Pennsylvania Core and Academic Standards for First Grade English Language Arts

Capitalizing IWhat does Capitalizing ‘I’ Mean? I is a special pronoun that takes the place of your own name. Your own name always begins with a capital, so when you are talking about yourself you use capital I. But you do not need a capital m when you call yourself me. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Categorizing WordsTo categorize means to put words into groups that belong together. A category is a group. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Complete SentencesA complete sentence is a group of words in speaking order. The words tell a complete idea. They tell the whole idea. A complete sentence tells who or what the idea is about. It also tells what happens. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Compound WordsWhat is a Compound Word? A Compound Word is a word that is composed of two or more separate words. Examples: sea + shell = seashell, basket + ball = basketball. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Consonant Blends and DigraphsWhat is a Consonant Blend? When two consonants come together in a word but still make their own sounds, we call that a blend. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
ContractionsWhat is a Contraction? A contraction is really two words squeezed together to make a new word. Some of the letters from one or both of the words go away and a special mark called an apostrophe goes in their place. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
High Frequency Words IIWhat are High Frequency Words? These are words you need to know at sight. That means you read them without trying to sound them out. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
High Frequency Words IFreeHigh frequency words are the sight words you need to know as soon as you see them. Good readers do not need to sound them out. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Logical OrderWhat are Three-Step Directions? Three-step directions are actions you take to do a job. You follow them in three steps to do the job well. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
NounsWhat are Nouns? Nouns are words used to identify ideas, actions, qualities, persons, places, or things, or to name a particular one of these. Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
PredictionsA prediction is what you think will happen next. You do not just guess. You use clues in the picture to decide what will happen next. Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
Rhyming WordsRhyming words have the same vowel sound and the same ending sounds. Examples: hat - bat - cat. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Three Step DirectionsWhat is Logical Order? Logical order is how things happen in real life. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1

PA.CC.1.1.1. Foundational Skills: Students gain a working knowledge of concepts of print, alphabetic principle, and other basic conventions.

Phonological Awareness

CC.1.1.1.C. Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).
CC.1.1.1.C.1. Distinguish long from short vowel sounds in spoken single-syllable words.
Long/Short VowelsWhat is meant by long or short vowels? Long vowels are the vowels that say their own names. Short vowel sounds do not say their names. Here’s a rule to help you know when to make a short vowel sound: A vowel is usually short if it comes at the beginning of a word or between two consonants and is the only vowel in the word or syllable. A vowel is usually long if two vowels are in the word or syllable. The first vowel is long and the second is silent. Remember when two vowels go walking, the first one does the talking. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Long and Short Vowel DiscriminationA vowel is long when it says its own name. In a dictionary or glossary it will have a straight line over it. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Long Vowel - Silent eLong vowels say their own names in many words. They have a special helper called Silent e that makes them say their own name. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
Words with -ce and -seWhat are the sounds of -ce and -se? Listen carefully to the sound of s and soft c in each word: ace, case. They sound almost exactly the same. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Short Vowel DiscriminationDiscriminating between short vowel sounds with one syllable words. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Short Vowel SoundWhat is a Short Vowel? The vowels are the letters, a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y. Vowels make special sounds in words. They make a sound we call short. Look at these words. They all have the short vowel sound. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
CC.1.1.1.C.2. Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken and written words.
SyllablesWhat are Syllables? Syllables are parts of words. Each part of a word has one vowel sound in it. Be careful! You may see more than one vowel letter, but still hear only one vowel sound. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
CC.1.1.1.C.4. Isolate and pronounce initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in spoken single-syllable words.
Beginning SoundsFreeBeginning sounds are the letter sounds you hear at the beginning of a word. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Ending SoundsWhat are Ending Sounds? Many words sound almost the same. The sound you hear at the end of a word is important. Listen carefully to hear the end of each word. Say the sound at the end of each word. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1

Phonics and Word Recognition

CC.1.1.1.D. Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
CC.1.1.1.D.1. Identify common consonant diagraphs, final-e, and common vowel teams.
Vowel DigraphsVowels are a, e, u, o, u, and sometimes y or w. When 2 vowels come together in a word that is a vowel digraph. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
oo Vowel SoundWhat are the words with a double o sound as in moon? When you see oo together in a word, it usually has the sound you hear in “Moo” so put oo in when you spell them. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
CC.1.1.1.D.3. Read grade-level words with inflectional endings.
Continuous Action (-ing)How do you add the ING suffix to verbs? We add -ing to many verbs. But to spell them correctly, you need to remember the rules. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
CC.1.1.1.D.4. Read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.
Long Vowel - Silent eLong vowels say their own names in many words. They have a special helper called Silent e that makes them say their own name. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
Words with -ce and -seWhat are the sounds of -ce and -se? Listen carefully to the sound of s and soft c in each word: ace, case. They sound almost exactly the same. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Frequently Misspelled WordsWords that are often misspelled and some hints to help you spell them. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Fluency

CC.1.1.1.E. Read with accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
CC.1.1.1.E.3. Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.
Context CluesWhat are Context Clues? When you are reading, you will come to words you do not know. You can learn the meaning of those words by looking for the clues in the sentence around that word. The clues will help you understand the meaning of the new word even if you cannot pronounce it. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

PA.CC.1.2.1. Reading Informational Text: Students read, understand, and respond to informational text—with an emphasis on comprehension, vocabulary acquisition, and making connections among ideas and between texts with a focus on textual evidence.

Key Ideas and Details: Main Idea

CC.1.2.1.A. Identify the main idea and retell key details of text.
Main IdeaA main idea is the most important part of a sentence or story. It tells you what it's all about. When you write or read, you keep the main idea in mind. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas: Diverse Media

CC.1.2.1.G. Use the illustrations and details in a text to describe its key ideas.
Periods and Question MarksA period is a special end mark for a sentence that tells. It looks like a round circle. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Main IdeaA main idea is the most important part of a sentence or story. It tells you what it's all about. When you write or read, you keep the main idea in mind. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Finding InformationHow do Charts and Illustrations Help You? Charts and illustrations are special tools to help you find information easily. They are arranged in a way that puts all the information together so that it is clear and easy to read. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main IdeaWhat is a Main Idea in a Visual Message? Pictures and actions send messages without words. Here are some you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

CC.1.2.1.K. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade-level reading and content.
HomophonesWhat are Homophones? Homophones are words that sound exactly alike but are spelled differently and have different meanings. They are sometimes called homonyms. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

PA.CC.1.3.1. Reading Literature: Students read and respond to works of literature—with emphasis on comprehension, vocabulary acquisition, and making connections among ideas and between texts with focus on textual evidence.

Key Ideas and Details: Theme

CC.1.3.1.A. Retell stories, including key details, and demonstrate understanding of their central message or lesson.
Story RetellRetell means "tell it again." When you hear or read a story, you try to remember the important parts. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main IdeaA main idea is the most important part of a sentence or story. It tells you what it's all about. When you write or read, you keep the main idea in mind. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Key Ideas and Details: Literary Elements

CC.1.3.1.C. Describe characters, settings, and major events in a story, using key details.
SettingsWhat are Settings? Settings are places. <br>Schools, homes, a zoo, a street, a town or city are all settings. <br>Try this! Find a setting: a] girl b] horse c] house d] mouse Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Story ElementsWhat are the Elements of a Story? Story elements are plot, setting, and characters. Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1

Craft and Structure: Text Structure

CC.1.3.1.E. Explain major differences between books that tell stories and books that give information, drawing on a wide reading or range of text types.
Literary GenresLiterary genre is the grownup way of saying different kinds of writing. The word genre is pronounced zhan rah. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Real or FantasyWhat is real and what is fantasy? When you read or write, you hear or tell about real things. But sometimes you read or write about things that can not really happen. This is what we call fantasy. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas: Sources of Information

CC.1.3.1.G. Use illustrations and details in a story to describe characters, setting, or events.
SettingsWhat are Settings? Settings are places. <br>Schools, homes, a zoo, a street, a town or city are all settings. <br>Try this! Find a setting: a] girl b] horse c] house d] mouse Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Story ElementsWhat are the Elements of a Story? Story elements are plot, setting, and characters. Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use: Strategies

CC.1.3.1.I. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade-level reading and content.
HomophonesWhat are Homophones? Homophones are words that sound exactly alike but are spelled differently and have different meanings. They are sometimes called homonyms. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Range of Reading

CC.1.3.1.K. Read and comprehend literature on grade level, reading independently and proficiently.
Literary GenresLiterary genre is the grownup way of saying different kinds of writing. The word genre is pronounced zhan rah. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

PA.CC.1.4.1. Writing: Students write for different purposes and audiences. Students write clear and focused text to convey a well-defined perspective and appropriate content.

Informative/Explanatory: Conventions of Language

CC.1.4.1.F. Demonstrate a grade-appropriate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, usage, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling.
CC.1.4.1.F.2. Use end punctuation; use commas in dates and words in series.
GrammarGrammar is the subject which tells how to speak and write correctly. It is a set of rules that define the structure of a language. Here are some grammar rules you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
AlphabetizingFreeWhat is Alphabetizing? You alphabetize when you put words in order by using the alphabet. Words that begin with ‘a’ come first. Words that begin with ‘z’ must be last when you are alphabetizing. Read more...iWorksheets :30Study Guides :1
PronounsWhat is a Pronoun? A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. E.g. I, you we, it, they, someone. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
CC.1.4.1.F.3. Spell words drawing on common spelling patterns, phonemic awareness, and spelling conventions.
SpellingFreeSpelling: forming words with the correct letters in the correct order. Spelling three or four letter words. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1

Opinion/Argumentative: Conventions of Language

CC.1.4.1.L. Demonstrate a grade-appropriate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, usage, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling.
CC.1.4.1.L.2. Use end punctuation; use commas in dates and words in series.
GrammarGrammar is the subject which tells how to speak and write correctly. It is a set of rules that define the structure of a language. Here are some grammar rules you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
AlphabetizingFreeWhat is Alphabetizing? You alphabetize when you put words in order by using the alphabet. Words that begin with ‘a’ come first. Words that begin with ‘z’ must be last when you are alphabetizing. Read more...iWorksheets :30Study Guides :1
PronounsWhat is a Pronoun? A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. E.g. I, you we, it, they, someone. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
CC.1.4.1.L.3. Spell words drawing on common spelling patterns, phonemic awareness, and spelling conventions.
SpellingFreeSpelling: forming words with the correct letters in the correct order. Spelling three or four letter words. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1

Narrative: Conventions of Language

CC.1.4.1.R. Demonstrate a grade-appropriate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, usage, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling.
CC.1.4.1.R.2. Use end punctuation; use commas in dates and words in series.
GrammarGrammar is the subject which tells how to speak and write correctly. It is a set of rules that define the structure of a language. Here are some grammar rules you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
AlphabetizingFreeWhat is Alphabetizing? You alphabetize when you put words in order by using the alphabet. Words that begin with ‘a’ come first. Words that begin with ‘z’ must be last when you are alphabetizing. Read more...iWorksheets :30Study Guides :1
PronounsWhat is a Pronoun? A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. E.g. I, you we, it, they, someone. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
CC.1.4.1.R.3. Spell words drawing on common spelling patterns, phonemic awareness, and spelling conventions.
SpellingFreeSpelling: forming words with the correct letters in the correct order. Spelling three or four letter words. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
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