C.1.6-8b: Students will analyze the different functions of federal, state, and local governments in the United States and examine the reasons for the different organizational structures each level of government employs. (Essential for Grade 8)
C.2: Students will understand the principles and ideals underlying the American political system .
C.2.6-8b: Students will understand the principles and content of major American state papers such as the Declaration of Independence; United States Constitution (including the Bill of Rights); and the Federalist Papers. (Essential for Grade 8)
C.3: Students will understand the responsibilities, rights, and privileges of United States citizens .
C.3.6-8a: Students will understand that civil rights secure political freedom while property rights secure economic freedom and that both are essential protections for United States citizens. (Essential for Grade 7)
E.4: Students will examine the patterns and results of international trade .
E.4.6-8a: Students will examine how nations with different economic systems specialize and become interdependent through trade and how government policies allow either free or restricted trade. (Essential for Grade 7)
G.1: Students will develop a personal geographic framework, or ''mental map,'' and understand the uses of maps and other geo-graphics .
G.1.6-8a: Students will demonstrate mental maps of the world and its sub-regions which include the relative location and characteristics of major physical features, political divisions, and human settlements. (Essential for Grade 6)
G.4: Students will develop an understanding of the character and use of regions and the connections between and among them .
G.4.6-8b: Students will explain how conflict and cooperation among people contributes to the division of the Earth's surface into distinctive cultural regions and political territories. (Essential for Grade 7)
H.1: Students will employ chronological concepts in analyzing historical phenomena .
H.1.6-8a: Students will examine historical materials relating to a particular region, society, or theme; analyze change over time, and make logical inferences concerning cause and effect. (Essential for Grade 6 and 8)