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What's New: Social Studies Worksheets and Study Guides

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Geographic Information Third Grade Social Studies
The Nation Grows and Expands Seventh Grade Social Studies
Types of Government Sixth Grade Social Studies
European Exploration and Settlement Seventh Grade Social Studies
Geography Fifth Grade Social Studies
Ancient Rome Sixth Grade Social Studies

New Jersey Standards for Fifth Grade Social Studies

NJ.6.1.8. U.S. History: America in the World. All students will acquire the knowledge and skills to think analytically about how past and present interactions of people, cultures, and the environment shape the American heritage. Such knowledge and skills enable students to make informed decisions that reflect fundamental rights and core democratic values as productive citizens in local, national, and global communities.

Era: Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1877)

6.1.8.A.5. Civics, Government, and Human Rights
Civil War and Reconstruction
6.1.8.A.5.a. Explain how and why the Emancipation Proclamation and the Gettysburg Address continue to impact American life.6.1.8.A.5.b. Compare and contrast the approaches of Congress and Presidents Lincoln and Johnson toward the reconstruction of the South.
6.1.8.B.5. Geography, People, and the Environment
Civil War and Reconstruction
6.1.8.B.5.a. Determine the role of geography, natural resources, demographics, transportation, and technology in the progress and outcome of the Civil War.
6.1.8.C.5. Economics, Innovation, and Technology
Civil War and Reconstruction
6.1.8.C.5.a. Assess the human and material costs of the Civil War in the North and South.6.1.8.C.5.b. Analyze the economic impact of Reconstruction on the South from different perspectives.
6.1.8.D.5. History, Culture, and Perspectives
Civil War and Reconstruction
6.1.8.D.5.a. Prioritize the causes and events that led to the Civil War from different perspectives.6.1.8.D.5.b. Analyze critical events and battles of the Civil War and determine how they contributed to the final outcome of the war.6.1.8.D.5.c. Examine the roles of women, African Americans, and Native Americans in the Civil War.6.1.8.D.5.d. Analyze the effectiveness of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the United States Constitution from multiple perspectives.

Era: Colonization and Settlement (1585-1763)

6.1.8.A.2. Civics, Government, and Human Rights
Colonization and Settlement
6.1.8.A.2.a. Determine the roles of religious freedom and participatory government in various North American colonies.6.1.8.A.2.b. Explain how and why early government structures developed, and determine the impact of these early structures on the evolution of American politics and institutions.6.1.8.A.2.c. Explain how race, gender, and status affected social, economic, and political opportunities during Colonial times.
6.1.8.B.2. Geography, People, and the Environment
Colonization and Settlement
6.1.8.B.2.a. Determine factors that impacted emigration, settlement patterns, and regional identities of the colonies.6.1.8.B.2.b. Compare and contrast how the search for natural resources resulted in conflict and cooperation among European colonists and Native American groups in the New World.
6.1.8.C.2. Economics, Innovation, and Technology
Colonization and Settlement
6.1.8.C.2.a. Relate slavery and indentured servitude to Colonial labor systems.6.1.8.C.2.b. Explain the system of mercantilism and its impact on the economies of the colonies and European countries.6.1.8.C.2.c. Analyze the impact of triangular trade on multiple nations and groups.
6.1.8.D.2. History, Culture, and Perspectives
Colonization and Settlement
6.1.8.D.2.a. Analyze the power struggle among European countries, and determine its impact on people living in Europe and the Americas.6.1.8.D.2.b. Compare and contrast the voluntary and involuntary migratory experiences of different groups of people, and explain why their experiences differed.

Era: Expansion and Reform (1801-1861)

6.1.8.A.4. Civics, Government, and Human Rights
Expansion and Reform
6.1.8.A.4.a. Explain the changes in America's relationships with other nations by analyzing policies, treaties, tariffs, and agreements.6.1.8.A.4.b. Analyze how the concept of Manifest Destiny influenced the acquisition of land through annexation, diplomacy, and war.6.1.8.A.4.c. Assess the extent to which voting rights were expanded during the Jacksonian period.
6.1.8.B.4. Geography, People, and the Environment
Expansion and Reform
6.1.8.B.4.a. Assess the impact of the Louisiana Purchase and western exploration on the expansion and economic development of the United States.6.1.8.B.4.b. Map territorial expansion and settlement, as well as the locations of conflicts with and removal of Native Americans.
6.1.8.C.4. Economics, Innovation, and Technology
Expansion and Reform
6.1.8.C.4.c. Analyze how technological innovations affected the status and social class of different groups of people, and explain the outcomes that resulted.
6.1.8.D.4. History, Culture, and Perspectives
Expansion and Reform
6.1.8.D.4.a. Analyze the push-pull factors that led to increases in immigration, and explain why ethnic and cultural conflicts resulted.6.1.8.D.4.b. Explore efforts to reform education, women's rights, slavery, and other issues during the Antebellum period.6.1.8.D.4.c. Explain the growing resistance to slavery and New Jersey's role in the Underground Railroad.

Era: Revolution and the New Nation (1754-1820s)

6.1.8.A.3. Civics, Government, and Human Rights
Revolution and the New Nation
6.1.8.A.3.a. Examine the ideals found in the Declaration of Independence, and assess the extent to which they were fulfilled for women, African Americans, and Native Americans during this time period.6.1.8.A.3.b. Evaluate the effectiveness of the fundamental principles of the Constitution (i.e., consent of the governed, rule of law, federalism, limited government, separation of powers, checks and balances, and individual rights) in establishing a federal government that allows for growth and change over time.6.1.8.A.3.c. Determine the role that compromise played in the creation and adoption of the Constitution and Bill of Rights.6.1.8.A.3.d. Compare and contrast the Articles of Confederation and the UNITED STATES Constitution in terms of the decision-making powers of national government.6.1.8.A.3.f. Explain how political parties were formed and continue to be shaped by differing perspectives regarding the role and power of federal government.6.1.8.A.3.g. Evaluate the impact of the Constitution and Bill of Rights on current day issues.
6.1.8.B.3. Geography, People, and the Environment
Revolution and the New Nation
6.1.8.B.3.a. Assess how conflicts and alliances among European countries and Native American groups impacted the expansion of the American colonies.6.1.8.B.3.b. Determine the extent to which the geography of the United States influenced the debate on representation in Congress and federalism by examining the New Jersey and Virginia plans.6.1.8.B.3.c. Use maps and other geographic tools to evaluate the impact of geography on the execution and outcome of the American Revolutionary War.
6.1.8.C.3. Economics, Innovation, and Technology
Revolution and the New Nation
6.1.8.C.3.a. Explain how taxes and government regulation can affect economic opportunities, and assess the impact of these on relations between Britain and its North American colonies.6.1.8.C.3.b. Summarize the effect of inflation and debt on the American people and the response of state and national governments during this time.6.1.8.C.3.c. Evaluate the impact of the cotton gin and other innovations on the institution of slavery and on the economic and political development of the country.
6.1.8.D.3. History, Culture, and Perspectives
Revolution and the New Nation
6.1.8.D.3.a. Explain how the consequences of the Seven Years War, changes in British policies toward American colonies, and responses by various groups and individuals in the North American colonies led to the American Revolution.6.1.8.D.3.b. Explain why the Declaration of Independence was written and how its key principles evolved to become unifying ideas of American democracy.6.1.8.D.3.c. Analyze the impact of George Washington as general of the American revolutionary forces and as the first president of the United States.6.1.8.D.3.d. Analyze how prominent individuals and other nations contributed to the causes, execution, and outcomes of the American Revolution.6.1.8.D.3.e. Examine the roles and perspectives of various socioeconomic groups (e.g., rural farmers, urban craftsmen, northern merchants, and southern planters), African Americans, Native Americans, and women during the American Revolution, and determine how these groups were impacted by the war.6.1.8.D.3.f. Analyze from multiple perspectives how the terms of the Treaty of Paris affected United States relations with Native Americans and with European powers that had territories in North America.6.1.8.D.3.g. Evaluate the extent to which the leadership and decisions of early administrations of the national government met the goals established in the Preamble of the Constitution.

Era: Three Worlds Meet (Beginnings to 1620)

6.1.8.A.1. Civics, Government, and Human Rights
Three Worlds Meet
6.1.8.A.1.a. Compare and contrast forms of governance, belief systems, and family structures among African, European, and Native American groups.
6.1.8.B.1. Geography, People, and the Environment
Three Worlds Meet
6.1.8.B.1.a. Describe migration and settlement patterns of Native American groups, and explain how these patterns affected interactions in different regions of the Western Hemisphere.6.1.8.B.1.b. Analyze the world in spatial terms, using historical maps to determine what led to the exploration of new water and land routes.
6.1.8.C.1. Economics, Innovation, and Technology
Three Worlds Meet
6.1.8.C.1.a. Evaluate the impact of science, religion, and technology innovations on European exploration.6.1.8.C.1.b. Explain why individuals and societies trade, how trade functions, and the role of trade during this period.
6.1.8.D.1. History, Culture, and Perspectives
Three Worlds Meet
6.1.8.D.1.a. Compare and contrast gender roles, religion, values, cultural practices, and political systems of Native American groups.6.1.8.D.1.b. Explain how interactions among African, European, and Native American groups began a cultural transformation.

NJ.6.2.8. World History: Global Studies: All students will acquire the knowledge and skills to think analytically and systematically about how past interactions of people, cultures, and the environment affect issues across time and cultures. Such knowledge and skills enable students to make informed decisions as socially and ethically responsible world citizens in the 21st century.

Era: Early Civilizations and the Emergence of Pastoral Peoples (4000-1000 BCE)

6.2.8.A.2. Civics, Government, and Human Rights
Early Civilizations and the Emergence of Pastoral Peoples: Ancient River Valley Civilizations
6.2.8.A.2.a. Explain why different ancient river valley civilizations developed similar forms of government.
6.2.8.B.2. Geography, People, and the Environment
Early Civilizations and the Emergence of Pastoral Peoples: Ancient River Valley Civilizations
6.2.8.B.2.a. Determine the extent to which geography influenced settlement, the development of trade networks, technological innovations, and the sustainability of ancient river valley civilizations.6.2.8.B.2.b. Compare and contrast physical and political maps of ancient river valley civilizations and their modern counterparts (i.e., Mesopotamia and Iraq; Ancient Egypt and Modern Egypt; Indus River Valley and Modern Pakistan/India; Ancient China and Modern China), and determine the geopolitical impact of these civilizations, then and now.
6.2.8.C.2. Economics, Innovation, and Technology
Early Civilizations and the Emergence of Pastoral Peoples: Ancient River Valley Civilizations
6.2.8.C.2.a. Explain how technological advancements led to greater economic specialization, improved weaponry, trade, and the development of a class system in ancient river valley civilizations.
6.2.8.D.2. History, Culture, and Perspectives
Early Civilizations and the Emergence of Pastoral Peoples: Ancient River Valley Civilizations
6.2.8.D.2.a. Analyze the impact of religion on daily life, government, and culture in various ancient river valley civilizations.6.2.8.D.2.b. Explain how the development of written language transformed all aspects of life in ancient river valley civilizations.6.2.8.D.2.c. Analyze the factors that led to the rise and fall of various ancient river valley civilizations and determine whether there was a common pattern of growth and decline.6.2.8.D.2.d. Justify which of the major achievements of the ancient river valley civilizations represent the most enduring legacies.

Era: Expanding Exchanges and Encounters (500 CE-1450 CE)

6.2.8.A.4. Civics, Government, and Human Rights
Expanding Exchanges and Encounters
6.2.8.A.4.b. Compare and contrast the Japanese and European systems of feudalism and the effectiveness of each in promoting social, economic, and political order.
6.2.8.B.4. Geography, People, and the Environment
Expanding Exchanges and Encounters
6.2.8.B.4.a. Explain how geography influenced the development of the political, economic, and cultural centers of each empire and well as the empires' relationships with other parts of the world.6.2.8.B.4.e. Analyze the motivations for civilizations to modify the environment, determine the positive and negative consequences of environmental changes made during this time period, and relate these changes to current environmental challenges.6.2.8.B.4.h. Explain how the locations, land forms, and climates of Mexico, Central America, and South America affected the development of Mayan, Aztec, and Incan societies, cultures, and economies.
6.2.8.C.4. Economics, Innovation, and Technology
Expanding Exchanges and Encounters
6.2.8.C.4.a. Explain the interrelationships among improved agricultural production, population growth, urbanization, and commercialization.6.2.8.C.4.b. Analyze how trade, technology, the availability of natural resources, and contact with other civilizations affected the development of empires in Eurasia and the Americas.6.2.8.C.4.c. Explain how the development of new business practices and banking systems impacted global trade and the development of a merchant class.
6.2.8.D.4. History, Culture, and Perspectives
Expanding Exchanges and Encounters
6.2.8.D.4.f. Determine which events led to the rise and eventual decline of European feudalism.

Era: The Beginnings of Human Society

6.2.8.D.1. History, Culture, and Perspectives
The Beginnings of Human Society: Paleolithic and Neolithic Ages
6.2.8.D.1.b. Relate the development of language and forms of writing to the expression of ideas, creation of cultural identity, and development of more complex social structures.6.2.8.D.1.c. Explain how archaeological discoveries are used to develop and enhance understanding of life prior to written records.

Era: The Classical Civilizations of the Mediterranean World, India, and China (1000 BCE-600 CE)

6.2.8.A.3. Civics, Government, and Human Rights
The Classical Civilizations of the Mediterranean World, India, and China
6.2.8.A.3.a. Compare and contrast the methods (i.e., autocratic rule, philosophies, and bureaucratic structures; communication and transportation systems) used by the rulers of Rome, China, and India to control and unify their expanding empires.6.2.8.A.3.b. Compare and contrast the rights and responsibilities of free men, women, slaves, and foreigners in the political, economic, and social structures of classical civilizations.6.2.8.A.3.c. Determine the foundational concepts and principles of Athenian democracy and the Roman Republic that later influenced the development of the United States Constitution.6.2.8.A.3.d. Compare and contrast the roles and responsibilities of citizens in Athens and Sparta to those of United States citizens today, and evaluate how citizens perceived the principles of liberty and equality then and now.6.2.8.A.3.e. Compare and contrast the American legal system and the legal systems of classical civilizations, and determine the extent to which the early systems influenced the current legal system.
6.2.8.B.3. Geography, People, and the Environment
The Classical Civilizations of the Mediterranean World, India, and China
6.2.8.B.3.a. Determine how geography and the availability of natural resources influenced the development of the political, economic, and cultural systems of each of the classical civilizations and provided motivation for expansion.6.2.8.B.3.b. Explain how geography and the availability of natural resources led to both the development of Greek city-states and to their demise.
6.2.8.C.3. Economics, Innovation, and Technology
The Classical Civilizations of the Mediterranean World, India, and China
6.2.8.C.3.a. Analyze the impact of expanding land and sea trade routes through the Mediterranean Basin, India, and China.6.2.8.C.3.b. Explain how the development of a uniform system of exchange facilitated trade in classical civilizations.6.2.8.C.3.c. Explain how classical civilizations used technology and innovation to enhance agricultural/manufacturing output and commerce, to expand military capabilities, to improve life in urban areas, and to allow for greater division of labor.
6.2.8.D.3. History, Culture, and Perspectives
The Classical Civilizations of the Mediterranean World, India, and China
6.2.8.D.3.a. Compare and contrast social hierarchies in classical civilizations as they relate to power, wealth, and equality.6.2.8.D.3.c. Determine common factors that contributed to the decline and fall of the Roman Empire, Gupta India, and Han China.6.2.8.D.3.d. Compare the golden ages of Greece, Rome, India, and China, and justify major achievements that represent world legacies.6.2.8.D.3.f. Determine the extent to which religions, mythologies, and other belief systems shaped the values of classical societies.