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California Standards for Fourth Grade Social Studies

CA.4. California: A Changing State

4.1. Students demonstrate an understanding of the physical and human geographic features that define places and regions in California.

4.1.1. Explain and use the coordinate grid system of latitude and longitude to determine the absolute locations of places in California and on Earth.
4.1.2. Distinguish between the North and South Poles; the equator and the prime meridian; the tropics; and the hemispheres, using coordinates to plot locations.
4.1.3. Identify the state capital and describe the various regions of California, including how their characteristics and physical environments (e.g., water, landforms, vegetation, climate) affect human activity.
4.1.4. Identify the locations of the Pacific Ocean, rivers, valleys, and mountain passes and explain their effects on the growth of towns.
4.1.5. Use maps, charts, and pictures to describe how communities in California vary in land use, vegetation, wildlife, climate, population density, architecture, services, and transportation.

4.2. Students describe the social, political, cultural, and economic life and interactions among people of California from the pre-Columbian societies to the Spanish mission and Mexican rancho periods.

4.2.1. Discuss the major nations of California Indians, including their geographic distribution, economic activities, legends, and religious beliefs; and describe how they depended on, adapted to, and modified the physical environment by cultivation of land and use of sea resources.
4.2.2. Identify the early land and sea routes to, and European settlements in, California with a focus on the exploration of the North Pacific (e.g., by Captain James Cook, Vitus Bering, Juan Cabrillo), noting especially the importance of mountains, deserts, ocean currents, and wind patterns.
4.2.7. Describe the effects of the Mexican War for Independence on Alta California, including its effects on the territorial boundaries of North America.

4.3. Students explain the economic, social, and political life in California from the establishment of the Bear Flag Republic through the Mexican-American War, the Gold Rush, and the granting of statehood.

4.3.2. Compare how and why people traveled to California and the routes they traveled (e.g., James Beckwourth, John Bidwell, John C. Fremont, Pio Pico).
4.3.3. Analyze the effects of the Gold Rush on settlements, daily life, politics, and the physical environment (e.g., using biographies of John Sutter, Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, Louise Clapp).

4.4. Students explain how California became an agricultural and industrial power, tracing the transformation of the California economy and its political and cultural development since the 1850s.

4.4.1. Understand the story and lasting influence of the Pony Express, Overland Mail Service, Western Union, and the building of the transcontinental railroad, including the contributions of Chinese workers to its construction.
4.4.2. Explain how the Gold Rush transformed the economy of California, including the types of products produced and consumed, changes in towns (e.g., Sacramento, San Francisco), and economic conflicts between diverse groups of people.
4.4.3. Discuss immigration and migration to California between 1850 and 1900, including the diverse composition of those who came; the countries of origin and their relative locations; and conflicts and accords among the diverse groups (e.g., the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act).
4.4.4. Describe rapid American immigration, internal migration, settlement, and the growth of towns and cities (e.g., Los Angeles).

4.5. Students understand the structures, functions, and powers of the local, state, and federal governments as described in the U.S. Constitution.

4.5.1. Discuss what the U.S. Constitution is and why it is important (i.e., a written document that defines the structure and purpose of the U.S. government and describes the shared powers of federal, state, and local governments).
4.5.2. Understand the purpose of the California Constitution, its key principles, and its relationship to the U.S. Constitution.
4.5.3. Describe the similarities (e.g., written documents, rule of law, consent of the governed, three separate branches) and differences (e.g., scope of jurisdiction, limits on government powers, use of the military) among federal, state, and local governments.
4.5.4. Explain the structures and functions of state governments, including the roles and responsibilities of their elected officials.
4.5.5. Describe the components of California's governance structure (e.g., cities and towns, Indian rancherias and reservations, counties, school districts).

CA.K-5.HSSA. Historical and Social Sciences Analysis Skills: The intellectual skills noted below are to be learned through, and applied to, the content standards for kindergarten through grade five. They are to be assessed only in conjunction with the content standards in kindergarten through grade five. In addition to the standards for kindergarten through grade five, students demonstrate the following intellectual, reasoning, reflection, and research skills.

K-5.CST. Chronological and Spatial Thinking

K-5.CST.1. Students place key events and people of the historical era they are studying in a chronological sequence and within a spatial context; they interpret time lines.
K-5.CST.2. Students correctly apply terms related to time, including past, present, future, decade, century, and generation.
K-5.CST.3. Students explain how the present is connected to the past, identifying both similarities and differences between the two, and how some things change over time and some things stay the same.
K-5.CST.4. Students use map and globe skills to determine the absolute locations of places and interpret information available through a map's or globe's legend, scale, and symbolic representations.
K-5.CST.5. Students judge the significance of the relative location of a place (e.g., proximity to a harbor, on trade routes) and analyze how relative advantages or disadvantages can change over time.

K-5.HI. Historical Interpretation

K-5.HI.1. Students summarize the key events of the era they are studying and explain the historical contexts of those events.
Famous ExplorersWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Northeastern Region USWorksheets :3Study Guides :1ColonizationWorksheets :3Study Guides :1AlgonquiansWorksheets :3IroquoisWorksheets :3Native People of the U.S.Worksheets :4Study Guides :1Early SettlementsWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Western Region USWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Notable PeopleWorksheets :6Study Guides :1Westward ExpansionWorksheets :3Study Guides :1ExplorationWorksheets :3Study Guides :1New England, Middle, and Southern ColoniesWorksheets :7Study Guides :1Middle Western Region USWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Industrialization/EconomicsWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Southwestern Region USWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Pioneer LifeWorksheets :7Study Guides :1Industrial Growth & ExpansionWorksheets :3UrbanizationWorksheets :3American Symbols & HolidaysFreeWorksheets :5Study Guides :6U.S. PresidentsFreeWorksheets :5Study Guides :1Westward ExpansionWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Tall TalesWorksheets :3Study Guides :1African American HistoryWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Growth of a NationWorksheets :7Study Guides :1Time LinesWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Timelines, Graphs, ChartsWorksheets :6Study Guides :1Famous ExplorersWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Famous AmericansWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Civil WarWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Pioneer LifeWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Presidential HistoryWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Colonial LifeWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Contributions of Ancient CivilizationsWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Colonial PeriodFreeWorksheets :3Southeastern Region USWorksheets :3Study Guides :1European/Native American EncounterWorksheets :7Study Guides :1Tales of Long AgoWorksheets :3Study Guides :1The RevolutionWorksheets :7Study Guides :1Leading Up to the RevolutionWorksheets :6Study Guides :1Notable People-Westward ExpansionWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
K-5.HI.2. Students identify the human and physical characteristics of the places they are studying and explain how those features form the unique character of those places.
K-5.HI.3. Students identify and interpret the multiple causes and effects of historical events.
K-5.HI.4. Students conduct cost-benefit analyses of historical and current events.
Northeastern Region USWorksheets :3Study Guides :1ColonizationWorksheets :3Study Guides :1AlgonquiansWorksheets :3IroquoisWorksheets :3Early SettlementsWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Western Region USWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Notable PeopleWorksheets :6Study Guides :1Westward ExpansionWorksheets :3Study Guides :1New England, Middle, and Southern ColoniesWorksheets :7Study Guides :1Middle Western Region USWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Industrialization/EconomicsWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Southwestern Region USWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Pioneer LifeWorksheets :7Study Guides :1Industrial Growth & ExpansionWorksheets :3UrbanizationWorksheets :3American Symbols & HolidaysFreeWorksheets :5Study Guides :6U.S. PresidentsFreeWorksheets :5Study Guides :1Westward ExpansionWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Tall TalesWorksheets :3Study Guides :1African American HistoryWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Time LinesWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Famous ExplorersWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Famous AmericansWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Civil WarWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Pioneer LifeWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Presidential HistoryWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Colonial LifeWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Colonial PeriodFreeWorksheets :3Southeastern Region USWorksheets :3Study Guides :1European/Native American EncounterWorksheets :7Study Guides :1Tales of Long AgoWorksheets :3Study Guides :1The RevolutionWorksheets :7Study Guides :1Leading Up to the RevolutionWorksheets :6Study Guides :1Notable People-Westward ExpansionWorksheets :4Study Guides :1

K-5.REPV. Research, Evidence, and Point of View

K-5.REPV.1. Students differentiate between primary and secondary sources.
K-5.REPV.2. Students pose relevant questions about events they encounter in historical documents, eyewitness accounts, oral histories, letters, diaries, artifacts, photographs, maps, artworks, and architecture.
K-5.REPV.3. Students distinguish fact from fiction by comparing documentary sources on historical figures and events with fictionalized characters and events.