Maryland Standards for Fourth Grade Social Studies
MD.1.0. Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on the democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens.
1.A. The foundations and function of government
1.A.1. Trace how the political structure in early Maryland developed and changed over time
1.A.1.b. Explain the importance of the office of the governor and the court of appeals
MD.2.0. Peoples of the Nation and World: Students will understand the diversity and commonality, human interdependence, and global cooperation of the people of Maryland, the United States and the world through both a multicultural and historic perspective.
2.A. Elements of culture
2.A.1. Describe the various cultures of early societies of Maryland
2.A.1.b. Describe the social, political and religious character of the earliest colonies
MD.3.0. Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time.
3.A. Using geographic tools
3.A.1. Use geographic tools to locate places and describe the human and physical characteristics of those places
3.A.1.a. Construct and interpret a variety of maps using map elements
3.B. Geographic characteristics of places and regions
3.B.1. Describe similarities and differences of regions by using geographic characteristics
3.B.1.a. Compare physical characteristics of different places and regions of Maryland and the United States including natural/physical features, weather and climate, soil, vegetation, minerals and animal life
3.B.1.b. Compare human characteristics of different places and regions of Maryland the United States, including human-made features, language, religions, political systems, economic activity, and population distribution
MD.4.0. Economics: Students will develop economic reasoning to understand the historical development and current status of economic principles, institutions, and processes needed to be effective citizens, consumers, and workers participating in local communities, the nation, and the world.
4.A. Scarcity and economic decision-making
4.A.1. Explain that people must make choices because resources are limited relative to economic wants for goods and services in Maryland, past and present
4.A.1.a. Identify opportunity cost of economic decisions made by individuals, businesses, and governments
MD.5.0. History: Students will examine significant ideas, beliefs, and themes; organize patterns and events; and analyze how individuals and societies have changed over time in Maryland, the United States and around the world.
5.A. Individuals and societies change over time
5.A.2. Compare Native American societies in Maryland before and after European colonization
5.A.2.a. Identify the development of indigenous societies from the pale- Indians to the woodland Indians
MD.6.0. Social Studies Skills and Processes: Students shall use reading, writing, and thinking processes and skills to gain knowledge and understanding of political, historical, and current events using chronological and spatial thinking, economic reasoning, and historical interpretation, by framing and evaluating questions from primary and secondary sources.
6.A. Read to learn and construct meaning about social studies
6.A.1. Use appropriate strategies and opportunities to increase understandings of social studies vocabulary
6.A.1.a. Acquire and apply new vocabulary through investigating, listening, independent reading and discussing a variety of print and non-print sources
6.A.3. Use strategies to monitor understanding and derive meaning from text and portions of text (during reading)
6.A.3.a. Identify and use knowledge of organizational structures, such as chronological order, cause/effect, main ideas and details, description, similarities/differences, and problem/solution to gain meaning
6.D.1.c. Locate and gather data and information from appropriate non-print sources, such as music, artifacts, charts, maps, graphs, photographs, video clips, illustrations, paintings, political cartoons, interviews, and oral histories