**Evaluate Open Sentences**Algebra is a study of the properties of operations on numbers. Algebra generalizes math by using symbols or letters to represent numbers. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1**Mean**A mean of a group of numbers is the average of those numbers. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1**Problem Solving**What Is Problem Solving? Problem solving is finding an answer to a question. How to Problem Solve: Read the problem carefully. Decide on an operation to use to solve the problem. Solve the problem. Check your work and make sure that your answer makes sense. Read more...iWorksheets: 14Study Guides: 1**Percents**When there are one HUNDRED equal parts of something, you can find
a PERCENT. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1**Perimeter**Perimeter is the distance around the outside of an object. Read more...iWorksheets: 10Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1**Area and Perimeter**The area of a figure is the space inside the figure. The perimeter of a polygon is the distance around it. The perimeter is the sum of the lengths of ALL the sides. Read more...iWorksheets: 7Study Guides: 1**Calendar**What Is Elapsed Time? Elapsed time is the amount of time from the start of an activity to the end of the activity. It tells how long an activity lasted. Elapsed time can be measured in seconds, minutes, hours, days or weeks. Read more...iWorksheets: 9Study Guides: 1**Coordinates**You can use a pair of numbers to describe the location of a
point on a grid. The numbers in the pair are called coordinates. Read more...iWorksheets: 3Study Guides: 1**Data Analysis**Analysis of data is a process of inspecting, cleansing, transforming, and modeling data with the goal of discovering useful information. Read more...iWorksheets: 10Study Guides: 1Vocabulary Sets: 1**Money**FreeWhat Is Making Change? Making change means giving money back to someone after they
have made a purchase and paid more than they owed. This is done using banknotes and coins. You can subtract, add, multiply, and divide money when making change. Read more...iWorksheets: 10Study Guides: 1### VA.NNS.4. Number and Number Sense

#### 4.1. The student will

##### 4.1.a. Read, write, and identify the place and value of each digit in a nine-digit whole number.

**Place Value**Place value is the numerical value that a digit has by virtue of its position in a number. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1**Estimation**When you make an estimate, you are making a guess that is approximate.
This is often done by rounding. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1**Add/Subtract/Multiply/Divide Decimals**You add/subtract/multiply/divide decimals the same way you add/subtract/multiply/divide whole numbers BUT you also need to place the decimal in the correct spot. When multiplying decimals, the decimals may or may NOT be lined up in the multiplication problem. Read more...iWorksheets :10Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Ordering and Comparing Numbers**When you order numbers, you are putting the numbers in a sequence from the smallest value to the largest value. When you compare two numbers, you are finding which number is larger or smaller than the other. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Compare and Order Numbers**What is comparing and ordering numbers? Ordering numbers means listing numbers from least to greatest, or greatest to least. Comparing numbers means looking at the values of two numbers and deciding if the numbers are greater than, less than, or equal to each other. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Rounding to Nearest 10**Rounding makes numbers easier to work with if you do not need an exact number. Rounded numbers are only approximate. You can use rounded numbers to get an answer that is close but does not have to be exact. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Rounding Numbers**What Is Rounding? Rounding means reducing the digits in a number while trying to keep its value similar. How to Round: The number in the given place is increased by one if the digit to its right is 5 or greater. The number in the given place remains the same if the digit to its right is less than 5. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Place Value**What Is Place Value? In our decimal number system, the value of a digit depends on its place, or position, in the number. Beginning with the ones place at the right, each place value is multiplied by increasing powers of 10. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Greater Than/Less Than**What Is Greater Than and Less Than? When a number is greater than another number, this means it is a larger number. The symbol for greater than is >. When a number is less than another number, this means it is a smaller number. The symbol for less than is <. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1**Expanding Numbers**What Are Expanding Numbers? An expanding number is taking a larger number apart and showing each number’s total value. Number 5398 in expanded form is 5000 + 300 + 90 + 8. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Place Value**Place value is what each digit is worth. In the number 4,573 there are four thousands, five hundreds, seven tens, and three ones. How to Find the Place Value: In order to find the place value of a number, you can count the number of places from the right. The first number will be the ones place. The next number moving towards the left would be the tens place, and so on. Read more...iWorksheets :10Study Guides :1**Number Words and Place Value**When we write numbers, the position of each digit is important. Each position is 10 more than the one before it. So, 23 means “add 2*10 to 3*1″. In the number 467: the "7" is in the Ones position, meaning 7 ones, the "6" is in the Tens position meaning 6 tens, and the "4" is in the Hundreds position. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 4.1.b. Compare and order whole numbers expressed through millions.

**Algebra**Comparing whole numbers, fractions, and decimals means looking at the values of two numbers and deciding if they are greater than, less than or equal to each other. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Greater Than/Less Than**If a number is greater than another number that means it is higher
in value than the other number. If a number is less than another number that means it is lower in value than the other number. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Ordering and Comparing Numbers**When you order numbers, you are putting the numbers in a sequence from the smallest value to the largest value. When you compare two numbers, you are finding which number is larger or smaller than the other. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Compare and Order Numbers**What is comparing and ordering numbers? Ordering numbers means listing numbers from least to greatest, or greatest to least. Comparing numbers means looking at the values of two numbers and deciding if the numbers are greater than, less than, or equal to each other. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Greater Than/Less Than**What Is Greater Than and Less Than? When a number is greater than another number, this means it is a larger number. The symbol for greater than is >. When a number is less than another number, this means it is a smaller number. The symbol for less than is <. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1##### 4.1.c. Round whole numbers expressed through millions to the nearest thousand, ten thousand, and hundred thousand.

**Estimation**When you make an estimate, you are making a guess that is approximate.
This is often done by rounding. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1**Rounding**Rounding makes numbers that are easier to work with in your head. Rounded numbers are only approximate. Use rounding to get an answer that is close but that does not have to be exact. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Estimation**FreeTo estimate means to make an educated guess based on what you already know. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Rounding to Nearest 10**Rounding makes numbers easier to work with if you do not need an exact number. Rounded numbers are only approximate. You can use rounded numbers to get an answer that is close but does not have to be exact. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Rounding Numbers**What Is Rounding? Rounding means reducing the digits in a number while trying to keep its value similar. How to Round: The number in the given place is increased by one if the digit to its right is 5 or greater. The number in the given place remains the same if the digit to its right is less than 5. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1#### 4.2. The student will

##### 4.2.a. Compare and order fractions and mixed numbers, with and without models.

**Add/Subtract Fractions**Freeis one of the four basic operations of arithmetic, with the others being subtraction, multiplication and division. The addition of two whole numbers is the total amount of those quantities combined. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Algebra**Comparing whole numbers, fractions, and decimals means looking at the values of two numbers and deciding if they are greater than, less than or equal to each other. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Compare and Order Fractions**When comparing two fractions that have a common denominator, you can looks at the numerators to decide which fraction is greater Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Percents**A percentage is a number or ratio expressed as a fraction of 100. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Ratio**Ratios are used to make a comparison between two things. Read more...iWorksheets :9Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Probability**FreeProbability word problems worksheet. Probability is the measure of how likely an event is. Probability = (Total ways a specific outcome will happen) / (Total number of possible outcomes). The probability of event A is the number of ways event A can occur divided by the total number of possible outcomes. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Fractions**Fractions can show a part of a group or part of a set. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1**Probability**Probability word problems worksheet. Probability is the chance of whether something will happen or not. If two things have an EQUAL chance of happening, they have the
SAME probability. If there are MORE chances of something happening (A) than something else (B), that means there is a HIGHER PROBABILITY of that something (A) happening. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Ordering Fractions**A fraction consists of two numbers separated by a line - numerator and denominator. To order fractions with like numerators, look at the denominators and compare them two at a time. The fraction with the smaller denominator is the larger fraction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Subtracting Fractions**Fractions consist of two numbers. The top number is called the numerator. The bottom number is called the denominator. First, make sure the denominators are the same, then subtract the numerators. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Fractions/Decimals**How to convert fractions to decimals: Divide the denominator (the bottom part) into the numerator (the top part). Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Number Line**A number line is a line that shows any group of numbers in their least to greatest value. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Comparing Fractions**When comparing fractions, you are finding which fraction is greater and which fractions is less than the other. Similar to comparing numbers, there are symbols to use when comparing fractions. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Decimals/Fractions**Express decimals as an equivalent form of fractions to tenths and hundredths. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Add/Subtract Fractions**What Is Addition and Subtraction of Fractions? Addition is combining two or more fractions. The term used for addition is plus. When two or more numbers, or addends, are combined they form a new number called a sum. Subtraction is “taking away” one fraction from another fraction. The term is minus. The number left after subtracting is called a difference. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Equivalent Fractions to 1/2**Fractions that are equivalent to ½ are fractions that have different denominators than ½, but still show half. Fractions that are equivalent to ½ can be simplified to ½. Fractions equivalent to ½ have an even number as their denominator. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Fractions**The top number of a fraction is called the numerator. It shows how many pieces of a whole we are talking about. The bottom number is called the denominator. It shows how many pieces an object was divided into, or how many total pieces we have. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Adding Fractions**Fractions consist of two numbers. The top number is called the numerator.
The bottom number is called the denominator. To add two fractions with the same denominator: Add the numerators and place the sum over the common denominator. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 4.2.b. Represent equivalent fractions.

**Fractions/Decimals**How to convert fractions to decimals: Divide the denominator (the bottom part) into the numerator (the top part). Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Fractions**The top number of a fraction is called the numerator. It shows how many pieces of a whole we are talking about. The bottom number is called the denominator. It shows how many pieces an object was divided into, or how many total pieces we have. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1##### 4.2.c. Identify the division statement that represents a fraction, with models and in context.

**Add/Subtract Decimals**Addition and subtraction of decimals is like adding and subtracting whole numbers. The only thing we must remember is to line up the place values correctly. Read more...iWorksheets :14Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Add/Subtract Fractions**Freeis one of the four basic operations of arithmetic, with the others being subtraction, multiplication and division. The addition of two whole numbers is the total amount of those quantities combined. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Compare and Order Fractions**When comparing two fractions that have a common denominator, you can looks at the numerators to decide which fraction is greater Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Probability**FreeProbability word problems worksheet. Probability is the measure of how likely an event is. Probability = (Total ways a specific outcome will happen) / (Total number of possible outcomes). The probability of event A is the number of ways event A can occur divided by the total number of possible outcomes. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Fractions**Fractions can show a part of a group or part of a set. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1**Probability**Probability word problems worksheet. Probability is the chance of whether something will happen or not. If two things have an EQUAL chance of happening, they have the
SAME probability. If there are MORE chances of something happening (A) than something else (B), that means there is a HIGHER PROBABILITY of that something (A) happening. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Ordering Fractions**A fraction consists of two numbers separated by a line - numerator and denominator. To order fractions with like numerators, look at the denominators and compare them two at a time. The fraction with the smaller denominator is the larger fraction. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Subtracting Fractions**Fractions consist of two numbers. The top number is called the numerator. The bottom number is called the denominator. First, make sure the denominators are the same, then subtract the numerators. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Number Line**A number line is a line that shows any group of numbers in their least to greatest value. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Comparing Fractions**When comparing fractions, you are finding which fraction is greater and which fractions is less than the other. Similar to comparing numbers, there are symbols to use when comparing fractions. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Decimals/Fractions**Express decimals as an equivalent form of fractions to tenths and hundredths. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Add/Subtract Fractions**What Is Addition and Subtraction of Fractions? Addition is combining two or more fractions. The term used for addition is plus. When two or more numbers, or addends, are combined they form a new number called a sum. Subtraction is “taking away” one fraction from another fraction. The term is minus. The number left after subtracting is called a difference. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Equivalent Fractions to 1/2**Fractions that are equivalent to ½ are fractions that have different denominators than ½, but still show half. Fractions that are equivalent to ½ can be simplified to ½. Fractions equivalent to ½ have an even number as their denominator. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Fractions**The top number of a fraction is called the numerator. It shows how many pieces of a whole we are talking about. The bottom number is called the denominator. It shows how many pieces an object was divided into, or how many total pieces we have. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Adding Fractions**Fractions consist of two numbers. The top number is called the numerator.
The bottom number is called the denominator. To add two fractions with the same denominator: Add the numerators and place the sum over the common denominator. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1#### 4.3. The student will

##### 4.3.a. Read, write, represent, and identify decimals expressed through thousandths.

**Add/Subtract Decimals**Addition and subtraction of decimals is like adding and subtracting whole numbers. The only thing we must remember is to line up the place values correctly. Read more...iWorksheets :14Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Algebra**Comparing whole numbers, fractions, and decimals means looking at the values of two numbers and deciding if they are greater than, less than or equal to each other. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Ordering Decimals**When putting decimals in order from least to greatest, we must look at
the highest place value first. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Percents**A percentage is a number or ratio expressed as a fraction of 100. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Rounding**Rounding makes numbers that are easier to work with in your head. Rounded numbers are only approximate. Use rounding to get an answer that is close but that does not have to be exact. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Fractions/Decimals**How to convert fractions to decimals: Divide the denominator (the bottom part) into the numerator (the top part). Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Decimals**READING, WRITING, COMPARING, AND ORDERING DECIMALS Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Add/Subtract/Multiply/Divide Decimals**You add/subtract/multiply/divide decimals the same way you add/subtract/multiply/divide whole numbers BUT you also need to place the decimal in the correct spot. When multiplying decimals, the decimals may or may NOT be lined up in the multiplication problem. Read more...iWorksheets :10Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Decimals/Fractions**Express decimals as an equivalent form of fractions to tenths and hundredths. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1##### 4.3.b. Round decimals to the nearest whole number.

**Rounding**Rounding makes numbers that are easier to work with in your head. Rounded numbers are only approximate. Use rounding to get an answer that is close but that does not have to be exact. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 4.3.c. Compare and order decimals.

**Ordering Decimals**When putting decimals in order from least to greatest, we must look at
the highest place value first. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Fractions/Decimals**How to convert fractions to decimals: Divide the denominator (the bottom part) into the numerator (the top part). Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 4.3.d. Given a model, write the decimal and fraction equivalents.

**Percents**A percentage is a number or ratio expressed as a fraction of 100. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Decimals/Fractions**Express decimals as an equivalent form of fractions to tenths and hundredths. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1### VA.CE.4. Computation and Estimation

#### 4.4. The student will

##### 4.4.a. Demonstrate fluency with multiplication facts through 12 x 12, and the corresponding division facts.

**Odd/Even**A number can be identified as odd or even. Odd numbers can't be divided exactly by 2. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Division**Divide three-digit numbers by one- and two-digit numbers. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Multiplication**What Is Multiplication? Multiplication is a short way of adding or counting. Multiplication is a faster way of adding by using strategies to
remember what different groups of each number equal. By multiplying numbers together, you are adding a series of one number to itself. The answer to a multiplication problem is called a product. Read more...iWorksheets :10Study Guides :1**Division**What Is Division? Division is splitting up numbers into equal parts. The process of finding out how many times one number will go into another number. Division is a series of repeated subtraction. The parts of a division problem include the divisor, dividend, quotient and remainder. Read more...iWorksheets :8Study Guides :1**Division/Multiplication**Understanding of models for multiplication, place value, and properties of operations (in particular, the distributive property). Read more...iWorksheets :9Study Guides :1**Multiplication**Multiplication is similar to adding a number to itself a certain number of times.
When multiplying an odd number with an odd number, the product is always an odd number. When multiplying an odd number with an even number or two even numbers, the product is always an even number. Read more...iWorksheets :19Study Guides :1**Division**FreeWhat Is Division? Division is an operation that tells: how many equal sized groups, how many in each group. The number you divide by is called the DIVISOR. The number you are dividing is called the DIVIDEND. And the answer is called the QUOTIENT. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1##### 4.4.b. Estimate and determine sums, differences, and products of whole numbers.

**Multiplication**Multiplication is one of the four elementary, mathematical operations of arithmetic. Read more...iWorksheets :7Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**3 Digit Addition**FreeAdding large numbers involves breaking the problem down into smaller addition facts. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**3 Digit Subtraction**What Is Three-Digit Subtraction? We subtract to compare numbers. We are able to find the difference between numbers through subtraction. We use subtraction to find out how much more we have or how much smaller something is in comparison to another number. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Odd/Even**A number can be identified as odd or even. Odd numbers can't be divided exactly by 2. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Commutative Property**The commutative property of addition says that we can add numbers
in any order and get the same sum. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Estimation**FreeTo estimate means to make an educated guess based on what you already know. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Double Digit Subtraction**What Is Double Digit Subtraction? Double digit subtraction is taking a number with two digits (ex. 23) and subtracting it from another two digit number (ex. 33). The answer is known as the difference. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**More Multiplication**Multiplication of two digits by two digits. What Is Multiplication? Multiplication is a short way of adding or counting. Multiplication is a faster way of adding. By multiplying numbers together, you are adding a series of one number to itself. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Multiplication**What Is Multiplication? Multiplication is a short way of adding or counting. Multiplication is a faster way of adding by using strategies to
remember what different groups of each number equal. By multiplying numbers together, you are adding a series of one number to itself. The answer to a multiplication problem is called a product. Read more...iWorksheets :10Study Guides :1**Addition/Subtraction**Addition is combining two or more numbers. The term used for addition is plus. When two or more numbers are combined they form a new number called a sum. Subtraction is “taking away” one number from another. The term is minus. The number left after subtracting is called a difference. Read more...iWorksheets :11Study Guides :1**Division/Multiplication**Understanding of models for multiplication, place value, and properties of operations (in particular, the distributive property). Read more...iWorksheets :9Study Guides :1**Double Digit Addition**What Is Double Digit Addition? Double digit addition is taking a two digit number (ex. 32) and adding it to another two digit number (ex. 27). The answer of these two addends is known as the sum. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Regrouping**What Is Regrouping? Regrouping in addition is used when the sum of the ones place is larger than nine. The tens place of the sum is moved to the top of the tens place column to be added with the others. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Associative Property**Associative Property of Addition explains that when three or more numbers are added, the sum is the same regardless of the order in which the numbers are grouped and/or added. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Multiplication**Multiplication is similar to adding a number to itself a certain number of times.
When multiplying an odd number with an odd number, the product is always an odd number. When multiplying an odd number with an even number or two even numbers, the product is always an even number. Read more...iWorksheets :19Study Guides :1**Word Problems**What Are Story Problems? Story problems are a bunch of sentences set up to give you
information in order to solve a problem. Story problems most often give you all the information needed to solve the problem. They may even include information you do not need at all. Read more...iWorksheets :15Study Guides :1##### 4.4.c. Estimate and determine quotients of whole numbers, with and without remainders.

**Division**Divide three-digit numbers by one- and two-digit numbers. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Division**What Is Division? Division is splitting up numbers into equal parts. The process of finding out how many times one number will go into another number. Division is a series of repeated subtraction. The parts of a division problem include the divisor, dividend, quotient and remainder. Read more...iWorksheets :8Study Guides :1**Division/Multiplication**Understanding of models for multiplication, place value, and properties of operations (in particular, the distributive property). Read more...iWorksheets :9Study Guides :1**Division**FreeWhat Is Division? Division is an operation that tells: how many equal sized groups, how many in each group. The number you divide by is called the DIVISOR. The number you are dividing is called the DIVIDEND. And the answer is called the QUOTIENT. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1#### 4.5. The student will

##### 4.5.a. Determine common multiples and factors, including least common multiple and greatest common factor.

**Common Factors**Factors are two numbers multiplied together to get a product (an answer to a multiplication problem) Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1##### 4.5.b. Add and subtract fractions and mixed numbers having like and unlike denominators.

**Add/Subtract Fractions**Freeis one of the four basic operations of arithmetic, with the others being subtraction, multiplication and division. The addition of two whole numbers is the total amount of those quantities combined. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Subtracting Fractions**Fractions consist of two numbers. The top number is called the numerator. The bottom number is called the denominator. First, make sure the denominators are the same, then subtract the numerators. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Adding Fractions**Fractions consist of two numbers. The top number is called the numerator.
The bottom number is called the denominator. To add two fractions with the same denominator: Add the numerators and place the sum over the common denominator. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1#### 4.6. The student will

##### 4.6.a. Add and subtract with decimals.

**Add/Subtract Decimals**Addition and subtraction of decimals is like adding and subtracting whole numbers. The only thing we must remember is to line up the place values correctly. Read more...iWorksheets :14Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Add/Subtract/Multiply/Divide Decimals**You add/subtract/multiply/divide decimals the same way you add/subtract/multiply/divide whole numbers BUT you also need to place the decimal in the correct spot. When multiplying decimals, the decimals may or may NOT be lined up in the multiplication problem. Read more...iWorksheets :10Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1### VA.MG.4. Measurement and Geometry

#### 4.8. The student will

##### 4.8.a. Estimate and measure length and describe the result in U.S. Customary and metric units.

**Measurement**Measurement is the assignment of a number to a characteristic of an object or event, which can be compared with other objects or events. Read more...iWorksheets :8Study Guides :1Vocabulary :3**Measurement**FreeThere are two system of measurement for length that can be used. U.S customary System and Metric System. U.S. Customary System & Metric system. Read more...iWorksheets :10Study Guides :1Vocabulary :3**Units of Measure**When you need to measure an object, you must decide if you are: Measuring
in length, weight, or capacity, choosing the unit that makes sense to measure the object, Measuring in the customary system or the metric system. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Measurement**Measurement is the use of units to show size, length, weight, or capacity.There are customary measurements and metric measurements. Read more...iWorksheets :13Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2**Units of Measure**What are Units of Measurement? People measure mass, volume, and length. These measurements are labeled with appropriate unit of measurement. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Determine Appropriate Standard of Units**What are the Standard of Units? When measuring objects or distances, there are certain measurements of length, distance, weight, and capacity that should be used. There are customary standard of units and metric standard of units. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 4.8.b. Estimate and measure weight/mass and describe the result in U.S. Customary and metric units.

**Measurement**Measurement is the assignment of a number to a characteristic of an object or event, which can be compared with other objects or events. Read more...iWorksheets :8Study Guides :1Vocabulary :3**Measurement**FreeThere are two system of measurement for length that can be used. U.S customary System and Metric System. U.S. Customary System & Metric system. Read more...iWorksheets :10Study Guides :1Vocabulary :3**Units of Measure**When you need to measure an object, you must decide if you are: Measuring
in length, weight, or capacity, choosing the unit that makes sense to measure the object, Measuring in the customary system or the metric system. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Measurement**Measurement is the use of units to show size, length, weight, or capacity.There are customary measurements and metric measurements. Read more...iWorksheets :13Study Guides :1Vocabulary :2**Units of Measure**What are Units of Measurement? People measure mass, volume, and length. These measurements are labeled with appropriate unit of measurement. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Determine Appropriate Standard of Units**What are the Standard of Units? When measuring objects or distances, there are certain measurements of length, distance, weight, and capacity that should be used. There are customary standard of units and metric standard of units. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1##### 4.8.c. Given the equivalent measure of one unit, identify equivalent measures of length, weight/mass, and liquid volume between units within the U.S. Customary system.

**Volume and Capacity**What is volume? Volume is the 3-dimensional size of an object, such as a box. What is capacity? Capacity is the amount a 3-dimensional object can hold or carry. It can also be thought of the measure of volume of a 3-dimensional object. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1#### 4.9. The student will solve practical problems related to elapsed time in hours and minutes within a 12-hour period.

**Time**FreeCalculate elapsed time in hours and half hours, not crossing AM/PM. Read more...iWorksheets :9Study Guides :1**Elapsed Time**Elapsed time is the amount of time that has passed between two defined times. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1#### 4.10. The student will

##### 4.10.a. Identify and describe points, lines, line segments, rays, and angles, including endpoints and vertices.

**Lines and Angles**Acute angle: An angle whose measure is less than 90; Right angle: An angle that measures 90; Obtuse angle: An angle whose measure is more than 90 and less than 180; Straight angle: An angle that measures 180; Reflex angle: An angle whose measure is more than 180 and less than 360. There are 3 sets of lines: Intersecting, Perpendicular and Parallel. Read more...iWorksheets :12Study Guides :2Vocabulary :2**Angles**A right angle is an angle that measures 90°. A straight angle is an angle that measures 180°. An obtuse angle is an angle that measures more than 90°. An acute angle is an angle that measures less than 90°. Read more...iWorksheets :10Study Guides :1##### 4.10.b. Identify and describe intersecting, parallel, and perpendicular lines.

**Lines and Angles**Acute angle: An angle whose measure is less than 90; Right angle: An angle that measures 90; Obtuse angle: An angle whose measure is more than 90 and less than 180; Straight angle: An angle that measures 180; Reflex angle: An angle whose measure is more than 180 and less than 360. There are 3 sets of lines: Intersecting, Perpendicular and Parallel. Read more...iWorksheets :12Study Guides :2Vocabulary :2#### 4.11. The student will identify, describe, compare, and contrast plane and solid figures according to their characteristics (number of angles, vertices, edges, and the number and shape of faces) using concrete models and pictorial representations.

**Shapes**We are surrounded by many different kinds of shapes every day. Many shapes are flat. These shapes are two-dimensional plane figures. Read more...iWorksheets :10Study Guides :1**Shapes**FreeA shape is the external contour or outline of someone of something Read more...iWorksheets :11Study Guides :1Vocabulary :3**Polygon Characteristics**A polygon is a plane figure with at least three straight sides and angles, and typically five or more. Read more...iWorksheets :8Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Solids and Faces**You can use solid shapes to help describe real-world objects.
These shapes have surfaces called faces. Read more...iWorksheets :5Study Guides :1**Congruent Shapes**FreeCongruent shapes are shapes that are the exact same shape and size. Congruent shapes can be rotated or reflected. When 2 shapes are congruent, they have the exact same size and shape. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1#### 4.12. The student will classify quadrilaterals as parallelograms, rectangles, squares, rhombi, and/or trapezoids.

**Polygon Characteristics**A polygon is a plane figure with at least three straight sides and angles, and typically five or more. Read more...iWorksheets :8Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1### VA.PS.4. Probability and Statistics

#### 4.13. The student will

##### 4.13.a. Determine the likelihood of an outcome of a simple event.

**Probability**FreeProbability word problems worksheet. Probability is the measure of how likely an event is. Probability = (Total ways a specific outcome will happen) / (Total number of possible outcomes). The probability of event A is the number of ways event A can occur divided by the total number of possible outcomes. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Probability**Probability word problems worksheet. Probability is the chance of whether something will happen or not. If two things have an EQUAL chance of happening, they have the
SAME probability. If there are MORE chances of something happening (A) than something else (B), that means there is a HIGHER PROBABILITY of that something (A) happening. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Probability**What Is Probability? Probability is the chance that a particular event will occur. There are four different ways to show the probability: One way is to show the certainty: certain, likely, somewhat likely, not likely, impossible. The other three ways are with numbers. Probability word problems worksheet. Read more...iWorksheets :8Study Guides :1##### 4.13.b. Represent probability as a number between 0 and 1, inclusive.

**Probability**FreeProbability word problems worksheet. Probability is the measure of how likely an event is. Probability = (Total ways a specific outcome will happen) / (Total number of possible outcomes). The probability of event A is the number of ways event A can occur divided by the total number of possible outcomes. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1**Probability**Probability word problems worksheet. Probability is the chance of whether something will happen or not. If two things have an EQUAL chance of happening, they have the
SAME probability. If there are MORE chances of something happening (A) than something else (B), that means there is a HIGHER PROBABILITY of that something (A) happening. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Probability**What Is Probability? Probability is the chance that a particular event will occur. There are four different ways to show the probability: One way is to show the certainty: certain, likely, somewhat likely, not likely, impossible. The other three ways are with numbers. Probability word problems worksheet. Read more...iWorksheets :8Study Guides :1#### 4.14. The student will

##### 4.14.a. Collect, organize, and represent data in bar graphs and line graphs.

**Data Analysis**Collecting Data. Data = information. You can collect data from other people using polls and surveys. Recording Data. You can record the numerical data you collected on a chart or graph: bar graphs, pictographs, line graphs, pie charts, column charts. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1##### 4.14.b. Interpret data represented in bar graphs and line graphs.

**Graphs and Tables**Using tables and graphs is a way people can interpret data. Data means information. So interpreting data just means working out what information is telling you. Information is sometimes shown in tables, charts and graphs to make the information easier to read. Read more...iWorksheets :3Study Guides :1**Graphs and Charts**What Are Graphs? A way to show information in the form of shapes or pictures. Graphs show the relationship between two sets of information. There are many different types of graphs. A few of them include bar graphs, line graphs, pictographs, and circle graphs. Read more...iWorksheets :10Study Guides :1Vocabulary :1**Tables and Graphs**What Are Bar, Circle, and Line Graphs? Bar Graphs are used to compare data. A bar graph is used to show relationships between groups. Circle Graphs are also known as Pie graphs or charts. They consist of a circle divided into parts. Line Graphs show gradual changes in data. Read more...iWorksheets :9Study Guides :1### VA.PFA.4. Patterns, Functions, and Algebra

#### 4.15. The student will identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers, and tables.

**Patterns**A pattern is an order of things repeated over and over. Read more...iWorksheets :6Study Guides :1**Patterns**A pattern is a recognizable, consistent series of numbers, shapes, or
images. Read more...iWorksheets :4Study Guides :1 Standards

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