West Virginia Standards for Second Grade English Language Arts

Abbreviations
An abbreviation is a shortened form of a longer word. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Beginning Digraphs
Many words begin with a digraph. That means two letters come together and make a brand new sound. You cannot sound out the word by using each letter’s sound because they have changed into a new sound. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Complete & Incomplete Sentences
FreeA complete sentence begins with a capital, ends with punctuation, and makes sense. Any sentence that does not begin with a capital, end with correct punctuation, or make sense is incomplete. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Continuous Action (-ing)
How do you add the ING suffix to verbs? We add -ing to many verbs. But to spell them correctly, you need to remember the rules. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Contractions
Worksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Ending Digraphs
Spelling is easy when you recognize special digraphs. Here are some words you should know that end with digraphs. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Homophones
What are Homophones? Homophones are words that sound exactly alike but are spelled differently and have different meanings. They are sometimes called homonyms. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Past Tense (-ed)
Past tense means something happened in the past. It could be many years ago, yesterday, or just a few minutes ago. Verbs change in special ways to show past tense. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Plural Ending -es
Plural endings adding -es for words ending in sh, ch, x, and z. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Plural Nouns
What are plurals? Plurals are the words that change a noun to mean more than one. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Predicting Endings
What Does it Mean to Predict Endings? When you read, you try to make sense of what you are reading. When you write, you need to make sense in what you are writing. When you predict an ending, you try to think of the most sensible way for the story to end. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Proper Nouns
A proper noun is a special name for a particular person, place, or thing. A proper noun always begins with a capital letter. If there is more than one word for a particular person, place, or thing, then the first, last, and all important words are capitalized. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
R Controlled Vowels
We know that the vowels a, e, i, o, and u can have a short or long sound. But when a vowel is followed by the letter r its sounds changes. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Rhyming Words
To rhyme, words must have the same vowel sound and the same ending sounds. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Syllables
What are Syllables? Syllables are parts of words. Each part of a word has one vowel sound in it. Be careful! You may see more than one vowel letter, but still hear only one vowel sound. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Unnecessary Information
What is unnecessary information? When you write a paragraph, story, or report you must include all important information. Sometimes writers put in too much information. It is important to know what to include ad what to leave out. The unnecessary information is any part that does not belong. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Verbs
A verb is a word that shows action or state of being. Read more...iWorksheets: 4Study Guides: 1
Word Families
What is a Word Family? A word family is a group of words (or syllables) that all have the same vowel and ending sound. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Words with /k/
What are the sounds of k? The letter k is the sound you hear when you say kiss, kid, and kind. Many words begin or end with the letter k. But the sound of /k/ is written in some different ways. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Words with Ending Blends
FreeWhat are some important ending blends?
If you know the following blends, it will help you spell and pronounce many words correctly. Practice saying these words aloud. Listen for the ending blends. Read more...
iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1
Words with Initial Blends
A blend means two letters are read together to make a smooth sound. Each one still makes its own sound. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1

WV.CC.L.2. Language Standards

Conventions of Standard English

L.2.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
L.2.1(b) Form and use frequently occurring irregular plural nouns (e.g., feet, children, teeth, mice, fish).
Plurals
Worksheets :3
L.2.1(e) Use adjectives and adverbs, and choose between them depending on what is to be modified.
Grammar
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Adjectives/Adverbs/Vivid Language
Worksheets :7Study Guides :1
L.2.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
L.2.2(c) Use an apostrophe to form contractions and frequently occurring possessives.
Nouns
Worksheets :3
Grammar
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Contractions
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
L.2.2(d) Generalize learned spelling patterns when writing words (e.g., cage-->badge; boy-->boil).
Spelling
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

L.2.4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 2 reading and content, choosing flexibly from an array of strategies.
L.2.4(a) Use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
Text Feature Meaning
Worksheets :3
Inferences
Worksheets :3
Context Clues
Worksheets :3
Context Clues
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
L.2.4(b) Determine the meaning of the new word formed when a known prefix is added to a known word (e.g., happy/unhappy, tell/retell).
Text Feature Meaning
Worksheets :3
Word Meaning with Prefixes/Suffixes
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Prefixes
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
L.2.4(c) Use a known root word as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word with the same root (e.g., addition, additional).
Root Words/Prefixes/Suffixes
Worksheets :6Study Guides :1
Multiple Meaning
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Root Words
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
L.2.4(d) Use knowledge of the meaning of individual words to predict the meaning of compound words (e.g., birdhouse, lighthouse, housefly; bookshelf, notebook, bookmark).
Grammar
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Compound Words
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Compound Words
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
L.2.4(e) Use glossaries and beginning dictionaries, both print and digital, to determine or clarify the meaning of words and phrases.
Parts of a Book
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Dictionary/Thesaurus/Parts of a Book
Worksheets :3
L.2.5. Demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
L.2.5(a) Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., describe foods that are spicy or juicy).
Challenge Words
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1

WV.CC.RF.2. Reading Standards: Foundational Skills

Fluency

RF.2.4. Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
RF.2.4(c) Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.
Text Feature Meaning
Worksheets :3
Inferences
Worksheets :3
Context Clues
Worksheets :3
Context Clues
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1

Phonics and Word Recognition

RF.2.3. Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
RF.2.3(a) Distinguish long and short vowels when reading regularly spelled one-syllable words.
Long/Short Vowels
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Long and Short Vowel Discrimination
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Short Vowel Discrimination
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
Short Vowel Sound
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
RF.2.3(b) Know spelling-sound correspondences for additional common vowel teams.
Vowel Diphthongs
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
Vowel Digraphs
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
oo Vowel Sound
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
RF.2.3(c) Decode regularly spelled two-syllable words with long vowels.
Phonics
Worksheets :3
RF.2.3(d) Decode words with common prefixes and suffixes.
Text Feature Meaning
Worksheets :3
Word Meaning with Prefixes/Suffixes
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Suffixes
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
Prefixes
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
RF.2.3(f) Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.
High Frequency Words II
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Sight Words II
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
High Frequency Words I
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
High Frequency Words II
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
High Frequency Words I
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Sight Words IV
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Sight Words III
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Mathematics Vocabulary
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Sight Words I
Worksheets :3
Frequently Misspelled Words
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
High Frequency Words II
Worksheets :6Study Guides :1
High Frequency Words I
Worksheets :6Study Guides :1

WV.CC.RI.2. Reading Standards for Informational Text

Craft and Structure

RI.2.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2 topic or subject area.
Content Vocabulary
Worksheets :3
RI.2.5. Know and use various text features (e.g., captions, bold print, subheadings, glossaries, indexes, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently.
Parts of a Book
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Dictionary/Thesaurus/Parts of a Book
Worksheets :3
RI.2.6. Identify the main purpose of a text, including what the author wants to answer, explain, or describe.
Author's Purpose
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

RI.2.7. Explain how specific images (e.g., a diagram showing how a machine works) contribute to and clarify a text.
Drawing Conclusions
FreeWorksheets :3
Text Feature Meaning
Worksheets :3
Finding Information
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Main Idea
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
RI.2.8. Describe how reasons support specific points the author makes in a text.

Key Ideas and Details

RI.2.2. Identify the main topic of a multiparagraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text.
Main Idea/Supporting Details
Worksheets :3
Main Idea
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
RI.2.3. Describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text.
Social Studies Vocabulary
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Content Vocabulary
Worksheets :3
Science Vocabulary
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1

Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

RI.2.10. By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 2-3 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.
Social Studies Vocabulary
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Content Vocabulary
Worksheets :3
Science Vocabulary
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1

WV.CC.RL.2. Reading Standards for Literature

Craft and Structure

RL.2.4. Describe how words and phrases (e.g., regular beats, alliteration, rhymes, repeated lines) supply rhythm and meaning in a story, poem, or song.
Genre
Worksheets :3
RL.2.5. Describe the overall structure of a story, including describing how the beginning introduces the story and the ending concludes the action.
Sequential Order
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1
Beginning, Middle, and End
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

RL.2.7. Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot.
Settings
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Literary Elements
Worksheets :3
Story Elements
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1

Key Ideas and Details

RL.2.2. Recount stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures, and determine their central message, lesson, or moral.
Literary Genres
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Literary Genres
Worksheets :4
Genre
Worksheets :3
RL.2.3. Describe how characters in a story respond to major events and challenges.
Literary Elements
Worksheets :3
Story Elements
Worksheets :4Study Guides :1

Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

RL.2.10. By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories and poetry, in the grades 2-3 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.
Literary Genres
Worksheets :3Study Guides :1
Literary Genres
Worksheets :4
Genre
Worksheets :3

WV.CC.SL.2. Speaking and Listening Standards

Comprehension and Collaboration

SL.2.2. Recount or describe key ideas or details from a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media.

WV.CC.W.2. Writing Standards

Production and Distribution of Writing

W.2.5. With guidance and support from adults and peers, focus on a topic and strengthen writing as needed by revising and editing.
Writing Process
Worksheets :3

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