Pennsylvania Core and Academic Standards for Third Grade English Language Arts

Adjectives/Adverbs/Vivid LanguageWhat is an Adjective? An adjective is a word that describes a noun. When an adjective is added to a noun, the sentence becomes more interesting. Read more...iWorksheets: 8Study Guides: 1
Consonant BlendsWhat are Consonant Blends? Consonant blends are two or more letters that work together. When a word is sounded out, both of the letters in a consonant blend are heard. For example, in the word small, the s and the m are blended together in sounding the sm. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
R Controlled VowelsR-controlled vowels are vowels in which the r following the vowel changes the sound of the vowel. Sometimes, we call the r a bossy letter because it takes over and bosses the vowels around! Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Syllable Patterns/Word FamiliesWord families are groups of words that have a common feature or pattern. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Vowel DiphthongsVowel diphthongs are vowel letters whose sounds blend smoothly together. The same sounds can be spelled using different letters. Read more...iWorksheets: 5Study Guides: 1
AntonymsFreeAntonyms are words that mean the opposite, or nearly the opposite, as other words. Read more...iWorksheets: 5Study Guides: 1
High Frequency Words IHigh frequency words are those words that a third grader should be able to read quickly, without sounding them out. They appear often in stories and books read by third graders. High frequency words are also known as sight words. Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
High Frequency Words IIHigh frequency words are those words that a third grader should be able to read quickly, without sounding them out. They appear often in stories and books read by third graders. High frequency words are also known as sight words. Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
Multiple MeaningWords with multiple meanings are words with more than one meaning. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Root Words/Prefixes/SuffixesWhen the ending, or inflection, is taken away from a word, the word that remains is called the root word or base word. Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
SynonymsWhat are synonyms? Synonyms are words that mean the same, or nearly the same, as other words. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Maps, Charts, Graphs, and DiagramsUse information gained from illustrations (e.g., maps, photographs) and the words in a text to demonstrate understanding of the text Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Dictionary/Thesaurus/Parts of a BookAlphabetical order, table of contents, title, author, index, glossary. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Sequential OrderSequential order is the order in which events really happened - real-life order. Something that is sequential often follows a numerical or alphabetical order. Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
Cause/EffectAn action that results in something else happening is called the cause. The result of an action is called the effect. In real-life order, the cause happens first. Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
Fact/Fiction/OpinionA fact can be proven. An opinion is the way that someone feels about a subject and it cannot be proven. Being able to tell the difference between a fact and an opinion will improve your reading comprehension. Read more...iWorksheets: 7Study Guides: 1
Problem/SolutionThe problem of a story is the trouble or difficulty in which the main character of a story find himself or herself. <br> The solution of a story is the way that the character or characters in the story figure out or solve the problem of the story. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Capitalization/PunctuationHow Should a Sentence End? A sentence should end with a punctuation mark: period (.) for a statement. Question mark (?) for a question. Exclamation point (!) for a sentence that shows excitement. Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
Charts/Maps/Graphic OrganizersFreeMaps, charts, graphs, and diagrams are graphics that contain information. Read more...iWorksheets: 6Study Guides: 1
Coherent ParagraphsA paragraph is a group of sentences about one topic. The sentences are related to each other, and they make sense. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Combining SentencesWrite correctly complete sentences of statement, command, question, or exclamation, with final punctuation. Declarative, Imperative and Exclamatory. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Complete & Incomplete SentencesStudents demonstrate an understanding of the structures of the English language. Read more...iWorksheets: 4
Friendly LetterThere are five parts in a friendly letter. The parts of a friendly letter are the heading, the greeting, the body, the closing, and the signature. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
NounsNoun is a word that refers to a person, place, thing, event, substance, or quality Read more...iWorksheets: 3
PluralsRegular and irregular plural nouns. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Rules for WritingCombining two simple sentences. Two simple sentences can be combined by using words called conjunctions to join them. Some examples of conjunctions are: and, but, or. Read more...iWorksheets: 7Study Guides: 1
Subject and PredicateThe subject of a sentence is who or what the sentence is about. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Topic SentenceThe topic of a paragraph is the word or words that tell what the paragraph is about. The topic should be related to all of the sentences in the paragraph. Being able to pick out the topic of the paragraph helps the reader to understand the meaning of the paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Verb EndingsVerbs may change their spelling according to which tense is being used. Read more...iWorksheets: 3
Written DirectionsRead and understand written directions. Read more...iWorksheets: 3

PA.CC.1.1.3. Foundational Skills: Students gain a working knowledge of concepts of print, alphabetic principle, and other basic conventions.

Phonics and Word Recognition

CC.1.1.3.D. Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
CC.1.1.3.D.1. Identify and know the meaning of the most common prefixes and derivational suffixes.
Word Meaning with Prefixes/SuffixesPrefixes are letters placed before a root word which change the meaning of the root word. Suffixes are letters placed after the root word which change the meaning of the root word. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Decoding StrategiesDecoding means to convert (a coded message) into intelligible language. Read more...iWorksheets :3
SuffixesA suffix is a letter or group of letters added to the end of a word to change its meaning. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
PrefixesA prefix is any letter or group of letters that is added to the front of a base word to change the meaning. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
Roots/Prefixes/SuffixesWhat are Root Words, Prefixes, and Suffixes? A root word is a word with no prefixes or suffixes added to it. A root word is the basic element, the base, of a word. A prefix is added to the beginning of a root word to form a new word. A suffix is added to the ending of a root word to form a new word. Adding a prefix or suffix to a root word can change the meaning of that root word. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
CC.1.1.3.D.2. Decode words with common Latin suffixes.
Word Meaning with Prefixes/SuffixesPrefixes are letters placed before a root word which change the meaning of the root word. Suffixes are letters placed after the root word which change the meaning of the root word. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Decoding StrategiesDecoding means to convert (a coded message) into intelligible language. Read more...iWorksheets :3
SuffixesA suffix is a letter or group of letters added to the end of a word to change its meaning. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Roots/Prefixes/SuffixesWhat are Root Words, Prefixes, and Suffixes? A root word is a word with no prefixes or suffixes added to it. A root word is the basic element, the base, of a word. A prefix is added to the beginning of a root word to form a new word. A suffix is added to the ending of a root word to form a new word. Adding a prefix or suffix to a root word can change the meaning of that root word. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
CC.1.1.3.D.3. Decode multisyllable words.
PhonicsPhonics is a method of teaching people to read by correlating sounds with symbols in an alphabetic writing system. Read more...iWorksheets :3
CC.1.1.3.D.4. Read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.
Frequently Misspelled WordsWords that are often misspelled and some hints to help you spell them. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Fluency

CC.1.1.3.E. Read with accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
CC.1.1.3.E.3. Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.
VocabularyWhat are Adjectives, Adverbs, Antonyms, Synonyms, and Homographs? An adjective describes a noun or a pronoun. An adverb can tell you how, where, or when something is done. Antonyms are words that mean the opposite of each other. Synonyms are words that have almost the same meaning. Homographs are words that have more than one definition. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Grammar SkillsSubject-verb and pronoun-antecedent agreement. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Context CluesIdentify the meaning of unknown words by text surrounding word. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Decoding StrategiesDecoding means to convert (a coded message) into intelligible language. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Context CluesContext cluesare hints found in a text that may help to figure out the meaning of a difficult word. A context clue might be in the same sentence, the sentence before, or the sentence after the difficult word. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Context CluesWhat are Context Clues? When you are reading, you will come to words you do not know. You can learn the meaning of those words by looking for the clues in the sentence around that word. The clues will help you understand the meaning of the new word even if you cannot pronounce it. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

PA.CC.1.2.3. Reading Informational Text: Students read, understand, and respond to informational text—with an emphasis on comprehension, vocabulary acquisition, and making connections among ideas and between texts with a focus on textual evidence.

Key Ideas and Details: Main Idea

CC.1.2.3.A. Determine the main idea of a text; recount the key details and explain how they support the main idea.
Theme of WritingA literary theme is the main idea a writer explores in a story or other literary work. Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text. Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., a character’s thoughts, words, or actions). Read more...iWorksheets :3
Supporting DetailsSupporting details support the main idea of a text. Supporting details tell you more about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea/Supporting DetailsMain idea, supporting details, and irrelevant details. Read more...iWorksheets :3

Key Ideas and Details: Text Analysis

CC.1.2.3.B. Ask and answer questions about the text and make inferences from text; refer to text to support responses.
Literal/Inferential/EvaluativeMaking inferences is determining facts and meaning that the author does not directly state. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Predictions, Conclusions and InferencesDrawing a conclusion is a reasonable decision you make based on facts and details in a sentence, paragraph, story, or article. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
InferenceWhat is an Inference? An inference is a Reading skill. When the reader puts together his or her life experiences with the words of the author, he or she is using inferencing skills. A student who uses inferencing skills can read between the lines to figure out what the author means. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Craft and Structure: Point of View

CC.1.2.3.D. Explain the point of view of the author.
Author's Purposethe author's purpose is the reason that he or she had for writing the text. Some authors' purposes are to inform, entertain or persuade. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1
Author/Title of Well Known LiteratureAuthors and titles of well known literature as well as other background knowledge. Read more...iWorksheets :3

Craft and Structure: Text Structure

CC.1.2.3.E. Use text features and search tools to locate and interpret information.
Text FeaturesThe title of an article is called a headline. A headline usually tells the main idea of what the article is about. Headlines often grab your attention and make you want to read the article. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1

Craft and Structure: Vocabulary

CC.1.2.3.F. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in grade-level text, distinguishing literal from nonliteral meaning as well as shades of meaning among related words.
Literary DevicesLiterary Devices refers to the typical structures used by writers in their works to convey his or her messages in a simple manner to the readers. Literary Devices are Metaphor, Simile, Hyperbole, Personification, Analogy, Euphemism, Allegory etc... Read more...iWorksheets :3

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas: Diverse Media

CC.1.2.3.G. Use information gained from text features to demonstrate understanding of a text.
Text FeaturesThe title of an article is called a headline. A headline usually tells the main idea of what the article is about. Headlines often grab your attention and make you want to read the article. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

CC.1.2.3.J. Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate conversational, general academic, and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal spatial and temporal relationships.
Content VocabularySpelling in content areas including Math, Social Studies, Science, Technology, Art, and Music. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Content Area VocabularyDetermine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to grade 4 topic or subject area. Read more...iWorksheets :3
CC.1.2.3.K. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade-level reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies and tools.
Content VocabularySpelling in content areas including Math, Social Studies, Science, Technology, Art, and Music. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Double Negatives and HomophonesHomophones are words that sound the same, but have different spellings and different meanings. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
HomophonesWhat are Homophones? Homophones are words that sound exactly alike but are spelled differently and have different meanings. They are sometimes called homonyms. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Content Area VocabularyDetermine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to grade 4 topic or subject area. Read more...iWorksheets :3

PA.CC.1.3.3. Reading Literature: Students read and respond to works of literature—with emphasis on comprehension, vocabulary acquisition, and making connections among ideas and between texts with focus on textual evidence.

Key Ideas and Details: Theme

CC.1.3.3.A. Determine the central message, lesson, or moral in literary text; explain how it is conveyed in text.
Theme of WritingA literary theme is the main idea a writer explores in a story or other literary work. Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text. Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., a character’s thoughts, words, or actions). Read more...iWorksheets :3
Supporting DetailsSupporting details support the main idea of a text. Supporting details tell you more about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea/Supporting DetailsMain idea, supporting details, and irrelevant details. Read more...iWorksheets :3

Key Ideas and Details: Text Analysis

CC.1.3.3.B. Ask and answer questions about the text and make inferences from text, referring to text to support responses.
Literal/Inferential/EvaluativeMaking inferences is determining facts and meaning that the author does not directly state. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1
Predictions, Conclusions and InferencesDrawing a conclusion is a reasonable decision you make based on facts and details in a sentence, paragraph, story, or article. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
InferenceWhat is an Inference? An inference is a Reading skill. When the reader puts together his or her life experiences with the words of the author, he or she is using inferencing skills. A student who uses inferencing skills can read between the lines to figure out what the author means. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Key Ideas and Details: Literary Elements

CC.1.3.3.C. Describe characters in a story and explain how their actions contribute to the sequence of events.
Elements of FictionA character is a person in a story, novel, or play. <br> The setting in a story is where the story takes place.<br> The plot of a story is what goes on in the story. It's a series of events that gives story a meaning. <br>All of the above are elements of a fiction. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Literary ElementsIdentify and interpret plot, character, setting, events, character motivations and actions. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Theme of WritingA literary theme is the main idea a writer explores in a story or other literary work. Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text. Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., a character’s thoughts, words, or actions). Read more...iWorksheets :3
Story ElementsWhat are the Elements of a Story? Story elements are plot, setting, and characters. Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1

Craft and Structure: Point of View

CC.1.3.3.D. Explain the point of view of the author.
Author's Purposethe author's purpose is the reason that he or she had for writing the text. Some authors' purposes are to inform, entertain or persuade. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1

Craft and Structure: Text Structure

CC.1.3.3.E. Refer to parts of texts when writing or speaking about a text using such terms as chapter, scene, and stanza and describe how each successive part builds upon earlier sections.
Literary GenresLiterary genre is the grownup way of saying different kinds of writing. The word genre is pronounced zhan rah. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
GenreHistorical fiction, Science fiction, biography, autobiography, folktale, fairy tale, and poetry. Read more...iWorksheets :3
GenreA literary genre is a category of literary composition. Genres may be determined by literary technique, tone, content. The five major genres in literature are: Poetry, Drama, Prose, Fiction, Non-Fiction. Genres are often divided into subgenres. Read more...iWorksheets :3

Craft and Structure: Vocabulary

CC.1.3.3.F. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in grade-level text, distinguishing literal from nonliteral meaning as well as shades of meaning among related words.
Literary DevicesLiterary Devices refers to the typical structures used by writers in their works to convey his or her messages in a simple manner to the readers. Literary Devices are Metaphor, Simile, Hyperbole, Personification, Analogy, Euphemism, Allegory etc... Read more...iWorksheets :3

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use: Strategies

CC.1.3.3.I. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade-level reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies and tools.
Content VocabularySpelling in content areas including Math, Social Studies, Science, Technology, Art, and Music. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Double Negatives and HomophonesHomophones are words that sound the same, but have different spellings and different meanings. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
HomophonesWhat are Homophones? Homophones are words that sound exactly alike but are spelled differently and have different meanings. They are sometimes called homonyms. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1
Content Area VocabularyDetermine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to grade 4 topic or subject area. Read more...iWorksheets :3

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

CC.1.3.3.J. Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate conversational, general academic, and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal spatial and temporal relationships.
Content VocabularySpelling in content areas including Math, Social Studies, Science, Technology, Art, and Music. Read more...iWorksheets :3
Content Area VocabularyDetermine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to grade 4 topic or subject area. Read more...iWorksheets :3

Range of Reading

CC.1.3.3.K. Read and comprehend literary fiction on grade level, reading independently and proficiently.
Literary GenresLiterary genre is the grownup way of saying different kinds of writing. The word genre is pronounced zhan rah. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
GenreA literary genre is a category of literary composition. Genres may be determined by literary technique, tone, content. The five major genres in literature are: Poetry, Drama, Prose, Fiction, Non-Fiction. Genres are often divided into subgenres. Read more...iWorksheets :3

PA.CC.1.4.3. Writing: Students write for different purposes and audiences. Students write clear and focused text to convey a well-defined perspective and appropriate content.

Informative/Explanatory: Content

CC.1.4.3.C. Develop the topic with facts, definitions, details, and illustrations, as appropriate.
Vivid Language in WritingA topic sentence supports or develops the theme or main idea of a paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1

Informative/Explanatory: Organization

CC.1.4.3.D. Create an organizational structure that includes information grouped and connected logically with a concluding statement or section.
Vivid Language in WritingA topic sentence supports or develops the theme or main idea of a paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1

Informative/Explanatory: Conventions of Language

CC.1.4.3.F. Demonstrate a grade-appropriate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, usage, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling.
GrammarGrammar is the subject which tells how to speak and write correctly. It is a set of rules that define the structure of a language. Here are some grammar rules you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Opinion/Argumentative: Conventions of Language

CC.1.4.3.L. Demonstrate a grade-appropriate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, usage, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling.
GrammarGrammar is the subject which tells how to speak and write correctly. It is a set of rules that define the structure of a language. Here are some grammar rules you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Narrative: Organization

CC.1.4.3.P. Organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally, using temporal words and phrases to signal event order; provide a sense of closure.
Vivid Language in WritingA topic sentence supports or develops the theme or main idea of a paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1

Narrative: Conventions of Language

CC.1.4.3.R. Demonstrate a grade-appropriate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, usage, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling.
GrammarGrammar is the subject which tells how to speak and write correctly. It is a set of rules that define the structure of a language. Here are some grammar rules you should know. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1

Response to Literature

CC.1.4.3.S. Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research, applying grade-level reading standards for literature and informational texts.
Supporting DetailsSupporting details support the main idea of a text. Supporting details tell you more about the main idea of the text. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea/Supporting DetailsMain idea, supporting details, and irrelevant details. Read more...iWorksheets :3

Production and Distribution of Writing: Writing Process

CC.1.4.3.T. With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing.
Vivid Language in WritingA topic sentence supports or develops the theme or main idea of a paragraph. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1
Writing ProcessPrewrite, draft, revise, proofread, and edit. Read more...iWorksheets :3

Range of Writing

CC.1.4.3.X. Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Writing ProcessPrewrite, draft, revise, proofread, and edit. Read more...iWorksheets :3

Standards

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