U.S. National Standards for Fourth Grade English Language Arts

Adjectives/Adverbs/ParticlesWhat is adverb? An adverb is a word or an expression that modifies or qualifies an adjective, verb, or other adverb or a word group, expressing a relation of place, time, circumstance, manner, cause, degree, level of certainty, answering questions such as how?, in what way?, when?, where?, and to what extent? Read more...iWorksheets: 3
AnalogiesAn analogy is a statement that compares two things that have something in common. Sometimes the two things being compared are alike. Sometimes the two things being compared are different. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Capitalization/PunctuationDemonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. Read more...iWorksheets: 7Study Guides: 1
Cause/Effect, Fact/OpinionWhat is Cause & Effect? A cause always has an effect. There is a reason why something happens. An effect happens as a result of a cause. Something happens for a reason. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Content Area VocabularyDetermine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to grade 4 topic or subject area. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Context CluesContext cluesare hints found in a text that may help to figure out the meaning of a difficult word. A context clue might be in the same sentence, the sentence before, or the sentence after the difficult word. Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
Decoding StrategiesDecoding means to convert (a coded message) into intelligible language. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Dictionary/ThesaurusAlphabetical order, table of contents, title, author, index, glossary Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Drawing ConclusionsFreeAnswering questions to demonstrate comprehension by drawing conclusions. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Elements of FictionA character is a person in a story, novel, or play. <br> The setting in a story is where the story takes place.<br> The plot of a story is what goes on in the story. It's a series of events that gives story a meaning. <br>All of the above are elements of a fiction. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Extraneous DetailsExtraneous details are details that are not necessary to include in a particular paragraph. They are details that are NOT related to the theme of a paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Graphic OrganizersA graphic organizer is a visual display that demonstrates relationships between facts, concepts or ideas. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
High Frequency Words IHigh frequency words are words that you may come across often when reading. Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
High Frequency Words IIHigh frequency words are words that you may come across often when reading. Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
InferencesInferring is the act of passing from one proposition, statement, or judgment considered as true to another whose truth is believed to follow from that of the former. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Interpret InformationWhat is Interpreting Information? You can use maps, charts, and timelines to interpret information. Charts are visual displays of information. They reveal information through mathematical statistics. A timeline is used to show events in chronological order. A map is a drawing created to represent the world or a part of the world's surface. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Labels/Captions for GraphicsWrite labels and captions for graphics. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Literary ElementsAuthors use literary elements to make their writing more exciting. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Main IdeaThe main idea is the overall theme of a paragraph or section of a text. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
NounsA noun is a word used to identify any of a class of people, places, or things, or to name a particular one of these. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Parts of a BookFreeA book often has several parts that make finding information easier for readers. They are: title, introduction, body, conclusion, and back cover. Read more...iWorksheets: 8Study Guides: 1
PluralsPlurals is the grammatical category in nouns, pronouns, and verbs that refers to more than one thing. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Poetic DevicesStudents use the reading process to demonstrate understanding of literary and informational texts. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
PredictionsWhat are Predictions? When predicting you use facts and clues from the reading as well as your own personal knowledge to help you make a good guess about what is going to happen next in the story. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Roots/Prefixes/SuffixesWhat are Root Words, Prefixes, and Suffixes? A root word is a word with no prefixes or suffixes added to it. A root word is the basic element, the base, of a word. A prefix is added to the beginning of a root word to form a new word. A suffix is added to the ending of a root word to form a new word. Adding a prefix or suffix to a root word can change the meaning of that root word. Read more...iWorksheets: 7Study Guides: 1
Spelling WordsWhy is Spelling Important? It is important to spell words correctly when writing. There are some words that are difficult to learn and to remember how to spell correctly. Homonyms, plurals, and possessive words are often difficult to remember how to spell correctly. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Subject/Verb AgreementSubject/verb agreement and prepositional phrases. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
SummarizingWhen you summarize you take a large selection of text and condense it to just the main facts or ideas. A summary is significantly shorter than the actual text. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Supporting DetailsSupporting details support the main idea of a text. Supporting details tell you more about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Synonyms/AntonymsAn antonym is a word that means the opposite of another word. For example "up" is an antonym of "down". Synonyms are words with the same or similar meaning. Synonyms for "Intelligent" are "smart" and "clever". Read more...iWorksheets: 4
Syntactic/Semantic CuesSyntactic cues involve word order, patterns and rules of language, and punctuation. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Text Feature MeaningText features include all the components of a story or article that are not the main body of text. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Text FeaturesThe title of an article is called a headline. A headline usually tells the main idea of what the article is about. Headlines often grab your attention and make you want to read the article. Read more...iWorksheets: 7Study Guides: 1
Theme of WritingA literary theme is the main idea a writer explores in a story or other literary work. Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text. Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., a character’s thoughts, words, or actions). Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Title/Author in Well Known LiteratureDiscuss and share favorite authors, books, and genres with others: Lewis Carroll, Charles Dickens, Oscar Wilde, Mark Twain, Jane Austen, William Shakespeare, Katherine Paterson,... Read more...iWorksheets: 3
VocabularyWhat are Adjectives, Adverbs, Antonyms, Synonyms, and Homographs? An adjective describes a noun or a pronoun. An adverb can tell you how, where, or when something is done. Antonyms are words that mean the opposite of each other. Synonyms are words that have almost the same meaning. Homographs are words that have more than one definition. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Writing ElementsDemonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing. Read more...iWorksheets: 3

N.1. Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world; to acquire new information; to respond to the needs and demands of society and the workplace; and for personal fulfillment. Among these texts are fiction and nonfiction, classic and contemporary works. (NCTE)

Writing/Listening/Speaking RulesStudents read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.<br>Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.<br>Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...iWorksheets :3
GenreA literary genre is a category of literary composition. Genres may be determined by literary technique, tone, content. The five major genres in literature are: Poetry, Drama, Prose, Fiction, Non-Fiction. Genres are often divided into subgenres. Read more...iWorksheets :3

N.2. Students read a wide range of literature from many periods in many genres to build an understanding of the many dimensions (e.g., philosophical, ethical, aesthetic) of human experience. (NCTE)

GenreA literary genre is a category of literary composition. Genres may be determined by literary technique, tone, content. The five major genres in literature are: Poetry, Drama, Prose, Fiction, Non-Fiction. Genres are often divided into subgenres. Read more...iWorksheets :3

N.3. Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts. They draw on their prior experience, their interactions with other readers and writers, their knowledge of word meaning and of other texts, their word identification strategies, and their understanding of textual features (e.g., sound-letter correspondence, sentence structure, context, graphics). (NCTE)

Literal/Inferential/EvaluativeMaking inferences is determining facts and meaning that the author does not directly state. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Predictions, Conclusions and InferencesDrawing a conclusion is a reasonable decision you make based on facts and details in a sentence, paragraph, story, or article. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
InferenceWhat is an Inference? An inference is a Reading skill. When the reader puts together his or her life experiences with the words of the author, he or she is using inferencing skills. A student who uses inferencing skills can read between the lines to figure out what the author means. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing InferencesWhat are Drawing Inferences? Drawing an inference is the act of drawing a logical conclusion based on the facts written in a text, a reader’s background knowledge, and a reader’s personal information. When reading, you can use clues in the story AND your experiences to make an inference about what you think is going on in a story. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing ConclusionsA conclusion is a reasonable decision you make based on the facts and details given in a text. An author may not clearly state a certain fact in the text…so you may need to draw your own conclusion when reading to figure out what is being implied by the author. Drawing conclusions helps you better understand the reading. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Implied InformationDraw conclusions from the information presented by an author and evaluate how well the author's purpose was achieved. Making inferences about problem, conflict, solution, or the relationship among elements (plot, character, setting) within text. Read more...iWorksheets :3

N.4. Students adjust their use of spoken, written, and visual language (e.g., conventions, style, vocabulary) to communicate effectively with a variety of audiences and for different purposes. (NCTE)

Writing/Listening/Speaking RulesStudents read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.<br>Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.<br>Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...iWorksheets :3

N.5. Students employ a wide range of strategies as they write and use different writing process elements appropriately to communicate with different audiences for a variety of purposes. (NCTE)

Writing/Listening/Speaking RulesStudents read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.<br>Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.<br>Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Purpose for WritingPurpose for writing (to explain, describe, narrate, persuade or express feelings). Read more...iWorksheets :3
Writing ProcessPrewrite, draft, revise, proofread, and edit. Read more...iWorksheets :3

N.6. Students apply knowledge of language structure, language conventions (e.g., spelling and punctuation), media techniques, figurative language, and genre to create, critique, and discuss print and nonprint texts. (NCTE)

Literal/Inferential/EvaluativeMaking inferences is determining facts and meaning that the author does not directly state. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Syllables/Spelling PatternsWords can be divided into syllables. Spelling patterns include groups of letters. A spelling pattern is a group of letters that represents a sound. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Predictions, Conclusions and InferencesDrawing a conclusion is a reasonable decision you make based on facts and details in a sentence, paragraph, story, or article. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
InferenceWhat is an Inference? An inference is a Reading skill. When the reader puts together his or her life experiences with the words of the author, he or she is using inferencing skills. A student who uses inferencing skills can read between the lines to figure out what the author means. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Literary DevicesLiterary Devices refers to the typical structures used by writers in their works to convey his or her messages in a simple manner to the readers. Literary Devices are Metaphor, Simile, Hyperbole, Personification, Analogy, Euphemism, Allegory etc... Read more...iWorksheets :3
Drawing InferencesWhat are Drawing Inferences? Drawing an inference is the act of drawing a logical conclusion based on the facts written in a text, a reader’s background knowledge, and a reader’s personal information. When reading, you can use clues in the story AND your experiences to make an inference about what you think is going on in a story. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing ConclusionsA conclusion is a reasonable decision you make based on the facts and details given in a text. An author may not clearly state a certain fact in the text…so you may need to draw your own conclusion when reading to figure out what is being implied by the author. Drawing conclusions helps you better understand the reading. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Implied InformationDraw conclusions from the information presented by an author and evaluate how well the author's purpose was achieved. Making inferences about problem, conflict, solution, or the relationship among elements (plot, character, setting) within text. Read more...iWorksheets :3

N.7. Students conduct research on issues and interests by generating ideas and questions, and by posing problems. They gather, evaluate, and synthesize data from a variety of sources (e.g., print and nonprint texts, artifacts, people) to communicate their discoveries in ways that suit their purpose and audience. (NCTE)

Vivid Language in WritingA topic sentence supports or develops the theme or main idea of a paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1

N.11. Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities. (NCTE)

Writing/Listening/Speaking RulesStudents read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.<br>Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.<br>Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Purpose for WritingPurpose for writing (to explain, describe, narrate, persuade or express feelings). Read more...iWorksheets :3

N.12. Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes (e.g., for learning, enjoyment, persuasion, and the exchange of information). (NCTE)

Writing/Listening/Speaking RulesStudents read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.<br>Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.<br>Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Purpose for WritingPurpose for writing (to explain, describe, narrate, persuade or express feelings). Read more...iWorksheets :3

Standards

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