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Nebraska Standards for Eighth Grade Science

NE.SC 1: INQUIRY, THE NATURE OF SCIENCE, AND TECHNOLOGY: Students will combine scientific processes and knowledge with scientific reasoning and critical thinking to ask questions about phenomena and propose explanations based on gathered evidence.

1.1. Abilities to do Scientific Inquiry

8.1.1. Students will design and conduct investigations that will lead to descriptions of relationships between evidence and explanations.
Mathematics
8.1.1.j. Use appropriate mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry
Scientific Communication
8.1.1.i. Analyze and provide appropriate critique of scientific investigations
Scientific Controls and Variables
8.1.1.c. Determine controls and use dependent (responding) and independent (manipulated) variables
Scientific Data Collection
8.1.1.f. Record and represent data appropriately and review for quality, accuracy, and relevancy
Scientific Interpretations, Reflections, and Applications
8.1.1.g. Evaluate predictions, draw logical inferences based on observed patterns/relationships, and account for non-relevant information
Scientific Investigations
8.1.1.b. Design and conduct logical and sequential investigations including repeated trials
Scientific Observations
8.1.1.e. Make qualitative and quantitative observations
Scientific Tools
8.1.1.d. Select and use equipment appropriate to the investigation, demonstrate correct techniques, and apply appropriate mathematical concepts

1.2. Nature of Science

8.1.2. Students will apply the nature of science to their own investigations.
Scientific Knowledge
8.1.2.a. Recognize science is an ongoing process and the scientific community accepts and uses explanations until they encounter new experimental evidence not matching existing explanations

NE.SC 2: PHYSICAL SCIENCE: Students will integrate and communicate the information, concepts, principles, processes, theories, and models of the Physical Sciences to make connections with the natural and engineered world.

2.1. Matter

8.2.1. Students will identify and describe the particulate nature of matter including physical and chemical interactions.
Classification of Matter
8.2.1.g. Classify substances into similar groups based on physical properties
Physical and Chemical Changes
8.2.1.e. Distinguish between physical and chemical changes (phase changes, dissolving, burning, rusting)
Properties and Structure of Matter
8.2.1.a. Compare and contrast elements, compounds, and mixtures8.2.1.b. Describe physical and chemical properties of matter
States of Matter
8.2.1.c. Recognize most substances can exist as a solid, liquid, or gas depending on temperature8.2.1.d. Compare and contrast solids, liquids, and gasses based on properties of these states of matter

2.2. Force and Motion

8.2.2. Students will investigate and describe forces and motion.
Forces/Newton’s 2nd law
8.2.2.c. Compare the motion of objects related to the effects of balanced and unbalanced forces
Inertia/Newton’s 1st law
8.2.2.b. Recognize an object that is not being subjected to a force will continue to move at a constant speed in a straight line or stay at rest (Newton’s 1st law)
Motion
8.2.2.a. Describe motion of an object by its position and velocity

2.3. Energy

8.2.3. Students will identify and describe how energy systems and matter interact.
Conservation
8.2.3.f. Describe transfer of energy from electrical and magnetic sources to different energy forms (heat, light, sound, chemical)8.2.3.g. Recognize all energy is neither created nor destroyed
Heat
8.2.3.e. Recognize that heat moves from warmer objects to cooler objects until both reach the same temperature
Light
8.2.3.c. Recognize that light interacts with matter by transmission (including refraction), absorption, or scattering (including reflection)8.2.3.d. Recognize that to see an object, light from the surface of the object must enter the eye; the color seen depends on the properties of the surface and the color of the available light sources
Sound/Mechanical Waves
8.2.3.a. Recognize that vibrations set up wave-like disturbances that spread away from the source (sound, seismic, water waves)8.2.3.b. Identify that waves move at different speeds in different materials

NE.SC 3: LIFE SCIENCE: Students will integrate and communicate the information, concepts, principles, processes, theories, and models of the Life Sciences to make connections with the natural and engineered world.

3.1. Structure and Function of Living Systems

8.3.1. Students will investigate and describe the structure and function of living organisms.
Behavior
8.3.1.e. Describe how plants and animals respond to environmental stimuli
Cellular Composition of Organisms
8.3.1.b. Recognize that all organisms are composed of one or many cells; that these cells must grow, divide, and use energy; and that all cells function similarly8.3.1.d. Identify the organs and functions of the major systems of the human body and describe ways that these systems interact with each other
Characteristics of Life
8.3.1.a. Recognize the levels of organization in living organisms (cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms)

3.2. Heredity

8.3.2. Students will investigate and describe the relationship between reproduction and heredity.
Inherited Traits
8.3.2.a. Recognize that hereditary information is contained in genes within the chromosomes of each cell
Reproduction
8.3.2.b. Compare and contrast sexual and asexual reproduction

3.3. Flow of Matter and Energy in Ecosystems

8.3.3. Students will describe populations and ecosystems.
Ecosystems
8.3.3.c. Recognize that producers transform sunlight into chemical energy through photosynthesis8.3.3.e. Recognize a population is all the individuals of a species at a given place and time8.3.3.f. Identify symbiotic relationships among organisms
Flow of Energy
8.3.3.a. Diagram and explain the flow of energy through a simple food web8.3.3.b. Compare the roles of producers, consumers, and decomposers in an ecosystem
Impact on Ecosystems
8.3.3.g. Identify positive and negative effects of natural and human activity on an ecosystem

3.4. Biodiversity

8.3.4. Students will identify characteristics of organisms that help them survive.
Biological Adaptations
8.3.4.a. Describe how an inherited characteristic enables an organism to improve its survival rate
Biological Evolution
8.3.4.c. Use anatomical features of an organism to infer similarities among other organisms

NE.SC 4: EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCES: Students will integrate and communicate the information, concepts, principles, processes, theories, and models of Earth and Space Sciences to make connections with the natural and engineered world.

4.1. Earth in Space

8.4.1. Students will investigate and describe Earth and the solar system.
Gravitational Effects
8.4.1.c. Describe the effects of gravity on Earth (tides) and the effect of gravity on objects in the solar system
Motion of Objects in the Solar System
8.4.1.b. Describe the relationship between motion of objects in the solar system and the phenomena of day, year, eclipses, phases of the Moon and seasons
Objects in the Sky and Universe
8.4.1.a. Describe the components of the solar system (the Sun, planets, moons, asteroids, comets)

4.2. Earth Structures and Processes

8.4.2. Students will investigate and describe Earth’s structure, systems, and processes.
Earth’s Processes
8.4.2.e. Compare and contrast constructive and destructive forces (deposition, erosion, weathering, plate motion causing uplift, volcanoes, earthquakes) that impact Earth’s surface8.4.2.f. Describe the rock cycle8.4.2.g. Describe the water cycle (evaporation, condensation, precipitation)
Properties of Earth Materials
8.4.2.a. Describe the layers of Earth (core, mantle, crust, atmosphere)8.4.2.b. Describe the physical composition of soil8.4.2.c. Describe the mixture of gasses in Earth’s atmosphere and how the atmosphere’s properties change at different elevations
Use of Earth Materials
8.4.2.h. Classify Earth materials as renewable or nonrenewable

4.3. Energy in Earth’s Systems

8.4.3. Students will investigate and describe energy in Earth’s systems.
Energy Sources
8.4.3.a. Describe how energy from the Sun influences the atmosphere and provides energy for plant growth
Weather and Climate
8.4.3.b. Identify factors that influence daily and seasonal changes on Earth (tilt of the Earth, humidity, air pressure, air masses)8.4.3.c. Describe atmospheric movements that influence weather and climate (air masses, jet stream)

4.4. Earth’s History

8.4.4. Students will use evidence to draw conclusions about changes in Earth.
Past/Present Earth
8.4.4.a. Recognize that the earth processes we see today are similar to those that occurred in the past (uniformity of processes)8.4.4.b. Describe how environmental conditions have changed through use of the fossil record

NewPath Learning resources are fully aligned to US Education Standards. Select a standard below to view correlations to your selected resource:

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