Maryland Standards for Eighth Grade Social Studies
MD.1.0. Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on the democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens.
1.A. The foundations and function of government
1.A.1. Investigate the evolution of the U.S. political system as expressed in the United States Constitution
1.A.1.a. Compare the confederate form of government under the Articles of Confederation with the federal form under the Constitution
1.A.1.b. Explain and summarize the principles of federalism, popular sovereignty, rule of law, consent of the governed, separation of powers, checks and balances, majority rule, limited government and how they protect individual rights and impact the functioning of government
1.A.1.d. Explain and summarize how the supremacy of the national government was defined by events, such as shay's rebellion and early decisions of the Supreme Court, such as McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
1.A.3.b. Evaluate regional and international perspectives regarding the formation and implementation of public policy, such as Washington's Farewell Address, Monroe Doctrine, Westward Expansion, Sectionalism, plantation holders in the South v. The industrialists in the North
MD.2.0. Peoples of the Nation and World: Students will understand the diversity and commonality, human interdependence, and global cooperation of the people of Maryland, the United States and the world through both a multicultural and historic perspective.
2.A. Elements of culture
2.A.1. Analyze how America became a diverse society
2.A.1.a. Describe the influence of religious tolerance and intolerance in the colonies
MD.3.0. Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time.
3.A. Using geographic tools
3.A.1. Use geographic tools to analyze geographic issues and problems prior to 1877
3.A.1.a. Use thematic maps to locate places and describe the human and physical characteristics, such as settlement patterns, migration, population density, transportation, and communication networks
MD.4.0. Economics: Students will develop economic reasoning to understand the historical development and current status of economic principles, institutions, and processes needed to be effective citizens, consumers, and workers participating in local communities, the nation, and the world.
4.A. Scarcity and economic decision-making
4.A.1. Analyze the decisions that people made because resources were limited relative to economic wants for goods and services in America
4.A.1.a. Describe the opportunity cost of economic decisions by individuals, businesses, and governments in the U.S. through 1877, such as the decision about territorial acquisition
MD.5.0. History: Students will examine significant ideas, beliefs, and themes; organize patterns and events; and analyze how individuals and societies have changed over time in Maryland, the United States and around the world.
5.B. Emergence, expansion and changes in nations and empires
5.B.1. Analyze the growth and the development of the United States
5.B.1.a. Explain the political and economic impact of the Louisiana Purchase on the United States
5.C.5.b. Analyze the ideological breakdown that resulted from different events and issues, such as Virginia-Kentucky resolutions, the Hartford Convention, nullification/states' rights, political party division, the Dred Scott decision, John Brown raids
MD.6.0. Social Studies Skills and Processes: Students shall use reading, writing, and thinking processes and skills to gain knowledge and understanding of political, historical, and current events using chronological and spatial thinking, economic reasoning, and historical interpretation, by framing and evaluating questions from primary and secondary sources.
6.A. Read to learn and construct meaning about social studies
6.A.1. Use appropriate strategies and opportunities to increase understandings of social studies vocabulary
6.A.1.a. Acquire and apply new vocabulary through investigating, listening, independent reading and discussing a variety of print and non-print sources
6.A.3. Use strategies to monitor understanding and derive meaning from text and portions of text (during reading)
6.A.3.a. Identify and use knowledge of organizational structures, such as chronological order, cause/effect, main ideas and details, description, similarities/differences, and problem/solution to gain meaning
6.B. Write to learn and communicate social studies understandings
6.B.1. Select and use informal writing strategies, such as short/response/essay answer/ brief constructed responses, journal writing, note taking, and graphic organizers, to clarify, organize, remember, and/or express new understandings
6.D.1. Identify primary and secondary sources of information that relate to the topic/situation/problem being studied
6.D.1.c. Locate and gather data and information from appropriate non-print sources, such as music, artifacts, charts, maps, graphs, photographs, video clips, illustrations, paintings, political cartoons, multimedia, interviews, and oral histories