rules you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
VerbsA verb is a word that shows action or state of being. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
1.5.R.3. Students will recognize color and number adjectives.
GrammarGrammar is the subject which tells how to speak and write correctly. It is a set of rules that define the structure of a language. Here are some grammar rules you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1.5.R.4. Students will recognize the prepositions (e.g., The dog is on top of the doghouse) through pictures and movement.
GrammarGrammar is the subject which tells how to speak and write correctly. It is a set of rules that define the structure of a language. Here are some grammar rules you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
1.5.R.5. Students will recognize singular and plural nouns with correct verbs in simple sentences (e.g. He sits; we sit).
GrammarGrammar is the subject which tells how to speak and write correctly. It is a set of rules that define the structure of a language. Here are some grammar rules you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Plural Ending -esPlural endings adding -es for words ending in sh, ch, x, and z. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
NounsWhat are Nouns? Nouns are words used to identify ideas, actions, qualities, persons, places, or things, or to name a particular one of these. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1

1.5.W. Writing - Students will demonstrate command of Standard English grammar, mechanics, and usage through writing and other modes of communication.

1.5.W.1. Students will capitalize:
1.5.W.1.2. Proper names
Proper NounsA proper noun is a special name for a particular person, place, or thing. A proper noun always begins with a capital letter. If there is more than one word for a particular person, place, or thing, then the first, last, and all important words are capitalized. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
1.5.W.2. Students will compose grammatically correct simple and compound sentences and questions (interrogatives) with appropriate end marks.
Periods and Question MarksA period is a special end mark for a sentence that tells. It looks like a round circle. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1

OK.1.6. Research - Students will engage in inquiry to acquire, refine, and share knowledge.

1.6.R. Reading - Students will comprehend, evaluate, and synthesize resources to acquire and refine knowledge.

1.6.R.2. Students will identify graphic features including photos, illustrations, titles, labels, headings, charts, and graphs to understand a text.
Finding InformationHow do Charts and Illustrations Help You? Charts and illustrations are special tools to help you find information easily. They are arranged in a way that puts all the information together so that it is clear and easy to read. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main IdeaWhat is a Main Idea in a Visual Message? Pictures and actions send messages without words. Here are some you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

OK.1.7. Multimodal Literacies - Students will acquire, refine, and share knowledge through a variety of written, oral, visual, digital, non-verbal, and interactive texts.

1.7.R. Reading - Students will evaluate written, oral, visual, and digital texts in order to draw conclusions and analyze arguments.

1.7.R.1. Students will use provided print and digital resources with guidance and support.
Literary GenresLiterary genre is the grownup way of saying different kinds of writing. The word genre is pronounced zhan rah. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
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