Connecticut Standards 8th Grade Social Studies Activities
Printable Eighth Grade Social Studies Worksheets and Study Guides.
My Community Kindergarten Social Studies My Community Kindergarten Social Studies My Community Kindergarten Social Studies Geography Kindergarten Social Studies Living Things First Grade Social Studies My Community Kindergarten Social Studies Being a Good Citizen Kindergarten Social Studies
CT.1. Civics and Government: United States Constitution and Government: Students will apply knowledge of the U.S. Constitution, how the U.S. system of government works and how the rule of law and the value of liberty and equality have an impact on individual, local, state and national decisions.
1.1. Demonstrate an under-standing of the historical background of the Declaration of Independence
1.2. Explain how the Constitution divides the power of government among the executive, legislative and judicial branches, and how each branch can check the power of another.
1.6. Explain how an individual's rights to life, liberty and property are protected by the Constitution and criminal and civil laws.
1.8. Describe how the public agenda is shaped by political leaders and parties, interest groups, the media, public opinion, state and federal courts, and individual citizens.
CT.1. Economics: Limited Resources: Students will demonstrate that because human, natural and capital resources are limited, individuals, households, businesses and governments must make choices.
1.1. Compare the resources used by various cultures, countries and/or regions throughout the world.
1.2. Explain that households, businesses, governments and societies face scarcity just as individuals do.
1.5. Illustrate how resources can be used in a variety of ways.
CT.1. Geography: Places and Regions: Students will use spatial perspective to identify and analyze the significance of physical and cultural characteristics of places and world regions.
1.1. Describe human and natural characteristics of places and how they shape or place identity.
1.4. Identify and evaluate various perspectives associated with places and regions.
1.7. Locate natural and cultural features in their own and nearby communities, in the United States and in other regions of the world, as needed, to answer geographic questions.
CT.1. History: Historical Thinking: Students will develop historical thinking skills, including chronological thinking and recognizing change over time; contextualizing, comprehending and analyzing historical literature; researching historical sources; understanding the concept of historical causation; understanding competing narratives and interpretation; and constructing narratives and interpretation.
1.1. Formulate historical questions based on primary and secondary sources, including documents, eyewitness accounts, letters and diaries, artifacts, real or simulated historical sites, charts, graphs, diagrams and written texts.
1.5. Examine data to determine the adequacy and sufficiency of evidence, point of view, historical context, bias, distortion and propaganda, and to distinguish fact from opinion.
1.6. Analyze data in order to see persons and events in their historical context, understand causal factors and appreciate change over time.
CT.2. Civics and Government: Rights and Responsibilities of Citizens: Students will demonstrate knowledge of the rights and responsibilities of citizens to participate in and shape public policy, and contribute to the maintenance of our democratic way of life.
2.2. Explain the meaning of political rights (e.g., right to vote, right to assemble) as distinguished from personal rights (e.g., freedom of speech, freedom of movement).
2.3. Evaluate situations involving conflicts between rights and propose solutions to these conflicts.
CT.2. Economics: Economic Systems: Students will demonstrate that various economic systems coexist, and that economic decisions are made by individuals and/or governments, influenced by markets, cultural traditions, individuals and governments in the allocation of goods and services.
2.1. Explain how different economic systems (traditional, market and command use different means to produce, distribute and exchange goods and services.
2.2. Explain that all countries' economies reflect a mix of market, command and traditional elements.
2.4. Identify how fundamental characteristics of a market system (e.g., private property, profits and competition, businesses, labor, banks and government) influence decision making.
2.7. Analyze the impact of government taxing and spending decisions on specific individuals, businesses, organizations and groups.
CT.2. Geography: Physical Systems: Students will use spatial perspective to explain the physical processes that shape the Earth's surface and its ecosystems.
2.1. Understand how concepts of physical geography can be applied to explain natural processes.
2.2. Understand and apply how natural processes influence the formation and location of resources.
2.3. Use basic climatic and other physical data to understand how natural processes shape environ-mental patterns.
CT.2. History: Local, United States and World History: Students will use historical thinking skills to develop an understanding of the major historical periods, issues and trends in United States history, world history, and Connecticut and local history.
2.1. Demonstrate an in-depth understanding of major events and trends of United States history (e.g., the American Revolution, the Civil War, industrialization, the Great Depression, the cold war).
2.2. Demonstrate an in-depth understanding of selected events representing major trends of world history (e.g., emergence of new centers of agrarian society in the 3rd and 2nd millennia BCE, the Black Death, the Columbian voyages, the French Revolution, World War II).
2.3. Demonstrate an in-depth understanding of major events and trends in local history (e.g., the Pequot war, establishment of self-government, and disestablishment of the Puritan church, industrialization, waves of in-and-out migration, suburbanization, and racial tensions).
2.4. Locate the events, peoples and places they have studied in time and place (e.g., on a time line and map) relative to their own location.
2.5. Explain the relationships among the events and trends studied in local, state, national and world history.
CT.3. Civics and Government: Political Systems: Students will explain that political systems emanate from the need of humans for order, leading to compromise and the establishment of authority.
3.4. Describe the role of the U.S. Constitution in the limitation of government powers.
CT.3. Economics: Economic Interdependence: Students will demonstrate how the exchange of goods and services by individuals, groups and nations create economic interdependence and change.
3.1. Explain how specialization leads to more efficient use of economic resources and economic growth.
3.2. Explain why trade encourages specialization.
3.3. Explain how specialization increases interdependence among producers, consumers and nations and consequently leads to a higher standard of living.
CT.3. Geography: Human Systems: Students will interpret spatial patterns of human migration, economic activities and political units in Connecticut, the nation and the world.
3.1. Explain the patterns and characteristics of human migrations at various levels.
CT.3. History: Historical Themes: Students will apply their understanding of historical periods, issues and trends to examine such historical themes as ideals, beliefs and institutions; conflict and conflict resolution; human movement and interaction; and science and technology in order to understand how the world came to be the way it is.
3.1. Explain the origins of American religious diversity, showing knowledge of some of the beliefs of native Americans and migrants to the new world and give examples of ways those beliefs have changed over time.
3.2. Explain how roles and status of people have differed and changed throughout history based on gender, age, class, racial and ethnic identity, wealth, and/or social position.
3.3. Describe the emergence of select governmental systems, principles and institutions.
3.4. Describe some of the more common forms of government found in the past, giving examples of societies that have practiced them (e.g., monarchy, oligarchy, clan/tribal, autocracy, dynasty, theocracy, republic, democracy).
3.5. Describe examples of how societies throughout history have used various forms of visual arts, dance, theater, myths, literature and music to express their beliefs, sense of identity and philosophical ideas.
3.6. Explain reasons for conflict and the ways conflicts have been resolved.
3.7. Identify and analyze the various causes and effects of movements of groups of people.
3.8. Explain the significance of the achievements of selected individual scientists and inventors from around the world and from various periods.
3.9. Explain how economic factors influenced historical events in the United States and other regions of the world.
CT.4. Civics and Government: International Relations: Students will demonstrate an understanding of how the major elements of international relations and world affairs affect their lives and the security and well-being of their community, state and nation.
4.1. Describe the organization of the world into nation-states and describe some ways that nation-states interact with one another.
4.2. Explain what foreign policy is and give examples of United States foreign policy.
4.4. Evaluate the impact of significant international events on the United States and on other nations.
4.6. Describe how foreign policy decisions may affect domestic groups and organizations.
CT.4. Geography: Human and Environmental Interaction: Students will use geographic tools and technology to explain the interactions of humans and the larger environment, and the evolving consequences of those interactions.
4.1. Explain the essential features and functions of maps, globes, photographs, geographic models and satellite images.
4.3. Compare and contrast differences among maps, globes, photographs, models and satellite images for solving geo-graphic problems.
4.4. Use maps, globes, models, graphs, charts and data-bases to analyze distributions and patterns.
4.5. Describe human and natural characteristics of places and how they shape or lace identity.
4.6. Draw a freehand map from memory of increasing and appropriate complexity to display geographic information and answer geographic questions.
4.7. Demonstrate and explain ways that humans depend on, adapt to and alter the physical environment.
CT.4. History: Applying History: Students will recognize the continuing importance of historical thinking and historical knowledge in their own lives and in the world in which they live.
4.1. Initiate questions and hypotheses about historic events being studied.
4.4. Display empathy for people who have lived in the past.
4.5. Describe relationships between historical subject matter and other subjects they study, current issues and personal concerns.
CT.CC.RH.6-8. Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies
Craft and Structure
RH.6-8.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.
RH.6-8.5. Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally).
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
RH.6-8.10. By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 6-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
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