New Hampshire Standards for Fourth Grade English Language Arts

Analogies
An analogy is a statement that compares two things that have something in common. Sometimes the two things being compared are alike. Sometimes the two things being compared are different. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Cause/Effect, Fact/Opinion
What is Cause & Effect? A cause always has an effect. There is a reason why something happens. An effect happens as a result of a cause. Something happens for a reason. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
High Frequency Words I
High frequency words are words that you may come across often when reading. Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
High Frequency Words II
High frequency words are words that you may come across often when reading. Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
Labels/Captions for Graphics
Write labels and captions for graphics. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Nouns
A noun is a word used to identify any of a class of people, places, or things, or to name a particular one of these. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Plurals
Plurals is the grammatical category in nouns, pronouns, and verbs that refers to more than one thing. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Poetic Devices
Students use the reading process to demonstrate understanding of literary and informational texts. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Predictions
What are Predictions? When predicting you use facts and clues from the reading as well as your own personal knowledge to help you make a good guess about what is going to happen next in the story. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Spelling
Why is Spelling Important? It is important to spell words correctly when writing. There are some words that are difficult to learn and to remember how to spell correctly. Homonyms, plurals, and possessive words are often difficult to remember how to spell correctly. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Syntactic/Semantic Cues
Syntactic cues involve word order, patterns and rules of language, and punctuation. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Title/Author in Well Known Literature
Discuss and share favorite authors, books, and genres with others: Lewis Carroll, Charles Dickens, Oscar Wilde, Mark Twain, Jane Austen, William Shakespeare, Katherine Paterson,... Read more...iWorksheets: 3

NH.CC.L.4. Language Standards

Conventions of Standard English

L.4.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
L.4.1(d) Order adjectives within sentences according to conventional patterns (e.g., a small red bag rather than a red small bag).
Writing Elements
Worksheets :3
Vocabulary
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Adjectives/Adverbs/Particles
Worksheets :3
Adjectives/Adverbs/Vivid Language
Worksheets :7Study Guides :1
Parts of Speech
Worksheets :7Study Guides :1
Vocabulary
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
L.4.1(e) Form and use prepositional phrases.
L.4.1(f) Produce complete sentences, recognizing and correcting inappropriate fragments and run-ons.
Complete & Incomplete Sentences
Worksheets :3
Grammar
Worksheets :3
L.4.1(g) Correctly use frequently confused words (e.g., to, too, two; there, their).
Double Negatives and Homophones
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
L.4.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
L.4.2(a) Use correct capitalization.
Capitalization/Punctuation
Worksheets :7Study Guides :1
L.4.2(b) Use commas and quotation marks to mark direct speech and quotations from a text.
L.4.2(d) Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed.
Syllables/Spelling Patterns
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1

Knowledge of Language

L.4.3. Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
L.4.3(a) Choose words and phrases to convey ideas precisely.
L.4.3(b) Choose punctuation for effect.
L.4.3(c) Differentiate between contexts that call for formal English (e.g., presenting ideas) and situations where informal discourse is appropriate (e.g., small-group discussion).
Informal Language
Worksheets :3

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

L.4.4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 4 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
L.4.4(a) Use context (e.g., definitions, examples, or restatements in text) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
Text Feature Meaning
Worksheets :3
Vocabulary
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Context Clues
Worksheets :3
Decoding Strategies
Worksheets :3
Context Clues
Worksheets :6Study Guides :1
Context Clues
Worksheets :3
Vocabulary
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
L.4.4(b) Use common, grade-appropriate Greek and Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., telegraph, photograph, autograph).
Root Words/Prefixes/Suffixes
Worksheets :6Study Guides :1
Decoding Strategies
Worksheets :3
Multiple Meaning
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Root Words
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Roots/Prefixes/Suffixes
Worksheets :7Study Guides :1
L.4.4(c) Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation and determine or clarify the precise meaning of key words and phrases.
Text Feature Meaning
Worksheets :3
Dictionary/Thesaurus/Parts of a Book
Worksheets :3
Dictionary/Thesaurus
Worksheets :3
Parts of a Book
FreeWorksheets :8Study Guides :1
Parts of a Book
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
L.4.5. Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
L.4.5(a) Explain the meaning of simple similes and metaphors (e.g., as pretty as a picture) in context.
Literary Genres
Worksheets :4
Literary Elements
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Literary Devices
Worksheets :7Study Guides :1
Literary Devices
Worksheets :3
L.4.5(c) Demonstrate understanding of words by relating them to their opposites (antonyms) and to words with similar but not identical meanings (synonyms).
Vocabulary
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Synonyms/Antonyms
Worksheets :3
Synonyms
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
Antonyms
FreeWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Synonyms/Antonyms
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Vocabulary
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
L.4.6. Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal precise actions, emotions, or states of being (e.g., quizzed, whined, stammered) and that are basic to a particular topic (e.g., wildlife, conservation, and endangered when discussing animal preservation).

NH.CC.RF.4. Reading Standards: Foundational Skills

Fluency

RF.4.4. Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
RF.4.4(b) Read on-level prose and poetry orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.
Literary Genres
Worksheets :4
Genre
Worksheets :3
Genre Characteristics
Worksheets :6Study Guides :1
Genre
Worksheets :3
Theme of Writing
Worksheets :3
RF.4.4(c) Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.
Text Feature Meaning
Worksheets :3
Vocabulary
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Context Clues
Worksheets :3
Decoding Strategies
Worksheets :3
Context Clues
Worksheets :6Study Guides :1
Context Clues
Worksheets :3
Vocabulary
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1

Phonics and Word Recognition

RF.4.3. Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
RF.4.3(a) Use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology (e.g., roots and affixes) to read accurately unfamiliar multisyllabic words in context and out of context.
Phonics
Worksheets :3
Decoding Strategies
Worksheets :3

NH.CC.RI.4. Reading Standards for Informational Text

Craft and Structure

RI.4.4. Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.
RI.4.5. Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

RI.4.7. Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines, animations, or interactive elements on Web pages) and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text in which it appears.
Maps, Charts, Graphs, and Diagrams
Worksheets :3
Text Feature Meaning
Worksheets :3
Inferences
Worksheets :3
Charts/Maps/Graphic Organizers
FreeWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Graphic Organizers
Worksheets :3
Text Features
Worksheets :7Study Guides :1
Text Features
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
Interpret Information
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
RI.4.8. Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text.
Writing Elements
Worksheets :3
Supporting Detail
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea/Supporting Details
Worksheets :3
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Worksheets :3
Topic Sentences
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Worksheets :3

Key Ideas and Details

RI.4.1. Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
Drawing Conclusions
FreeWorksheets :3
Writing Elements
Worksheets :3
Inferences
Worksheets :3
Supporting Detail
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative
Worksheets :7Study Guides :1
Precictions/Conclusions/Inferences
Worksheets :6Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea/Supporting Details
Worksheets :3
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Worksheets :3
Inference
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Topic Sentences
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
Drawing Inferences
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing Conclusions
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
Implied Information
Worksheets :3
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Worksheets :3
RI.4.2. Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text.
Writing Elements
Worksheets :3
Main Idea
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Supporting Detail
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Theme of Writing
Worksheets :3
Summarize
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Summarizing
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea/Supporting Details
Worksheets :3
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Worksheets :3
Topic Sentences
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
Theme of Writing
Worksheets :3
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Worksheets :3
RI.4.3. Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.
Writing Elements
Worksheets :3
Content Vocabulary
Worksheets :3
Supporting Detail
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea/Supporting Details
Worksheets :3
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Worksheets :3
Topic Sentences
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Worksheets :3

Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

RI.4.10. By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 4-5 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.
Content Vocabulary
Worksheets :3

NH.CC.RL.4. Reading Standards for Literature

Craft and Structure

RL.4.5. Explain major differences between poems, drama, and prose, and refer to the structural elements of poems (e.g., verse, rhythm, meter) and drama (e.g., casts of characters, settings, descriptions, dialogue, stage directions) when writing or speaking about a text.
Literary Genres
Worksheets :4
Genre
Worksheets :3
Genre Characteristics
Worksheets :6Study Guides :1
Genre
Worksheets :3
Theme of Writing
Worksheets :3

Key Ideas and Details

RL.4.1. Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
Drawing Conclusions
FreeWorksheets :3
Writing Elements
Worksheets :3
Inferences
Worksheets :3
Supporting Detail
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative
Worksheets :7Study Guides :1
Precictions/Conclusions/Inferences
Worksheets :6Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea/Supporting Details
Worksheets :3
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Worksheets :3
Inference
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Topic Sentences
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
Drawing Inferences
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Drawing Conclusions
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
Implied Information
Worksheets :3
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Worksheets :3
RL.4.2. Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text.
Writing Elements
Worksheets :3
Main Idea
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
Literary Genres
Worksheets :4
Genre
Worksheets :3
Supporting Detail
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Theme of Writing
Worksheets :3
Summarize
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
Supporting Details
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Summarizing
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea/Supporting Details
Worksheets :3
Literal/Inferential/Evaluative Questions
Worksheets :3
Genre Characteristics
Worksheets :6Study Guides :1
Topic Sentences
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
Genre
Worksheets :3
Theme of Writing
Worksheets :3
Simple/Compound/Complex Sentences
Worksheets :3
RL.4.3. Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., a character's thoughts, words, or actions).
Elements of Fiction
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
Literary Genres
Worksheets :4
Literary Elements
Worksheets :3
Theme of Writing
Worksheets :3
Genre Characteristics
Worksheets :6Study Guides :1

Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

RL.4.10. By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, in the grades 4-5 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.
Literary Genres
Worksheets :4
Genre
Worksheets :3
Genre Characteristics
Worksheets :6Study Guides :1
Genre
Worksheets :3
Theme of Writing
Worksheets :3

NH.CC.SL.4. Speaking and Listening Standards

Comprehension and Collaboration

SL.4.2. Paraphrase portions of a text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
Summarize
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
Summarizing
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1

NH.CC.W.4. Writing Standards

Production and Distribution of Writing

W.4.4. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 1-3 above.)
W.4.5. With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing.
Writing Elements
Worksheets :3
Vivid Language in Writing
Worksheets :6Study Guides :1
Writing Process
Worksheets :3

Range of Writing

W.4.10. Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Writing/Listening/Speaking Rules
Worksheets :3
Writing Elements
Worksheets :3
Vivid Language in Writing
Worksheets :6Study Guides :1
Purpose for Writing
Worksheets :3

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

W.4.7. Conduct short research projects that build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.
W.4.8. Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources.

Text Types and Purposes

W.4.1. Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.
W.4.1(a) Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which related ideas are grouped to support the writer's purpose.
W.4.1(b) Provide reasons that are supported by facts and details.
W.4.1(c) Link opinion and reasons using words and phrases (e.g., for instance, in order to, in addition).
W.4.2. Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.
W.4.2(a) Introduce a topic clearly and group related information in paragraphs and sections; include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.
Coherent Paragraphs
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Writing Elements
Worksheets :3
Extraneous Details
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Vivid Language in Writing
Worksheets :6Study Guides :1
W.4.2(b) Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic.
Writing Elements
Worksheets :3
Vivid Language in Writing
Worksheets :6Study Guides :1
W.4.2(c) Link ideas within categories of information using words and phrases (e.g., another, for example, also, because).
Writing Elements
Worksheets :3
Vivid Language in Writing
Worksheets :6Study Guides :1
W.4.2(d) Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
W.4.2(e) Provide a concluding statement or section related to the information or explanation presented.
Writing Elements
Worksheets :3
Supporting/Concluding Sentences
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Vivid Language in Writing
Worksheets :6Study Guides :1
W.4.3. Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences.
W.4.3(a) Orient the reader by establishing a situation and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally.
W.4.3(b) Use dialogue and description to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations.
W.4.3(c) Use a variety of transitional words and phrases to manage the sequence of events.
Writing Elements
Worksheets :3
Vivid Language in Writing
Worksheets :6Study Guides :1
W.4.3(d) Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely.
W.4.3(e) Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events.

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