Minnesota Academic Standards for Fourth Grade Social Studies

African American HistoryAfrican-American history is the branch of American history that specifically discusses the African-American or Black American ethnic groups in the United States. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
American Symbols & HolidaysFreeThere are many things that are symbols of America. There are also holidays that Americans celebrate every year: Memorial Day, Martin Luther King Jr. Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving, Christmas, Mother's Day Read more...iWorksheets: 8Study Guides: 6
Civil WarConfederacy, Emancipation Proclamation, Antietam, union, plantations, slavery, abolishing slavery, Bull Run, American Red Cross, Uncle Tom's Cabin, Abraham Lincoln. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Colonial LifePeople came to this New World for many reasons: religious freedom, political freedom, adventure, hope of land and money. They came to a land that was hard to live in. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Famous AmericansThere are many people who have had an impact on American history. These people were often common, ordinary people who did something special. Many helped to change our country by what they did. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Famous ExplorersFrom Columbus’ discovery of the Americas to Hillary’s quest up Mount Everest, the names of these famous explorers will remain important for centuries. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Map SkillsA map is a picture of a place. We use maps to help us know where things are. In order to use a map, you need to know a few things. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Native People of the U.S.Native means the people who originally lived in this land. There are many Native American tribes, each with their own unique way of life. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Pioneer LifePioneers are the first people who settle in an area. People traveled west to explore new parts of the U.S. during the 1800s. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Presidential HistoryThe president is the highest leader in the U.S. Each president is elected to office for a four year term. A president can then be reelected for another term. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Review Grades 1-4Experiences that provide for the study of people, places and environments <br>Experiences that provide for the study of interactions among individuals, groups and institutions <br>Experiences that provide for the study of global connections and independence <br>What is Government and what should it do? Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Tall TalesHow do you know if a story is a tall tale? While you are reading, ask these 3 questions: Is this full of exaggerations? Does the main character overcome a very hard thing? Is the hero “larger than life”? Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
The PresidencyPresidential term, duties, home, Cabinet Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
U.S. CongressHistory of the United States: Students will use a variety of intellectual skills to demonstrate their understanding of major ideas, eras, themes, developments, and turning points in the history of the United States Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
U.S. Court SystemFederal and state courts, Constitution, jury, verdict, justices. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Westward ExpansionLewis and Clark, Homestead Act of 1862, Pony Express, John Fremont, Oregon Trail, Louisiana Purchase. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1

MN.4. Grade 4: Geography of North America

4.1. Citizenship and Government

4.1.1. Civic Skills
4.1.1.1. Democratic government depends on informed and engaged citizens who exhibit civic skills and values, practice civic discourse, vote and participate in elections, apply inquiry and analysis skills and take action to solve problems and shape public policy.
4.1.1.1.1. Describe how people take action to influence a decision on a specific issue; explain how local, state, national or tribal governments have addressed that issue.
Algonquians'Culture' refers to the socially transmitted behaviors, beliefs, values, traditions, institutions, and ways of Algonquins living together as a group of people. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Iroquois'Culture' refers to the socially transmitted behaviors, beliefs, values, traditions, institutions, and ways of Iroquois living together as a group of people. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Local & State GovernmentThe study of civics, citizenship, and government involves learning about political systems; the purposes of government and civic life; and the differing assumptions held by people across time and place regarding power, authority, governance, and law. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Election ProcessThe United States presidential election is an indirect election in which citizens of the United States who are registered to vote in one of the 50 U.S. states or the District of Columbia cast ballots for members of the Electoral College, known as electors. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
State GovernmentState government is much like the federal government. There are 3 branches: executive, legislative and judical. This gives a system of checks and balances, to make sure that no one party gets too much power. Each state has its own Constitution. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Local GovernmentLocal government is the county, city, town, or village government. Government workers are elected by the people who live in the city, town, or county. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
4.1.4. Governmental Institutions and Political Processes
4.1.4.7. The United States government has specific functions that are determined by the way that power is delegated and controlled among various bodies: the three levels (federal, state, local) and the three branches (legislative, executive, judicial) of government.
4.1.4.7.1. Describe tribal government and some of the services it provides; distinguish between United States and tribal forms of government.
Algonquians'Culture' refers to the socially transmitted behaviors, beliefs, values, traditions, institutions, and ways of Algonquins living together as a group of people. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Iroquois'Culture' refers to the socially transmitted behaviors, beliefs, values, traditions, institutions, and ways of Iroquois living together as a group of people. Read more...iWorksheets :3
4.1.4.7.2. Identify the major roles and responsibilities of elected and appointed leaders in the community, state and nation; name some current leaders who function in these roles and how they are selected.
Local & State GovernmentThe study of civics, citizenship, and government involves learning about political systems; the purposes of government and civic life; and the differing assumptions held by people across time and place regarding power, authority, governance, and law. Read more...iWorksheets :3
U.S. PresidentsFreeThe president is the highest leader in the United States. Each president serves a four year term and then can be re-elected for one more term. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
Government and Political SystemsA government is people who make decisions about a city, state, or country. A democratic system exists when the people who run the government are selected by the citizens. An autocratic system has a ruler who came to power by strength or birth. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
State GovernmentState government is much like the federal government. There are 3 branches: executive, legislative and judical. This gives a system of checks and balances, to make sure that no one party gets too much power. Each state has its own Constitution. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Local GovernmentLocal government is the county, city, town, or village government. Government workers are elected by the people who live in the city, town, or county. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
U.S. Constitution“We the People…”. The Constitution was drafted by James Madison and then discussed at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1787. Each of the 13 states could send delegates to this convention. Constitution became an important document for America, since it set up many ideas by which the U.S. is now governed. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
U.S. SenateWhat is the Senate? The Senate is one of the two houses of Congress. The other house is the House of Representatives. Congress is the legislative branch of government. Congress meets in the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C. There are two senators from each state, with 100 total senators. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

4.2. Economics

4.2.1. Economic Reasoning Skills
4.2.1.1. People make informed economic choices by identifying their goals, interpreting and applying data, considering the short- and long-run costs and benefits of alternative choices and revising their goals based on their analysis.
4.2.1.1.1. Apply a reasoned decision-making process to make a choice.
Effective Decision MakingDecisions are choices people make. Whenever a choice is made, something i given up. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
4.2.3. Fundamental Concepts
4.2.3.5. Individuals, businesses and governments interact and exchange goods, services and resources in different ways and for different reasons; interactions between buyers and sellers in a market determines the price and quantity exchanged of a good, service or resource.
4.2.3.5.1. Describe a market as any place or manner in which buyers and sellers interact to make exchanges; describe prices as payments of money for items exchanged in markets.
EconomicsUnderstanding of how the United States and other societies develop economic systems and associated institutions to allocate scarce resources, how major decision-making units function in the United States and other national economies, and how an economy solves the scarcity problem through market and nonmarket mechanisms. Read more...iWorksheets :3

4.3. Geography

4.3.1. Geospatial skills
4.3.1.1. People use geographic representations and geospatial technologies to acquire, process and report information within a spatial context.
4.3.1.1.1. Create and use various kinds of maps, including overlaying thematic maps, of places in the United States, and also Canada or Mexico; incorporate the “TODALS” map basics, as well as points, lines and colored areas to display spatial information.
States & Capitals IEach of the 50 states of the United States has a capital city. The capital city is the place where the state government is located. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
States & Capitals IIEach of the 50 states has a capital city. The capital city is the place where the state government is located. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
4.3.1.1.2. Use latitude and longitude on maps and globes to locate places in the United States, and also Canada or Mexico.
Social Studies SkillsSocial Studies Skills are those that help a student better understanding the world around him or her. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
4.3.1.2. Geographic inquiry is a process in which people ask geographic questions and gather, organize and analyze information to solve problems and plan for the future.
4.3.1.2.1. Choose the most appropriate data from maps, charts, and graphs in an atlas to answer specific questions about geographic issues in the United States, and also Canada or Mexico.
States & Capitals IEach of the 50 states of the United States has a capital city. The capital city is the place where the state government is located. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
States & Capitals IIEach of the 50 states has a capital city. The capital city is the place where the state government is located. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
4.3.1.2.2. Use photographs or satellite-produced images to interpret spatial information about the United States, and also Canada or Mexico.
New York Map - PoliticalGeography can be divided into six essential elements which can be used to analyze important historic, geographic, economic, and environmental questions and issues. These six elements include: the world in spatial terms, places and regions, physical settings (including natural resources), human systems, environment and society, and the use of geography. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Northeastern Region USThe Northeastern Region of the United States of America is made up of the New England States and the Middle Atlantic States. The region enjoys fours seasons, and the land varies from sunny beaches to majestic mountains. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
States & Capitals IEach of the 50 states of the United States has a capital city. The capital city is the place where the state government is located. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Western Region USThe eleven states that make up the Western Region are Alaska, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming and Hawaii. The region stretches thousands of miles from Hawaii to Colorado. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Southwestern Region USThe four states in the Southwestern Region are Oklahoma, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
States & Capitals IIEach of the 50 states has a capital city. The capital city is the place where the state government is located. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
States and CapitalsWhat is a state? In the United State, a state is a political division. Boundaries between states are either lines drawn by people or natural lines, like rivers. There are 50 states in the United States of America. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
New York Map - PhysicalGeography: Students will use a variety of intellectual skills to demonstrate their understanding of the geography of the interdependent world in which we live - local, national, and global - including the distribution of people, places, and environments over the Earth's surface. Read more...iWorksheets :3
4.3.2. Places and Regions
4.3.2.3. Places have physical characteristics (such as climate, topography vegetation) and human characteristics (such as culture, population, political and economic systems).
4.3.2.3.1. Locate and identify the physical and human characteristics of places in the United States, and also Canada or Mexico.
New York Map - PoliticalGeography can be divided into six essential elements which can be used to analyze important historic, geographic, economic, and environmental questions and issues. These six elements include: the world in spatial terms, places and regions, physical settings (including natural resources), human systems, environment and society, and the use of geography. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Northeastern Region USThe Northeastern Region of the United States of America is made up of the New England States and the Middle Atlantic States. The region enjoys fours seasons, and the land varies from sunny beaches to majestic mountains. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
States & Capitals IEach of the 50 states of the United States has a capital city. The capital city is the place where the state government is located. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Early SettlementsStudents will use a variety of intellectual skills to demonstrate their understanding of major ideas, eras, themes, developments, and turning points in the history of the United States. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Western Region USThe eleven states that make up the Western Region are Alaska, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming and Hawaii. The region stretches thousands of miles from Hawaii to Colorado. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Middle Western Region USThe twelve states in the Middle Western Region are Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Ohio, and Wisconsin. This region, often called "the heartland," is located in the center of the United States. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Southwestern Region USThe four states in the Southwestern Region are Oklahoma, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
States & Capitals IIEach of the 50 states has a capital city. The capital city is the place where the state government is located. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Southeastern Region USThe twelve states in the Southeastern Region are Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, and Louisiana. The region is known for its many rivers. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
States and CapitalsWhat is a state? In the United State, a state is a political division. Boundaries between states are either lines drawn by people or natural lines, like rivers. There are 50 states in the United States of America. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
American LandmarksAmerican landmarks are places that have been important in American history. Some of them are natural landmarks like Grand Canyon, some are memorials like Lincoln Memorial, some are important buildings and some are battle sites like Gettysburg. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
New York Map - PhysicalGeography: Students will use a variety of intellectual skills to demonstrate their understanding of the geography of the interdependent world in which we live - local, national, and global - including the distribution of people, places, and environments over the Earth's surface. Read more...iWorksheets :3
GeographyWhat is Geography? Geography is the study of the Earth's surface. Continents like North America, South America, Africa, Australia and Eurasia are major land formations. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
LandmarksWhat is a Landmark? A landmark is any prominent object on land that can be used in determining location or direction. A memorial is a special kind of landmark which was built to honor and remember a person, a group, or event. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
4.3.2.4. People construct regions to identify, organize and interpret areas of the Earth’s surface, which simplifies the earth’s complexity.
4.3.2.4.1. Name and locate states and territories, major cities and state capitals in the United States.
New York Map - PoliticalGeography can be divided into six essential elements which can be used to analyze important historic, geographic, economic, and environmental questions and issues. These six elements include: the world in spatial terms, places and regions, physical settings (including natural resources), human systems, environment and society, and the use of geography. Read more...iWorksheets :3
States & Capitals IEach of the 50 states of the United States has a capital city. The capital city is the place where the state government is located. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
States & Capitals IIEach of the 50 states has a capital city. The capital city is the place where the state government is located. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
States and CapitalsWhat is a state? In the United State, a state is a political division. Boundaries between states are either lines drawn by people or natural lines, like rivers. There are 50 states in the United States of America. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
4.3.3. Human Systems
4.3.3.5. The characteristics, distribution and migration of human populations on the earth’s surface influence human systems (cultural, economic and political systems).
4.3.3.5.1. Use data to analyze and explain the changing distribution of population in the United States and Canada over the last century.
UrbanizationUrbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban areas. Read more...iWorksheets :3
ImmigrationAn immigrant is a person who comes to live in another country. Immigrants came to live in the United States for many reasons Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
4.3.3.6. Geographic factors influence the distribution, functions, growth and patterns of cities and human settlements.
4.3.3.6.1. Explain how geographic factors affect population distribution and the growth of cities in the United States and Canada.
UrbanizationUrbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban areas. Read more...iWorksheets :3
4.3.4. Human Environment Interaction
4.3.4.10. The meaning, use, distribution and importance of resources changes over time.
4.3.4.10.1. Describe how the location of resources and the distribution of people and their various economic activities has created different regions in the United States and Canada.
Natural ResourcesNatural resources are useful resources that come from the earth and sky and help humans live on Earth. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

4.4. History

4.4.1. Historical Thinking Skills
4.4.1.2. Historical inquiry is a process in which multiple sources and different kinds of historical evidence are analyzed to draw conclusions about how and why things happened in the past.
4.4.1.2.1. Use maps to compare and contrast a particular region in the United States, and also Canada or Mexico, at different points in time.
Map & Compass SkillsMaps are pictures that show places from above, as if they were drawn by someone in an airplane. Maps have titles to tell what the map shows. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Standards

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