Washington Standards 2nd Grade ELA Activities
Printable Second Grade English Language Arts Worksheets and Study Guides.
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WA.1. Communication: The student uses listening and observation skills and strategies to gain understanding.
1.1. Uses listening and observation skills and strategies to focus attention and interpret information.
1.1.2. Applies a variety of listening and observation skills/strategies to recall and interpret information.
1.2.1.a. Makes inferences (e.g., Science: why the plant in the science experiment died; Reading: why the author wrote the story).
WA.1. Reading: The student understands and uses different skills and strategies to read.
1.1. Use word recognition skills and strategies to read and comprehend text.
1.1.4. Apply understanding of phonics.
1.1.4.b. Read words in isolation and in context containing complex letter patterns/word families (e.g., -ought, -aught).
1.2. Use vocabulary (word meaning) strategies to comprehend text.
1.2.1. Apply reference skills to determine word meanings
1.2.1.a. Use glossaries and dictionaries to find word meanings.
1.2.2. Apply vocabulary strategies in grade-level text.
1.2.2.a. Use prefixes, suffixes, inflectional endings, and abbreviated words to determine the meaning of unknown words in grade-level text.
1.2.2.b. Re-read to clarify, read on, ask for help, adjust reading rate, use knowledge of print conventions, and/or attempt alternative pronunciation for unknown words to determine meaning of unknown words; substitute familiar words for unknown.
1.2.2.c. Use prior knowledge and context to predict and confirm meanings of unknown words.
1.2.2.d. Use pictures, illustrations, and diagrams to clarify/expand word meaning.
1.3. Build vocabulary through wide reading.
1.3.1. Understand and apply new vocabulary.
1.3.1.a. Use new vocabulary from informational/expository text and literary/narrative text, including text from a variety of cultures and communities, in own oral and written communication.
1.3.2. Understand and apply content/academic vocabulary.
1.3.2.a. Identify and define unfamiliar words that would be important to know in order to read a new text with teacher guidance.
1.3.2.b. Use new vocabulary in oral and written communication.
1.4. Apply word recognition skills and strategies to read fluently.
1.4.1. Know common sight words appropriate to grade-level.
1.4.1.a. Read with automaticity an increasing number of common sight words.
WA.1. Writing: The student understands and uses a writing process.
1.1. Prewrites to generate ideas and plan writing.
1.1.1. Applies at least one strategy for generating ideas and planning writing.
1.1.1.a. Talks to generate ideas and rehearse writing (e.g., class brainstorm).
1.2. Produces draft(s).
1.2.1. Produces a draft of multiple sentences or several paragraphs over time.
1.2.1.a. Uses a plan from prewriting to write a draft.
1.2.1.b. Works on one draft over one to three days.
WA.2. Reading: The student understands the meaning of what is read.
2.1. Demonstrate evidence of reading comprehension.
2.1.3. Apply comprehension monitoring strategies before, during, and after reading: determine importance using theme, main idea, and supporting details in informational/expository text and/or literary/narrative text.
2.1.3.a. Identify the main idea of an informational/expository passage and support with text-based evidence with teacher guidance.
2.1.5. Apply comprehension monitoring strategies before, during, and after reading: predict and infer.
2.1.5.b. Use text and prior knowledge to make inferences about characters and/or predict events; confirm or reject predictions.
2.1.7. Apply comprehension monitoring strategies during and after reading: summarize informational/expository text and literary/narrative text.
2.1.7.b. Summarize the plot/message in culturally relevant literary/narrative text with teacher guidance.
2.2. Understand and apply knowledge of text components to comprehend text.
2.2.2. Understand and apply features of printed and electronic text to locate and comprehend text.
2.2.2.b. Interpret information from graphs and charts with teacher guidance.
2.2.3. Understand story elements.
2.2.3.a. Describe physical traits of characters and tell how they act.
2.2.3.b. Retell the important events of a story.
2.2.3.c. Describe the setting of a story.
2.3. Expand comprehension by analyzing, interpreting, and synthesizing information and ideas in informational and literary text.
2.3.2. Understand how to locate specific information.
2.3.2.a. Use alphabetical and numerical systems to locate information in dictionary or book.
2.4. Think critically and analyze author's use of language, style, purpose, and perspective in informational and literary text.
2.4.1. Understand how to draw simple conclusions and give a response to text.
2.4.1.b. Draw a simple conclusion from grade-level text with teacher guidance.
2.4.2. Understand that there are purposes of writing.
2.4.2.a. Identify common types of informational/expository text and literary/narrative text and explain why they are read.
2.4.3. Understand there are facts and opinions.
2.4.3.a. Explain the difference between a fact and an opinion with teacher guidance.
WA.2. Writing: The student writes in a variety of forms for different audiences and purposes.
2.1. Adapts writing for a variety of audiences.
2.1.1. Understands that writing changes for different audiences.
2.1.1.a. Writes letters using language appropriate to different audiences (e.g., Dear Officer Jones vs. Dear Mike).
2.3. Writes in a variety of forms/genres.
2.3.1. Uses a variety of forms/genres.
2.3.1.d. Uses a variety of new forms/genres. Examples: journals; fictional stories; instructions (explains how to); graphs; rhymes; letters
WA.3. Reading: The student reads different materials for a variety of purposes.
3.2. Read to perform a task.
3.2.1. Understand information gained from reading to perform a specific task.
3.2.1.a. Use signs, labels, and instructions to answer questions or complete a task using grade-level text.
3.2.1.b. Identify and use important words in a text to perform a task (e.g., math problem solving, follow multi-step directions).
3.4. Read for literary/narrative experience in a variety of genres.
3.4.2. Understand traditional and contemporary literature written in a variety of genres.
3.4.2.a. Identify and explain the characteristics of a variety of genres.
WA.3. Writing: The student writes clearly and effectively.
3.1. Develops ideas and organizes writing.
3.1.1. Analyzes ideas, selects topic, adds detail, and elaborates.
3.1.1.a. Develops list of specific topics for writing (e.g., playing with a pet or friend).
3.1.2. Organizes multiple sentences on one topic showing beginning, middle, and ending.
3.1.2.a. Groups related ideas, sometimes in paragraphs.
3.2. Uses appropriate style.
3.2.1. Writes with voice.
3.2.1.a. Uses word choice to show emotion and interest.
3.2.2. Uses a variety of words.
3.2.2.a. Builds a rich vocabulary through listening, talking, writing, and language activities.
3.2.2.b. Uses descriptive words (e.g., color words, sensory words, size words).
3.3. Knows and applies writing conventions appropriate for the grade level.
3.3.2. Spells words appropriate for the grade level accurately, with challenging words spelled phonetically.
3.3.2.a. Uses spelling rules and patterns from previous grades.
3.3.2.b. Spells high-frequency words correctly (e.g., said, where, why, when).
3.3.2.c. Uses phonetic approximations for challenging words (e.g., cuzin for cousin).
3.3.2.d. Recognizes and uses grade level appropriate spelling patterns. Examples: Digraphs (e.g., nt, ng); CVVC words (e.g., nail, bean, main); Two-syllable high-frequency words (e.g., funny, mother, happy)
3.3.3. Applies capitalization rules.
3.3.3.a. Uses capitalization rules from previous grades.
3.3.3.b. Capitalizes local geographic names (e.g., Yakima).
3.3.3.c. Capitalizes first word in greeting and closing of a letter.
3.3.4. Applies punctuation rules.
3.3.4.a. Uses punctuation rules from first grade.
3.3.4.b. Uses comma after greeting and closing of friendly letter.
3.3.4.c. Uses some quotation marks in dialogue.
3.3.4.e. Uses apostrophes correctly in contractions (e.g., don't).
3.3.5. Applies usage rules.
3.3.5.a. Applies usage rules from first grade.
3.3.5.b. Maintains subject/verb agreement.
3.3.5.c. Maintains consistent tense, especially past tense.
3.3.5.d. Uses standard verb forms in past tense or past participle (e.g., He went home. We were going home.).
3.3.5.f. Uses subject pronouns (e.g., she vs. her).
3.3.5.g. Uses contractions correctly (e.g., won't, can't, I'm).
WA.4. Writing: The student analyzes and evaluates the effectiveness of written work.
4.1. Analyzes and evaluate others' and own writing.
4.1.1. Understands criteria are used to select a preferred piece of writing.
4.1.1.a. Identifies criteria for why stories/authors are preferred (e.g., description, word choice).
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