MD.1.0. Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on the democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens.
1.A. The foundations and function of government
1.A.1. Analyze the characteristics and structure of various systems of government around the world
1.A.1.a. Describe and compare the advantages and disadvantages of limited governments, such as representative democracy and parliamentary democracy
1.A.2. Analyze the historic events, documents, and practices that are the foundations of political systems around the world
1.A.2.a. Examine and report examples of historic events, documents and practices that have influenced individuals and groups around the world, such as the U.N. Declaration of Rights, German reunification, the formation of NATO, and Apartheid
1.A.3.b. Analyze the effects that different world issues have on shaping international responses, such as rainforest conservation, pollution, climate change, and energy sources (oil drilling, coal, nuclear)
1.C.2. Analyze how governments, organizations, and policies around the world protect or fail to protect the rights of individuals and groups
1.C.2.c. Describe the role of international organizations and policies in maintaining order during a time of crisis, such as the International Red Cross/Red Crescent, the United Nations, the Geneva Conventions, and the World Health Organization
MD.2.0. Peoples of the Nation and World: Students will understand the diversity and commonality, human interdependence, and global cooperation of the people of Maryland, the United States and the world through both a multicultural and historic perspective.
2.A. Elements of culture
2.A.1. Analyze characteristics that are used to organize people into cultures
2.A.1.b. Describe the characteristics of a sovereign nation, such as the legitimate use of authority, autonomy and establishment of borders
2.C.1. Analyze major sources of tension, cooperation, and conflict in the world and the efforts that have been made to address them
2.C.1.a. Evaluate causes of conflict in the global community, such as Apartheid, the acquisition of natural resources, the decline of communism, ethnic persecution, and domestic and international terrorism
2.C.1.b. Analyze and describe the efforts of world nations and groups to assist in the resolution of conflicts within and among regions, such as the United Nations, the International Red Cross/Red Crescent, United States Agency for International Development and other humanitarian organizations
2.C.1.c. Analyze and describe efforts by nations to promote cooperation within and among those regions, such as the creation of the International Monetary Fund, North American Free Trade Agreement, World Bank, European Union and world-wide healthcare initiatives
MD.3.0. Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time.
3.A. Using geographic tools
3.A.1. Use geographic tools to locate places and describe the human and physical characteristics in the contemporary world
3.A.1.a. Use maps to compare geographic locations of places and regions
MD.4.0. Economics: Students will develop economic reasoning to understand the historical development and current status of economic principles, institutions, and processes needed to be effective citizens, consumers, and workers participating in local communities, the nation, and the world.
4.A. Scarcity and economic decision-making
4.A.2. Analyze how scarcity of economic resources affects economic choices in contemporary world regions
4.A.2.a. Describe how goals of countries affect the use of resources in the pursuit of economic growth, and sustainable development
MD.5.0. History: Students will examine significant ideas, beliefs, and themes; organize patterns and events; and analyze how individuals and societies have changed over time in Maryland, the United States and around the world.
5.B. Emergence, expansion and changes in nations and empires
5.B.1. Analyze the growth and the development of nations in the contemporary world
5.B.1.a. Describe the social, political and economic impacts of various world religions on a global society, such as Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Taoism and Buddhism
MD.6.0. Social Studies Skills and Processes: Students shall use reading, writing, and thinking processes and skills to gain knowledge and understanding of political, historical, and current events using chronological and spatial thinking, economic reasoning, and historical interpretation, by framing and evaluating questions from primary and secondary sources.
6.A. Read to learn and construct meaning about social studies
6.A.1. Use appropriate strategies and opportunities to increase understandings of social studies vocabulary
6.A.1.a. Acquire and apply new vocabulary through investigating, listening, independent reading and discussing a variety of print and non-print sources
6.A.3. Use strategies to monitor understanding and derive meaning from text and portions of text (during reading)
6.A.3.a. Identify and use knowledge of organizational structures, such as chronological order, cause/effect, main ideas and details, description, similarities/differences, and problem/solution to gain meaning
6.B. Write to learn and communicate social studies understandings
6.B.1. Select and use informal writing strategies, such as short/response/essay answer/ brief constructed responses, journal writing, note taking, and graphic organizers, to clarify, organize, remember, and/or express new understandings
6.D.1. Identify primary and secondary sources of information that relate to the topic/situation/problem being studied
6.D.1.c. Locate and gather data and information from appropriate non-print sources, such as music, artifacts, charts, maps, graphs, photographs, video clips, illustrations, paintings, political cartoons, multimedia, interviews, and oral histories