**Plane Figures: Lines and Angles**Plane figures in regards to lines and angles refer to the coordinate plane and the various lines and angles within the coordinate plane. Lines in a coordinate plane can be parallel or perpendicular. Angles in a coordinate plane can be acute, obtuse, right or straight. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1**Analyzing, Graphing and Displaying Data**There are many types of graphs such as, bar graphs, histograms and line graphs. A bar graph compares data in categories and uses bars, either vertical or horizontal. A histogram is similar to a bar graph, but with histograms the bars touch each other where with bar graphs the bars do not touch each other. A line graph is useful for graphing how data changes over time. With a line graph, data is plotted as points and lines are drawn to connect the points to show how the data changes. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1**Decimal Operations**Decimal operations refer to the mathematical operations that can be performed with decimals: addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. The process for adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing decimals must be followed in order to achieve the correct answer. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1### MD.1.0. Knowledge of Algebra, Patterns, and Functions: Students will algebraically represent, model, analyze, or solve mathematical or real-world problems involving patterns or functional relationships.

#### 1.A.1. Patterns and Functions: Identify, describe, extend, and create linear patterns and functions.

##### 1.A.1.b. Identify and extend a geometric sequence.

**Sequences**A sequence is an ordered list of numbers. Sequences are the result of a pattern or rule. A pattern or rule can be every other number or some formula such as y = 2x + 3. When a pattern or rule is given, a sequence can be found. When a sequence is given, the pattern or rule can be found. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1#### 1.B.1. Expressions, Equations, and Inequalities: Write and evaluate expressions.

##### 1.B.1.a. Write an algebraic expression to represent unknown quantities (Assessment limit: Use one unknown and one or two operations (+, -, x, / with no remainders) with whole numbers, fractions with denominators as factors of 100, or decimals with no more than three decimal places (0 - 500)).

**Simple Algebra**Simple algebra is the term used when using expressions with letters or variables that represent numbers. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Introduction to Algebra**Algebra is the practice of using expressions with letters or variables that represent numbers. Words can be changed into a mathematical expression by using the words, plus, exceeds, diminished, less, times, the product, divided, the quotient and many more. Algebra uses variables to represent a value that is not yet known. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Equations and inequalities**An equation is mathematical statement that shows that two expressions are equal to each other. The expressions used in an equation can contain variables or numbers. Inequalities are mathematical equations that compare two quantities using greater than, >; greater than or equal to ≥; less than, <; and less than or equal to, ≤. Inequalities are also solved by using inverse operations. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 1.B.1.b. Evaluate algebraic expressions (Assessment limit: Use one unknown and no more than two operations (+, -, x, / with no remainders) with whole numbers (0 - 200), fractions with denominators as factors of 100 (0 - 100), or decimals with no more than three decimal places (0 - 100)).

**Formulas**The formulas contain places for inputting numbers. Evaluating a formula requires inputting the correct data and performing the operations. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Simple Algebra**Simple algebra is the term used when using expressions with letters or variables that represent numbers. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Algebraic Equations**FreeWhat are algebraic equations? Algebraic equations are mathematical quations that contain a letter or variable, which represents a number. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1##### 1.B.1.c. Evaluate numeric expressions using the order of operations (Assessment limit: Use no more than 4 operations (+, -, x, / with no remainders) with or without up to 2 sets of parentheses, brackets, or a division bar, with whole numbers (0 - 200), fractions with denominators as factors of 100 (0 - 100), or decimals with no more than three decimal places (0 - 100)).

**Using Integers**Integers are negative numbers, zero and positive numbers. To compare integers, a number line can be used. On a number line, negative integers are on the left side of zero with the larger a negative number, the farther to the left it is. Positive
integers are on the right side of zero on the number line. If a number is to the left of another number it is said to be less than that number. In the coordinate plane, the x-axis is a horizontal line with negative numbers, zero and positive numbers. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1##### 1.B.1.d. Simplify algebraic expressions represented as physical models by combining like terms.

**Introduction to Algebra**Algebra is the practice of using expressions with letters or variables that represent numbers. Words can be changed into a mathematical expression by using the words, plus, exceeds, diminished, less, times, the product, divided, the quotient and many more. Algebra uses variables to represent a value that is not yet known. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Equations and inequalities**An equation is mathematical statement that shows that two expressions are equal to each other. The expressions used in an equation can contain variables or numbers. Inequalities are mathematical equations that compare two quantities using greater than, >; greater than or equal to ≥; less than, <; and less than or equal to, ≤. Inequalities are also solved by using inverse operations. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Polynomials and Exponents**FreeA polynomial is an expression which is in the form of ax<sup>n</sup>, where a is any real number and n is a whole number. If a polynomial has only one term, it is called a monomial. If it has two terms, it is a binomial and if it has three terms, it is a trinomial. The standard form of a polynomial is when the powers of the variables are decreasing from left to right. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1#### 1.B.2. Expressions, Equations, and Inequalities: Identify, write, solve, and apply equations and inequalities.

##### 1.B.2.a. Write equations and inequalities to represent relationships (Assessment limit: Use a variable, the appropriate relational symbols (>, less than or equal to, <, greater than or equal to, =), and one or two operational symbols (+, -, x, /) on either side and use whole numbers, fractions with denominators as factors of 100, or decimals with no more than three decimal places (0 - 500)).

**Equations and Inequalities**Algebraic equations are mathematical equations that contain a letter or variable, which represents a number. To solve an algebraic equation, inverse operations are used. The inverse operation of addition is subtraction and the inverse operation of subtraction is addition. Inequalities are mathematical equations that compare two quantities using greater than, >; greater than or equal to ≥; less than, <; and less than or equal to, ≤. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1**Algebraic Inequalities**FreeAlgebraic inequalities are mathematical equations that compare two quantities using these criteria: greater than, less than, less than or equal to, greater than or equal to. The only rule of inequalities that must be remembered is that when a variable is multiplied or divided by a negative number the sign is reversed. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Equations and inequalities**An equation is mathematical statement that shows that two expressions are equal to each other. The expressions used in an equation can contain variables or numbers. Inequalities are mathematical equations that compare two quantities using greater than, >; greater than or equal to ≥; less than, <; and less than or equal to, ≤. Inequalities are also solved by using inverse operations. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 1.B.2.b. Determine the unknown in a linear equation (Assessment limit: Use one or two operations (+, -, x) and the unknown only once with whole numbers (0 - 500), fractions with denominators as factors of 100 (0 - 50), or decimals with no more than three decimal places (0 - 100)).

**Algebraic Equations**FreeWhat are algebraic equations? Algebraic equations are mathematical quations that contain a letter or variable, which represents a number. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1**Introduction to Algebra**Algebra is the practice of using expressions with letters or variables that represent numbers. Words can be changed into a mathematical expression by using the words, plus, exceeds, diminished, less, times, the product, divided, the quotient and many more. Algebra uses variables to represent a value that is not yet known. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Equations and Inequalities**Algebraic equations are mathematical equations that contain a letter or variable, which represents a number. To solve an algebraic equation, inverse operations are used. The inverse operation of addition is subtraction and the inverse operation of subtraction is addition. Inequalities are mathematical equations that compare two quantities using greater than, >; greater than or equal to ≥; less than, <; and less than or equal to, ≤. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1**Algebraic Equations**What are algebraic equations? Algebraic equations are mathematical quations that contain a letter or variable, which represents a number. When algebraic equations are written in words, the words must be changed into the appropriate numbers and variable in order to solve. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1**Equations and inequalities**An equation is mathematical statement that shows that two expressions are equal to each other. The expressions used in an equation can contain variables or numbers. Inequalities are mathematical equations that compare two quantities using greater than, >; greater than or equal to ≥; less than, <; and less than or equal to, ≤. Inequalities are also solved by using inverse operations. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Integer operations**Integer operations are the mathematical operations that involve integers. Integers are negative numbers, zero and positive numbers. Adding and subtracting integers are useful in everyday life because there are many situations that involved negative numbers such as calculating sea level or temperatures. Equations with integers are solved using inverse operations. Addition and subtraction are inverse operations, and multiplication and division are inverse operations of each other. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Solving linear equations**When graphed, a linear equation is a straight line. Although the standard equation for a line is y = mx + b, where m is the slope and b is the y-intercept, linear equations often have both of the variables on the same side of the equal sign. Linear equations can be solved for one variable when the other variable is given. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1**Solving equations and inequalities**Algebraic equations are mathematical equations that contain a letter or variable which represents a number. To solve an algebraic equation, inverse operations are used. Algebraic inequalities are mathematical equations that compare two quantities using greater than, >; greater than or equal to, ≥; less than, <; and less than or equal to, ≤. When multiplying or dividing by a negative number occurs, the inequality sign is reversed from the original inequality sign in order for the inequality to be correct. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 1.B.2.d. Identify or graph solutions of inequalities on a number line (Assessment limit: Use whole numbers (0 - 50)).

**Equations and Inequalities**Algebraic equations are mathematical equations that contain a letter or variable, which represents a number. To solve an algebraic equation, inverse operations are used. The inverse operation of addition is subtraction and the inverse operation of subtraction is addition. Inequalities are mathematical equations that compare two quantities using greater than, >; greater than or equal to ≥; less than, <; and less than or equal to, ≤. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1**Algebraic Inequalities**FreeAlgebraic inequalities are mathematical equations that compare two quantities using these criteria: greater than, less than, less than or equal to, greater than or equal to. The only rule of inequalities that must be remembered is that when a variable is multiplied or divided by a negative number the sign is reversed. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Equations and inequalities**An equation is mathematical statement that shows that two expressions are equal to each other. The expressions used in an equation can contain variables or numbers. Inequalities are mathematical equations that compare two quantities using greater than, >; greater than or equal to ≥; less than, <; and less than or equal to, ≤. Inequalities are also solved by using inverse operations. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 1.B.2.e. Apply given formulas to a problem solving situation (Assessment limit: Use formulas having no more than three variables and up to two operations, with whole numbers, fractions with denominators as factors of 100, or decimals with no more than three decimal places (0 - 100)).

**Area**An area is the amount of surface a shape covers. <br>An area is measured in inches, feet, meters or centimeters. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Formulas**The formulas contain places for inputting numbers. Evaluating a formula requires inputting the correct data and performing the operations. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Area of Coordinate Polygons**Calculate the area of basic polygons drawn on a coordinate plane. Coordinate plane is a grid on which points can be plotted. The horizontal axis is labeled with positive numbers to the right of the vertical axis and negative numbers to the left of the vertical axis. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Measurement, Perimeter, and Circumference**There are two systems used to measure objects, the U.S. Customary system and the metric system. The U.S. Customary system measures length in inches, feet, yards and miles. The metric system is a base ten system and measures length in kilometers, meters, and millimeters. Perimeter is the measurement of the distance around a figure. It is measured in units and can be measured by inches, feet, blocks, meters, centimeters or millimeters. To get the perimeter of any figure, simply add up the measures of the sides of the figure. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1#### 1.C.1. Numeric and Graphic Representations of Relationships: Locate points on a number line and in a coordinate plane.

##### 1.C.1.b. Graph ordered pairs in a coordinate plane (Assessment limit: Use no more than 4 ordered pairs of rational numbers (-20 to 20)).

**Coordinates**The use of coordinates pertains to graphing and the quadrants that are formed by the x and y-axis. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Plotting Points**In a coordinate pair, the first number indicates the position of the
point along the horizontal axis of the grid. The second number
indicates the position of the point along the vertical axis. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Area of Coordinate Polygons**Calculate the area of basic polygons drawn on a coordinate plane. Coordinate plane is a grid on which points can be plotted. The horizontal axis is labeled with positive numbers to the right of the vertical axis and negative numbers to the left of the vertical axis. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Using graphs to analyze data**There are different types of graphs and ways that data can be analyzed using the graphs. Graphs are based on the coordinate plane. Data are the points on the plane. If collecting data about the ages of people living on one street, the data is all the ages. The data can then be organized into groups, and evaluated. Mean, mode and median are different ways to evaluate data. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 1.C.1.c. Graph linear equations with one operation in a coordinate plane.

**Introduction to Functions**A function is a rule that is performed on a number, called an input, to produce a result called an output. The rule consists of one or more mathematical operations that are performed on the input. An example of a function is y = 2x + 3, where x is the input and y is the output. The operations of multiplication and addition are performed on the input, x, to produce the output, y. By substituting a number for x, an output can be determined. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1**Linear equations**Linear equations are equations that have two variables and when graphed are a straight line. Linear equation can be graphed based on their slope and y-intercept. The standard equation for a line is y = mx + b, where m is the slope and b is the y-intercept. Slope can be found with the formula m = (y2 - y1)/(x2 - x1), which represents the change in y over the change in x. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1#### 1.C.2. Numeric and Graphic Representations of Relationships: Analyze linear relationships.

##### 1.C.2.a. Identify and describe the change represented in a table of values (Assessment limit: Identify increase, decrease, or no change).

**Introduction to Functions**A function is a rule that is performed on a number, called an input, to produce a result called an output. The rule consists of one or more mathematical operations that are performed on the input. An example of a function is y = 2x + 3, where x is the input and y is the output. The operations of multiplication and addition are performed on the input, x, to produce the output, y. By substituting a number for x, an output can be determined. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1##### 1.C.2.b. Describe the rate of change of a linear relationship by a table of values and a graph.

**Nonlinear Functions and Set Theory**A function can be in the form of y = mx + b. This is an equation of a line, so it is said to be a linear function. Nonlinear functions are functions that are not straight lines. Some examples of nonlinear functions are exponential functions
and parabolic functions. An exponential function, y = aˆx, is a curved line that gets closer to but does not touch the x-axis. A parabolic function, y = ax² + bx +c, is a U-shaped line that can either be facing up or facing down. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1### MD.2.0. Knowledge Geometry: Students will apply the properties of one-, two-, or three-dimensional geometric figures to describe, reason, or solve problems about shape, size, position, or motion of objects.

#### 2.A.1. Plane Geometric Figures: Analyze the properties of plane geometric figures.

##### 2.A.1.c. Identify the parts of right triangles.

**The Pythagorean Theorem**Pythagorean Theorem is a fundamental relation in Euclidean geometry. It states the sum of the squares of the legs of a right triangle equals the square of the length
of the hypotenuse. Determine the distance between two points using the Pythagorean Theorem. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1#### 2.A.2. Plane Geometric Figures: Analyze geometric relationships.

##### 2.A.2.c. Describe the relationship between the legs and hypotenuse of right triangles.

**The Pythagorean Theorem**Pythagorean Theorem is a fundamental relation in Euclidean geometry. It states the sum of the squares of the legs of a right triangle equals the square of the length
of the hypotenuse. Determine the distance between two points using the Pythagorean Theorem. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1#### 2.D.1. Congruence and Similarity: Apply the properties of congruent polygons.

##### 2.D.1.a. Determine the congruent parts of polygons (Assessment limit: Use the length of corresponding sides or the measure of corresponding angles and whole numbers (0 - 1000)).

**Plane Figures: Closed Figure Relationships**Plane figures in regards to closed figure relationships refer to the coordinate plane and congruent figures, circles, circle graphs, transformations and symmetry. Congruent figures have the same size and shape. Transformations are made up of translations, rotations and reflections. A translation of a figure keeps the size and shape of a figure, but moves it to a different location. A rotation turns a figure about a point on the figure. A reflection of a figure produces a mirror image of the figure when it is reflected in a given line. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Patterns in geometry**Patterns in geometry refer to shapes and their measures. Shapes can be congruent to one another. Shapes can also be manipulated to form similar shapes. The types of transformations are reflection, rotation, dilation and translation. With a reflection, a figure is reflected, or flipped, in a line so that the new figure is a mirror image on the other side of the line. A rotation rotates, or turns, a shape to make a new figure. A dilation shrinks or enlarges a figure. A translation shifts a figure to a new position. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 2.D.1.b. Identify and describe similar polygons and their corresponding parts.

**Geometric Proportions**Geometric proportions compare two similar polygons. Similar polygons have equal corresponding angles and corresponding sides that are in proportion. A proportion equation can be used to prove two figures to be similar. If two figures are similar, the proportion equation can be used to find a missing side of one of the figures. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Ratios, proportions and percents**Numerical proportions compare two numbers. A proportion is usually in the form of a:b or a/b. There are 4 parts to a proportion and it can be solved when 3 of the 4 parts are known. Proportions can be solved using the Cross Product Property, which states that the cross products of a proportion are equal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Similarity and scale**Similarity refers to similar figures and the ability to compare them using proportions. Similar figures have equal corresponding angles and corresponding sides that are in proportion. A proportion equation can be used to prove two figures to be similar. If two figures are similar, the proportion equation can be used to find a missing side of one of the figures. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1#### 2.E.1. Transformations: Analyze a transformation on a coordinate plane.

##### 2.E.1.a. Identify, describe, and plot the results of one transformation on a coordinate plane (Assessment limit: Identify or plot the result of one translation (horizontal or vertical, reflection (horizontal or vertical, or rotation about a given point (90 degrees or 180 degrees)).

**Patterns in geometry**Patterns in geometry refer to shapes and their measures. Shapes can be congruent to one another. Shapes can also be manipulated to form similar shapes. The types of transformations are reflection, rotation, dilation and translation. With a reflection, a figure is reflected, or flipped, in a line so that the new figure is a mirror image on the other side of the line. A rotation rotates, or turns, a shape to make a new figure. A dilation shrinks or enlarges a figure. A translation shifts a figure to a new position. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 2.E.1.b. Identify and describe transformations that result in rotational and reflectional symmetry.

**Patterns in geometry**Patterns in geometry refer to shapes and their measures. Shapes can be congruent to one another. Shapes can also be manipulated to form similar shapes. The types of transformations are reflection, rotation, dilation and translation. With a reflection, a figure is reflected, or flipped, in a line so that the new figure is a mirror image on the other side of the line. A rotation rotates, or turns, a shape to make a new figure. A dilation shrinks or enlarges a figure. A translation shifts a figure to a new position. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1### MD.3.0. Knowledge of Measurement: Students will identify attributes, units, or systems of measurements or apply a variety of techniques, formulas, tools, or technology for determining measurements.

#### 3.C.1. Applications in Measurement: Estimate and apply measurement formulas.

##### 3.C.1.a. Estimate and determine the area of quadrilaterals (Assessment limit: Use parallelograms or trapezoids and whole number dimensions (0 - 1000)).

**Exploring Area and Surface Area**Area is the amount of surface a shape covers. Area is measured in square units, whether the units are inches, feet, meters or centimeters. The area formula for a triangle is: A = 1/2 · b · h, where b is the base and h is the height. The area formula for a circle is: A = π · r², where π is usually 3.14 and r is the radius of the circle. The area formula for a parallelogram is: A = b · h, where b is the
base and h is the height. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Perimeter and area**What Is Perimeter and Area? Perimeter is the measurement of the distance around a figure. It is measured in units and can be measured by inches, feet, blocks, meters, centimeters or millimeters. To find the perimeter of any figure, simply add up the measures of the sides of the figure. Area is the amount of surface a shape covers. Area is measured in square units, whether the units are inches, feet, meters or centimeters. The area formula for a parallelogram is: A = b · h, where b is the base and h is the height. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1##### 3.C.1.b. Determine the surface area of geometric solids (Assessment limit: Use rectangular prisms with whole number dimensions (0 - 1000)).

**Exploring Area and Surface Area**Area is the amount of surface a shape covers. Area is measured in square units, whether the units are inches, feet, meters or centimeters. The area formula for a triangle is: A = 1/2 · b · h, where b is the base and h is the height. The area formula for a circle is: A = π · r², where π is usually 3.14 and r is the radius of the circle. The area formula for a parallelogram is: A = b · h, where b is the
base and h is the height. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Three dimensional geometry/Measurement**Three-dimensional geometry/measurement refers to three-dimensional (3D) shapes and the measurement of their shapes concerning volume and surface area. The figures of prisms, cylinders, pyramids, cones and spheres are all 3D figures. Volume measures the amount a solid figure can hold. Volume is measured in terms of units³ and can be measured in inches, feet, meters, centimeters, and millimeters. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 3.C.1.c. Estimate pi using physical models.

**Diameter of Circle**The diameter of a circle is a line segment that passes through the center of a circle connecting one side of the circle to the other. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Area**An area is the amount of surface a shape covers. <br>An area is measured in inches, feet, meters or centimeters. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Area and Circumference of Circles**FreeThe circumference of a circle is the distance around the outside. The area of a circle is the space contained within the circumference. It is measured in square units. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Measurement, Perimeter, and Circumference**There are two systems used to measure objects, the U.S. Customary system and the metric system. The U.S. Customary system measures length in inches, feet, yards and miles. The metric system is a base ten system and measures length in kilometers, meters, and millimeters. Perimeter is the measurement of the distance around a figure. It is measured in units and can be measured by inches, feet, blocks, meters, centimeters or millimeters. To get the perimeter of any figure, simply add up the measures of the sides of the figure. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Exploring Area and Surface Area**Area is the amount of surface a shape covers. Area is measured in square units, whether the units are inches, feet, meters or centimeters. The area formula for a triangle is: A = 1/2 · b · h, where b is the base and h is the height. The area formula for a circle is: A = π · r², where π is usually 3.14 and r is the radius of the circle. The area formula for a parallelogram is: A = b · h, where b is the
base and h is the height. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Perimeter and area**What Is Perimeter and Area? Perimeter is the measurement of the distance around a figure. It is measured in units and can be measured by inches, feet, blocks, meters, centimeters or millimeters. To find the perimeter of any figure, simply add up the measures of the sides of the figure. Area is the amount of surface a shape covers. Area is measured in square units, whether the units are inches, feet, meters or centimeters. The area formula for a parallelogram is: A = b · h, where b is the base and h is the height. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1##### 3.C.1.d. Estimate and determine the volume of a triangular prism.

**Volume**Volume measures the amount a solid figure can hold. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Finding Volume**Volume measures the amount a solid figure can hold. Volume is measured in terms of cubed units and can be measured in inches, feet, meters, centimeters, and millimeters. The formula for the volume of a rectangular prism is V = l · w · h, where l is the length, w is the width, and h is the height. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Three dimensional geometry/Measurement**Three-dimensional geometry/measurement refers to three-dimensional (3D) shapes and the measurement of their shapes concerning volume and surface area. The figures of prisms, cylinders, pyramids, cones and spheres are all 3D figures. Volume measures the amount a solid figure can hold. Volume is measured in terms of units³ and can be measured in inches, feet, meters, centimeters, and millimeters. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1#### 3.C.2. Applications in Measurement: Analyze measurement relationships.

##### 3.C.2.a. Determine a missing dimension for a figure using a scale (Assessment limit: Use a polygon with no more than 8 sides using whole numbers (0 - 1000)).

**Geometric Proportions**Geometric proportions compare two similar polygons. Similar polygons have equal corresponding angles and corresponding sides that are in proportion. A proportion equation can be used to prove two figures to be similar. If two figures are similar, the proportion equation can be used to find a missing side of one of the figures. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Similarity and scale**Similarity refers to similar figures and the ability to compare them using proportions. Similar figures have equal corresponding angles and corresponding sides that are in proportion. A proportion equation can be used to prove two figures to be similar. If two figures are similar, the proportion equation can be used to find a missing side of one of the figures. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 3.C.2.b. Determine the distance between 2 points using a drawing and a scale (Assessment limit: Use a scale of 1 cm =?, 1/4 inch =?, or 1/2 inch = ?, and whole numbers (0 - 1000)).

**Geometric Proportions**Geometric proportions compare two similar polygons. Similar polygons have equal corresponding angles and corresponding sides that are in proportion. A proportion equation can be used to prove two figures to be similar. If two figures are similar, the proportion equation can be used to find a missing side of one of the figures. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Similarity and scale**Similarity refers to similar figures and the ability to compare them using proportions. Similar figures have equal corresponding angles and corresponding sides that are in proportion. A proportion equation can be used to prove two figures to be similar. If two figures are similar, the proportion equation can be used to find a missing side of one of the figures. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1### MD.4.0. Knowledge of Statistics: Students will collect, organize, display, analyze, or interpret data to make decisions or predictions.

#### 4.B.1. Data Analysis: Analyze data.

##### 4.B.1.b. Determine the best choice of a data display (Assessment limit: Use a given data set).

**Using graphs to analyze data**There are different types of graphs and ways that data can be analyzed using the graphs. Graphs are based on the coordinate plane. Data are the points on the plane. If collecting data about the ages of people living on one street, the data is all the ages. The data can then be organized into groups, and evaluated. Mean, mode and median are different ways to evaluate data. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1#### 4.B.2. Data Analysis: Describe a set of data.

##### 4.B.2.a. Analyze measures of central tendency to determine or apply mean, median, mode (Assessment limit: Use no more than 15 pieces of data for the mean or median; or 15 to 30 pieces of data for the mode, using whole numbers or decimals with no more than 2 decimal places (0 - 100)).

**Statistics**A statistic is a collection of numbers related to a specific topic. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1**Organizing Data**The data can be organized into groups, and evaluated. Mean, mode, median and range are different ways to evaluate data. The mean is the average of the data. The mode refers to the number that occurs the most often in the data. The median is the middle number when the data is arranged in order from lowest to highest. The range is the difference in numbers when the lowest number is subtracted from the highest number. Data can be organized into a table, such as a frequency table. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Using graphs to analyze data**There are different types of graphs and ways that data can be analyzed using the graphs. Graphs are based on the coordinate plane. Data are the points on the plane. If collecting data about the ages of people living on one street, the data is all the ages. The data can then be organized into groups, and evaluated. Mean, mode and median are different ways to evaluate data. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Collecting and describing data**Collecting and describing data refers to the different ways to gather data and the different ways to arrange data whether it is in a table, graph, or pie chart. Data can be collected by either taking a sample of a population or by conducting a survey. Describing data looks at data after it has been organized and makes conclusions about the data. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1### MD.5.0. Knowledge of Probability: Students will use experimental methods or theoretical reasoning to determine probabilities to make predictions or solve problems about events whose outcomes involve random variation.

#### 5.B.1. Theoretical Probability: Determine the probability of an event comprised of no more than 2 independent events.

##### 5.B.1.a. Express the probability of an event as a fraction, a decimal, or a percent (Assessment limit: Use a sample space of no more than 35 outcomes and decimals with no more than 2 decimal places).

**Probability**Probability word problems worksheets. Probability is the possibility that a certain event will occur. An event that is certain to occur has a probability of 1. An event that cannot occur has a probability of 0. Therefore, the probability of an
event occurring is always between 0 and 1. The closer a probability is to 1, the more certain that an event will occur. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Introduction to Probability**Probability is the possibility that a certain event will occur. An event that is certain to occur has a probability of 1. An event that cannot occur has a probability of 0. Therefore, the probability of an event occurring is always between 0 and 1. Probability word problems worksheets. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Using Probability**Probability is the possibility that a certain event will occur. Probability is the chance of an event occurring divided by the total number of possible outcomes. Probability is based on whether events are dependent or independent of each other. An independent event refers to the outcome of one event not affecting the outcome of another event. A dependent event is when the outcome of one event does affect the outcome of the other event. Probability word problems. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Ratios, proportions and percents**Numerical proportions compare two numbers. A proportion is usually in the form of a:b or a/b. There are 4 parts to a proportion and it can be solved when 3 of the 4 parts are known. Proportions can be solved using the Cross Product Property, which states that the cross products of a proportion are equal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Experimental Probability**FreeExperimental probability is the probability that a certain outcome will occur based on an experiment being performed multiple times. Probability word problems worksheets. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1#### 5.C.1. Experimental Probability: Analyze the results of a survey or simulation.

##### 5.C.1.a. Make predictions and express the probability of the results as a fraction, a decimal with no more than 2 decimal places, or a percent (Assessment limit: Use 25 or 50 results).

**Probability**Probability word problems worksheets. Probability is the possibility that a certain event will occur. An event that is certain to occur has a probability of 1. An event that cannot occur has a probability of 0. Therefore, the probability of an
event occurring is always between 0 and 1. The closer a probability is to 1, the more certain that an event will occur. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Introduction to Probability**Probability is the possibility that a certain event will occur. An event that is certain to occur has a probability of 1. An event that cannot occur has a probability of 0. Therefore, the probability of an event occurring is always between 0 and 1. Probability word problems worksheets. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Using Probability**Probability is the possibility that a certain event will occur. Probability is the chance of an event occurring divided by the total number of possible outcomes. Probability is based on whether events are dependent or independent of each other. An independent event refers to the outcome of one event not affecting the outcome of another event. A dependent event is when the outcome of one event does affect the outcome of the other event. Probability word problems. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Ratios, proportions and percents**Numerical proportions compare two numbers. A proportion is usually in the form of a:b or a/b. There are 4 parts to a proportion and it can be solved when 3 of the 4 parts are known. Proportions can be solved using the Cross Product Property, which states that the cross products of a proportion are equal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Experimental Probability**FreeExperimental probability is the probability that a certain outcome will occur based on an experiment being performed multiple times. Probability word problems worksheets. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1#### 5.C.2. Experimental Probability: Conduct a probability experiment.

**Introduction to Probability**Probability is the possibility that a certain event will occur. An event that is certain to occur has a probability of 1. An event that cannot occur has a probability of 0. Therefore, the probability of an event occurring is always between 0 and 1. Probability word problems worksheets. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Experimental Probability**FreeExperimental probability is the probability that a certain outcome will occur based on an experiment being performed multiple times. Probability word problems worksheets. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1#### 5.C.3. Experimental Probability: Compare outcomes of theoretical probability with the results of experimental probability.

**Introduction to Probability**Probability is the possibility that a certain event will occur. An event that is certain to occur has a probability of 1. An event that cannot occur has a probability of 0. Therefore, the probability of an event occurring is always between 0 and 1. Probability word problems worksheets. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1#### 5.C.4. Experimental Probability: Describe the difference between theoretical and experimental probability.

**Introduction to Probability**Probability is the possibility that a certain event will occur. An event that is certain to occur has a probability of 1. An event that cannot occur has a probability of 0. Therefore, the probability of an event occurring is always between 0 and 1. Probability word problems worksheets. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Experimental Probability**FreeExperimental probability is the probability that a certain outcome will occur based on an experiment being performed multiple times. Probability word problems worksheets. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Theoretical probability and counting**Probability word problems worksheets. Theoretical probability is the probability that a certain outcome will occur based on all the possible outcomes. Sometimes, the number of ways that an event can happen depends on the order. A permutation is an arrangement of objects in which order matters. A combination is a set of objects in which order does not matter. Probability is also based on whether events are dependent or independent of each other. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1### MD.6.0. Knowledge of Number Relationships and Computation/Arithmetic: Students will describe, represent, or apply numbers or their relationships or will estimate or compute using mental strategies, paper/pencil, or technology.

#### 6.A.1. Knowledge of Number and Place Value: Apply knowledge of rational numbers and place value.

##### 6.A.1.a. Read, write, and represent whole numbers (Assessment limit: Use exponential notation with bases no more than 12 and exponents no more than 3 in standard form (0 - 1000)).

**Evaluate Exponents**Evaluating an expression containing a number with an exponent
means to write the repeated multiplication form and perform the
operation Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Repeated Multiplication to Exponents**The result of raising a number to a power is the same number that would be obtained by multiplying the base number together the number of times that is equal to the exponent. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Exponents**The exponent represents the number of times to
multiply the number, or base. When a number is represented in this way it is called a power. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Exponents, Factors and Fractions**In a mathematical expression where the same number is multiplied many times, it is often useful to write the number as a base with an exponent. Exponents are also used to evaluate numbers. Any number to a zero exponent is 1 and any number to a negative exponent is a number less than 1. Exponents are used in scientific notation to make very large or very small numbers easier to write. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1##### 6.A.1.c. Determine equivalent forms of rational numbers expressed as fractions, decimal, percents, and ratios (Assessment limit: Use positive rational numbers (0 - 100)).

**Percentage**The term percent refers to a fraction in which the denominator is 100.
It is a way to compare a number with 100. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1**Multiple Representation of Rational Numbers**What are multiple representations of rational numbers? A rational number represents a value or a part of a value. Rational numbers can be written as integers, fractions, decimals, and percents.The different representations for any given rational number are all equivalent. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Rational and Irrational Numbers**A rational number is a number that can be made into a fraction. Decimals that repeat or terminate are rational because they can be changed into fractions. An irrational number is a number that cannot be made into a fraction. Decimals that do not repeat or end are irrational numbers. Pi is an irrational number. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Introduction to Percent**What Is Percent? A percent is a term that describes a decimal in terms of one hundred. Percent means per hundred. Percents, fractions and decimals all can equal each other, as in the case of 10%, 0.1 and 1/10. Percents can be greater than 100% or smaller than 1%. A markup from the cost of making an item to the actual sales price is usually greater than 100%. A salesperson's commission might be 1/2% depending on the item sold. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Numbers and percents**Numbers and percents refer to the relationship between fractions, decimals, and percents. A percent is a term that describes a decimal in terms of one hundred. Percent means per hundred. Percents, fractions and decimals all can equal each other, as in the case of 10%, 0.1 and 1/10. Fractions and decimals can easily be changed into percent. There are three cases of percent. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 6.A.1.d. Compare, order, and describe rational numbers with or without relational symbols (<, >, =) (Assessment limit: Use no more than 4 fractions with denominators that are factors of 300 that are less than 101 (0-100), decimals with no more than 4 decimal places (0-100), percents (0-100) or integers (-100 to 100)).

**Fractions/Decimals**Any fraction can be changed into a decimal and any decimal can be changed into a fraction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Ordering Fractions**The order of rational numbers depends on their relationship to each other and to zero. Rational numbers can be dispersed along a number line in both directions from zero. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1**Rational and Irrational Numbers**A rational number is a number that can be made into a fraction. Decimals that repeat or terminate are rational because they can be changed into fractions. An irrational number is a number that cannot be made into a fraction. Decimals that do not repeat or end are irrational numbers. Pi is an irrational number. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Exponents, Factors and Fractions**In a mathematical expression where the same number is multiplied many times, it is often useful to write the number as a base with an exponent. Exponents are also used to evaluate numbers. Any number to a zero exponent is 1 and any number to a negative exponent is a number less than 1. Exponents are used in scientific notation to make very large or very small numbers easier to write. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1##### 6.A.1.e. Express whole numbers and decimals in scientific notation.

**Exponents, Factors and Fractions**In a mathematical expression where the same number is multiplied many times, it is often useful to write the number as a base with an exponent. Exponents are also used to evaluate numbers. Any number to a zero exponent is 1 and any number to a negative exponent is a number less than 1. Exponents are used in scientific notation to make very large or very small numbers easier to write. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Polynomials and Exponents**FreeA polynomial is an expression which is in the form of ax<sup>n</sup>, where a is any real number and n is a whole number. If a polynomial has only one term, it is called a monomial. If it has two terms, it is a binomial and if it has three terms, it is a trinomial. The standard form of a polynomial is when the powers of the variables are decreasing from left to right. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1#### 6.C.1. Number Computation: Analyze number relations and compute.

##### 6.C.1.a. Add, subtract, multiply, and divide integers (Assessment limit: Use one operation (-100 to 100)).

**Using Integers**Integers are negative numbers, zero and positive numbers. To compare integers, a number line can be used. On a number line, negative integers are on the left side of zero with the larger a negative number, the farther to the left it is. Positive
integers are on the right side of zero on the number line. If a number is to the left of another number it is said to be less than that number. In the coordinate plane, the x-axis is a horizontal line with negative numbers, zero and positive numbers. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Integer operations**Integer operations are the mathematical operations that involve integers. Integers are negative numbers, zero and positive numbers. Adding and subtracting integers are useful in everyday life because there are many situations that involved negative numbers such as calculating sea level or temperatures. Equations with integers are solved using inverse operations. Addition and subtraction are inverse operations, and multiplication and division are inverse operations of each other. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1##### 6.C.1.b. Add, subtract, and multiply positive fractions and mixed numbers (Assessment limit: Use no more than 2 operations and positive fractions or mixed numbers with denominators as factors of 300 less than 101 (0 - 2000)).

**Add/Subtract Fractions**Adding or substracting fractions means to add or subtract the numerators and write the sum over the common denominator. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1**Multiply / Divide Fractions**To multiply two fractions with unlike denominators, multiply the numerators and multiply the denominators. It is unnecessary to change the denominators for this operation. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Multiply Fractions**Multiplying fractions is the operation of multiplying two or more fractions together to find a product. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Fraction Operations**Fraction operations are the processes of adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing fractions and mixed numbers. A mixed number is a fraction with a whole number. Adding fractions is common in many everyday events, such as making a recipe and measuring wood. In order to add and subtract fractions, the fractions must have the same denominator. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 6.C.1.c. Divide fractions and mixed numbers.

**Multiply / Divide Fractions**To multiply two fractions with unlike denominators, multiply the numerators and multiply the denominators. It is unnecessary to change the denominators for this operation. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Fraction Operations**Fraction operations are the processes of adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing fractions and mixed numbers. A mixed number is a fraction with a whole number. Adding fractions is common in many everyday events, such as making a recipe and measuring wood. In order to add and subtract fractions, the fractions must have the same denominator. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 6.C.1.d. Calculate powers of integers and square roots of perfect square whole numbers (Assessment limit: Use exponents of no more than 3 for integers (-10 to 20) or square roots of perfect square whole numbers (0 - 100)).

**Evaluate Exponents**Evaluating an expression containing a number with an exponent
means to write the repeated multiplication form and perform the
operation Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Repeated Multiplication to Exponents**The result of raising a number to a power is the same number that would be obtained by multiplying the base number together the number of times that is equal to the exponent. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Exponents**The exponent represents the number of times to
multiply the number, or base. When a number is represented in this way it is called a power. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Rational and Irrational Numbers**A rational number is a number that can be made into a fraction. Decimals that repeat or terminate are rational because they can be changed into fractions. An irrational number is a number that cannot be made into a fraction. Decimals that do not repeat or end are irrational numbers. Pi is an irrational number. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Exponents, Factors and Fractions**In a mathematical expression where the same number is multiplied many times, it is often useful to write the number as a base with an exponent. Exponents are also used to evaluate numbers. Any number to a zero exponent is 1 and any number to a negative exponent is a number less than 1. Exponents are used in scientific notation to make very large or very small numbers easier to write. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**The Pythagorean Theorem**Pythagorean Theorem is a fundamental relation in Euclidean geometry. It states the sum of the squares of the legs of a right triangle equals the square of the length
of the hypotenuse. Determine the distance between two points using the Pythagorean Theorem. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Real numbers**Real numbers are the set of rational and irrational numbers. The set of rational numbers includes integers, whole numbers, and natural numbers. A rational number is a number that can be made into a fraction. Decimals that repeat or terminate are rational because they can be changed into fractions. An irrational number is a number that cannot be made into a fraction. Decimals that do not repeat or end are irrational numbers. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1##### 6.C.1.e. Use the laws of exponents to simplify expressions (Assessment limit: Use the rules of exponents (power times power or power divided by power) with the same whole number base (0 - 100) and exponents (0 - 10)).

**Evaluate Exponents**Evaluating an expression containing a number with an exponent
means to write the repeated multiplication form and perform the
operation Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Repeated Multiplication to Exponents**The result of raising a number to a power is the same number that would be obtained by multiplying the base number together the number of times that is equal to the exponent. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Exponents**The exponent represents the number of times to
multiply the number, or base. When a number is represented in this way it is called a power. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Polynomials and Exponents**FreeA polynomial is an expression which is in the form of ax<sup>n</sup>, where a is any real number and n is a whole number. If a polynomial has only one term, it is called a monomial. If it has two terms, it is a binomial and if it has three terms, it is a trinomial. The standard form of a polynomial is when the powers of the variables are decreasing from left to right. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1##### 6.C.1.f. Identify and use the properties of addition and multiplication to simplify expressions (Assessment limit: Use the commutative property of addition or multiplication, associative property of addition or multiplication, or the identity property for one or zero with whole numbers (0 - 100)).

**Commutative/Associative Properties**The
commutative property allows us to change the order of the
numbers
without changing the outcome of the problem. The
associative property
allows us to change the grouping of the
numbers. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1##### 6.C.1.g. Determine percent of a number.

**Percent, Rate, Base**A percent is a way of comparing a number with 100. Percents are usually written with a percent sign. To solve a percent problem, multiply the value by the percent using
one of the representations for the percent. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Percentage**The term percent refers to a fraction in which the denominator is 100.
It is a way to compare a number with 100. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1**Introduction to Percent**What Is Percent? A percent is a term that describes a decimal in terms of one hundred. Percent means per hundred. Percents, fractions and decimals all can equal each other, as in the case of 10%, 0.1 and 1/10. Percents can be greater than 100% or smaller than 1%. A markup from the cost of making an item to the actual sales price is usually greater than 100%. A salesperson's commission might be 1/2% depending on the item sold. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Applying Percents**Applying percents is a term that refers to the different ways that percents can be used. The percent of change refers to the percent an amount either increases or decreases based on the previous amounts or numbers. Applying percents also means to calculate simple interest using the interest equation, I = P · r · t, where P is the principal; r is the rate and t is the time. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Rational numbers and operations**A rational number is a number that can be made into a fraction. Decimals that repeat or terminate are rational because they can be changed into fractions. A square root of a number is a number that when multiplied by itself will result in the original number. The square root of 4 is 2 because 2 · 2 = 4. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Numbers and percents**Numbers and percents refer to the relationship between fractions, decimals, and percents. A percent is a term that describes a decimal in terms of one hundred. Percent means per hundred. Percents, fractions and decimals all can equal each other, as in the case of 10%, 0.1 and 1/10. Fractions and decimals can easily be changed into percent. There are three cases of percent. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Applications of percent**Percent increase or decrease can be found by using the formula: percent of change = actual change/original amount. The change is either an increase, if the amounts went up or a decrease if the amounts went down. If a number changes from 33 to 89, the percent of increase would be: Percent of increase = (89 -33) ÷ 33 = 56 ÷ 33 ≈ 1.6969 ≈ 170% Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1#### 6.C.2. Number Computation: Estimation.

##### 6.C.2.a. Determine approximate sums, differences, products, and quotients (Assessment limit: Use no more than 3 positive rational numbers (0 - 1000)).

**Estimation**Estimation is the process of rounding a number either up or down to the nearest place value requested. Estimation makes it easier to perform mathematical operations quickly. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1#### 6.C.3. Number Computation: Analyze ratios, proportions, or percents.

##### 6.C.3.a. Determine equivalent ratios (Assessment limit: Use denominators as factors of 300 but less than 101 and whole numbers (0-100)).

**Fractions/Decimals**Any fraction can be changed into a decimal and any decimal can be changed into a fraction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Ratio**A ratio is a comparison of two numbers. The two numbers must have
the same unit in order to be compared. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Simple Proportions**A proportion is a statement that two ratios are equal. A ratio is a pair of numbers used to show a comparison. To solve a proportion, calculate equivalent fractions in order to be sure the two fractions (ratios) are equal. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Rational and Irrational Numbers**A rational number is a number that can be made into a fraction. Decimals that repeat or terminate are rational because they can be changed into fractions. An irrational number is a number that cannot be made into a fraction. Decimals that do not repeat or end are irrational numbers. Pi is an irrational number. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Numerical Proportions**Numerical proportions compare two numbers. The numbers can have the same units such as a ratio or the numbers can have different units such as rates. A proportion is usually in the form of a:b or a/b. Ratios are used to compare objects, wins and losses, sides of a figure to its area and many more. Rates are used to compare miles per hour, words per minute, and many others. A unit rate is when the denominator of a proportion is one. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Ratios, proportions and percents**Numerical proportions compare two numbers. A proportion is usually in the form of a:b or a/b. There are 4 parts to a proportion and it can be solved when 3 of the 4 parts are known. Proportions can be solved using the Cross Product Property, which states that the cross products of a proportion are equal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Similarity and scale**Similarity refers to similar figures and the ability to compare them using proportions. Similar figures have equal corresponding angles and corresponding sides that are in proportion. A proportion equation can be used to prove two figures to be similar. If two figures are similar, the proportion equation can be used to find a missing side of one of the figures. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Numbers and percents**Numbers and percents refer to the relationship between fractions, decimals, and percents. A percent is a term that describes a decimal in terms of one hundred. Percent means per hundred. Percents, fractions and decimals all can equal each other, as in the case of 10%, 0.1 and 1/10. Fractions and decimals can easily be changed into percent. There are three cases of percent. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 6.C.3.b. Determine and use rates, unit rates, and percents as ratios in the context of a problem (Assessment limit: Use whole numbers (0-1000)).

**Ratio**A ratio is a comparison of two numbers. The two numbers must have
the same unit in order to be compared. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Simple Proportions**A proportion is a statement that two ratios are equal. A ratio is a pair of numbers used to show a comparison. To solve a proportion, calculate equivalent fractions in order to be sure the two fractions (ratios) are equal. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Numerical Proportions**Numerical proportions compare two numbers. The numbers can have the same units such as a ratio or the numbers can have different units such as rates. A proportion is usually in the form of a:b or a/b. Ratios are used to compare objects, wins and losses, sides of a figure to its area and many more. Rates are used to compare miles per hour, words per minute, and many others. A unit rate is when the denominator of a proportion is one. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Applying Percents**Applying percents is a term that refers to the different ways that percents can be used. The percent of change refers to the percent an amount either increases or decreases based on the previous amounts or numbers. Applying percents also means to calculate simple interest using the interest equation, I = P · r · t, where P is the principal; r is the rate and t is the time. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Ratios, proportions and percents**Numerical proportions compare two numbers. A proportion is usually in the form of a:b or a/b. There are 4 parts to a proportion and it can be solved when 3 of the 4 parts are known. Proportions can be solved using the Cross Product Property, which states that the cross products of a proportion are equal. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Similarity and scale**Similarity refers to similar figures and the ability to compare them using proportions. Similar figures have equal corresponding angles and corresponding sides that are in proportion. A proportion equation can be used to prove two figures to be similar. If two figures are similar, the proportion equation can be used to find a missing side of one of the figures. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Numbers and percents**Numbers and percents refer to the relationship between fractions, decimals, and percents. A percent is a term that describes a decimal in terms of one hundred. Percent means per hundred. Percents, fractions and decimals all can equal each other, as in the case of 10%, 0.1 and 1/10. Fractions and decimals can easily be changed into percent. There are three cases of percent. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 6.C.3.c. Determine rate of increase and decrease, discounts, simple interest, commission, sales tax.

**Percent, Rate, Base**A percent is a way of comparing a number with 100. Percents are usually written with a percent sign. To solve a percent problem, multiply the value by the percent using
one of the representations for the percent. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Introduction to Percent**What Is Percent? A percent is a term that describes a decimal in terms of one hundred. Percent means per hundred. Percents, fractions and decimals all can equal each other, as in the case of 10%, 0.1 and 1/10. Percents can be greater than 100% or smaller than 1%. A markup from the cost of making an item to the actual sales price is usually greater than 100%. A salesperson's commission might be 1/2% depending on the item sold. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Applying Percents**Applying percents is a term that refers to the different ways that percents can be used. The percent of change refers to the percent an amount either increases or decreases based on the previous amounts or numbers. Applying percents also means to calculate simple interest using the interest equation, I = P · r · t, where P is the principal; r is the rate and t is the time. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Applications of percent**Percent increase or decrease can be found by using the formula: percent of change = actual change/original amount. The change is either an increase, if the amounts went up or a decrease if the amounts went down. If a number changes from 33 to 89, the percent of increase would be: Percent of increase = (89 -33) ÷ 33 = 56 ÷ 33 ≈ 1.6969 ≈ 170% Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1##### 6.C.3.d. Determine percent of a number.

**Percent, Rate, Base**A percent is a way of comparing a number with 100. Percents are usually written with a percent sign. To solve a percent problem, multiply the value by the percent using
one of the representations for the percent. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Percentage**The term percent refers to a fraction in which the denominator is 100.
It is a way to compare a number with 100. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1**Introduction to Percent**What Is Percent? A percent is a term that describes a decimal in terms of one hundred. Percent means per hundred. Percents, fractions and decimals all can equal each other, as in the case of 10%, 0.1 and 1/10. Percents can be greater than 100% or smaller than 1%. A markup from the cost of making an item to the actual sales price is usually greater than 100%. A salesperson's commission might be 1/2% depending on the item sold. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Applying Percents**Applying percents is a term that refers to the different ways that percents can be used. The percent of change refers to the percent an amount either increases or decreases based on the previous amounts or numbers. Applying percents also means to calculate simple interest using the interest equation, I = P · r · t, where P is the principal; r is the rate and t is the time. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Rational numbers and operations**A rational number is a number that can be made into a fraction. Decimals that repeat or terminate are rational because they can be changed into fractions. A square root of a number is a number that when multiplied by itself will result in the original number. The square root of 4 is 2 because 2 · 2 = 4. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Numbers and percents**Numbers and percents refer to the relationship between fractions, decimals, and percents. A percent is a term that describes a decimal in terms of one hundred. Percent means per hundred. Percents, fractions and decimals all can equal each other, as in the case of 10%, 0.1 and 1/10. Fractions and decimals can easily be changed into percent. There are three cases of percent. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Applications of percent**Percent increase or decrease can be found by using the formula: percent of change = actual change/original amount. The change is either an increase, if the amounts went up or a decrease if the amounts went down. If a number changes from 33 to 89, the percent of increase would be: Percent of increase = (89 -33) ÷ 33 = 56 ÷ 33 ≈ 1.6969 ≈ 170% Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1### MD.7.0. Processes of Mathematics: Students demonstrate the processes of mathematics by making connections and applying reasoning to solve problems and to communicate their findings.

#### 7.A.1. Problem Solving: Apply a variety of concepts, processes, and skills to solve problems

##### 7.A.1.c. Make a plan to solve a problem

**Applying Percents**Applying percents is a term that refers to the different ways that percents can be used. The percent of change refers to the percent an amount either increases or decreases based on the previous amounts or numbers. Applying percents also means to calculate simple interest using the interest equation, I = P · r · t, where P is the principal; r is the rate and t is the time. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 7.A.1.d. Apply a strategy, i.e., draw a picture, guess and check, finding a pattern, writing an equation

**Applying Percents**Applying percents is a term that refers to the different ways that percents can be used. The percent of change refers to the percent an amount either increases or decreases based on the previous amounts or numbers. Applying percents also means to calculate simple interest using the interest equation, I = P · r · t, where P is the principal; r is the rate and t is the time. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 7.A.1.e. Select a strategy, i.e., draw a picture, guess and check, finding a pattern, writing an equation

**Applying Percents**Applying percents is a term that refers to the different ways that percents can be used. The percent of change refers to the percent an amount either increases or decreases based on the previous amounts or numbers. Applying percents also means to calculate simple interest using the interest equation, I = P · r · t, where P is the principal; r is the rate and t is the time. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Algebraic Equations**What are algebraic equations? Algebraic equations are mathematical quations that contain a letter or variable, which represents a number. When algebraic equations are written in words, the words must be changed into the appropriate numbers and variable in order to solve. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1##### 7.A.1.f. Identify alternative ways to solve a problem

**Applying Percents**Applying percents is a term that refers to the different ways that percents can be used. The percent of change refers to the percent an amount either increases or decreases based on the previous amounts or numbers. Applying percents also means to calculate simple interest using the interest equation, I = P · r · t, where P is the principal; r is the rate and t is the time. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1#### 7.B.1. Reasoning: Justify ideas or solutions with mathematical concepts or proofs

##### 7.B.1.a. Use inductive or deductive reasoning

**Mathematical processes**Mathematical processes refer to the skills and strategies needed in order to solve mathematical problems. If one strategy does not help to find the solution to a problem, using another strategy may help to solve it. Problem solving skills refer to the math techniques that must be used to solve a problem. If a problem were to determine the perimeter of a square, a needed skill would be the knowledge of what perimeter means and the ability to add the numbers. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 7.B.1.b. Make or test generalizations

**Mathematical processes**Mathematical processes refer to the skills and strategies needed in order to solve mathematical problems. If one strategy does not help to find the solution to a problem, using another strategy may help to solve it. Problem solving skills refer to the math techniques that must be used to solve a problem. If a problem were to determine the perimeter of a square, a needed skill would be the knowledge of what perimeter means and the ability to add the numbers. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 7.B.1.d. Use methods of proof, i.e., direct, indirect, paragraph, or contradiction

**Mathematical processes**Mathematical processes refer to the skills and strategies needed in order to solve mathematical problems. If one strategy does not help to find the solution to a problem, using another strategy may help to solve it. Problem solving skills refer to the math techniques that must be used to solve a problem. If a problem were to determine the perimeter of a square, a needed skill would be the knowledge of what perimeter means and the ability to add the numbers. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1#### 7.C.1. Communications: Present mathematical ideas using words, symbols, visual displays, or technology

##### 7.C.1.a. Use multiple representations to express concepts or solutions

**Formulas**The formulas contain places for inputting numbers. Evaluating a formula requires inputting the correct data and performing the operations. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 7.C.1.e. Express solutions using pictorial, tabular, graphical, or algebraic methods

**Formulas**The formulas contain places for inputting numbers. Evaluating a formula requires inputting the correct data and performing the operations. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1#### 7.D.1. Connections: Relate or apply mathematics within the discipline, to other disciplines, and to life

##### 7.D.1.c. Identify mathematical concepts in relationship to life

**Mathematical processes**Mathematical processes refer to the skills and strategies needed in order to solve mathematical problems. If one strategy does not help to find the solution to a problem, using another strategy may help to solve it. Problem solving skills refer to the math techniques that must be used to solve a problem. If a problem were to determine the perimeter of a square, a needed skill would be the knowledge of what perimeter means and the ability to add the numbers. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1 Standards

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