North Carolina Standard Course of Study for Fourth Grade English Language Arts

Adjectives/Adverbs/Particles
What is adverb? An adverb is a word or an expression that modifies or qualifies an adjective, verb, or other adverb or a word group, expressing a relation of place, time, circumstance, manner, cause, degree, level of certainty, answering questions such as how?, in what way?, when?, where?, and to what extent? Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Analogies
An analogy is a statement that compares two things that have something in common. Sometimes the two things being compared are alike. Sometimes the two things being compared are different. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Cause/Effect, Fact/Opinion
What is Cause & Effect? A cause always has an effect. There is a reason why something happens. An effect happens as a result of a cause. Something happens for a reason. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Drawing Conclusions
FreeAnswering questions to demonstrate comprehension by drawing conclusions. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
High Frequency Words I
High frequency words are words that you may come across often when reading. Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
High Frequency Words II
High frequency words are words that you may come across often when reading. Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
Inferences
Inferring is the act of passing from one proposition, statement, or judgment considered as true to another whose truth is believed to follow from that of the former. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Labels/Captions for Graphics
Write labels and captions for graphics. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Nouns
A noun is a word used to identify any of a class of people, places, or things, or to name a particular one of these. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Parts of a Book
FreeA book often has several parts that make finding information easier for readers. Read more...iWorksheets: 8Study Guides: 1
Plurals
Plurals is the grammatical category in nouns, pronouns, and verbs that refers to more than one thing. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Predictions
What are Predictions? When predicting you use facts and clues from the reading as well as your own personal knowledge to help you make a good guess about what is going to happen next in the story. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Roots/Prefixes/Suffixes
What are Root Words, Prefixes, and Suffixes? A root word is a word with no prefixes or suffixes added to it. A root word is the basic element, the base, of a word. A prefix is added to the beginning of a root word to form a new word. A suffix is added to the ending of a root word to form a new word. Adding a prefix or suffix to a root word can change the meaning of that root word. Read more...iWorksheets: 7Study Guides: 1
Spelling Words
Why is Spelling Important? It is important to spell words correctly when writing. There are some words that are difficult to learn and to remember how to spell correctly. Homonyms, plurals, and possessive words are often difficult to remember how to spell correctly. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Subject/Verb Agreement
Subject/verb agreement and prepositional phrases. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Synonyms/Antonyms
An antonym is a word that means the opposite of another word. For example "up" is an antonym of "down". Synonyms are words with the same or similar meaning. Synonyms for "Intelligent" are "smart" and "clever". Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Syntactic/Semantic Cues
Syntactic cues involve word order, patterns and rules of language, and punctuation. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Text Feature Meaning
Text features include all the components of a story or article that are not the main body of text. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Title/Author in Well Known Literature
Discuss and share favorite authors, books, and genres with others: Lewis Carroll, Charles Dickens, Oscar Wilde, Mark Twain, Jane Austen, William Shakespeare, Katherine Paterson,... Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Writing Elements
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing. Read more...iWorksheets: 3

NC.RL. READING: LITERATURE

RL.1. Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text.

RL.4.1. Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
Supporting Detail
A supporting detail is a detail that tells a specific fact or detail about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative
Making inferences is determining facts and meaning that the author does not directly state. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Precictions/Conclusions/Inferences
Drawing a conclusion is a reasonable decision you make based on facts and details in a sentence, paragraph, story, or article. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Supporting details support the main idea of a text. Supporting details tell you more about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea/Supporting Details
Main idea, supporting details, and irrelevant details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Literal questions have responses that are directly stated in the text. Evaluative questions require the reader to formulate a response based on their opinion. Answering inferential questions requires readers to search for context clues. The answer may also come from evidence and reasoning and not from an explicit statement in the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Inference
What is an Inference? An inference is a Reading skill. When the reader puts together his or her life experiences with the words of the author, he or she is using inferencing skills. A student who uses inferencing skills can read between the lines to figure out what the author means. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Topic Sentences
A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph. It summarizes what the paragraph is written about. A topic sentence expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Drawing Inferences
What are Drawing Inferences? Drawing an inference is the act of drawing a logical conclusion based on the facts written in a text, a reader’s background knowledge, and a reader’s personal information. When reading, you can use clues in the story AND your experiences to make an inference about what you think is going on in a story. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing Conclusions
A conclusion is a reasonable decision you make based on the facts and details given in a text. An author may not clearly state a certain fact in the text…so you may need to draw your own conclusion when reading to figure out what is being implied by the author. Drawing conclusions helps you better understand the reading. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Implied Information
Draw conclusions from the information presented by an author and evaluate how well the author's purpose was achieved. Making inferences about problem, conflict, solution, or the relationship among elements (plot, character, setting) within text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Identify Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences. Create a Compound sentence from two simple sentences. Identify clauses in the compound sentence. Finish the sentences. Read more...iWorksheets :3

RL.2. Determine central ideas (RI) or themes (RL) of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas.

RL.4.2. Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text.
Main Idea
The main idea is the overall theme of a paragraph or section of a text. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Supporting Detail
A supporting detail is a detail that tells a specific fact or detail about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Theme of Writing
Recognize theme or message of writing. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Summarize
When you summarize you put the main idea of the text into your own words. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Supporting details support the main idea of a text. Supporting details tell you more about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Summarizing
When you summarize you take a large selection of text and condense it to just the main facts or ideas. A summary is significantly shorter than the actual text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea/Supporting Details
Main idea, supporting details, and irrelevant details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Literal questions have responses that are directly stated in the text. Evaluative questions require the reader to formulate a response based on their opinion. Answering inferential questions requires readers to search for context clues. The answer may also come from evidence and reasoning and not from an explicit statement in the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Topic Sentences
A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph. It summarizes what the paragraph is written about. A topic sentence expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Theme of Writing
Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Identify Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences. Create a Compound sentence from two simple sentences. Identify clauses in the compound sentence. Finish the sentences. Read more...iWorksheets :3

RL.3. Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of a text.

RL.4.3. Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text.
Elements of Fiction
A character is a person in a story, novel, or play.
The setting in a story is where the story takes place.
The plot of a story is what goes on in the story. It's a series of events that gives story a meaning.
All of the above are elements of a fiction. Read more...
iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Plot Features
Many genres of literature have particular plot features. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Literary Elements
Identify and interpret plot, character, setting, events, character motivations and actions. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Theme of Writing
Recognize theme or message of writing. Read more...iWorksheets :3

RL.4. Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.

RL.4.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including words that affect meaning and tone.
Vocabulary
What are Adjectives, Adverbs, Antonyms, Synonyms, and Homographs? An adjective describes a noun or a pronoun. An adverb can tell you how, where, or when something is done. Antonyms are words that mean the opposite of each other. Synonyms are words that have almost the same meaning. Homographs are words that have more than one definition. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Context Clues
Identify the meaning of unknown words by text surrounding word. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Decoding Strategies
Decoding means to convert (a coded message) into intelligible language. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Context Clues
Context cluesare hints found in a text that may help to figure out the meaning of a difficult word. A context clue might be in the same sentence, the sentence before, or the sentence after the difficult word. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Context Clues
The five types of Context Clues are: Example Clues (group of items in a category), Synonym Clues (similar meaning is in the text), Antonym Clues (opposite meaning is in the text), Direct Definition Clues (meaning is stated in the sentence) and Appositive Clues (meaning is set off by commas). Read more...iWorksheets :3
Vocabulary
What is Vocabulary? Vocabulary is a list, collection, or group of words that are known by someone. Your vocabulary is all the words you know how to pronounce, what they mean, and how to use them in a sentence too. Your vocabulary includes many kinds of words such as adjectives, adverbs, synonyms, antonyms, and even homographs. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1

RL.5. Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.

RL.4.5. Explain major differences between poems, drama, and prose, and refer to the structural elements of poems and drama when writing or speaking about a text.
Genre
Historical fiction, Science fiction, biography, autobiography, folktale, fairy tale, and poetry. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Poetic Devices
Students use the reading process to demonstrate understanding of literary and informational texts. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Literary Devices
What is Onomatopoeia? Onomatopoeia is a word that sounds like the word it is describing. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Genre Characteristics
A genre is a particular type of literature: Poetry, Drama, Letters, Advertisements, Historical Fiction, Biographies, Autobiographies. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Genre
A literary genre is a category of literary composition. Genres may be determined by literary technique, tone, content. The five major genres in literature are: Poetry, Drama, Prose, Fiction, Non-Fiction. Genres are often divided into subgenres. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Theme of Writing
Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3

NC.RI. READING: INFORMATIONAL TEXT

RI.1. Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text.

RI.4.1. Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
Supporting Detail
A supporting detail is a detail that tells a specific fact or detail about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative
Making inferences is determining facts and meaning that the author does not directly state. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Precictions/Conclusions/Inferences
Drawing a conclusion is a reasonable decision you make based on facts and details in a sentence, paragraph, story, or article. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Supporting details support the main idea of a text. Supporting details tell you more about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea/Supporting Details
Main idea, supporting details, and irrelevant details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Literal questions have responses that are directly stated in the text. Evaluative questions require the reader to formulate a response based on their opinion. Answering inferential questions requires readers to search for context clues. The answer may also come from evidence and reasoning and not from an explicit statement in the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Inference
What is an Inference? An inference is a Reading skill. When the reader puts together his or her life experiences with the words of the author, he or she is using inferencing skills. A student who uses inferencing skills can read between the lines to figure out what the author means. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Topic Sentences
A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph. It summarizes what the paragraph is written about. A topic sentence expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Drawing Inferences
What are Drawing Inferences? Drawing an inference is the act of drawing a logical conclusion based on the facts written in a text, a reader’s background knowledge, and a reader’s personal information. When reading, you can use clues in the story AND your experiences to make an inference about what you think is going on in a story. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing Conclusions
A conclusion is a reasonable decision you make based on the facts and details given in a text. An author may not clearly state a certain fact in the text…so you may need to draw your own conclusion when reading to figure out what is being implied by the author. Drawing conclusions helps you better understand the reading. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Implied Information
Draw conclusions from the information presented by an author and evaluate how well the author's purpose was achieved. Making inferences about problem, conflict, solution, or the relationship among elements (plot, character, setting) within text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Identify Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences. Create a Compound sentence from two simple sentences. Identify clauses in the compound sentence. Finish the sentences. Read more...iWorksheets :3

RI.2. Determine central ideas (RI) or themes (RL) of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas.

RI.4.2. Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text.
Main Idea
The main idea of a text is what the text is written about. The main idea of a paragraph, story, article, or other written text is the main theme, subject, or topic of that writing. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Supporting Detail
A supporting detail is a detail that tells a specific fact or detail about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Theme of Writing
Recognize theme or message of writing. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Supporting Details
Supporting details support the main idea of a text. Supporting details tell you more about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea/Supporting Details
Main idea, supporting details, and irrelevant details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Literal questions have responses that are directly stated in the text. Evaluative questions require the reader to formulate a response based on their opinion. Answering inferential questions requires readers to search for context clues. The answer may also come from evidence and reasoning and not from an explicit statement in the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Topic Sentences
A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph. It summarizes what the paragraph is written about. A topic sentence expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Theme of Writing
Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Identify Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences. Create a Compound sentence from two simple sentences. Identify clauses in the compound sentence. Finish the sentences. Read more...iWorksheets :3

RI.3. Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of a text.

RI.4.3. Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.
Content Vocabulary
Spelling in content areas including Math, Social Studies, Science, Technology, Art, and Music. Read more...iWorksheets :3

RI.4. Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.

RI.4.4. Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.
Content Vocabulary
Spelling in content areas including Math, Social Studies, Science, Technology, Art, and Music. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Content Area Vocabulary
Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to grade 4 topic or subject area. Read more...iWorksheets :3

RI.5. Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.

RI.4.5. Describe the overall structure of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.
Central Idea/Supporting Details
FreeIdentify central idea and supporting details. Read more...iWorksheets :3

RI.7. Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words.

RI.4.7. Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text in which it appears.
Charts/Maps/Graphic Organizers
FreeMaps, charts, graphs, and diagrams are graphics that contain information. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Graphic Organizers
A graphic organizer is a visual display that demonstrates relationships between facts, concepts or ideas. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Text Features
The title of an article is called a headline. A headline usually tells the main idea of what the article is about. Headlines often grab your attention and make you want to read the article. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Text Features
What are Text Features? A text that you are reading may include a map, chart, or graph. These are features of the text that help you understand the information in the text more clearly. You may also see a map, chart, or graph by itself too. E.g., you may see a map in a park, which you can read to help figure out where you need to go. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Interpret Information
What is Interpreting Information? You can use maps, charts, and timelines to interpret information. Charts are visual displays of information. They reveal information through mathematical statistics. A timeline is used to show events in chronological order. A map is a drawing created to represent the world or a part of the world's surface. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

RI.8. Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, including the validity of the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence.

RI.4.8. Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text.
Supporting Detail
A supporting detail is a detail that tells a specific fact or detail about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Supporting details support the main idea of a text. Supporting details tell you more about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea/Supporting Details
Main idea, supporting details, and irrelevant details. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Literal questions have responses that are directly stated in the text. Evaluative questions require the reader to formulate a response based on their opinion. Answering inferential questions requires readers to search for context clues. The answer may also come from evidence and reasoning and not from an explicit statement in the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Topic Sentences
A topic sentence is an introduction to a paragraph. It summarizes what the paragraph is written about. A topic sentence expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Identify Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences. Create a Compound sentence from two simple sentences. Identify clauses in the compound sentence. Finish the sentences. Read more...iWorksheets :3

NC.RF. READING: FOUNDATIONAL SKILLS

RF.5. Fluency

RF.4.5. Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
RF.4.5.c. Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.
Vocabulary
What are Adjectives, Adverbs, Antonyms, Synonyms, and Homographs? An adjective describes a noun or a pronoun. An adverb can tell you how, where, or when something is done. Antonyms are words that mean the opposite of each other. Synonyms are words that have almost the same meaning. Homographs are words that have more than one definition. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Context Clues
Identify the meaning of unknown words by text surrounding word. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Decoding Strategies
Decoding means to convert (a coded message) into intelligible language. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Context Clues
Context cluesare hints found in a text that may help to figure out the meaning of a difficult word. A context clue might be in the same sentence, the sentence before, or the sentence after the difficult word. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Context Clues
The five types of Context Clues are: Example Clues (group of items in a category), Synonym Clues (similar meaning is in the text), Antonym Clues (opposite meaning is in the text), Direct Definition Clues (meaning is stated in the sentence) and Appositive Clues (meaning is set off by commas). Read more...iWorksheets :3
Vocabulary
What is Vocabulary? Vocabulary is a list, collection, or group of words that are known by someone. Your vocabulary is all the words you know how to pronounce, what they mean, and how to use them in a sentence too. Your vocabulary includes many kinds of words such as adjectives, adverbs, synonyms, antonyms, and even homographs. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1

NC.W. WRITING

W.1. Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.

W.4.1. Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.
W.4.1.b. Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which related ideas are grouped to support the writer’s purpose.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3
W.4.1.c. Provide reasons that are supported by facts and details.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3

W.2. Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

W.4.2. Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.
W.4.2.b. Introduce a topic clearly and group related information in paragraphs and sections; include formatting, illustrations, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.
Coherent Paragraphs
A paragraph is a group of sentences about one topic. The sentences are related to each other, and they make sense. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Extraneous Details
Extraneous details are details that are not necessary to include in a particular paragraph. They are details that are NOT related to the theme of a paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Vivid Language in Writing
A topic sentence supports or develops the theme or main idea of a paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
W.4.2.c. Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic.
Vivid Language in Writing
A topic sentence supports or develops the theme or main idea of a paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
W.4.2.d. Link ideas within categories of information using words and phrases.
Vivid Language in Writing
A topic sentence supports or develops the theme or main idea of a paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
W.4.2.f. Provide a concluding statement or section related to the information or explanation presented.
Supporting/Concluding Sentences
Supporting sentences support the main idea of the paragraph. These sentences follow a topic sentence in a paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Vivid Language in Writing
A topic sentence supports or develops the theme or main idea of a paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
W.4.2.g. With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by revising and editing, with consideration to task, purpose, and audience.
Writing Process
Prewrite, draft, revise, proofread, and edit. Read more...iWorksheets :3

W.3. Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences.

W.4.3. Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences.
W.4.3.c. Use dialogue and description to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations.
Purpose for Writing
Purpose for writing (to explain, describe, narrate, persuade or express feelings). Read more...iWorksheets :3
W.4.3.d. Use a variety of transitional words and phrases to manage the sequence of events.
Vivid Language in Writing
A topic sentence supports or develops the theme or main idea of a paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
W.4.3.g. With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by revising and editing, with consideration to task, purpose, and audience.
Writing Process
Prewrite, draft, revise, proofread, and edit. Read more...iWorksheets :3

W.5. Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects based on focused questions, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.

W.4.5. Conduct short research projects that build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3

NC.SL. SPEAKING AND LISTENING

SL.2. Integrate and evaluate information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.

SL.4.2. Paraphrase portions of a text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
Charts/Maps/Graphic Organizers
FreeMaps, charts, graphs, and diagrams are graphics that contain information. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Graphic Organizers
A graphic organizer is a visual display that demonstrates relationships between facts, concepts or ideas. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Text Features
The title of an article is called a headline. A headline usually tells the main idea of what the article is about. Headlines often grab your attention and make you want to read the article. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Text Features
What are Text Features? A text that you are reading may include a map, chart, or graph. These are features of the text that help you understand the information in the text more clearly. You may also see a map, chart, or graph by itself too. E.g., you may see a map in a park, which you can read to help figure out where you need to go. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Interpret Information
What is Interpreting Information? You can use maps, charts, and timelines to interpret information. Charts are visual displays of information. They reveal information through mathematical statistics. A timeline is used to show events in chronological order. A map is a drawing created to represent the world or a part of the world's surface. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

NC.L. LANGUAGE

L.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking; demonstrate proficiency within the appropriate grade band grammar continuum.

L.4.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking; demonstrate proficiency within the 4-5 grammar continuum.
Grammar
Subject and verb agreement and other grammar skills. Read more...iWorksheets :3

L.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing; demonstrate proficiency within the appropriate grade band conventions continuum.

L.4.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing; demonstrate proficiency within the 4-5 conventions continuum.
Capitalization/Punctuation
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Syllables/Spelling Patterns
Words can be divided into syllables Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

L.3. Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.

L.4.3. Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
L.4.3.a. Choose words and phrases to convey ideas precisely.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world.
Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes. Read more...
iWorksheets :3

L.4. Determine and/or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases by using context clues, analyzing meaningful word parts, word relationships, and consulting general and specialized reference materials, as appropriate.

L.4.4. Determine and/or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 4 reading and content, choosing flexibly from an array of strategies: context clues, word parts, word relationships, and reference materials.
Vocabulary
What are Adjectives, Adverbs, Antonyms, Synonyms, and Homographs? An adjective describes a noun or a pronoun. An adverb can tell you how, where, or when something is done. Antonyms are words that mean the opposite of each other. Synonyms are words that have almost the same meaning. Homographs are words that have more than one definition. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Context Clues
Identify the meaning of unknown words by text surrounding word. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Dictionary/Thesaurus/Parts of a Book
Alphabetical order, table of contents, title, author, index, glossary. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Decoding Strategies
Decoding means to convert (a coded message) into intelligible language. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Dictionary/Thesaurus
Alphabetical order, table of contents, title, author, index, glossary Read more...iWorksheets :3
Context Clues
Context cluesare hints found in a text that may help to figure out the meaning of a difficult word. A context clue might be in the same sentence, the sentence before, or the sentence after the difficult word. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Context Clues
The five types of Context Clues are: Example Clues (group of items in a category), Synonym Clues (similar meaning is in the text), Antonym Clues (opposite meaning is in the text), Direct Definition Clues (meaning is stated in the sentence) and Appositive Clues (meaning is set off by commas). Read more...iWorksheets :3
Vocabulary
What is Vocabulary? Vocabulary is a list, collection, or group of words that are known by someone. Your vocabulary is all the words you know how to pronounce, what they mean, and how to use them in a sentence too. Your vocabulary includes many kinds of words such as adjectives, adverbs, synonyms, antonyms, and even homographs. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1

L.5. Demonstrate understanding of figurative language and nuances in word meanings.

L.4.5. Demonstrate understanding of figurative language and nuances in word meanings.
L.4.5.a. Explain the meaning of simple similes and metaphors in context.
Literary Elements
Authors use literary elements to make their writing more exciting. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Literary Devices
What is Onomatopoeia? Onomatopoeia is a word that sounds like the word it is describing. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Literary Devices
Literary Devices refers to the typical structures used by writers in their works to convey his or her messages in a simple manner to the readers. Literary Devices are Metaphor, Simile, Hyperbole, Personification, Analogy, Euphemism, Allegory etc... Read more...iWorksheets :3

L.6. Acquire and use accurately a range of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in developing vocabulary knowledge when encountering an unknown term important to comprehension or expression.

L.4.6. Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal precise actions, emotions, or states of being and that are basic to a particular topic.
Content Vocabulary
Spelling in content areas including Math, Social Studies, Science, Technology, Art, and Music. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Content Area Vocabulary
Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to grade 4 topic or subject area. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Standards

NewPath Learning resources are fully aligned to US Education Standards. Select a standard below to view correlations to your selected resource:

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